1. Fields of Psychology
Experimental Psychology: This field of psychology is primarily concerned with laboratory
research on basic psychological processes including perception, learning, memory, thinking,
language, motivation and emotion.
Physiological Psychology: This is the field that emphasizes the biological basis of overt
behavior and mental processes.
Comparative Psychology: This field studies similarities and differences in the psychology,
behavior and abilities of animals, including human beings.
Personality Psychology: It focuses on factors accounting for the differences in behavior and
enduring personal characteristics among individuals.
Social Psychology: It looks at the influence of social situations on human thoughts and
actions. It examines the effects that people have on one another.
Developmental Psychology: This field studies physical, cognitive and psychological changes
across the life span.
Clinical Psychology: This field of psychology applies psychological principles to the
prevention, diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.
Counseling Psychology: This is the field that applies psychological principles to help
individuals deal with personal problems, generally less severe ones than those seen by clinical
Psychiatry: This field of medicine diagnoses and treats psychological disorders by using
medical or psychological forms of therapy.
School of Psychology: This field applies psychological principles to improving the academic
performance and social behavior of students in elementary and high school.
Educational Psychology: It applies psychological principles to improving curriculum, teaching
methods, and administrative procedures.
Industrial/Organizational Psychology: This applies psychological principles to improve
productivity in business, industries and government agencies.
Engineering Psychology: This field applies psychological principles to the design of equipment
Environmental Psychology: This field applies psychological principles to improve the physical
environment including the design of buildings and the reduction of noise, crowding and other
sources of stress.
Health Psychology: This is the field that applies psychological principles to the prevention and
treatment of physical illness.
Computer Science: This area involves planning the design and data analysis or experiments
that require the kind of complex calculations that can only be done with ease on a computer.
Psychologist may work in the area of artificial intelligence which uses computers to perform the
kind of intellectual tasks that are considered characteristics of human thought.
Forensic Psychology: Forensic psychology is defined as the intersection of psychology and the
law, but forensic psychologists can perform many roles so this definition can vary.
Human Factors Psychology: Human factors is an area of psychology that focuses on a range
of different topics, including ergonomics, workplace safety, human error, product design,
human capability and human-computer interaction.
Sports Psychology: Sports psychology is the study of how psychology influences sports,
athletic performance, exercise and physical activity.
Abnormal Psychology: Abnormal psychology is a field of psychology that deals with
psychopathology and abnormal behavior.