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Foundation in natural and built environment

(ARC 30203)
In this final assignment, we are required to form a group of 6 and the task
given is to select a 10m X 10m ...
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Foundation in natural and built environment

  3. 3. 3 INTRODUCTION In this final assignment, we are required to form a group of 6 and the task given is to select a 10m X 10m site within our campus, Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus. Then, we are to study the selected site and come up with an analysis. From the analysis, we need to conceptualize with a green space proposal for the site that includes concept, master plan, planting plan, costing (bill of quantities) and construction detail as well as maintenance plan and put all the information in the form of report. Also, we are to present our concept, master plan and planting plan on 2 A2 presentation board. By compiling this assignment, we are able to understand the basic landscape architecture drawings which act as a mean of communication and representation of ideas as well as be able to explain and apply basics in anatomy of a landscape projects, regulations and maintenance in landscaping. We are also being introduced to Landscape Project from ideas stage to completion. Panorama view of the surrounding of our site. Structure and elements available at our site
  4. 4. 4 SITE ANALYSIS Red circle: our 10m X 10m selected site The site that we have selected is located at block E, level 2(as shown in the image above). It is measured with 30m X 15.6m, but we are given the task to choose only 10m X 10m of the site. Originally it was planned to be built as a roof garden, but due to some unknown reason it is now only an empty flat area. The climate for our site is sunny, rainy and windy and sometimes with lightning due to the sultry climate of Malaysia throughout the year and this also results in slight difference of temperatures between different time BLOCK E
  5. 5. 5 in a day. In the morning (8-10am), evening (5-7pm) and night (8-10pm), the temperature will be an average of 28°C. In the afternoon (12-2pm), the temperature will be an average of 32°C. There aren’t any present natural physical features on the site. But there are some man-made features on the site. This includes: - Railing wall. Some part had rust due to exposal to the sultry climate all year round. -The wall of the building joining the land of the site is a plaster wall. It is still in good condition but some parts have become dirty.
  6. 6. 6 -There is a Ramada shade on the west side of the site. -The floor of the site is cement flooring. It is in dull appearance and the surface is uneven. Footprints can be found on the floor probably due to the carelessness of workers during the construction. There are also some cracks on the surface.
  7. 7. 7 -These two cement structures are functioned as planting pots but there aren’t anything planted. They are left unused. The perceptual of the site is that the students can walk to the site via walkways of block C, D, E. The view varies with the direction from the site: a) To the East: -We can see part of a car parking area and part of roadway. There are some trees and grasses.
  8. 8. 8 b) To the South -We can see the full image of the car park area. At the end of the car park area, there is an indoor and an outdoor court that function as basketball, futsal, badminton and tennis court. Behind them is the condominium. On the right side of the site there is a 5.5 acre manmade lake. c) To the West
  9. 9. 9 -We can see there is another empty flat area roof garden which has the same characteristics and elements as our site. Also, we can see a small part of the Syopz mall building wall. d) To the North -We can see the buildings or the structure and elements of Block C, D, and E. There is a bridge linking the buildings of Block E which is the classes and the architectural studio. Some part of the walkway to the site had damaged and this ruins the appearance of flooring and some students might fall if they didn’t see it.
  10. 10. 10 CONCEPT This project is designed to be constructed in a 10m x 10m site on a rooftop at block E level 2 in Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus. The garden was conceived as a recreation area which consists of a small space that is flanked by intimate garden. This sky garden is an open lawn with the composition of ornamental grasses area, providing space for visitors to sit, relax and play. As a dominant feature of the garden, the pergola is carefully planted with vines and paved with a stone walkway that can provide a “into the nature” feel for the visitors. It is proposed as a green space to release stress and fresh mind for students.
  11. 11. 11 MASTER PLAN
  12. 12. 12 In Sky Wheel Garden, the key features are a 5m2 round shaped lawn and a pergoda. The lawn is centered with a small solar powered fountain. A spiral shaped pavement is designed on the turf grasses. The lawn is surrounded by 0.5m height nicely cut hedges which can reduce the sound pollution when visitors enter the lawn area. Visitors can lay on the soft carpet grasses to relax and fresh their mind. Next, the pergoda is planted with twinning vines and a stone walkway is paved underneath it. It provides a “back to nature” feeling to the visitors. Sky Wheel Garden also provide a small space for resting and enjoying the view of campus at the left corner. A set of wooden table and chairs is put on a wooden deck for chit-chatting and resting. Another interesting feature in Sky Wheel Garden is a large wall water fountain facing a patterned stone walkway. It is designed to have 4 directions, with each facing different elements of the plan, including pergola, benches, lawn and wall fountain. Last but not least, various types of plants are chosen to make the garden colourful and pleasant to the eyes. Overall, this plan is designed as a place for students to rest, relax and getting nearer to the nature.
  14. 14. 14 PLANTING PLAN KEY COMMON NAME BOTANICAL NAME COLOUR QUANTITY 1 Orange Jasmine Murraya paniculata White 4 2 Baby's Tears Soleirolia White 14 3 Wolfe's Vine Petraeovitex wolfei Yellow 4 Blue Spike Moss Selaginella willdenowii Blue Deep Green 16 5 Fishtail fern Nephroleptis falcata - 20 6 Matonia pectinata Matonia pectinata - 20 7 Siamese Acalypha Acalypha siamensis Evergreen 71 8 Carpet Grass Philippine Carpet Grass Light Green – Dark Green 1 2 3 45 6 7 8
  15. 15. 15 LIST ELEMENT UNIT DIMENSION FURNITURE Redwood round outdoor picnic table 1 40 cm x 60 cm x 42 cm Hard Wood pergola Material: Chennai wood Wooden bench seat 1 3 6m x 2m x 3m Column x 16 1m x 0.4m x 1m ELEMENTS
  16. 16. 16 WATER FEATURE Solar fountain 1 Base: 0.5m Height: 1.3m Stone wall fountain 1 3 m x 1 m x 1 m
  17. 17. 17 LIGHTING 48LED solar-powered floor light Lighting time > 12 hours Operating modes: light control Outdoor LED light feature ( fixed on the pergola pole) 35 GROUNDWORK Waterproof wooden flooring Stone pathway 30 stones 3m x 1.65m x 0.1m 6m x 2m
  18. 18. 18 Stone pavement Pebbles 0.5m x 0.5m Area: 4.3 m2
  19. 19. 19 PLANT Philippine carpet grass Area : 51.8 m2 Hedge On stage: Area: 12m2 Height: 0.5 m Under stage: 0.5m x 1.65 m STAIRWAY Low slope stairs 2 x 2 0.75 m x 1.5 m x 0.15 m Soil Organic soil - Composed largely of peat moss and leaves 0.3 m x 5 m x 5 m
  20. 20. 20 COSTING
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. 22 CONSTRUCTION DETAILS 1) Wooden stair Procedure of constructing Draw the entire stair system actual size on a large piece of cardboard. It takes an hour or so but helps prevent mistakes, for example : Check with building inspector before constructing the stairs On sloping lots, regrade the lawn a little to make the lowest rise more consistent.  Cover the framing with 1x8 cedar riser boards ripped to fit.  Then cut and nail on the treads. Use solid or square-edge decking for the treads.  Miter the corners of the outside treads to conceal the hollow interior of the deck boards.  Use platforms instead of stringers to construct the steps.
  23. 23. 23 Materials 1. Stair Frame  2x2 x 8' .40 treated lumber X 30 2. Stair Risers and Trim  1x2 x 2.44m cedar boards X 10  1x2 x 3.05m cedar boards X 6 2) Soil layer for planting All-In-One HF for Green Roofs & Planters All-In-One HF25 drainage mats,  When used in a Green Roof application, retain sufficient moisture to support a healthy plant growth.  Waterproof protection and insulation layer is situated between the rooftop and the lightweight soil layer to promote better drainage,
  24. 24. 24 o Absorbing storm water and releasing it slowly over several hours, thus draining efficiently, while promoting increased insulation. Advantages:  Made from 95% recycled materials  Excellent Drainage Efficiency  Lightweight and easy to handle  Chemical Resistant  Retains moisture and promotes plant growth 3) Stone pavement ( Procedure of Constructing) 1) Collect large, flat stones with at least one perfectly flat side to place as the upward facing sides of your pavement. 2) Lay your stones out in the intended location and path of your pavement. Set the stone on top of the grass, leaving an inch or two between each stone. Set the all the rocks into place, making your pathway at least 2-feet wide.
  25. 25. 25 3) Trace each stone to determine where you need to remove sod to place the stones into the ground. Extend the blade of a utility knife and cut a small groove into the grass and ground directly around the perimeter of each stone. 4) Remove the sod and dirt to place each stone into its own hole. 5) Remove only enough soil and sod in each whole to account for the thickness of the stones. You want the stones to be flush with the ground in the path site, so dig the holes to match the thickness of each stone. 6) Set the stones into place immediately after you dig each hole and proceed to dig and place all remaining stones in the pathway.
  26. 26. 26 MAINTENANCE PLAN 1) Plant maintenance Watering When watering turf grasses, the soil is wet to a three to four inch depth. This should create enough reserve moisture in the soil that we don’t need to water again for two to four days depending the rainfall amounts, if any. The lawn needs a minimum of 1½ inches (3-4cm) of water weekly depending on soil type, wind and rainfall amounts. This will encourage strong healthy roots. Heavy watering results in wasting and promotes lawn problems eg. disease. The other plants are watered by gardener using watering can to prevent the dead of the plants. Fertilizing The plants are fertilized once a month to remain the richness of soil and to make sure the plants are in good condition at all times. Organic fertilizer is chosen to reduce pollution such as toxic substances to be release. Pest and disease control Pests on plants are controlled using tea tree oil spraying once in a month. It is a biological control method that does not pollute the air and also fresh the air of the entire environment area. Weeding Organic fertilizer Tea Tree Oil Spray
  27. 27. 27 Weeding is carried out once a week. The removal of weeds is useful because these unwanted plants compete with the crop for space, water and nutrients. Pruning and trimming The hedges are trimmed once a month to remain the shape and appearance. Gardener hired will provide this service using secateurs. Grass cutting Turf grasses or carpet grasses are cut once in two weeks using grass cutter by gardener to remain the appearance of grass and prevent mosquitoes breeding. Replacing dead plants Whenever there are changes in appearance of grasses and plants such as when the grasses turn brown or when the plant leaves turns wilt, they should be replaced. This is also done by the gardener. 2) Fountains  Algae and aquatic weed management service  Provides algae treatment solutions help eliminate toxic algae and undesirable exotic weeds that would otherwise jeopardize the balance of their fountain.  Mosquito control  Stock minnows that eat mosquito larvae before they have a chance to develop into an adult or apply a safe biological larvacide to the pond to reduce mosquito breeding.
  28. 28. 28  Auto spray Biological Mosquito Control with BTI, (Bacillus thuringiensis israelenis) in the garden  Auto spray the tea tree oil in surrounding the site  Lake clean up and debris removal  Provides man-power to clean up the algae every weeks and collecting the debris or rubbish every day 3) Table &chair and benches Shellac will be put on once in 3 years to remain the appearance and make it last longer as it will be exposed under sun and rain all year round. Shellac makes the surface of wood waterproof. Besides, the chairs and tables are wiped after raining. 4) Pergola Repairing wind and raining damaged posts, and evaluating posts for looseness, damage, rot, termites, and other problems. 5) Stones The stones are washed with chemical algae treatment solutions every 3 month to prevent algae and bacterial living. 6) Pavement and concrete The pavement and concrete is washed every 2 month to prevent algae and bacterial living. Safety and repairing services will be provided every 5 year. 7) Lighting facilities
  29. 29. 29 Replace the bulb whenever damaged. Checking service will be done once in two a week. Maintenance Costing
  30. 30. 30 SUSTAINABLE APPROACHES 1) Solar and electrical fountain As solar powered fountains utilize solar power, the utilized energy is free of cost. They are environmentally friendly. Electrical lines or extension cords need not be installed to power the fountain. Hence, installation is easier. The fountain has higher mobility as there are no external electrical connections. It requires very low maintenance. It also functions as a humidifier when used indoors. 2) Fountain with sustainable resource The fountain convert the solar energy into electrical energy to pump and the pump draws water into its housing, where an impeller (a water propeller spun by electricity) forces the water out through the pump’s outflow fitting. Vinyl hose carries the recirculating water from the pump to the fountain piece where the water emerges again. 3) LED light LED(Light Emitting Diodes) are the newest, most energy efficient lighting source available. Different than the traditional bulb, LEDs can be put into traditional lamps and
  31. 31. 31 used like most other light bulbs. They are much more efficient than incandescent bulbs or fluorescent bulbs. It is finally possible to save energy on lighting without having to sacrifice quality. It is safe to use safe to light, cool to touch, durable and best alternative choice for light features. 4) Sustainable plant and water fountains for blocking noise from block E Sustainable plant to deal with the noise from the block E. This was achieved by using sound absorbing planting and several water features. The sound of cascading water including a walk through the stone wall water fountain was intended to serve as a distraction from the unwanted external noises. 5) Sustainable native plant Planting native plants and trees is one of the best ways to close with nature. By matching plant species , it will have plants and trees that take less care and energy and will be healthier than exotic species.
  32. 32. 32 CONCLUSION Upon the compilation of this final project, we are now able to understand, explain and apply the basics in anatomy of a landscape project, regulations and maintenance in landscaping design. The learning outcome that we gained is to come up with analysis of a site. Using the elements that can be found, we are able to come up with a green space proposal for the site, including concept, master plan, planting plan, costing, construction detail and maintenance plan. The most important part, we learn to present our ideas in presentation boards as well as in report form to be shown to the clients or lecturers. We found out the importance of building team in construction industry including landscape architecture, quantity surveyor and contractor that play the vital role in comforting our natural and built environment. We truly appreciate their works and efforts for our environment. Lastly, we hope that our green proposal is able to benefits the students in Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus including all aspects. Sky Wheel Garden, serve you right.