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Dental implant/ oral surgery courses  

The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and
offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.for more details please visit 
www.indiandentalacademy.com

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Dental implant/ oral surgery courses  

  1. 1. OUTLIN E• The FEA of the 3.5 mm Bicon Implant-Abutment- Bone system under central occlusal loads • Mechanics of the Tapered Interference Fit in a 3.5 mm Bicon Implant INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing Dental Education www.indiandentalacademy.com
  2. 2. WHAT IS A DENTAL IMPLANT?  Dental implant is an artificial titanium fixture (similar to those used in orthopedics) which is placed surgically into the jaw bone to substitute for a missing tooth and its root(s). www.indiandentalacademy.com
  3. 3. Surgical Procedure STEP 1: INITIAL SURGERY STEP 2: OSSEOINTEGRATION PERIOD STEP 3: ABUTMENT CONNECTION STEP 4: FINAL PROSTHETIC RESTORATION Success Rates lower jaw, front – 90 – 95% lower jaw, back – 85 – 90% upper jaw, front – 85 – 95% upper jaw, back – 65 – 85%www.indiandentalacademy.com
  4. 4. History of Dental Implants In 1952, Professor Per-Ingvar Branemark, a Swedish surgeon, while conducting research into the healing patterns of bone tissue, accidentally discovered that when pure titanium comes into direct contact with the living bone tissue, the two literally grow together to form a permanent biological adhesion. He named this phenomenon "osseointegration". www.indiandentalacademy.com
  5. 5. First Implant Design by Branemark All the implant designs are obtained by the modification of existing designs. John Brunski www.indiandentalacademy.com
  6. 6. ComparisonofImplantSystems Astra Tech. ITI Bicon www.indiandentalacademy.com
  7. 7. OUTLINE • The FEA of the 3.5 mm Bicon Implant-Abutment- Bone system under central occlusal loads • Mechanics of the Tapered Interference Fit in a 3.5 mm Bicon Implant www.indiandentalacademy.com
  8. 8. The FEA of the 3.5 mm Bicon Implant-Abutment-Bone system under central occlusal loads Assumptions: • Analyses were linear, static and assumed that materials were elastic, isotropic and homogenous. • 100% osseointegration is assumed between bone and implant. Bone and implant are assumed to be perfectly bonded. • The stresses in the bone due to the interference fit between implant and abutment is assumed to be relaxed after the insertion of the abutment.www.indiandentalacademy.com
  9. 9. Finite Element Model  29117 Solid 45 Brick Elements (32000 limit)  Symmetry boundary conditions on two cross-sections and fixed in all dofs from the bottom of the bone. V H www.indiandentalacademy.com
  10. 10. RESULTS  Effect of bone’s elastic modulus on the overall stress distribution: Different finite element analyses are run by varying bone mechanical properties surrounding the implant. (1-16 GPa) The properties of the bone depends on the location in the jaw, the gender and age of the patient. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  11. 11.  Force: Vertical 100 N  Bone Modulus: 16 GPa  Force: Vertical 100 N  Bone Modulus: 1 GPa  Force: Lateral 20 N  Bone Modulus: 16 GPa  Force: Lateral 20 N  Bone Modulus: 1 GPa www.indiandentalacademy.com
  12. 12. • Both the stress distribution and the stress levels are effected significantly as the bone modulus is varied. • CT scan data may be a good source for obtaining patient dependent implant designs. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  13. 13.  Maximum vertical and lateral load carrying capacity of the bone: The failure limit of the bone due to fatigue is 29 MPa. [Evans et al.]  Force: Vertical 920 N  Bone Modulus: 10 GPa  Force: Lateral 40 N  Bone Modulus: 10 GPa Lateral loads cause approximately 25 times higher stresses in the bone than the vertical loads.www.indiandentalacademy.com
  14. 14. OUTLINE • The FEA of the 3.5 mm Bicon Implant-Abutment- Bone system under central occlusal loads • Mechanics of the Tapered Interference Fit in a 3.5 mm Bicon Implant www.indiandentalacademy.com
  15. 15. Mechanics of the Tapered Interference Fit in a 3.5 mm Bicon Implant  Perfectly elastic large displacement non-linear contact finite element analysis for different insertion depths.  Elastic-plastic large displacement non-linear contact finite element analysis for different insertion depths. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  16. 16.  Different implant-abutment assemblies are performed for 0.002”, 0.004”, 0.006”, 0.008” and 0.010” insertion depths.  Axisymmetric model is used.  100% osseointegration is assumed between bone and implant. Bone and implant are assumed to be perfectly bonded.  Bone is assumed to be elastic, isotropic and homogenous with a Young’s modulus of 10 GPa. Finite Element Model www.indiandentalacademy.com
  17. 17. Perfectly elastic large displacement non-linear contact finite element analysis for different insertion depths. Perfectly Elastic Finite Element Results 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 400000 450000 500000 0.47 0.49 0.51 0.53 0.55 0.57 0.59 Vertical Position ContactPressure(P)psi Interference depth: 0.002 in Interference depth: 0.004 in Interference depth: 0.006 in  Contact pressure increases linearly with insertion depth. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  18. 18. After 0.004” insertion depth, it is seen that plastic deformation occurs in the implant. An elastic-plastic model is needed. Yield Strength of Ti-6Al-4V 139,236 Psiwww.indiandentalacademy.com
  19. 19. Elastic-plastic large displacement non-linear contact finite element analysis for different insertion depths Stress (MPA) % Strain Bilinear Isotropic Hardening Model www.indiandentalacademy.com
  20. 20. Contact Pressure Distribution for Different Insertion Depths Elastic-Plastic Finite Element Results 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 0.45 0.47 0.49 0.51 0.53 0.55 0.57 0.59 Vertical Position ContactPressure(P)psi Interference depth: 0.004 in Interference depth: 0.006 in Interference depth: 0.008 in Interference depth: 0.010 in  Contact pressure increases non-linearly with larger insertion depths. www.indiandentalacademy.com
  21. 21. VonMisesStressDistributionintheImplant Yield Strength of Ti-6Al-4V 139,236 Psi www.indiandentalacademy.com
  22. 22. VonMisesStressDistributionintheBone Yield Strength of Bone 8,702 Psi www.indiandentalacademy.com
  23. 23. FUTURE WORK  Comparison of different implant designs in terms of stress distribution in the bone due to occlusal loads.  Modeling non-homogenous bone material properties by incorporating with CT scan data.  Comparison of different implant-abutment interfaces www.indiandentalacademy.com

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