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Restoration theatre

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Restoration theatre

  1. 1. Theatre from Renaissance to Restoration
  2. 2. THE ELISABETHAN THEATRE • • • • • • Curtain Theatre (1577) Rose (1587) Swan (1595) Globe (1599) Fortune (1600) Red Bull (1604)
  3. 3. PARTS OF THE THEATRE • • • • • • Main stage Upper stage Trap door Pit/Yard Gallery Tiring room
  4. 4. A NEW ERA FOR THEATRE… • From 1642 – 1660: "the interregnum." In this period theatre was outlawed; it was connected with the monarchy and with "immoral," non-Puritan values. • The monarchy was restored in 1660. Charles I’s son, Charles II, restored to the throne. He had been in France during the Interregnum, in the court of Louis XIV, who loved theatre. Charles II helped bring French styles and staging to England as he loved above all Molière and his plays. • The Drury Lane and Covent Gardens became the first theatres officially licensed during this period. • The type of theatre brought back resulted in a sort of protest against the Puritan ideal, and was designed primarily for the aristocracy.
  5. 5. THE RESTORATION THEATRE The comedy of manners reflects the life, ideals and manners of upper class society. The players must strive to maintain the mask of social artifice whilst revealing to the audience what lies behind such manners. In other words it is to make: “The real artificial and the artificial real”. The large stage area also gave plenty of room for scenery. The use of scenery was another technique borrowed from Italian and French theatre. The scenery was not used in the same way it is today, to convey the place the action is based. It was a large painted spectacle designed to accompany a particular phase in the plot, maybe only changing with each act.
  7. 7. RESTORATION STAGE • The Restoration stage was a proscenium theatre with a deep forestage or apron. There was a proscenium opening which framed the scenery. The proscenium layout was very innovative for the time. • Most of the action took place on the forestage. The doors on each side allowed the actors to enter and exit the large stage with versatility. • The seats were distributed between the pit, boxes, and galleries. The most expensive seats were in the private boxes which surrounded the first floor pit. The cheapest seats were in the two galleries.
  8. 8. WOMEN IN THE THEATRE • In 1656 the actress Mrs. Coleman took a lead role, this is noted as the introduction of women to the English stage. • Women were allowed on stage also because young boys had not been trained to play women adequately while theatre had been outlawed. • What problems did theatre managers encounter when hiring an actress? • Since acting was still socially unacceptable, it was often difficult recruiting women to perform on stage. • There also were few women's roles in the plays (primarily the work of Shakespeare) that most managers staged.
  9. 9. RESTORATION DRAMA AND CHARACHTERS • Restoration Drama was far inferior to Elizabethan drama. The early playwrights used powerful, original characters in their works, whereas restoration writers were happy with the portrayal of the artificial type. • The works of playwrighter reflected a small section of life, with an edge of perfection, similar to that of upper class living. • The Ideal Gentleman was well born, dressed well, witty, skilled in love making, was able to conduct several affairs simultaneously, was always discreet and never fell in love. • The Fashionable Young Lady was familiar with the world of intrigue, If she was a widow (or married to an older man) she could take a lover, as long as she was not found out. If she was married, she should not expect constancy in her husband.
  10. 10. SITOGRAFIA • http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/staffhome/trsanders/u nits/comedy/comedyofmanners.html • http://www3.northern.edu/wild/th100/CHAPT14 A.HTM • http://www.theatrehistory.com/british/restoratio n_drama_001.html • http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globe_Theatre • http://www.shakespearesglobe.com/