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Architect and Industrial Designer
INSPIRATION & INFLUENCE
IDEOLOGY & TYPOLOGY
QUOTES & AWARDS
▪ Eero Saarinen was a Finnish American
architect and industrial designer of the
▪ He was born on 20th of august, 1910,
Finland and passed away on 1st
September of 1961, united states.
Famous for shaping his neofuturistic style according to the demands of the project
In 1934, Saarinen graduated from the school of architecture at yale university.
He was taught that each object should be designed in its “next largest context”
- a chair in a room , a room in a house , a house in an environment ,
environment in a cityplan
▪ His father, Eliel Saarinen, was an architect and his mother, Louise
gesellius, a sculptor
▪ In 1923 the sarrinen’s family emigrated to U.S
▪ Eero studied sculpture at the academie de la grande chauiere before
studying architecture at yale university
▪ A yale scholarship enabled eero to travel to Europe again but he
returned to the US in 1936 to work in his father’s architectural practice.
▪ Eero Saarinen also took up a teaching appointment at the crankbrook
academy in which his father eliel Saarinen had been head
▪ When his father died in 1950, he took over his practice , running it as
“SAARINEN & ASSOCIATES” in brimingham
▪ Experimenting with Charles eames he developed new furniture forms
▪ Later Saarinen and eames took part in the “organic design in home
▪ Later he developed many good furniture designs like single legged
“tulip chair” which became very popular
▪ He moved on to the building designs from the chair designs.
▪ His architectural ,masterpiece is the signature TWA-Terminal at
▪ Dulles international airport was designed his career before his death.
INSPIRATIONS & INFLUENCES:
Eero Saarinen’s father being an architect
inspired him towards architecture and
had influenced a lot
▪ Eero Saarinen believed “Always design a thing by considering it in its
next larger context a chair in a room , a room in a house, a house in an
environment, an environment in a city plan
VIEW ON MODERNISM:
As an architect, Saarinen became the leader of the 2nd generation of
He built on his predecessors work using new construction technology
modern architectural forms, but disparaged the simple, abstract
compositions of early modernism
He refused to develop singular style , preffering to flex the designs to
the needs of the clients
▪ He designs buildings in a irregular manner
▪ Uses concrete as major building material
“The purpose of architecture is to shelter and enhance man’s life on earth
and to fulfill his belief in the nobility of his existence.”
QUOTES BY EERO SAARINEN:
EERO SAARINEN’S PROJECTS
▪ Crank brook school for boys furnishings , blooms field hills
▪ Saarinen house furnishings , Bloomfield hills
▪ Kingswood school for girls furnishings , Bloomfield hills
▪ Hvittrask studio and home , kirkkonummi , Michigan
▪ Swedish theatre , Helsinki , Finland
▪ Fenton community center , Fenton
▪ J.F spencer house , Grosse pointe Farms
▪ Klein Hans’s music hall, buffalo, New York.
▪ Crow island school, Winnetka , Illinois
EERO SAARINEN’S PROJECTS
▪ Berkshire music center buildings , Lenox , Massachusetts
▪ Eero Saarinen house , Bloomfield hills
▪ General motors technical center , warren , Michigan
▪ University of Michigan , school of music , Ann arbor
▪ IBM manufacturing & training facility, Rochester Minnesota.
▪ TWA terminal , new York city
▪ Hill college house , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania
▪ Dulles international airport , Chantilly
▪ Athens airport, Athens, Greece
▪ Project Information
Location: New York
Architect: Eero Saarinen, along with Kevin Roche,
Cesar Pelli, Edward Saad, & Norman Pettula
Completion: 28 May 1962
Client: Ralph Dawson, Trans World Airlines at JFK International Airport.
design was creating a smooth passage through
Final solution consisted of creating 4 adjacent
shells counterbalancing each other
Final scheme used 3 different sized configurations
of curved, diamond shaped shells supported by 4 curvilinear shaped columns
But coincidentally the structure’s design looked like a bird ready to take off or landing
NORTH CHRISTIAN CHURCH
▪ Project information:
Location : Columbus , Indiana
Architect: Eero Saarinen
Date : 1959 to 1963
Building Type : Church
This was the last building designed by eero saarinen before his death
The building is hexagonal in shape , with central
spire which is 59 m high
The sanctuary is located at the centre of the building ,with a altar
located at the centre of the sanctuary
▪ The sanctuary is located at the centre of the building ,
with a altar located at the centre of the sanctuary
GATEWAY ARCH :
Location: , St. Louis, United States
Architect: Eero Saarinen,
Completion: 28 May 1962
project time period : February 12, 1963 to October 28, 1965
▪ The Arch: The St. Louis Gateway Arch is in the form of an inverted catenary,
which is a very stable structure that is often used in bridges,domes, and arches.
▪ the pioneer spirit of the men and women
Saarinen and his firm won the competition in 1956 to design a terminal
that captured “the spirit of flight”
Eero Saarinen on His Work , written by eero Saarinen
Eero Saarinen , shaping the future
▪ Eero builts
▪ There were many critics to eero Saarinen in the beginning but later
people adapted his neo futuristic style of architecture
▪ His legacy continued even after his death
▪ Richard Guy Wilson, (2000). “America's Castles”, Newspaper Moguls, the American
Swedish Institute, Pittock Mansion.
▪ Roman Antonio (2003), “Eero Saarinen”, Princeton Architectural Press, New York.
▪ Serraino Pierluigi (2006). “Saarinen, a Structural Expressionist”, Taschen, Koln.
▪ Merkel Jayne, (2005), “Eero Saarinen”. Phaidon Press, London.
▪ Pelkonen, Eeva-Liisa (2006). “Eero Saarinen”. Yale University Press, New Haven.
▪ Saarinen Aline B, (1968). “Eero Saarinen on his work”. Yale University Press, New Haven
▪ Knight Richard (2008). “Saarinen's Quest, a Memoir”, William Stout Publishers, San
▪ Eero Saarinen (1968),”eero Saarinen on his works”, Yale University press, new haven.
▪ Donald Albrecht (2011),”Eero Saarinen, Shaping the future”, Yale university press, New