O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.

Humanitarian advocacy

1.331 visualizações

Publicada em

Defines humanitarian advocacy;
- goals
- differences between advocacy and communications
- advocacy approaches/tactics
- advocacy levels
- advocacy process
- advocacy challenges
Presentation originally presented at CERAH, University of Geneva

Publicada em: Governo e ONGs
  • -- DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT -- ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download FULL PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... (Unlimited)
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui
  • If you want to download or read this book, copy link or url below in the New tab ......................................................................................................................... DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } .........................................................................................................................
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui
  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui

Humanitarian advocacy

  1. 1. Humanitarian advocacy Originally presented at “Communicating in humanitarian settings - DAS Module III” CERAH 6 December 2018 Dr Glenn O’Neil
  2. 2. What is advocacy? “ A mix of persuasive communication and targeted actions aiming at ‘pleading the cause of’, ‘acting on behalf of’ and ‘speaking out for or in support of others’, is designed to change policies, positions and actions on a specific issue or cause on behalf of the voiceless” Piccinini (2008) "Championing or supporting a cause or policy goal" Gardner and Brindis (2017) “Advocacy is the attempt to influence public policy, either directly or indirectly” Pekkanen et al. (2014).
  3. 3. What is humanitarian advocacy? “The term ‘humanitarian advocacy’ encompasses not only advocacy in emergencies, but also advocacy conducted before and after crises and in situations of protracted vulnerability, suffering or conflict. In these situations we try to influence the policies and actions of local, national, regional and international institutions and actors so that they better address the unique challenges faced by children.” Save the Children (undated) “Norwegian Refugee Council focuses advocacy efforts on improving the lives of those who are most vulnerable during crises. We advocate through direct consultations or by speaking out publicly. We must strive to denounce violations and speak out when that is the best way to help the displaced and vulnerable, without risking their safety or that of our staff.” NRC (2014) “OCHA’s public and private advocacy raises awareness of forgotten crises, promotes respect for international humanitarian law (IHL), brings the voices of crisis-affected people to the forefront, and helps people obtain access to humanitarian assistance.” OCHA (undated) “Our advocacy aims to raise awareness of the conditions facing people who are affected by poverty around the world.” Muslim Aid (undated) “Humanitarian advocacy is understood to constitute deliberate efforts, based on demonstrated evidence, aimed at persuading decision-makers to adopt policies and take actions to promote and protect the rights of children and women in humanitarian situations.” Unicef (2010)
  4. 4. What is humanitarian advocacy?“The term ‘humanitarian advocacy’ encompasses not only advocacy in emergencies, but also advocacy conducted before and after crises and in situations of protracted vulnerability, suffering or conflict. In these situations we try to influence the policies and actions of local, national, regional and international institutions and actors so that they better address the unique challenges faced by children.” Save the Children (undated) “Norwegian Refugee Council focuses advocacy efforts on improving the lives of those who are most vulnerable during crises. We advocate through direct consultations or by speaking out publicly. We must strive to denounce violations and speak out when that is the best way to help the displaced and vulnerable, without risking their safety or that of our staff.” NRC (2014) “OCHA’s public and private advocacy raises awareness of forgotten crises, promotes respect for international humanitarian law (IHL), brings the voices of crisis-affected people to the forefront, and helps people obtain access to humanitarian assistance.” OCHA (undated) “Our advocacy aims to raise awareness of the conditions facing people who are affected by poverty around the world.” Muslim Aid (undated) “Humanitarian advocacy is understood to constitute deliberate efforts, based on demonstrated evidence, aimed at persuading decision-makers to adopt policies and take actions to promote and protect the rights of children and women in humanitarian situations.” Unicef (2010)
  5. 5. Goals of humanitarian advocacy Key goals often highlighted: – Ensure respect for humanitarian principles, space and access – Ensure that affected populations are respected and protected – Ensure optimal functioning of the humanitarian system
  6. 6. Difference between advocacy and communications Communication activities Indirect approach to reach publics Direct approach to reach publics Publics react to information received Use of relays: media, partners and coalitions Changes to knowledge, attitudes and behaviours Simplified pathway of change for communications Adapted from Coffman, 2003.
  7. 7. Difference between advocacy and communications Support built amongst publics on issue Changes to policy, practices and laws Communication & advocacy activities Indirect approach to reach policy makers Direct approach to reach policy makers Policy makers react to advocacy Use of relays: media, partners and coalitions Simplified pathway of change for advocacy Indirect approach to reach publics Direct approach to reach publics Pressure from publics on policy makers Adapted from Coffman, 2003.
  8. 8. Difference between advocacy and communications Support built amongst publics on issue Changes to policy, practices and laws Communication & advocacy activities Indirect approach to reach policy makers Direct approach to reach policy makers Policy makers react to advocacy Use of relays: media, partners and coalitions Diferent pathways for advocacy Indirect approach to reach publics Direct approach to reach publics Pressure from publics on policy makers Adapted from Coffman, 2003. 1 1 Detention practices with authorities 2 2 Policy on humanitarian access 3 3 Practices on treatment of civilians under seige 4 Laws, policies and practices to respect medical workers 4
  9. 9. Advocacy approaches/tactics Indirect Direct Private (insider) Public (outsider) Adapted from Pekkanen et al. (2014) & Unicef (2010) Lobbying Policy / law inputs Campaigns Coalition building Protest / marches / Stunts Media outreach Public mobilisation Capacity building Litigation Digital / Social media Briefings Negotiations Communications
  10. 10. Advocacy levels with examples Global Arms Trade Treaty National Accreditation of local NGOs policy Regional African Union positions on humanitarian action Local Practices of treating IDPs in health clinics Set up: Stand-alone advocacy projects Access Gender etc. Integrated within programmes WASH Protection etc.
  11. 11. Advocacy or action? – Scenario: Your NGO is delivering medical aid to IDPs through teams working with existing health clinics to offer a broader range of services (e.g. diagnostics, treatment, care) – You’re working model has proved successful in one province - seeing 80% improvements in reach and care of IDPs – Your NGO would like to work in five other provinces with significant IDP populations – There already other health NGOs working in these provinces – Question: advocacy or action?
  12. 12. Advocacy process 1. Analysis of issues & external environment 4. Evaluation of results 3. Implementation & capacity building 2. Develop stakeholder analysis & strategy
  13. 13. 1. Analysis – What is the humanitarian issue(s) precisely? – Is it possible that your organisation (alone or in coalition) could influence the change needed? – Is advocacy the solution required? – Do you have resources to act? – Is extra research required? – How is change envisaged to happen? – Is this in the best interests of affected populations?
  14. 14. 2. Strategy – Objectives: what are your desired outcomes? – Audiences: who can make the changes happen? – Messages: what do they need to hear? – Approach: what is the appropriate approach? – Tactics: how will it be implemented? – Monitoring: how do we know if it is working?
  15. 15. 2. Strategy Setting outcomes: Source: Coffman, 2009) - OUTCOMES
  16. 16. 2. Strategy Message tree example: Source: CARE (2014)
  17. 17. 2. Stakeholder analysis Level of support Level of influence High Medium Low Low Medium High Partner NGOs National authoritiesINGOs UN agencies Donor countries Local authorities citizens
  18. 18. 3. Implementation – Timing: Is timing clear – all opportunities explored? – Roles and responsibility: who will do what and when? – Monitoring: are we adjusting as we progress?
  19. 19. 4. Evaluation Example of an evaluation Framework: Source: Unicef, 2010
  20. 20. Challenges – Speaking out verses operational risks for organisations – Balancing short-term reactive advocacy with long-term proactive advocacy – Limitations on organisations right to advocate – The “crowded” policy environment for some contexts / issues – Are organisations able to represent the advocacy needs of affected populations
  21. 21. Conclusions Humanitarian organisations are increasingly seeing the value of advocacy as way to bring about change Advocacy will increasingly become integrated within humanitarian programming
  22. 22. References • CARE (2014). The CARE International Advocacy Handbook. • Coffman, J. (2003). Lessons in evaluating communications campaigns: Five case studies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project. • Coffman, J. (2009). A user’s guide to advocacy evaluation planning. Cambridge (MA): Harvard Family Research Project. • Gardner, A., & Brindis, C. (2017). Advocacy and policy change evaluation: Theory and practice. Stanford University Press. • INNE (undated). Education in Emergencies. • NRC (2014). NRC as a courageous advocate for the rights of displaced people; Strategy for Global Advocacy 2015- 2017. • Pekkanen, R. J., Smith, S. R., & Tsujinaka, Y. (Eds.). (2014). Non-profits and advocacy: Engaging community and government in an era of retrenchment. JHU Press. • Piccinini, C. (2018). Public humanitarian advocacy: challenges, opportunities and its channeling through the celebrities, MA of International Communications, University of Leeds, Institute of Communication Studies. • Rhoades, A. (2010). Displaced Futures: Internally Displaced Persons and the Right to Education. EI Rodeo, Costa Rica: United Nations University for Peace. • Save the Children (undated). Advocacy and Campaigning; Humanitarian advocacy Session. The Open University. • Unicef (2010). Advocacy toolkit. • Resources on advocacy evaluation: https://intelligentmeasurement.net/category/advocacy-evaluation/

×