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Free as in freedom.
The importance of FOSS
in the surveillance era
Avv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
LL.M. Ph.d. ISO 27001 Lea...
2
The “Circolo dei Giuristi Telematici", founded
in 1998, is the oldest Italian association of
“cyberlawyers”
Very active ...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
Exactly one year ago...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
(Council of Europe
Commissioner for human
rights)
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
"Even though the prime minister has declared that "there are presently no
plans to ...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
Simplified
workflow for the
war on terror
May be
used by
terrorists
X
(device,
infr...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
Should we ban all
black Seat?
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
What about Ford
F250 and Toyota
pickup trucks?
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
By NicoBZH from Saint Etienne - Loire, France [CC BY-
SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
If we can't have a
backdoor or ban
encryption, we'll use ...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
"The easiest way for someone to
eavesdrop on your communications
isn’t to interce...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
The
“Bundestrojaner”
(aka State Trojan)
Photo by Leralle
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
UK Draft Investigatory
powers bill
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
Food for thoughts
It is a lie that the state of emergency
protects democracy. His...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
Food for thoughts
The "security" they talk about does not aim at
preventing terro...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
What can we do?
Ludovic Hirlimann
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
Develop secure SW
"The real problem is that few
developers learn how to develop
s...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
Use a standard FLOSS
license
"I believe that much more code
review and many more ...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
What can we do?
Fight the FUD!
Become active citizens, and raise
awareness
Develo...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
By NicoBZH from Saint Etienne - Loire, France [CC BY-
SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons...
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
Questions?Questions?
@gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
●
Thank you
Avv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
gallus@array.eu @gbgallus
Unless stated o...
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Introduction to Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)
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Free as in freedom. The importance of FOSS in the surveillance era

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The tragic terrorist attacks in Paris have fueled, even more than before, a strong campaign against widespread adoption of encryption tools, even if it soon became clear that the terrorists hadn't used any. While in USA plans for the adoption of compulsory backdoors, in order to circumvent encryption, have been apparently abandoned, many European States seem to perceive encryption software and devices as one of the worst evils. Which is the role of FOSS and FOSS developers in this scenario? How can we enhance communication privacy, without breaking any regulations?

Free as in freedom. The importance of FOSS in the surveillance era

  1. 1. Free as in freedom. The importance of FOSS in the surveillance era Avv. Giovanni Battista Gallus LL.M. Ph.d. ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
  2. 2. 2 The “Circolo dei Giuristi Telematici", founded in 1998, is the oldest Italian association of “cyberlawyers” Very active mailing list, with many members, including attorneys, in-house lawyers, consultants, law professors and forensics experts. More information (Italian only): info@giuristitelematici.net http://www.giuristitelematici.it @CircoloGT
  3. 3. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  4. 4. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  5. 5. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus Exactly one year ago...
  6. 6. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus (Council of Europe Commissioner for human rights)
  7. 7. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  8. 8. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  9. 9. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  10. 10. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  11. 11. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus "Even though the prime minister has declared that "there are presently no plans to attack [Tor-type] anonimizaton", we expect that the coming laws (for instance the one extending for another 3 months the state of emergency) might include anti-strong crypto provisions, either directly in the law project or through amendments during the Parliamentary deliberation. We consider that this is the most critical issue on the agenda of digital issues stricto sensu (the rest belonging to the no less worrying domain of general tramping on fundamental rigths).” Philippe Agrain, La Quadrature du Net
  12. 12. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  13. 13. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus Simplified workflow for the war on terror May be used by terrorists X (device, infrastructure, software...) BAN!!! OK! START STOP Yes No
  14. 14. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus Should we ban all black Seat?
  15. 15. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus What about Ford F250 and Toyota pickup trucks?
  16. 16. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  17. 17. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus By NicoBZH from Saint Etienne - Loire, France [CC BY- SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons Let me be crystal clear: Weakening encryption or taking it away harms good people who are using it for the right reason Tim Cook 16 January 2016 (Encryption in France) France may prohibit strong encryption. If that happens, I may be unable ever to go to France again. RMS Very unlikely allies ...
  18. 18. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus
  19. 19. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● If we can't have a backdoor or ban encryption, we'll use ...
  20. 20. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● "The easiest way for someone to eavesdrop on your communications isn’t to intercept them in transit anymore; it’s to hack your computer. And there’s a lot of government hacking going on.” Bruce Schneier, Data and Goliath, 2015
  21. 21. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● The “Bundestrojaner” (aka State Trojan) Photo by Leralle
  22. 22. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● UK Draft Investigatory powers bill
  23. 23. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● Food for thoughts It is a lie that the state of emergency protects democracy. Historians do know that it is the opposite. The state of emergency is the device which has been used by totalitarian regimes in Europe Giorgio Agamben, Le Monde
  24. 24. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● Food for thoughts The "security" they talk about does not aim at preventing terrostist act (which is really difficult [...]), but rather to establish a widespread and limitless controll on the population (that's why they are so focused on the total control of citizens' data, including full access to the content of any device) Giorgio Agamben, Le Monde
  25. 25. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus What can we do? Ludovic Hirlimann
  26. 26. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● Develop secure SW "The real problem is that few developers learn how to develop secure software, even though nearly all programs are under attack (because they connect to the Internet or take data from the Internet)” David A. Wheeler How to Prevent the next Heartbleed
  27. 27. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● Use a standard FLOSS license "I believe that much more code review and many more contributions would occur if OpenSSL used a standard widely-used license.” David A. Wheeler How to Prevent the next Heartbleed
  28. 28. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● What can we do? Fight the FUD! Become active citizens, and raise awareness Develop better & simpler tools Support all advocacy groups which are fighting the costly battle for fundamental rights
  29. 29. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus By NicoBZH from Saint Etienne - Loire, France [CC BY- SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons He who sacrifices [free software] freedom for  security deserves neither Benjamin Franklin meets RMS
  30. 30. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus Questions?Questions?
  31. 31. @gbgallusAvv. Giovanni Battista Gallus ● Thank you Avv. Giovanni Battista Gallus gallus@array.eu @gbgallus Unless stated otherwise, all texts are distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution – non commercial – sharealike 3.0 Unported license
  • nourredineZaher

    Sep. 27, 2019
  • guglielmotroiano

    Jan. 31, 2016

The tragic terrorist attacks in Paris have fueled, even more than before, a strong campaign against widespread adoption of encryption tools, even if it soon became clear that the terrorists hadn't used any. While in USA plans for the adoption of compulsory backdoors, in order to circumvent encryption, have been apparently abandoned, many European States seem to perceive encryption software and devices as one of the worst evils. Which is the role of FOSS and FOSS developers in this scenario? How can we enhance communication privacy, without breaking any regulations?

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