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Elements of aShort Story Ms. Ghie D.Vidar SALIS
Objectives• Identify and define elements of a short story• Demonstrate mastery of short story elements by creating story grammar Elements of a Short Story
OverviewA Short Story is similar to your dish. It needsthe best ingredients for you to enjoy its delectable taste. Stories are made up of four important elements: Setting Characters, Plot, and Theme Elements of a Short Story
SettingTells the reader where and when the story takes place.
Characters and CharacterizationThe people, and in some stories, the animals that take part in the story.The description of the personalities of the characters in the story and the way in which an author reveals their personalities.
Two Identifications of Characters 1. Protagonist – the hero of the story 2. Antagonist – the villain in the story who is always opposing the protagonist
Methods of Characterization Creating Believable Characters• Indirect • Direct – physical appearance – the narrator’s – speech, thoughts, feelin direct gs, or actions of the comments character about a character – speech, thoughts, feelin gs, or actions of other characters
Plot• The chain of related events that take place in a story.• Built around conflict, which is a struggle between opposing forces.
• The plot is the sequence or order of events in a story. PLOT DIAGRAM• The plot includes:Exposition Statement The part of the plot that tells how the story begins.Rising Action The action in the story leading up to the climax. ClimaxConflict The struggles or problems between opposing forces.Climax Conflict The point of crisis in the plot. It may be the reader’s point of highest interest. Falling action The action in the story after the climax is revealed. Exposition Resolution Resolution The part of the plot that reveals the final outcome.
Types of Conflict -Man vs. Man -Man vs. Nature -Man vs. Obstacle or Society - Man vs. Supernatural Being -Man vs. Himself
Theme • The main idea of a story. • It is not a moral, lesson, or a rule for living.Ex. Love Family FeudThemes from ‘The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet’
CONCLUSION Now that we have identified and defined the elements of a short story, let us use the elements to analyze a Short Story. You may use your notes from the PowerPoint presentation.
BibliographyDinneen, K. Elements of the Short Story. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, from Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1983/3/83.03.09.x.htmlFive Elements of a Story. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-2277.htmlGuevin, D. Short Story Elements. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, http://www.uvm.edu/~dguevin/Elements.html