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Marijuana
The #1 Profit Opportunity for
Greenhouse Growers in the Next Decade
WEBINAR
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Cannabis Industry Potential
Research from Marijuana
Business Daily indicates that by
the year 202...
A Better Solution to Opioids
Cannabis has great medicinal qualities when it comes to the management of
pain, treatment of ...
MMAR vs MMPR
Health Canada’s two medical marijuana programs are both very different to
each other.
MMAR
 28,000 Canadians...
MMPR Regulation Requirements
The MMPR application process is strict and rigorous, and includes the
following regulations s...
Recreational on the Horizon!
Beyond the medical program, one of the Liberal party’s campaign promises
is the full legaliza...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
New Opportunities
Canadian Licensed Producers are already taking the next steps to capitalize
on ...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Rapidly Changing Cannabis Laws in the U.S.
Although cannabis is still federally illegal, states a...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Whose Next to Legalize?
Legalization for medical and recreational will only expand further, but w...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Sales in the U.S.
To get a glimpse of what recreational legalization could be like, we can of cou...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
California Hopeful
The Adult Use of Marijuana Act (AUMA) in California is steadily gaining popula...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Worldwide Changes
More countries are looking towards ending prohibition and move forward with the...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Comparing Legal Cannabis Growth to
Other Industries
Information from New Frontier shows that adul...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
SWOT Analysis
Converting your existing greenhouse into a cannabis facility
Strengths
• Existing h...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Marijuana market is still in its infancy
 More opportunities for profit at this stage
 Prices i...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Already in the growing business
 Existing knowledge of horticulture can be
applied to growing ca...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Using an existing greenhouse structure
Greenhouses can be retrofitted to accommodate cannabis gro...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Greenhouse Size
Greenhouse Length
 Length of the greenhouse is a
consideration for ventilation
...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
 Incredibly efficient and even way to
cool your greenhouse environment
when designed properly
 ...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Light Deprivation
Light deprivation is nothing new, growers have been using it for years for crop...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Benching
Growing cannabis on benches allows for increased airflow to the plant, add a liner it’s ...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Irrigation
Starting with reverse osmosis isn’t necessarily always the best option.
 Start with g...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Heating
Hydronic or hot water heating is preferred.
 Greenhouse boiler and circulation system
 ...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Lighting
Supplemental lighting is used for both photo period and to ensure the plant has the
idea...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
HPS Lighting
HPS (High Pressure Sodium) is the most popularly used light source. When possible,
t...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
LED Lighting
Cannabis growers were among the first adopters of LEDs. Yield benefits can offer bey...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
The Cost of Indoor Production
Some facts on indoor cannabis production
Greenhouse cultivation use...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Sanitization
Be a clean grower to start with and keep a sanitary growing environment.
 Hard glaz...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Pesticide Free Growing
Pesticides are a hot topic in the industry right now, growing pesticide fr...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Odor Control
Challenging issue for marijuana growers
 Carbon filtration systems
 More effective...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Computer Controls
Whether you use a warehouse grow or a greenhouse, computer controls are the
bra...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Computer Control Interface
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Computer Control Interface
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Final Thoughts on Greenhouses
 No such thing as “cookie cutter”
greenhouse design
 Consideratio...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Conclusion
• Marijuana is definitely an opportunity worth considering, but with any
business, you...
www.ggsstructures.com/mj
Contact us to help you grow:
mj@ggsstructures.com
ggsstructures.com/mj
Marijuana: The #1 Profit Opportunity for Greenhouse Growers in the Next Decade
Marijuana: The #1 Profit Opportunity for Greenhouse Growers in the Next Decade
Marijuana: The #1 Profit Opportunity for Greenhouse Growers in the Next Decade
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Marijuana: The #1 Profit Opportunity for Greenhouse Growers in the Next Decade

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The business opportunities becoming available as a result of the push to legalize large-scale marijuana cultivation are globally significant. This webinar provides a look into the state of the industry, as well as opportunities and obstacles that face both new and seasoned cannabis growers and investors.

Industry expert Michael Camplin from GGS Structures will lead this webinar, and will provide his insights as both an advisor and solutions provider of structures and growing systems for numerous licensed large-scale cannabis producers in Canada and the U.S.

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Marijuana: The #1 Profit Opportunity for Greenhouse Growers in the Next Decade

  1. 1. Marijuana The #1 Profit Opportunity for Greenhouse Growers in the Next Decade WEBINAR
  2. 2. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Cannabis Industry Potential Research from Marijuana Business Daily indicates that by the year 2020, the marijuana industry will have an economic impact of $44 billion in the U.S. alone.
  3. 3. A Better Solution to Opioids Cannabis has great medicinal qualities when it comes to the management of pain, treatment of chronic illnesses and other therapeutic benefits too numerous to list. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, there is a global problem of prescription opioid abuse and addiction, and it’s estimated that up to 36 million people abuse opioids worldwide. - National Institute on Drug Abuse Website More studies are coming out suggesting that medical marijuana is a potentially safer and more effective means of treatment than opioids. - Leafly Article www.ggsstructures.com/mj
  4. 4. MMAR vs MMPR Health Canada’s two medical marijuana programs are both very different to each other. MMAR  28,000 Canadians hold an MMAR patients license  Licenses allow patients to grow a limited amount of cannabis or have a designated license holder grow for them  The MMPR program was to replace MMAR and prevent home grows but following the Allard injunction case in March 2016 there is no longer an expiry date for MMAR licenses  Health Canada no longer accepts new applications for MMAR licenses and there are no ways to change current licenses i.e. address changes MMPR  Over 30,500 Canadian hold an MMPR patients license  Patients must purchase medical cannabis through a LP (Licensed Producer) authorized by Health Canada  Patients can obtain a referral from their Doctor for access  Currently there are 31 LPs, 18 of which are in Ontario  LP licenses are only issued to commercial growers once they meet Health Canada’s strict requirements on public health, safety & security www.ggsstructures.com/mj
  5. 5. MMPR Regulation Requirements The MMPR application process is strict and rigorous, and includes the following regulations set forth by Health Canada:  All production sites must be indoors and not in a private dwelling  Physical security measures must be in place such as visual monitoring, intrusion detection systems, visual recording devices, monitoring by personnel, and restricted access  Applicants need to familiarize themselves with the regulations relating to “Good Production Practices,” which include product testing, storage of dried marijuana, equipment, the sanitation program, standard operating procedures, recall of product and quality assurance personnel  There is a very limited list of approved pesticides allowed, and these are mild. Some growers have chosen to go completely pesticide-free  Zero mold or pesticide-residue on the finished product is tolerated  Strict odor control measures must be put into place www.ggsstructures.com/mj
  6. 6. Recreational on the Horizon! Beyond the medical program, one of the Liberal party’s campaign promises is the full legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes. Since the election, stocks in Canadian medical marijuana companies have continued to rise. Sales are projected to be $5 billion annually if marijuana is fully legalized in Canada, according to CIBC World Markets. – CBC News www.ggsstructures.com/mj
  7. 7. www.ggsstructures.com/mj New Opportunities Canadian Licensed Producers are already taking the next steps to capitalize on the potential market. Recently Tweed gained exclusive rights in Canada to some of Snoop Dogg’s brands and content. - Ottawa Business Journal CannTrust has created a cannabis-infused coffee pod that can be placed in a Keurig machine. - CannTrust
  8. 8. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Rapidly Changing Cannabis Laws in the U.S. Although cannabis is still federally illegal, states across the U.S. are rapidly changing their marijuana laws. However, some states are opting to only allow CBD variants of cannabis under strict practices.
  9. 9. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Whose Next to Legalize? Legalization for medical and recreational will only expand further, but who is next? Recreational These states are on the 2016 November ballot for recreational legislation:
  10. 10. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Sales in the U.S. To get a glimpse of what recreational legalization could be like, we can of course look to the US. Recreational marijuana sales are legal in Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska. Colorado was the first to legalize in 2012. Since then the industry has skyrocketed:  Colorado cannabis sales $996 million in 2015 – The Cannabist  More than 2,500 marijuana business licenses issued in Colorado – PotGuide.com  Ancillary business cropping up such as ‘bud and breakfasts’, app-based marijuana delivery services, consulting companies, and even dating websites for pot users  Total marijuana sales in the US in 2015 were $5.4 billon (both medical and recreational) - CNBC
  11. 11. www.ggsstructures.com/mj California Hopeful The Adult Use of Marijuana Act (AUMA) in California is steadily gaining popularity amongst voters with up to 60% of voters supporting the bill.  California was the first state to legalize medical cannabis in 1996  As of this month a measure to legalize recreational marijuana has received enough signatures and is headed for the November ballot  The cultivation, distribution and sale of recreational marijuana would be regulated by the state, and exporting marijuana out of California would be prohibited  The independent Legislative Analyst’s Office is predicting that annual new revenue under AUMA could reach up to $1 billion and the state would save as much as $100 million a year on marijuana enforcement – The Orange County Register
  12. 12. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Worldwide Changes More countries are looking towards ending prohibition and move forward with the medical benefits of marijuana.  Uruguay was the first country in the world to completely legalize marijuana for recreational purposes  Germany’s Health Minister has said the country will be legalizing medical marijuana in 2017  This year Australia legalized marijuana for medical and scientific purposes  Medical marijuana has been legal in Israel since the early 1990s, the country is regarded as an innovation hub for medical marijuana programs and studies  In the beginning of May, Jamaica’s Cannabis Licensing Authority has approved regulations for licenses, permits and other authorizations for cultivation, processing, distribution, sale, and transportation of marijuana
  13. 13. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Comparing Legal Cannabis Growth to Other Industries Information from New Frontier shows that adult recreational use of cannabis has grown by 232%.
  14. 14. www.ggsstructures.com/mj SWOT Analysis Converting your existing greenhouse into a cannabis facility Strengths • Existing horticultural knowledge & experience • Already have a greenhouse structure that can be retrofitted for cannabis growing • Existing supplier relationships (companies like GGS). • May not have the capital to cover costs of becoming a licensed grower • Marijuana is a completely different market than traditional horticulture with differing customer needs. Growers need to learn the business Weaknesses • Marijuana market in its infancy. More opportunity for profit at this stage. • We are just starting to see the end of prohibition. This is the best time to build a marijuana brand • Taking advantage of all the benefits of growing in a greenhouse vs. an indoor grow (eg using natural sunlight to reduce energy usage) • In Canada, grocery and pharmacy leader Loblaw has indicated interest in selling medical marijuana in its stores. If this happens, greenhouse growers could potentially leverage their existing supply chain Opportunities Threats • Big competition is coming • Increased government growing regulations can be costly to keep up with (eg. odor control, security requirements, etc.)
  15. 15. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Marijuana market is still in its infancy  More opportunities for profit at this stage  Prices in the Canadian MMPR program ranging from $3.50-$15.00/gram with a typical price of about $7.00/gram  Pay off capital costs of your growing facility while profits are high  Major wave coming when recreational goes through  As a long term investment, it makes good sense to build a state-of-the-art facility now  Opportunity to build a brand
  16. 16. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Already in the growing business  Existing knowledge of horticulture can be applied to growing cannabis  Understanding of plant health  Knowing how to operate automation systems  Confidence in crop production  Existing supplier relationships – you generally know who to trust  A lot of suppliers are trying to take advantage of this new industry, adding high mark-ups and substandard product or old technology
  17. 17. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Using an existing greenhouse structure Greenhouses can be retrofitted to accommodate cannabis growing.  Should start with a quality structure  Ideally should be hard glazed for ease of cleaning  If there is an existing blackout, it can be used provided that it is in good condition without light leaks
  18. 18. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Greenhouse Size Greenhouse Length  Length of the greenhouse is a consideration for ventilation  Avoid greenhouses that are too long when using fan ventilation Greenhouse Height  Taller structure gives a more stable environment due to a larger air mass  Supplemental lights should be plus or minus 6 feet from the plant canopy
  19. 19. www.ggsstructures.com/mj  Incredibly efficient and even way to cool your greenhouse environment when designed properly  Very little power is needed to open and adjust the roof vents to keep a constant temperature in the greenhouse  In the traditional greenhouse market, over 90% of what GGS sells is natural ventilation Ventilation
  20. 20. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Light Deprivation Light deprivation is nothing new, growers have been using it for years for crops such as mums, kalanchoes, poinsettias, and other flowering crops.  Add a horizontal truss in the greenhouse so the light deprivation system can easily be added  Avoid partially sloped systems to achieve blackout  For climates that need cooling during the blackout period, light traps are used to allow airflow through fans, vents and cooling pads without allowing light through  Reduce the amount of supplemental light pollution coming out of the greenhouse at night (be a good neighbour)  Huge amount of energy savings – reflecting the heat back into the greenhouse
  21. 21. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Benching Growing cannabis on benches allows for increased airflow to the plant, add a liner it’s the perfect growing method for capturing run-off irrigation water.  Use rolling benches to increase production by up to 50%  Create an aisle whenever you need to for easy access to crop  Production space is expensive, make the most of it  Grow net supports can be added to benches to support top-heavy plants as the buds mature, and minimizes the risk of stem damage
  22. 22. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Irrigation Starting with reverse osmosis isn’t necessarily always the best option.  Start with good clean water  Reverse osmosis depends on the quality of your water to start with. RO is an unnecessary expense if it’s unneeded. However, if you need to clean up your water it may be completely necessary  PH levels need to be correct  Accurate delivery of nutrients to your plants  Capturing and recycling of nutrient water runoff is sometimes mandated  Containing excess moisture is good practice for cleanliness and to reduce unnecessary humidity in your growing environment
  23. 23. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Heating Hydronic or hot water heating is preferred.  Greenhouse boiler and circulation system  Maintain even temperatures  Keep plants dry  Unit heaters are an option for getting started quickly For more information on heating visit: niagrow.com
  24. 24. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Lighting Supplemental lighting is used for both photo period and to ensure the plant has the ideal amount of photons on cloudy days.  12 hours flower, 18-24 Veg  Because it is supplemental and not the sole source of light, spectrum and intensity is not as important as indoor growing  Consideration needs to be made regarding location, climate conditions and cost of electricity
  25. 25. www.ggsstructures.com/mj HPS Lighting HPS (High Pressure Sodium) is the most popularly used light source. When possible, the new Electronic Fixtures are used Information provided by  1000W is most common  HPS fixtures are used both in Veg and Flowering Rooms  Greenhouse structure operations do not need as many supplemental HPS lights as indoor operations because of the natural light provided  Indoor applications may use Plasma Lights to provide the necessary “Blue” light spectrum for Vegetative Rooms  Plasma Lights are very expensive.
  26. 26. www.ggsstructures.com/mj LED Lighting Cannabis growers were among the first adopters of LEDs. Yield benefits can offer beyond kWh savings Information provided by  The wavelengths and intensity you need, when you need them, with adjustable-spectra LEDs  Like field crop solar radiation, only more controlled  Lifespan  Longevity  Reduced maintenance costs  Novel Growing Styles  Multiple level growing possible
  27. 27. www.ggsstructures.com/mj The Cost of Indoor Production Some facts on indoor cannabis production Greenhouse cultivation uses up to 90% less electricity than indoor 1% of all power in the U.S. goes to indoor cannabis production 3% of all power in California goes to indoor cannabis production 3% of all power in Washington goes to indoor cannabis production Equal to 20 Trillion Watt hours OR 20 million American Homes
  28. 28. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Sanitization Be a clean grower to start with and keep a sanitary growing environment.  Hard glaze greenhouse for easier clean up  Keep floor clean of trimmings  Remove debris  Ensure workers / visitors are not introducing foreign contaminants  Virkon foot bath  Hand cleaning  Gowns, suiting up  Humidity control – dehumidifying at night
  29. 29. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Pesticide Free Growing Pesticides are a hot topic in the industry right now, growing pesticide free may be the best way.  Clean  Exclusion of insects  Biological controls (predators – beneficial insects)  Aloe concentrate – not palatable to pests
  30. 30. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Odor Control Challenging issue for marijuana growers  Carbon filtration systems  More effective for indoor grows  Costly for greenhouse environments  Filters need to be replaced often  Odor neutralization systems  Have potential for greenhouse applications  Destroys the odor compounds
  31. 31. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Computer Controls Whether you use a warehouse grow or a greenhouse, computer controls are the brains of the complete marijuana growing system. Monitor and maintain exact environment needs for growing rooms, cloning rooms and flowering rooms as you need:  Nutrients  Lights  Heating  Light deprivation  Humidity control  Air circulation  CO2  Irrigation needs
  32. 32. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Computer Control Interface
  33. 33. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Computer Control Interface
  34. 34. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Final Thoughts on Greenhouses  No such thing as “cookie cutter” greenhouse design  Consideration of climate – light, heat etc  Make use of light when you can. It is a greenhouse after all  Cooling needs  Do you have a quality, well sealed greenhouse?
  35. 35. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Conclusion • Marijuana is definitely an opportunity worth considering, but with any business, you have to evaluate what your core abilities are and what you really want to be doing long-term • The marijuana industry is not for everyone – do your due diligence
  36. 36. www.ggsstructures.com/mj Contact us to help you grow: mj@ggsstructures.com ggsstructures.com/mj

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