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Task 5.5 North Vs South

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Task 5.5 North Vs South

  1. 1. Differences between the North and the South <ul><li>Southern crops </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton, sugarcane, sugar beets, tobacco, and rice </li></ul><ul><li>These crops led the economy of the South. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1840 the South was a thoroughly agricultural region. </li></ul><ul><li>Northern goods </li></ul><ul><li>Since colonial times, farming was important. </li></ul><ul><li>The Industrial Revolution made manufacturing and trade the base of the North’s economy. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Differences between the North and the South <ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><li>Trade and industry encouraged urbanization, and so cities grew in the North much more than in the South. </li></ul><ul><li>The Industrial Revolution and the revolutions in transportation and communication had the greatest impact on the North. </li></ul><ul><li>Northern businesses seized new technology in pursuit of efficiency and growth. </li></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><li>There was relatively little in the way of technological progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Many southerners saw little need for labor-saving devices when they had an ample supply of enslaved people to do their work. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Differences between the North and the South <ul><li>Different points of view </li></ul><ul><li>In the North, urban dwellers were exposed to many different types of people and tended to view change as progress. </li></ul><ul><li>In the South, where the landscape was less prone to change and where the population was less diverse, people tended to place a higher value on tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical distance </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively few southerners had the means or motivation to travel extensively in the North, and relatively few northerners had ever visited the South. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Differences between the North and the South <ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery was legal. </li></ul><ul><li>It was viewed by most white people as an absolutely vital part of the economy. </li></ul><ul><li>To many, it was a practice sanctioned by their Christian religion. </li></ul><ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery was illegal. </li></ul><ul><li>Ever-increasing numbers of people viewed it as evil. </li></ul><ul><li>Few realized the differences would lead to war. </li></ul>