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Persuasive Presentation

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Persuasive Presentation

  1. 1. The Population Paradox of Modern Utopias<br />By Thomas Frison<br />
  2. 2. Thesis<br />Utopias must be small to minimize differences in opinion, but a small, modern Utopia is not viable on its own.<br />
  3. 3. Definitions<br />Society:<br />A collection of people and the structure in which they live, including:<br />Laws<br />Government<br />Means of Production<br />
  4. 4. Definitions<br />Utopia:<br />A society in which everyone believes that the society is the best that it can be.<br />There can be some malcontents, however there cannot be any sizeable minority that disapproves of how things are.<br />A Utopia is not a perfect society.<br />
  5. 5. First Premise<br />Utopias must be small to minimize disagreements in the definition of Utopia.<br />
  6. 6. Reasoning<br />People disagree.<br />A Utopia is only valid if everyone agrees that it is a Utopia.<br />This means that if there is a major disagreement in a wider variety of topics related to society, then you don’t have a Utopia.<br />To minimize disagreements on the definition of Utopia, the Utopia must be small.<br />
  7. 7. Alternative:Re-education:<br />Re-education<br />Convince everyone that it is a Utopia, even if it isn’t.<br />Methods:<br />Propaganda<br />Religion<br />Drugs<br />Isn’t a true Utopia.<br />
  8. 8. Alternative:Compilation of small Utopias:<br />Make the structure very looseso that the society fits the widest definitions of Utopia.<br />Results in everyone creating their own Utopia.<br />The whole cannot be considered Utopian by our definition.<br />As it’s a collection of small Utopias, still doesn’t disprove the argument that Utopias must be small.<br />
  9. 9. Second Premise<br />A small, modern Utopia cannot be viable on its own.<br />
  10. 10. Reasoning:Resources:<br />Resources:<br />Members of modern societies expect massive amounts of goods and services.<br />This is in addition to food, water, shelter, and other basic needs.<br />Not enough resources or space in a small society to provide everything expected.<br />
  11. 11. Reasoning:Defense:<br />Defense:<br />Modern attacks can come from any direction because of missiles.<br />Hard for a small group to protect itself from outside attack, especially from a larger group.<br />
  12. 12. Alternative:Additional Labor<br />Technology<br />Requires more resources and people to maintain and build the machines.<br />Could drain resources as much as it boosts efficiency, resulting in a low net gain.<br />Slaves<br />Violates definition of Utopia as slaves are part of the society and would not view the society in a favorable light.<br />
  13. 13. Alternative:Reduced Production<br />Utopia could focus on producing only basic needs for itself.<br />Without modern products, would be weak to outside attack.<br />Could trade with outside groups for modern goods and services.<br />
  14. 14. Issues With Trade<br />If the Utopia has to focus on basic needs, then it wouldn’t have much to trade with.<br />If it received modern goods and services from outside, then it would start relying on that outside supplier who would have power over the Utopia.<br />The Utopia could trade with multiple groups so that each group keeps the others from taking over.<br />
  15. 15. Summary<br />A Utopia must be small to qualify as a Utopia.<br />Small size reduces disagreements.<br />A small, modern, Utopia is not viable.<br />Cannot produce everything needed by modern consumers.<br />Can be problems with relying on outside suppliers.<br />Therefore, there cannot be a modern Utopia.<br />
  16. 16. Questions?<br />? ? ? ?<br />? ? ? ? ?<br />? ? ? ?<br />