In the context of this master thesis we examine the case of the Egyptian revolution based on the theories of networked communication and resource mobilization. We argue about the rise in the use of new media in the Middle East and North Africa and present the role of social media in the following three areas: facilitating the organization of the movement, information dissemination within the country and abroad, as well as the creation of the revolution's collective identity. To confirm our conclusion, namely that the new media acted as an accelerator to the international developments and a crucial tool in the activists' organization level, we report on the situation in Egypt, the reasons that lead to the revolution, the role of traditional media in authoritarian regimes and the exploitation of Social Media from them especially in reference to the backlash results of the Egyptian regime to "shut down" the internet. Furthermore, we focused on the role of Social Media in disseminating information abroad and the international political pressure exerted due to their use. Finally, and in accordance with the initial goals of the paper, we investigate whether the internet in the Egyptian case leads to an alternative public sphere concluding that such a case is possible under conditions that do not depend on the very nature of the medium, but on its use as a tool by the citizen itself.
(The presentation is in Greek)