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Syphilis

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Syphilis

  1. 1. Syphilis BY EVELYN RODRÍGUEZ
  2. 2. Symptoms Primary: Primary syphilis is typically acquired by direct sexual contact with the infectious lesions of another person. Secondary: Secondary syphilis occurs approximately four to ten weeks after the primary infection. Latent: Latent syphilis is defined as having serologic proof of infection without symptoms of disease. Tertiary: Tertiary syphilis may occur approximately 3 to 15 years after the initial infection, and may be divided into three different forms: gummatous syphilis (15%), late neurosyphilis (6.5%), and cardiovascular syphilis (10%). Congenital: Congenital syphilis is that which is transmitted during pregnancy or during birth.
  3. 3. Primary chancre of syphilis at the site of infection on the penis. Typical presentation of secondary syphilis with a rash on the palms of the hands. Reddish papules and nodules over much of the body due to secondary syphilis.
  4. 4. Medical Treatments Early infections: The first-choice treatment for uncomplicated syphilis remains a single dose of intramuscular penicillin G or a single dose of oral azithromycin. Late infections: For neurosyphilis, due to the poor penetration of penicillin G into the central nervous system, those affected are recommended to be given large doses of intravenous penicillin for a minimum of 10 days. Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction: One of the potential side effects of treatment is the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction.
  5. 5. Medical Treatments
  6. 6. Prevention Disease The only way to avoid STDs is to not have vaginal, anal, or oral sex. If you are sexually active, you can do the following things to lower your chances of getting syphilis: Being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and has negative STD test results; Using latex condoms the right way every time you have sex. Condoms prevent transmission of syphilis by preventing contact with a sore. Sometimes sores occur in areas not covered by a condom. Contact with these sores can still transmit syphilis.
  7. 7. Advice
  8. 8. Abstain from sex Be faithful Avoid alcohol and drug use Use condoms Understand birth control Talk with your doctor and sex partner(s) Have regular pelvic exams (if female).

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