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Corporación Educativa Colegio Internacional Cartagena CLASE Versión 01-11 Código FO-DC-01 Página 1 de 5 Área: Idiomas Asignatura: Inglés Curso: 4,5 Fecha: 9/04/12 Periodo: I Nº Horas: 9hr Semana: 9 Docente: Evelin Trinidad Peña Jerez Tema: Simple present-Habitual Actions Indicador Identify the simple present tense in habitual situations. de Logro Exploración Use the simple present tense in habitual situations. Contextualización Simple Present The Simple Present is used to make statements about the present time. It is used in the following ways. - Permanent facts: These sentences give facts which are always true. It is cold in winter. - The sun shines. - Fish live in water. - Present facts: These sentences are true now. I work at home. - She plays the piano. "I work at home" doesnt mean I am working right now, but it does mean that in my present condition I work at home. - Habitual actions: I get up at 8.00. - They come here every day. These actions are repeated regularly, so they are considered a present reality and areEMOCIÓN expressed in the Simple Present. Simple Present Negatives Simple Present negatives and questions are used in the same situations as Simple Present statements: for permanent facts, present fact, and habitual actions. - Permanent facts: I do not speak Japanese. - Fish do not live in water. - Present facts: I do not work at home. - She does not play the piano. - Habitual actions: I do not get up at 8.00. - They do not come here every day. Simple Present Questions To make a Simple Present Questions you put do or does before the subject. For example: - Statement: I speak Japanese. - Questions: Do I speak Japanese? - Statement: She likes pizza. - Questions: Does she like pizza? As with negatives, the verb after do or does (and the subject) is always in the bare
Corporación Educativa Colegio Internacional Cartagena CLASE Versión 01-11 Código FO-DC-01 Página 2 de 5infinitive form. It is the auxiliary verb "to do", do or does, which changes.Adverbs of FrequencyAdverbs of frequency show how often something happens. For example: "I always brushmy teeth" means I brush my teeth every dayAdverbsAlways - He always eats breakfast.Usually - He usually eats breakfast.Often - He often eats breakfast.Sometimes - He sometimes eats breakfast.Never - He never eats breakfast.For infrequent events we can use:Dont usually - He doesnt usually eat breakfast.Adverb PositionAdverb position varies greatly in English. However as a general rule, adverbs offrequency come before the main verb. For example:These are correct: "sometimes" comes before the main verb "play"- We sometimes play sports.- We dont often play sports.Spelling Rules for the Present SimpleIf you look above youll see the spelling doesnt change, except for the third personsingular (He, She, It) which adds an "s" to the verb. For example "I eat - He eats".Sometimes other spelling rules also apply to He, She and It. All the following verbs add"es" instead of "s":. Verb EndingsVerbs ending in -o add -esVerbs ending in -s add -esVerbs ending in -x add -esVerbs ending in -ch add -esVerbs ending in -sh add -es
Corporación Educativa Colegio Internacional Cartagena CLASE Versión 01-11 Código FO-DC-01 Página 3 de 5 Verbs ending in a consonant and -y often change the -y to -ies: Verbs such as "buy" have no consonant before the "y", so you simply add -s as usual. Spelling Examples do - does, go - goes pass - passes, kiss - kisses fix - fixes, mix - mixes match - matches, catch - catches push - pushes, rush - rushes try - tries, cry – cries buy - buys, pay - pays.Conceptualización Dialogues - Everyday Conversations Conversation 1: Hi, how are you today? Fine, thanks. Do you have English class? Yes, I have English class. Its very interesting. Your English is good. Do you understand the teacher? Well, yes, I understand. English is difficult, but I learn quickly. Well done! Conversation 2: Tyler, do you have a hobby? Sure, I read books.
Corporación Educativa Colegio Internacional Cartagena CLASE Versión 01-11 Código FO-DC-01 Página 4 de 5 Oh, I like books as well. Do you watch TV? Yes, I watch TV every day. I like drama and comedy programs. I like the news. And I go to the gym as well. Me too! Lets go together. That sounds great! Producción Present Simple Tense Write the correct form of the verb in each sentence. 1. John ______________ (play/plays) soccer. 2. They ______________ (don’t/doesn’t) study after school. 3. We _______________ (take/takes) the metro to the office every day. 4. What ___________ (do/does) you want to study? 5. On Tuesdays, I _________ (go/goes) to the mall. 6. Terry ___________ (play/plays) soccer; he _________________ (practice/practices) every day. 7. ____________ (Do/Does) Lucy ride her bike to school, or ___________ (do/does) she take the bus? 8. On Sunday, he ____________ (don’t/doesn’t) read the newspaper. 9. Where _____________ (do/does) they work? 10. How ____________ (do/does) you spell your name? Modelación 1. Watch the Video and Discuss:ACCIÓN a. b. Make a conversation with your classmate using the adverbs of frequency. Taller: (estas son preguntas o actividades del tema o temáticas de la clase) ON UA EV AL CI Platform: Quiz about Simple present
Corporación Educativa Colegio Internacional Cartagena CLASE Versión 01-11 Código FO-DC-01 Página 5 de 5Lectura Complementaria : -Platform presentations about the topics.Bibliografía :English page Free online English lessons & ESL / EFL resources