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What Cute Cats can teach us about Internet censorship

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The infamous cute cats talk, as delivered at the Ford Foundation in November 2008. The basic idea - banal uses of web2.0 tools help create a space for activist uses which might otherwise be censored or blocked.

Publicada em: Tecnologia
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What Cute Cats can teach us about Internet censorship

  1. 1. The Cute Cat Theory of Web Activism Ethan Zuckerman - Global Voices November 12, 2008
  2. 2. Web 1.0 photo by Marvin (PA) Web 2.0
  3. 3. mosaic by stabillo boss
  4. 4. March 5, 2007 - Phil De Vellis
  5. 5. Astrubal’s version - 2004
  6. 6. When you block activist video adorable cats are collateral damage. One activist goal: Raise the social cost of censorship.
  7. 7. How to censor the web: - Block keywords - Block URLs - Block DNS - Block IPs
  8. 8. How to censor the web: - Block keywords Expensive - Block URLs - Block DNS - Block IPs
  9. 9. How to censor the web: - Block keywords Expensive - Block URLs Difficult - Block DNS - Block IPs
  10. 10. How to censor the web: - Block keywords Expensive - Block URLs Difficult - Block DNS Ineffective - Block IPs
  11. 11. How to censor the web: - Block keywords Expensive - Block URLs Difficult - Block DNS Ineffective - Block IPs Overbroad
  12. 12. Smart activists raise the price of censorship for governments Smart governments raise the price of censorship for Web 2.0 companies
  13. 13. opennet.net/map
  14. 14. advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/maps
  15. 15. Access Denied Map, Sami ben Gharbia for Global Voices Advocacy
  16. 16. freedomhouse.org MAP OF PRESS FREEDOM 2006 The Map of Press Freedom reflects the flow of news and information within In 2005, there were 1.11 billion people living in countries with free media, and between 194 countries and territories. Universal criteria determine the representing 17 percent of the world’s population. There were 2.57 billion judgments, starting with Article 19 of the United Nations’ Declaration of people living in countries with partly free media, representing 40 percent of Human Rights. the world’s population. There were 2.79 billion people living in countries with 1995 2000 2005 not free media, representing 43 percent of the world’s population. Criteria include: the legal environment in which the media operate; the degree 64 72 73 of independence of the news media from governmental ownership and Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes influence; economic pressures on news content; and diverse violations of press freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart 1301 Connecticut Avenue, NW, 6th Floor, Washington, DC 20036 63 53 54 freedom from the murder of journalists to other extra-legal abuse and information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers. Article 19, Phone (202) 747-7000 Fax (202) 293-2840 harassment. Universal Declaration of Human Rights – UN General Assembly, 1948 60 62 67 www.freedomhouse.org 187 187 194 Congress shall make no law…abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press… The First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States
  17. 17. PDF file of Google Maps PDF file distributed by distributed in email Bahrain by email in Bahrain
  18. 18. you can’t block PDFs without blocking commerce who knew that google maps was an activist tool?
  19. 19. Hao Wu Blogger, Filmmaker Detained February 22, 2006
  20. 20. freehaowu.org
  21. 21. Don’t speak - point.
  22. 22. Most activists don’t think of themselves as activists. They’re going to use the tools they have at hand.
  23. 23. Alaa abd el Fateh - manalaa.net
  24. 24. photo by Elijah Zarwan Malek Moustafa
  25. 25. - over 100 million handsets in sub-Saharan Africa - 300 million handset in China - 2.2 billion worldwide, rising to 3.3 billion in 2010 - 97% of Tanzanians say they can access a phone
  26. 26. montage by keso
  27. 27. mosaic by stabillo boss
  28. 28. mosaic by
  29. 29. quot;I love freedom of speech, human rights and democracy.quot; quot;You must enter a title for your space. The title must not contain prohibited language, such as profanity. Please type a different title.quot; Content control on MSN Spaces Chinese language edition
  30. 30. - he xie - “Harmonize” - sange daibio - “3 Represents” - he xie - “River Crab” - dai sange bio - “Wears 3 watches”
  31. 31. What can’t China afford to block? Gmail MMOGs Skype
  32. 32. Michael Anti photo by bbcworldservice Chinese activists moving back to web 1.0
  33. 33. ddos as “cyberwar”
  34. 34. sustained ddos can equal losing your hosting
  35. 35. the future of activist hosting?
  36. 36. Approximate range of the wild lolcat
  37. 37. Early attempts at introducing Lolcats outside their native environment.
  38. 38. Censorship is the sincerest form of flattery.
  39. 39. ethan@ethanzuckerman.com advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org ethanzuckerman.com/blog

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