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Smart Grid

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Gopichand Smarter Energy Grid

Publicada em: Tecnologia, Negócios
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Smart Grid

  1. 1. New Energy Priorities <ul><li>Gopichand Katragadda </li></ul><ul><li>GM, India Engineering Operations </li></ul><ul><li>GE Energy </li></ul>
  2. 2. Energy scenarios Oil and Energy Demand – pre-crisis GDP, existing regulations on light vehicles fuel efficiency, 14% EV share by 2020, existing regulations on energy productivity. Oil and Energy Demand – severe downturn, EU standards on light vehicles fuel efficiency for all oil importing countries, 25% EV share by 2020, existing regulations on energy productivity. Source: McKinsey Oil Demand: Scenario 1 Oil Demand: Scenario 2 Energy Demand: Scenario 1 Energy Demand: Scenario 2 Scenario 1 Scenario 2
  3. 3. Energy priorities <ul><li>Drivers: environmental and economical concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities: lower pollutants, lower costs, higher efficiencies, quicker NPI, higher quality, global markets, services growth </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental ‘metrics’: CO 2 reduction, NO x reduction, effluent reduction, material savings, efficiency increase </li></ul>
  4. 4.  2009 General Electric Company
  5. 5. Smart grid <ul><li>A Smart Grid is one that incorporates information and communications technology into every aspect of electricity generation, delivery (Transmission & Distribution) and consumption in order to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>minimize environmental impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improve reliability and service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduce costs and improve efficiency </li></ul></ul>Source: EPRI
  6. 6. Imagine… <ul><li>Distribution …only technical losses </li></ul><ul><li>Outages …Self healing </li></ul><ul><li>Grid …Stable with Renewables </li></ul><ul><li>Transformers …Prolonged life </li></ul><ul><li>Voltages …Stable & high quality </li></ul><ul><li>Customer …Zero electricity cost </li></ul><ul><li>Network …Uniform load </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of power …Seamless </li></ul>
  7. 7. Smart grid infrastructure…
  8. 8. … delivering Building Blocks today
  9. 9. Smart… Learning from Biological Systems Neuron: Analog, Unique, Learning, Massively Networked DNA: Digital, Copied, Stable, Massively Distributed Dendrites – Collect Information Axon – Distribute Information Soma – Process Information
  10. 10. Wind: Leverage the 45 GW Indian Wind Corridor
  11. 11. 1.5 xle… expanding wind regimes 1.5 SLE 77 m 1.5 XLE 82.5 m <ul><li>XLE … platform evolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage 1.5 MW experience … GE technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanding wind regimes … TCIIb, 25m/s cut-out </li></ul></ul>XLE … increased customer value <ul><ul><li>Greater energy capture … 15% larger swept areas than SLE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased capacity factor … +3pts GCF @ 8m/s </li></ul></ul>0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 Power Output (kW) Wind Speed (m/s) XLE Power Curve SLE Power Curve XLE extended cutout Delivering 7% more AEP @ 8m/s … developing 7% more AEP @ 8.5m/s  2009 General Electric Company
  12. 12. 1.5 MW platform product enhancement Mark VIe Controller <ul><li>GE expertise … Power Plant controls </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced diagnostics </li></ul><ul><li>Remote access </li></ul><ul><li>Real time data </li></ul><ul><li>~40k data points </li></ul><ul><li>GE design … scalable </li></ul>Conditioned Based Maintenance (CBM) <ul><li>GE expertise … Optimization & Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Component condition data </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced logarithms </li></ul><ul><li>GE M&D </li></ul><ul><li>GE design </li></ul>Intelligent WTG <ul><li>GE expertise … Aircraft Engines </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced prognostics </li></ul><ul><li>Spares forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Remaining life </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance factors </li></ul><ul><li>Asset management </li></ul> 2009 General Electric Company … delivering the intelligent wind turbine
  13. 13. Biomass: 17 GW potential in India from agriculture residue and cattle dung  2009 General Electric Company
  14. 14. Biomass gasification Biomass Input: 235 ton/day cattle manure Electrical output: 1 MW Organic fertilizer: 35 ton/day No. of units and engine type: 1 x JMC 320 GS-B.L Cow manure “methane-to-energy” plant in Ludhiana - India  2009 General Electric Company
  15. 15. Solar Thermal: Enabling the 20 GW by 2020 goal of the Indian National Solar Mission  2009 General Electric Company
  16. 16. Concentrated solar thermal Technology Expertise <ul><li>90 MW Power output … </li></ul><ul><li>120MW next step </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction & Impulse </li></ul><ul><li>Mono block Rotor </li></ul><ul><li>Wet steam </li></ul><ul><li>Daily start/stop cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Dual End Generator ST </li></ul><ul><li>Full system capability: </li></ul><ul><li>Air Condensers </li></ul><ul><li>Centrifugal Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of Plant </li></ul><ul><li>High speed Balancing & Mechanical Running </li></ul><ul><li>test capability </li></ul><ul><li>Technical team in place to support local projects </li></ul>Testing Facilities Steam Turbines Parabolic Trough Approaches Power Tower Fresnel Layout  2009 General Electric Company
  17. 17. Gas: Changing Indian landscape with 37 Trillion Cubic Ft. proven reserves and a potential 20 Trillion Cubic Ft. new finds  2009 General Electric Company
  18. 18. Gas turbine fuel flexibility Fossil fuels Expanding quality range Synthetic & industrial Lower caloric value Biofuels Biodiesel and ethanol Diversity of supply and increasing efficiency  2009 General Electric Company
  19. 19. Get it right this time… Raw Materials Materials Processing Product Manufacture Installation & Commissioning Product Use and Service Reuse - Recycling Disposal Materials Fuel use (including transport) Land use Other (e.g. wind use) Water Effluents Air Emissions Solid Wastes Other Releases Usable Products Asses Lifecycle Energy Footprint of New Technologies
  20. 20. Move from a culture of plenty to a culture of responsibility! <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul>Image source: erehwon