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What are The Elements of Interior Design

This PPT includes some important elements of Interior Design. That some one must keep in mind while designing their place.

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What are The Elements of Interior Design

  1. 1. Interior Design The 6 Elements of Design
  2. 2. Space  Space is the area in which we work  It defines limits and sets boundaries of our design  It is limited by width, length and height  To make space seem larger ­use soft, light, cool colors  To make space seem smaller – use patterns or dark, warm colors
  3. 3. Line  Line establishes shape and form  It suggests movement and leads or moves the eye around the room  Lines are either straight or curved  Straight lines are considered to be more masculine
  4. 4. Vertical lines suggest formality and dignity
  5. 5. Diagonal lines create a sense of drama
  6. 6. Horizontal lines are relaxed, restful and casual.
  7. 7.  Curved lines add interest and relief  Curved lines are softer, so are considered to be more feminine
  8. 8. Form  The shape of an object is form (square, rectangle, round, oval)  Forms in a room should be harmonious  Rectangular shapes are more pleasing to the eye than square shapes  Rectangles are most often the dominant shape in a room
  9. 9. Squares suggest a rational, stable form with no direction
  10. 10.  A circle implies unity and completeness
  11. 11. Triangle is a stable, but dynamic shape
  12. 12. Texture  The surface of an object, its smoothness or roughness, is another important decorating tool  The use of several complementary textures can add variety and keep interest alive  Be careful to avoid dramatic contrasts between the textures  It is not a good idea to use casual, rough burlap in the same setting with a soft and formal moiré
  13. 13. Texture cont.  Heavily textured, nubby, rough surfaces absorb more light. They are more casual in feeling; they seem to be darker and they are good at absorbing sound  Smooth and shiny surfaces are more formal; they appear to be lighter and are more reflective of light
  14. 14. Pattern  Pattern is the repetition of a decorative motif on a surface  It is closely related to texture, but individual elements of pattern appear as individual items and texture appears as an overall tone.  Pattern provides the spice in decorating  Scale is important in the use of pattern  If a large print is used on a small object the pattern will get lost
  15. 15. Pattern cont.  You can safely use a floral pattern with a geometric pattern, a stripe or check  Be careful not to create an effect that is too busy  Use patterns that are in proportion to each other  A large floral would be out of proportion with a small check
  16. 16. Color  Color is one of the most powerful tools used in interior design/ decorating.  Color should be studied both psychologically and emotionally to be understood and used correctly.  The amount of light also affects color  Dim lighting reduces a color's value and diminishes its hue
  17. 17. Color cont.  High lighting levels can either intensify the hue or make the color appear washed out  Color swatches should be tested in their actual location under the expected lighting conditions before final decisions are made  The amount of area covered affects color  Color intensifies as the area of color increases  It is also important to remember that interior colors should be chosen inside and exterior colors outside
  18. 18. Now that you know the six Elements of Design , you can better understand them and you can make them work for you