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Swine flu

Swine influenza is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses. Swine influenza virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs

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Swine flu

  1. 1. Nursing Path www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com 5/19/2018 1
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  SWINE INFLUENZA IS ALSO CALLED AS SWINE FLU, HOG FLU AND PIG FLU. 5/19/2018 2www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  IT IS AN INFECTION OF A HOST ANIMAL BY ANY ONE OF SEVERAL SPECIFIC TYPES OF MICROSCOPIC ORGANISIM CALLED SWINE INFLUENZA VIRUS. 5/19/2018 3www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATION  THERE ARE THREE GENERA OF INFLUENZA VIRUSES.  INFLUENZA A VIRUS  INFLUENZA B VIRUS  INFLUENZA C VIRUS 5/19/2018 4www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  5. 5. HISTORY  SWINE FLU WAS FIRST PROPOSED TO A DISEASE RELATED TO HUMAN INFLUENZA DURING 1918 WHEN PIGS BECAME SICK AT THE SAME TIME AS HUMANS.  IN 1930 CAUSE OF DISEASE IN PIGS OCCURRED.  FOR 60 YEARS THE STRAINS WERE EXCLUSIVELY H1N1. 5/19/2018 5www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  6. 6. HISTORY 5/19/2018 6www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  7. 7. CONTD  BETWEEN 1997 & 2002 NEW STRAINS OF THREE DIFFERENT SUB TYPES AND FIVE DIFFERENT GENOTYPE EMERGED.  THE STRAINS OF GENES DERIVED FROM HUMAN, SWINE AND AVIAN VIRUSES HAVE BECOME A MAJOR CAUSE OF SWINE INFLUENZA. 5/19/2018 7www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  8. 8. Contd  IN 1918 VIRUS HAVE CIRCULATED IN HUMANS THROUGH 20th CENTURY.  DIRECT TRANSMISSION FROM PIGS TO HUMAN IS RARE.  SWINE FLU HAS ZOONOSIS IN HUMAN.  FOUR STRAINS OF INFLUENZA A VIRUS SUBTYPE H1N1 INCLUDING 1 STRAIN ENDEMIC IN HUMAN 1 IN BIRDS 5/19/2018 8www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  9. 9. TRANSMISSION BETWEEN PIGS  INFLUENZA IS COMMON IN PIGS.  THE MAIN ROUTE OF TRANSMISSION IS THROUGH DIRECT CONTACT BETWEEN INFECTED AND UNINFECTED.  DIRECT TRANSFER OCCURS EITHER BY PIGS TOUCHING NOSES OR THROUGH DRIED MUCUS. 5/19/2018 9www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  10. 10. TRANSMISSION TO HUMANS  PEOPLE WHO WORK WITH POULTRY AND SWINE ARE AT INCREASED RISK OF ZOONOTIC INFECTION WITH INFLUENZA VRIUS. 5/19/2018 10www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  11. 11. CONTD •VACCINATION OF WORKERS AGAINST INFLUENZA ARE IMPORTANT PUBLIC HEALTH MEASURE. •PROFESSIONAL VETERINARIANS ARE AT RISK OF INFECTION 5/19/2018 11www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  12. 12. INTERACTION WITH AVIAN H5N1  PIGS ARE UNUSUAL AS THEY INFECTED WITH INFLUENZA STRAINS WHICH INFECT 3 DIFFERENT SPECIES: PIGS,BIRDS AND HUMANS.  AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS H3N2 IS ENDEMIC IN PIGS IN CHINA AND DETECTED IN PIGS IN VIETNAM.  ACCORDING TO DR. P. HABER IS CAUSED BY IMMUNOPATHOLOGICAL REACTION. 5/19/2018 12www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  13. 13. 1998 US OUT BREAK IN SWINE  IN 1998 SWINE FLU WAS FOUNDD IN PIGS IN FOUR U.S. STATES.  OUTBREAK CONFIRMED THAT PIGS CAN SERVE AS CRUCIBLE WHER NOVEL INFLUENZA VIRUSES EMERGE AS A RESULT OF THE REASSORTMENT OF GENES FROM DIFFERENT STRAINS. 5/19/2018 13www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  14. 14. 2009 OUTBREAK IN HUMANS  THE 2009 FLU OUTBREAK IS DUE TO A NEW STRAINS OF SUBTYPE H1N1.  “WHO” DIRECTOR DECLARED A “PUBLIC HEALTH EMERGENCY OF INTERNATIONAL CONCERN” UNDER RULES OF “WHO’S” NEW INTERNATIONAL HEALTH REGULATIONS WHEN 5/19/2018 14www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  15. 15. SIGN AND SYMPTOMS IN SWINE  LETHARGY, SNEEZING COUGHING DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING AND DECREASED APPETITE. 5/19/2018 15www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  16. 16.  INFECTION CAN LEAD ABORTION.  MORTALITY IS LOW .  VIRUS CAN PRODUCE WEIGHT LOSS AND POOR GROWTH.  12 POUNDS OF BODY WEIGHT LOSE WITHIN 3 TO 4 WEEK PERIOD. 5/19/2018 16www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  17. 17. SIGN AND SYMPTOMS IN HUMANS  ACCORDING TO CDC AND PREVENTION , IN HUMANS THE SYMPTONS OF THE 2009 “SWINE FLU” H1N1 VIRUS ARE SIMILAR TO THE INFLUENZA.  CDC ADVISED PHYSICIANS TO CONSIDER SWINE FLU INFECTION IN THE DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF PATIENT WITH ACUTE FEBRILE RESPIRATORY ILLNESS WHO HAVE BEEN CONTACT WITH INFECTED.  DIAGNOSED IS ONLY CONFIRMED AFTER LABORATORY TESTING OF RESPIRATORY SAMPLE. 5/19/2018 17www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  18. 18. PREVENTION  PERSONAL HYGIENE  NUTRITION  MEDICATION 5/19/2018 18www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  19. 19. THANK YOU 5/19/2018 19www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

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