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Situation analysis of a Health Problem

When describing a health problem you need a situational analysis

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Situation analysis of a Health Problem

  1. 1. SITUATION ANALYSIS Prepared By Dr.Anees AlSaadi Feb. 2014 1
  2. 2. SITUATION ANALYSIS • Outline: – Planning Functions. – What is a Situation Analysis? – Why do a Situation Analysis? – Situational Analysis Components/Types. – Practical Exercise. 2
  3. 3. WHAT ARE THE PLANNING FUNCTIONS? 3
  4. 4. The Planning Functions Planning for Sustainability. Situational Analysis Planning for Monitoring and Evaluation. Problem Identification and Priority Setting. Planning for Implementation. Goals and Objective Setting. Planning for Resources. Selection of the alternative Solutions. 4
  5. 5. What is a Situation Analysis? Collection, Assessment, Interpretation CAI of Information from: Surveys, Statistical Registry, Reports SSRR To provide adequate BASIS FOR PLANNING. 5
  6. 6. What is a Situation Analysis? 4W Situational Analysis = WHERE ARE WE …? 6
  7. 7. Why to do a Situation Analysis? It forms the first step of a planning often the first task of a newly formed Management Team. Documenting the problems and proposed strategies can be used in monitoring and evaluation. It can bring the different types and categories of health worker together in a team building exercise It can form the basis for the District Health Plan and Health Report. Subsequent reports can be regarded as updates. It identifies gaps in the information that is available, and it contributes towards the development of a health information system. 7
  8. 8. Why do a Situation Analysis? The main purpose is to: identify different problems, target population suffering, what problems exactly, where is the problem and why such problems happened. 4W 8
  9. 9. Situational Analysis Epidemiologic Available Community Interventions Demographic Socioeconomic Health and other Resources Attitudes and Beliefs 9
  10. 10. Situational Analysis Epidemiological Situational analysis: Identifying the main public health problem and their: Distribution, Trends, Mortality and Morbidity indices and any Assessment Indicators e.g. BMI 10
  11. 11. Situational Analysis: BURDEN Morbidity • • • • • Incidence Prevalence DALYs Quality of Life Complications Risk Factors • Modifiable • Non Modifiable Global. Cost International. • Direct Cost • Indirect Cost Regional. Mortality • Mortality Rate • Case Fatality Rate • Specific Mortality Rate Burden Local. Time 11
  12. 12. Situational Analysis EXAMPLE Epidemiological Situational analysis: CDC Assignment Tuberculosis 1 printable 2003 Protected.docx 12
  13. 13. Situational Analysis Epidemiologic Available Community Interventions Socioeconomic Demographic Health and other Resources Attitudes and Beliefs 13
  14. 14. Situational Analysis Socioeconomic Situational Analysis: Any critical conditions or activities that may have direct or indirect implications on health. Per capita and family income. Agricultural Production. Level of Literacy 14
  15. 15. Situational Analysis EXAMPLE Socioeconomic Situational Analysis: 15
  16. 16. Situational Analysis Epidemiologic Available Community Interventions Socioeconomic Demographic Health and other Resources Attitudes and Beliefs 16
  17. 17. Situational Analysis Demographics https://kwhs.wharton.upenn.edu/term/demographics/ 17
  18. 18. Situational Analysis Demographic Situational Analysis: The statistical data of a population. It includes the study of the size, structure and distribution of populations, and the changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging and death. Vital Rates Distribution & % labor Forces. Economically Active Population % 18
  19. 19. Situational Analysis EXAMPLE Demographic Situational Analysis 19
  20. 20. EXAMPLE Demographic Situational Analysis 20
  21. 21. Situational Analysis Socioeconomic Demographic Epidemiologic Available Community Interventions Health and other Resources Attitudes and Beliefs 21
  22. 22. Situational Analysis Available Community Intervention Programs: List the most important active prevention and control programs in the country. Smoking Cessation Program ANC Program EPI 22
  23. 23. Situational Analysis EXAMPLE Community Intervention Programs: Local Regional: GCC Global: WHO 23
  24. 24. Situational Analysis EXAMPLE Community Intervention Programs: Youth Intervention Program 24
  25. 25. Situational Analysis Socioeconomic Demographic Epidemiologic Available Community Interventions Health and other Resources Attitudes and Beliefs 25
  26. 26. Health and other Resources Situational Analysis Budget Availability and Accessibility Utilization Pattern Health Man Power Analysis Analysis of any other Resources like Media 26
  27. 27. Situational Analysis Socioeconomic Demographic Epidemiologic Available Community Interventions Health and other Resources Attitudes and Beliefs 27
  28. 28. Situational Analysis Attitudes and Beliefs of the Population toward the health problem or the intervention. 28
  29. 29. Situational Analysis EXAMPLE Attitudes and Beliefs : 29
  30. 30. PRACTICAL EXERCISE 30
  31. 31. ASSIGNMENT Write a situational Analysis on one medical problem of great public health concern: – Common problem. – Only 2 pages. – To be submitted by Tomorrow (10.2.2014) 31
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