Organizational activities that provide a pool of
applicants for the purpose of filling job openings.
It is a process of searching for prospective
Stimulating & Encouraging them to apply for jobs
in the org.
3. Factors Governing Recruitment
Recruitment Policy of the Org
Size of the org & the Number of Employees Employed
Cost Involved in Recruitment
Growth & Expansion Plans of the Org.
Supply & Demand of Specific Skills in the Market
Political & Legal considerations such as Reservations of
jobs for reserved Catagories
Company’s Image Perception by the Job Seekers.
4. Sources Of Recruitment:
Educational and Professional Instituitions
Public Employment Offices
Private employment Agencies
Help wanted Advertising
Is the process of discovering the qualifications &
characteristics of the job applicant in order to
establish their likely suitability for the job
A good selection requires a methodical approach
to the problem of finding the best matched
person for the job
8. Why choose testing
Objectivity – good psychological tests are standardized on a large sample and
provide normative data across a wide range of demographics and age cohorts. Well
selected tests will allow you to demonstrate talents that may otherwise not be
Validity – psychometric tests are a more valid method of assessment than
interviews, academic achievement & reference checks, and when utilized in
combination (for example in an assessment Centre) are highly predictive of future
Cost – the cost of selection errors is large for both the employer and the employee.
Psychometric tests help to minimize costs while maximizing potential fit between
the candidate and the job.
9. Brief history of tests
Comparisons of human attributes and differences have a very long history.
Hippocrates – (400BC) attempted to theoretically define four basic
temperament types: sanguine (optimistic), melancholic (depressed), choleric
(irritable) and phlegmatic (listless and sluggish).
Galton - (19th century) measured human individual differences in terms of
ability to discriminate between stimuli.
Binet - devised tests to measure differenced in specific human abilities. Now
numerous tests measure specific abilities, strengths and competencies.
10. Army Alpha and Beta tests (WW1) – developed out of an urgent need
to select personnel with specific aptitudes for training in specialist
and strategic roles.
Today – Psychological tests widely used in selection practices.
11. Psychological tests (definition and
A selection procedure measure the personality characteristics of applicants that
are related to future job performance. Personality tests typically measure one or
more of five personality dimensions:
Openness to experience.
12. Types Of Psychological Tests
Psychological tests fall into several categories:
Aptitude tests: It refers to potentiality that a person has to profit from certain
kind of training.
Achievement tests: It helps to measure the proficiency that a person has been
able to achieve.
Intelligence tests: It attempts to measure the intelligence—that is, basic ability to
understand the world around you, assimilate its functioning, and apply this
knowledge to enhance the quality of your life. Or, as Alfred Whitehead said
about intelligence, “it enables the individual to profit by error without being
slaughtered by it.” Intelligence, therefore, is a measure of a potential, not a
measure of what you’ve learned (as in an achievement test), and so it is supposed
to be independent of culture.
IQ=Mental Age/Actual Age*100
For example, a six year old child with a mental age of 6 would have an IQ of 100
(the “average” IQ score); a six year old child with a mental age of 9 would have an
IQ of 150. Today, intelligence is measured according to individual deviation
from standardized norms, with 100 being the average.
Neuropsychological tests: It attempts to measure deficits in cognitive functioning
(i.e., your ability to think, speak, reason, etc.) that may result from some sort of brain
damage, such as a stroke or a brain injury.
Occupational tests : It attempts to match your interests with the interests of persons
in known careers. The logic here is that if the things that interest you in life match up
with, say, the things that interest most school teachers, then you might make a good
school teacher yourself.
Personality tests : It attempts to measure your basic personality style and are most
used in research or forensic settings to help with clinical diagnoses. Two of the most well-
known personality tests are
1. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), or the revised MMPI-2,
composed of several hundred “yes or no” questions, and
2. Rorschach (the “inkblot test”), composed of several cards of inkblots—you simply give a
description of the images and feelings you experience in looking at the blots.
Specific clinical tests :It attempts to measure specific clinical matters, such as your
current level of anxiety or depression.
14. USES OF TESTS
Evaluation of right candidate
Proper selection of candidate
Identifying the candidates personality
15. Places Where Psychological
Testing Is Used
Colleges or Educational Institutes
Army, Navy etc.
So, now a days in most of the places candidates are
evaluated on the basis of the psychological test.
can result in lower turnover due if applicants are selected for traits that are
highly correlated with employees who have high longevity within the
can reveal more information about applicant's abilities and interests
can identify interpersonal traits that may be needed for certain jobs
difficult to measure personality traits that may not be well defined
applicant's training and experience may have greater impact on job
performance than applicant's personality
responses by applicant may may be altered by applicant's desire to respond in
a way they feel would result in their selection
lack of diversity if all selected applicants have same personality traits
cost may be prohibitive for both the test and interpretation of results
lack of evidence to support validity of use of personality tests
Select traits carefully :
An employer that selects applicants with high degree of
'assertiveness', 'independence', and 'self-confidence' may end up
excluding females significantly more than males which would result in
Select tests carefully:
Any tests should have been analyzed for (high) reliability and (low)
Not used exclusively:
Personality tests should not be the sole instrument used for selecting
applicants. Rather, they should be used in conjunction with other
procedures as one element of the selection process. Applicants should not
be selected on the basis of personality tests alone.
23. Steps Of Recruitment Process
Decision is made as to whether recruitment is
Job description is prepared
Specification is prepared
Plans are made on how and when to advertise
Applicants are short-listed
References are requested
Candidates are invited for interviews and
The successful candidate is offered the job
and signs the contract of employment
24. RECRUITMENT PROCESS FOR
26. SELECTION PROCEDURE/STEPS
12 INTIMATION TO SALARY DEPT.
11 FINAL SELECTION
8 ON THE JOB TEST
7 PHYSICAL TEST
5 PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST
4 WRITTEN TEST
3 TRADE TEST
2 SENDING APPLICATION FORMS
1 PRELIMINARY SCREENING
27. Difficulties in Recruitment process
Retention of employees.
Managing low attrition rate.
28. Challenges in Recruitent &
Reservations and other Gov. Policies
Remoteness of Job
Scrutinity of employee’s credentials
29. Basic Diff. Between Recruitment
Recruitment- searching for and attracting applicants
qualified to fill vacant positions
Selection- Analyzing the qualifications of applicants and
deciding upon those who show the most potential
31. What is Consultant
A consultant (from the Latin consultare means "to discuss" ) is a professional who
provides advice in a particular area of expertise such as accountancy, the
environment, technology, law, human resources, marketing, medicine, finance, public
affairs, communication, engineering, graphic design, or waste management.
A consultant is self-employed or works for a consultancy firm, usually with multiple and
32. Types of Consultant
Human Resource Consultant
and many more….
33. What Is Recruitment Consultant
"Recruitment consultants work with companies to help them find the right people for
their positions. They also work for candidates to find a role that is suitable for them.
The key skill of a recruitment consultant is to meet the needs of both the client and the
candidate to ensure the best mutual fit; this is not simply a case of skills matching but of
truly understanding the business and its culture, as well as the aspirations of the
34. Recruitment Consultant
A recruitment consultant is responsible for helping employer clients to recruit staff for job
vacancies. These vacancies can be permanent or temporary roles.
Recruitment consultants develop an understanding of their client's requirements, then
identify potential staff (candidates) through existing contacts or by advertising
roles/headhunting (executive search). They assess candidates' skills through
interviews, tests and background checks, then make recommendations to their client.
Consultants also provide advice to both clients and candidates on salary levels, training
requirements and career opportunities. Developing solid relationships with clients is
integral to the role.
35. » Typical work activities
A recruitment consultant's role is demanding and diverse.
using marketing and business knowledge to extend company contacts.
identifying and evaluating employers' recruitment needs.
negotiating terms of employment.
interviewing potential candidates
clarifying and negotiating salary and benefits relating to the role.
headhunting - identifying and approaching suitable candidates.
monitoring candidates once placed.
collecting feedback from employers on the performance of candidates who have previously
been placed with them.
maintaining current records and personal statistics for review against performance targets.
documenting clients' details and vacancy requirements in a brief.
36. What makes a Good Recruitment
To be successful in the recruitment industry you must:
be ambitious and confident
be goal orientated
have good interpersonal and communications skills
be a good team player
be able to handle multiple priorities
be a problem solver
be able to work to deadlines and targets
enjoy responsibility and working in a high-pressure environment
have a good sense of humour
37. Opportunity as a Recruitment
A chance to work with a large successful organization.
An opportunity to develop within the Recruitment Industry with one of the most
supportive and resourceful organizations.
A role that could provide you with a solid future within Recruitment.
A competitive annual salary and excellent commission packages
Fantastic training and mentoring opportunities
38. Challenges Faced By
Develop expertise in those strategic areas, where the consultants have not developed
expertise when firm is focused and the consultant is a generalist.
Reinforce and update knowledge and skills in the areas of focus of the firm when the firm
is focused and the consultant is an expert.
Provide the consultants exposure to areas where they do not have expertise in a non
focused firm with expert consultant. Here, the long-term objectives of the consulting firm
is to operate in a wide range of sections/functions.
Expose the consultants to all upcoming sectors/functions in a non-focused firm with
generalist consultant .
Three key areas which every consultant should be well conversant
1)knowledge and skills related to Man-management.
2)Business development, and Quality assurance.
3) evaluation technique.
39. To maintain Effectiveness and Efficiency.
Innovation and Quality Assurance are two key elements in the success of any consulting
Maintain the customer relationship.
Broad customer base in private and public sectors
Improved attraction and recruitment strategies
Identifies and prepares potential job applicants
who will be appropriate candidates.
Higher succession rate of the selection process by
reducing the number of visibility under-qualified
or overqualified job applicants.
What is advertisement?
Advertising is a one-way communication whose
purpose is to inform potential customers about products
and services and how to obtain them
For Recruitment –
To provide information that will attract a significant pool
of qualified candidates and discourage unqualified
ones from applying.
44. Various kinds of Advertisement
(E.g. billboards, printed flyers , radio, web
banners, web popups, human
directorial, magazines, newspapers, posters, Social
1. Above the line Media: Press, TV, Outdoor, posters, and
radio ( recognized ad agencies get commission from
2. Below-the-line Media: Direct mail, Sale
Promotion, merchandizing, exhibitions
45. Various kinds of Advertisement
Local Service advertisement
Business to Business Advertisement
Direct Response Advertisement
46. Medium for Recruitment
(e.g. News pop-ups, Commercial ads like Accenture & many more)
Radio (e.g. Radio … )
Magazines (e.g. Business Today, Winning Edge, Human capital…)
Newspapers (e.g. Arabnews, Business accents, Times classified etc..)
Internet (e.g. Web portal like, Bayt.com, Naukrigulf.com,
47. Success Factors
Customer realization of Product.
Quality of a Product is determined.
Exposes company’s Culture
Ramp Up Awareness of Brand among masses and hence
48. Use of Advertisements in
Creating awareness of Job Opportunities in the
specified field of Interest.
Finding Desirable Candidates
Keeping an competitive edge over competitors
as more advertisements attracts best of the job
Advertisement is the fastest way to spread
recruitment hiring information.
49. Evaluation and Effects
Advantages – Short lead time, flexible, reach large
audience, community prestige, intense coverage, reader
control of exposure, coordination with national
advertising, merchandising service, segment consumer
Disadvantages -- short life span, may be expensive
relative to other media, hasty reading, poor
reproduction, lack of creativity.
Advantages – audio capacity, short lead time, low cost relative
to other media, reach demographic and geographic
segmented audience, reach large audience.
Disadvantages – don’t have visual capacity, fragmented and
inflexible, temporary nature of message.
Magazines and Journals
Advantages -- selectivity for demographic and geographic
segments, high in quality reproduction, lasts as long as
magazine is kept, prestigious advertisement is credibility of
magazine is high, extra services, issue may be read by more
than one person.
Disadvantages – long lead time, lack of flexibility in gaining
attention, often limited control over location of
Advantages -- impact mass coverage, repetition,
flexibility in getting attention of consumer, prestige,
visual and audio capabilities, short lead time.
Disadvantages -- temporary nature of message, high cost
relative to other media, high mortality rate for
commercials, evidence of public distrust, lack of
selectivity, hard to target customer, requires production
52. Outdoor Advertising
Advantages – inexpensive relative to other media, quick
communication of simple ideas, repetition of exposure
to customers, ability to promote products available for
Disadvantages -- brevity of the message, short exposure
time, cannot target customer, public concern over
53. Internet & Direct Mail
Advantages – flexibility in reaching target
audience, short lead time, intense coverage, flexibility of
format, complete information, easy to personalize
Disadvantages -- high cost per person, dependency on
quality of mailing list, consumer resistance, may be
considered as junk mail, may be difficult and expensive
to access mailing lists
54. What is induction?
Induction is process meant to help the new employee
to settle down quickly into the job by becoming
familiar with the people, the surroundings, the job, the
firm and the industry.
Induction is the process of acquainting the new
employees with the existing culture and practices of
the new organization.
55. What is induction for?
To sort out all anxiety of recruited person.
To ensure the effective integration of staff.
History and introduction of founders.
Understand the standards and rules (written and
unwritten) of the organization.
Introduction to the company/department and its
Relevant personnel policies, such as training,
promotion and health and safety.
To clear doubtful situation between new employee and
57. Who needs special attention?
People returning to work after a break.
Employees with language difficulties.
58. Induction Programme
Before designing induction programme firm need to
decide four strategic choice.
59. Who is responsible for the
Health and safety advisor
Department or line manager
Reduction To Placement
Formal Induction Programme
61. Points while implementing
Identify the business objectives and desired benefits.
Secure early commitment
Agree roles and responsibilities of different players in
Think of induction as a journey
Engage staff prior to joining
Have clear learning objectives for training sessions
Respect the induction needs of different audiences
Keep induction material up to date
64. Trends in Induction
Chalk and talk session
From practicalities to discussion about culture
Using technologies like e-learning
Team building exercise
65. Problem in induction
To keep it simple
Supervisor is not trained enough
Employee get so much of information in short span of
Large no. of forms
Employee is thrown into action too soon
Wrong perception develop in short span
66. Advantages of Good Induction
Create good impression
It creates good adhesion
It take less time to familiarise
Less turnover ratio
67. In absence of Induction
Uneasiness of new employee in the environment of the
Poor integration in team
Loss of productivity
Failure to work with their highest potential
Company image goes down
Leads to Early leaving. It leads many problems like:-
a) High employee turnover
b) Lowering the morale of remaining staff
c) Additional cost for re-recruiting
d) Damage the company reputation
e) Affect new recruitment
f) Leaver’s record is affected