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Mrudang Mathur (02-02-2016)

Science Quiz

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Mrudang Mathur (02-02-2016)

  1. 1. SCIENCE AND A TINY BIT OF ENGINEERING QUIZ DELHI 42 QUIZ CLUB Mrudang Mathur
  2. 2. RULES • 20 questions • Infinite Bounce +10/0 • Infinite Pounce +10/-10 • Q.17-Q.20 is a connect round • Quizmasters decision is final and binding
  3. 3. Q1. Put funda 0 : 1
  4. 4. ANSWER • Duality
  5. 5. Q2. ID ( Scientific Name )
  6. 6. ANSWER • Tardigrade
  7. 7. Q3. ID X and Y Scott Kelly ( left ) is an American astronaut, engineer and a retired U.S. Navy Captain. A veteran of three previous missions, Kelly was selected in November 2012 for a special year-long mission to the International Space Station, which began in March 2015. At the end of this mission Kelly will be studied along side astronaut X to determine the effects of extended space travel on the human body. This mission has a striking resemblance to a thought experiment Y ,based on a famous theory of modern physics.
  8. 8. ANSWER • X : Mark Kelly • Y : Twin Paradox
  9. 9. Q4. X and Y? • X was a German scientist awarded the 1918 Nobel Prize for his work in the production of inorganic compounds with Carl Bosch. • He is considered to be the father of chemical warfare as he was instrumental in the creation of Y, one of the most infamous chemical weapons in history. He defended ____ warfare against accusations that it was inhumane, saying that death was death, by whatever means it was inflicted. • X is also known for his work in finding the lattice energy of an ionic solid alongside Max Born ( shown below ).
  10. 10. ANSWER • X : Fritz Haber • Y : Zyklon B
  11. 11. Q5. X , Y ? • X was the second ____ to be set up in the country after _______ . It was established on 11 December 1961 with the active support of the Government of India and the industry. The physicist Y and businessman Kasturbhai Lalbhai, both natives of ______ , played pivotal roles in setting up the Institute. • The institute's main building was designed by American architect Louis Kahn. The New Campus, an extension stemming from growing needs of the institute, and an underpass connecting the two campuses, has been designed by Bimal Patel.
  12. 12. ANSWER • X : IIM Ahmedabad Y : Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
  13. 13. Q6. FITB • A _________ is a mechanical device that changes the direction or magnitude of a force. • The term _________ is said to be coined by Renaissance scientists who drew upon the works of Greek thinkers such as Hero of Alexandria. • ________ are considered the foundations of modern mechanisms. • +5 for each example of the above.
  14. 14. ANSWER • Simple Machines 1. Lever 2. Pulley 3. Wheel and Axle 4. Wedge 5. Inclined Plane 6. Screw
  15. 15. Q7. ID X • X is a disease whose symptoms include frequent urination, increased thirst and increased hunger. Indian physicians around 1500 BCE first identified the disease and classified it as ‘madhumeha’ . Its modern name X or "to pass through" was first used in 230 BCE by the Greek Apollonius of Memphis. • The 1989 "St. Vincent Declaration" was the result of international efforts to improve the care accorded to those with X . • The testing for X has changed over the years. It has moved from investigating the properties of a Newtonian Fluid to those of a Non- Newtonian Fluid.
  16. 16. ANSWER • X : Diabetes
  17. 17. Q.8 NDT responding to who and why ?
  18. 18. ANSWER
  19. 19. Q.9 Connect
  20. 20. ANSWER • Fullerenes / Buckyballs
  21. 21. Q.10 What is blanked out ?
  22. 22. ANSWER • Mathematics
  23. 23. Q11. To which family does Eve belong ? • This is Eve • Eve wrote her mother’s biography • Eve is not a scientist but the rest of her family is . • Eve’s family is full of overachievers. • We’re all a bit like Eve.
  24. 24. ANSWER • The Curie Family
  25. 25. Q12. What monikers ? • Mrs. Tessy Thomas hails from Alappuzha and born on April 1963, Kerala. She was born to a small-businessman father and a homemaker mother and did her engineering graduation from Government Engineering College, Thrissur. She grew up near a rocket launching station and says her fascination with rockets and missiles began then. She also has an M.Tech in Guided Missile from the Institute of Armament Technology, Pune (now known as the Defence Institute of Advanced Technology). • She was appointed as director for the _________ project and conferred the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for her outstanding contribution for making India self-reliant in its own defence. • This has led to her gaining two monikers from the Indian media.
  26. 26. ANSWER • Agniputri • Missile Woman of India
  27. 27. Q13. X and Y ? • M5 Industries (M5i) is a special effects company located in San Francisco, California best known as the working lab of ______. M5 once produced special effects props for commercials and film, stop motion animation, and animatronic puppets, such as those seen in James and the Giant Peach and The Nightmare Before Christmas. They also extend into prototype development and various display projects. • The company's name was suggested by X . He intended to suggest the name of either the branch of the British secret service which built gadgets in James Bond fiction (Q Branch) or British secret service itself (MI6), but was mistaken as to the correct name, and suggested M5. X alleges that Y never paid him the promised $50 prize for having his suggestion selected.
  28. 28. ANSWER
  29. 29. Q14. What am I talking about ? • Effects include 1. Blindness 2. Mental health problems 3. Impotence 4. Excessive growth of hair in ones palms
  30. 30. ANSWER • Myths associated with “playing with your selfie stick”
  31. 31. Q.15 X and Y ? • X was invented by Paul C. Lauterbur in September 1971; he published the theory behind it in March 1973. • Due to mass hysteria present in the 70s regarding ________ the name of the process had to be changed to Y . • Paul C. Lauterbur received the Nobel Prize in medicine for this in 2003.
  32. 32. ANSWER • X: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Y: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  33. 33. Q.16 ID • He is an English-born American theoretical physicist and mathematician, known for his work in quantum electrodynamics, solid- state physics, astronomy and nuclear engineering. • His name has been in the news recently due to some ‘xeno’ affairs.
  34. 34. ANSWER • Freeman Dyson
  35. 35. MEGA CONNECT W00T W00T
  36. 36. Rules • Pounce and Bounce rules continue • For the connect : +60/-30 +40/-20 +20/-10 +10/0
  37. 37. +60/-30 • _____________ was an American theoretical physicist, astronomer and mountaineer. As a scientist, he carried out research into star formation, plasma physics, and in 1946, conceived the idea of telescopes operating in outer space. • _______ research centered on the interstellar medium, to which he brought a deep understanding of plasma physics. In the 1930s and 1940s, he was among the first to recognize star formation as an ongoing contemporary process. His monographs, "Diffuse Matter in Space" (1968) and "Physical Processes in the Interstellar Medium" (1978) consolidated decades of work, and themselves became the standard texts for some decades more. • He was the founding director of Project Matterhorn, Princeton University's pioneering program in controlled thermonuclear research, renamed in 1961 as Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. • FITB
  38. 38. ANSWER • Lyman Spitzer
  39. 39. +40/-20 • The X Y is the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star. The Y was first indicated in papers published by Wilhelm Anderson and E. C. Stoner, and was named after X, who independently discovered and improved upon the accuracy of the calculation in 1930, at the age of 19. This limit was initially ignored by the community of scientists because such a limit would logically require the existence of black holes, which were considered a scientific impossibility at the time. • The current accepted value is about 2.765 X 1030 kg. X and Y ?
  40. 40. ANSWER • X Y : Chandrashekhar Limit
  41. 41. +20/-10 • Cavendish Laboratory , Cambridge University (1919 ) • Nobel Prize for Physics ( 1927 ) • Chicago Pile-1 ( 1942 ) • Manhattan Project ( 1942 ) • Chancellor ,Washington University ( 1946 ) • The Moon ( posthumous ) • Achievements and appointments of who ?
  42. 42. ANSWER • Arthur Compton
  43. 43. +10/0 • Objects observed in deep space (extragalactic space, 10 megaparsecs (Mpc) or more) are found to have a Doppler shift interpretable as relative velocity away from Earth; • This Doppler-shift-measured velocity, of various galaxies receding from the Earth, is approximately proportional to their distance from the Earth for galaxies up to a few hundred megaparsecs away. Statements from which law ?
  44. 44. ANSWER • Hubble’s Law
  45. 45. CONNECT • NASA’s Great Observatories / Space Telescopes • 1. Spitzer Space Telescope • 2. Chandra X-Ray Observatory • 3. Compton Gamma Ray Observatory • 4. Hubble Space Telescope

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