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PREVIEW:<br />Early in August, 1890 – Rizal arrived in Madrid<br />He tried all legal means to seek justice for his family and the Calamba tenants, but to no avail.<br /><ul><li>He almost fought to duels – one with Antonio Luna and the other to Wenceslao E. Retana.
Leonor Rivera married a British Engineer (Henry Kipping)</li></li></ul><li>FAILURE TO GET JUSTICE FOR FAMILY<br />Asociacion Hispano – Filipina<br />Liberal Spanish newspapers (La Justicia, El Globo, La Republica, El resumen, etc).<br />M. H. Del Pilar – acted as his lawyer.<br />Dr. Dominador Gomez – secretary of Asociacion Hispano – Filipina.<br />Minister of Colonies (SeñorFabie)<br />Gen. ValerioWeyler & Dominicans <br />
MORE TERRIBLE NEWS REACHED RIZAL IN MADRID <br />From Silvestre Ubaldo, he received a copy of the ejectment order by the Dominicans against Francisco Rizal and other Calamba tenants.<br />From Saturnina, he learned of the deportation of Paciano, Antonio Lopez, Silvestre Ubaldo, Teong, and Dandoy to Mindoro<br />His parents were forcibly ejected from their home and were then living in the house of Narcisa.<br />
Becerra and Maura – former members of the ministry<br />Queen Regent Maria Cristina – urged to see by Blumentritt.<br />
RIZAL’S EULOGY TO PANGANIBAN<br />Jose Ma. Panganiban – his friend and his talented co-worker in the propaganda.<br />August 19, 1890 – date of the death of Jose Ma. Panganiban because of a lingering illness.<br />
ABORTED DUEL WITH ANTONIO LUNA <br />End of August, 1890 – Rizal attended a social reunion of the Filipinos in Madrid.<br />Antonio Luna became drunk.<br />Luna was bitter because of his frustrated romance with Nellie Boustead<br />He was blaming Rizal for his failure.<br />Luna uttered certain unsavory remarks for Nellie.<br />Rizal heard him and challenge for a duel.<br />The Filipinos were shocked of the incident.<br />They tried to pacify Rizal and Luna, pointing out to both that such a duel would damage their cause in Spain.<br />Luna, when he became sober, realized that he had made a fool and he apologized to Rizal<br />
RIZAL CHALLENGES RETANA TO DUEL<br />Wenceslao E. Retana<br />The bitter enemy of Rizal in pen.<br />Press agent of the friars in Spain.<br /> He attacked Filipinos including Rizal, in various newspaper in Madrid<br />La Epoca - an anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid<br />He insulted Rizal’s family<br />Rizal challenged him for a duel.<br />Retana at once published a retraction and apology in the newspapers.<br />The incident silenced Retana’s pen against Rizal.<br />Biography of the greatest Filipino hero, whose talents he came to recognize and whose martyrdom he glorified.<br />
INFIDELITY OF LEONOR RIVERA<br />Teatro Apollo – Rizal attended a play together with his friends<br />December, 1890 – Rizal received a letter from Leonor, announcing her coming married with an Englishman (Henry Kipping)<br />February 15, 1891 – Blumentritt replied to the letter of Rizal and comforted Rizal when Rizal confide to him about his agony and broken heart.<br />
RIZAL – DEL PILAR RIVALRY <br />1890 - there arise an unfortunate rivalry between Rizal and del Pilar for supremacy.<br />January 1, 1891 (New Year’s Day) – the Filipinos of Madrid met to reorganize the Asociacion Hispano – Filipina <br />Responsable - a new leader who would act as a spokesman of the Filipino cause in Europe<br />2/3 votes needed to be declared as Responsable<br />
RIZAL ABDICATES HIS LEADERSHIP<br />February 1891 – (1st week) election starts<br />Filipinos were divided into two rival camps:<br />Rizalistas or Rizal’s friends<br />Pilaristas or del Pilar’s friends<br />Rizalistas – worked hard for the election of Rizal.<br />Pilaristas – fought for del Pilar’s election<br />M. Ponce, A. Luna, T. Sandiko (Pilaristas) – voted in favor of Rizal<br />19 people voted Rizal<br />
BACK TO BRUSSELS<br />February, 1891 – he left Madrid and proceeded to Biarritz, where he was a welcomed guest of the Boustead at their Villa Eliada.<br />Adelina Boustead – he proposed for marriage<br />Valentin Ventura – Rizal’s friend and companion in Paris<br />April 4, 1891 – He wrote to Jose Ma. Basa, expressing his wish to live in Hongkong and practice medicine. <br />Middle of April 1891 – Rizal turned to Brussels for one reason, to finish his second novel.<br />Suzanne Jacoby – in loved with Rizal<br />Jose Alejandrino – his room-mate<br />