6. Proper Adjectives
These are formed from proper nouns.
They always begin with capital letters.
Proper Nouns Proper Adjective
7. Most adjectives can be described in
degrees. This means that something
can have more or less of the
8. Regular comparative
• We use -er for the comparative of short adjectives :
Cold/ colder, sharp/ sharper
• adjectives ending in –y we add -ier
lucky/luckier funny/funnier easy/easier pretty/prettier
• Long adjectives start with more
more modern/ more serious /more expensive/ more
• Note: After comparatives we use than:
It's cheaper to go by car than to go by train.
• Athens is older than Rome
• Oranges are more expensive than
• John is taller than Michael
• Ann is prettier than Susan
10. Regular superlatives end in -est or
start with most.
ambitious most ambitious
comfortable most comfortable
• The church is the oldest building in
• English is the most important
language in bussiness
• Alaska is the largest state in U.S.A
12. Irregular : Comparatives
These can still be given in degrees, but they
don't follow patterns .
positive Comparative Superlative
Bad Worse Worst
Good Better Best
Little Less Least
Many More Most
• As an Adjective
-There is a little tiny crack in it
• As an adverb
-I´m little affectected by the cold
. Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives and
adverbs in terms of such qualities as
time, frequency and manner. They are used
to describe how, where, when, how often
and why something happens.
- Sue runs fast, fast describes how
or the manner in which Sue runs.
- Sue runs very fast, very describes
the adverb fast and gives
information about how fast Sue
16. Adverbs of manner describe how
-Sue is very quiet
- Listen carefully!
- Ben can run fast
17. Adverbs of place describe where
• anywhere out
-I´m not going anywhere
- We went out into the yard
- Wait here!
18. Adverbs of frequency describe how
often something happens
- He usually gets good grades.
- I always do my homework
19. Adverbs of time describe when
-Let's go tomorrow.
This message arrived after you left
20. Many adverbs are made from an
adjective + -ly:
adjective: quick /serious /careful
adverb: quickly/ seriously/ carefully
*Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs.
• Friendly, lively ,elderly, lonely ,silly ,lovely
22. -An adjective tells us •Tom is a careful driver.
more about a noun.
Adjective •Be quiet
-We use adjectives before
nouns and after a few •We didn't go out because
verbs (especially be): of the heavy rain.
-tells us more about a • Tom drove carefully
verb. along the narrow road.
Adverb (not drove careful)
-An adverb tells us in what
way someone does • Speak quietly, please!
something or in what way (not speak quiet)