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Best ways to reduce cancer

12 ways to reduce your cancer risk

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Best ways to reduce cancer

  1. 1. 1 BEST WAYS TO REDUCING CANCER Prof. Dr. P. Ravisankar Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi - 522 213, Guntur, A.P, India. 4/26/2020 Vignan Pharmacy Colldge, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  2. 2. • Key facts about cancer  Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths are due to cancer.  Approximately 70 % of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries.  Around one third of deaths are due to high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, and alcohol use.  Tobacco use is responsible for approximately 22 % of cancer deaths  Cancer causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papilloma virus (HPV), are responsible for up to 25%.  Every day 1,500 people dye of cancer in India. 4/26/2020 2 Vignan Pharmacy Colldge, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  3. 3. Largest tumor ever removed • According to Guinness World Records, the weight of biggest tumour ever removed is • Weight: 303 pounds (137.6 kg) and measured 3feet (1m) in diameter. • The tumour was located on the right ovary, was removed in 1991 operation performed by Professor KatoHanon at Stanford University Medical Centre in California. • 34-year-old woman. • The operation took over 6 hours to complete. • The tumour was benign. 4/26/2020 3Vignan Pharmacy Colldge, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  4. 4. China’s elephant man grows world’s Largest tumor on face.(23 kgs.) The man-with-no-face The tumor was originally 23 kg in total. The surgery was successful but due to the large size of the tumor, only a part of it was removed at that time. (1 kg was removed in the first surgery and 4.5 kg was removed in the second surgery). Victim Chen Zongtao, 70 Kg, benign tumor To Jose’s sister, you are so amazing, so kind and loving and always there to defend your brother no matter what ……..you are truly an angel. 4/26/2020 4 Vignan Pharmacy Colldge, Vadlamudi, Guntur Jose ( from Portugal):
  5. 5. (vascular endothelial growth factor) one of the cell get mutated 4/26/2020 5 Vignan Pharmacy Colldge, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  6. 6. Number of all new cancer cases in world The Global Cancer Observatory – All Rights Reserved - May, 2019. Number of all new cancer cases in India Indian Council of Medical Research
  7. 7. As per the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) data the government has laid down top 10 priority cancers are shown bellow 4/26/2020 7Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  8. 8. 12 ways to reduce your cancer risk 4/26/2020 8 Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  9. 9. Do not smoke. Do not use any form of tobacco, Make your home smoke free  30 % of cancers are caused by smoking.  Each year, tobacco use causes about 6 million deaths and more than half a trillion dollars of economic damage world wide.  Tobacco will kill as many as 1 billion people this century.  Tobacco causes 65% of all lung cancer deaths. 4/26/2020 9 Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi, Guntur
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  11. 11. Take action to be a healthy body weight. Be physically active in everyday life. Limit the time you spend sitting • Adopting healthy dietary and activity behaviours. • [BMI] between 18.5 and 24.9 kg/m2) • Avoiding foods that promote weight gain, such as sugary drinks and fast foods. • Limit alcohol. 4/26/2020 11Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  12. 12. Healthy diet • Have a healthy diet: • Eat plenty of whole grains, vegetables, pulses, and fruits. • Limit high-calorie foods (foods high in sugar or fat)and avoid sugary drinks. • Avoid processed meat; limit red meat and foods high in salt. 4/26/2020 12Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  13. 13. Avoid too much sun, especially for children. Use sun protection. Do not use sun beds. • UVB is necessary for Vitamin D synthesis in human skin. • UVA are causing damage to the skin which can cause skin cancer. In the workplace, protect yourself against cancer- causing substances by following health and safety instructions. • Control of cancer-causing chemical substances found in the workplace • Protection measures for their workers (e.g. protective equipment) You should be physically active for atleast 30 minutes a day • Playing daily sports like gymnastic, cricket, football or cycling or swimming . 4/26/2020 13 Vignan Pharmacy Colldge, Vadlamudi, Guntur
  14. 14. 4/26/2020 14Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi, Guntur * Women should have no more than six teaspoons per day (25 grams). * Men should have no more than nine teaspoons per day (37 grams). *Limiting Red meats and avoiding processed meats *Red meat causes high blood pressure, high uric acid, high cholesterol, cardiac diseases. *So better to replace it with chicken. * Avoid intake of sugary foods Beware of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) Current or recent past users of (HRT) have a higher risk of being diagnosed with breast Cancer.
  15. 15. 4/26/2020 Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi, Guntur 15 Infact, research projects aimed at identifying the specific chemicals in these foods which are responsible for this protective property. Examples are
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  20. 20. Finally, one of the best ways of reducing cancer is ….. • Cancer prevention is an essential component of all cancer control plans because about 40 % of cancers are preventable. • Firstly…Public education campaigns are important in highlighting the dangers of smoking, because possibly as many as 22 % (in UK 30%) of cancers are caused by smoking. • Secondly, another 30% of cancers are diet related. Decades of research have clearly shown that by living a healthy life, people can reduce the risk of developing the disease. • Screening tests help in finding Cancer earlier before developing any symptoms. • The benefits of eating high-fibre foods, fruit, and vegetables. • Epigallocatechin gallate, an antioxidant present in green tea, is another potential protective agent. • Finally The new research funded by UK and USA which aims to show the number of cancer cases could be prevented by known lifestyle and environmental factors, like being a non-smoker, keeping a healthy weight, drinking less alcohol, eating a healthy balanced diet, and avoiding being exposed to certain infections or radiation. • Every country, regardless of resource level, can take steps to curb the cancer epidemic, save lives and prevent unnecessary suffering. • Finally, cancer prevention efforts should be preceded by a systematic planning process on cancer control. 20
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