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Basic English for PT3

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Basic English for PT3

  1. 1. Basic English Course   by Adziah Aziz http://basiceducare.blogspot.com
  5. 5. IntroductionIntroduction Tentative ProgramTentative Program ObjectiveObjective MethodologyMethodology Cooperative LearningCooperative Learning • Why do weWhy do we learnlearn English?English? • To upgradeTo upgrade & to enrich& to enrich ourour knowledge!knowledge!
  6. 6. Learning?Learning?  Happy?Happy?  Interesting?Interesting?  Boring?Boring?  Ask to………by……….Ask to………by……….  No feelingsNo feelings  Not interestedNot interested  Message unacomplishedMessage unacomplished  Why????Why????
  7. 7. Basic sentencesBasic sentences Noun +Noun + VerbVerb HeHe talks.talks. SheShe cooks.cooks. My motherMy mother praysprays..
  8. 8. Noun + Verb +Noun + Verb + PrepositionPreposition  He talksHe talks nearnear the room.the room.  She cooksShe cooks inin the kitchenthe kitchen..  My mother praysMy mother prays forfor me.me.
  9. 9. .NOUN + ADJECTIVES. She thin He handsome I fat The boy naughty That girl clumsy She is thin. He is handsome. I am fat.
  10. 10. She is thin. The thin girl sits near me. He is handsome. That handsome man is my brother. The boy is naughty. The naughty boy likes to fight.
  11. 11. Construct Sentences Subject – predicate 1. She is clever. 2. Cats are domestic animal and lovable to us. 3. That book is very thick. 4. Your house is big. 5. Ali writes the letter. 6. They listen to the music. 7. We eat the food. 8. He stands. 9. They sweep the papers on the floor. 10. I like to tidy up the room.
  12. 12. Types of sentences 2Types of sentences 2  Predicating WordsPredicating Words –– noun +noun + verbverb  She eats.She eats.  Lingking wordsLingking words –– noun + adjectivesnoun + adjectives  SheShe eatseats an applean apple inin the room.the room.  Compound WordsCompound Words She eats an apple in the roomShe eats an apple in the room today.today. She eats a red apple in the room todayShe eats a red apple in the room today..
  13. 13. Types of sentencesTypes of sentences Predicating Words – noun + verb Lingking words – noun + adjectives Compound Words – noun+verb+predicate people animal Noun thing places
  14. 14. WRITING -ESSAYSWRITING -ESSAYS a)a) SEQUENCE CONNECTORSSEQUENCE CONNECTORS FirstlyFirstly, enter your ATM card into the cash slot., enter your ATM card into the cash slot. SecondSecond,choose which language you would prefer to use.,choose which language you would prefer to use. NextNext,enter your pin number ,,enter your pin number ,that isthat is your personalyour personal identification number and state the amount you wish toidentification number and state the amount you wish to draw.draw. After thatAfter that, you confirm the amount., you confirm the amount.LaterLater youryour card will be presented back to you in a matter ofcard will be presented back to you in a matter of minutes.minutes. FinallyFinally, the cash appeared., the cash appeared.
  15. 15. Singular , Plural - vocabSingular , Plural - vocab  PENAMBAHAN ‘PENAMBAHAN ‘S’S’ ke Verb & Nounke Verb & Noun Verb -Verb - perbuatanperbuatan talk - talktalk - talkss go - gogo - goeses drive - drivesdrive - drives catch - catchcatch - catcheses NounNoun box – boxbox – boxeses man – menman – men leaf – leavleaf – leaveses she - the girlshe - the girlss / they/ they he - the boyhe - the boyss I - weI - we
  16. 16. Singular - VERB HE , SHE , IT.  Siti talks to her mother.  That girl goes to town.  My sister catches some fish.  He buys two toys.  She sings beautifully.  It sleeps soundly on the mat.
  17. 17. PluralPlural - VERB- VERB  THEY, WE , I , YOU, THE GIRLS.THEY, WE , I , YOU, THE GIRLS.  They talk to their mother.  The girls go to town.  My sisters catch some fish.  Ali and Ahmad buy two toys.  We sing beautifully.  You sleep soundly on the mat.
  18. 18. Singular / pluralSingular / plural - verb to be- verb to be  Is - areIs - are  Has - haveHas - have  This - theseThis - these  That - thoseThat - those
  19. 19. Lets write…Lets write… 1.1. SheShe hashas a book.a book. 2.2. TheyThey havehave twotwo books.books. 3.3. The studentsThe students havehave manymany books.books. 4.4. Every boyEvery boy hashas a book.a book. 5.5. Each girlEach girl isis studying in the library.studying in the library. 6.6. II havehave an apple and Sitian apple and Siti hashas fourfour apples.apples. 7.7. That ladyThat lady isis preety, those ladiespreety, those ladies areare moremore preetier.preetier. 8.8. My fatherMy father buysbuys a bicycle.a bicycle. 9.9. HeHe buysbuys twotwo bicycles.bicycles. 10.10. YouYou havehave one child but Ione child but I havehave eighteight children.children.
  20. 20. Exercises A . 1. This is --- ball. 2. This is---icecream. 3. This is---apple. 4.This is---book. 5.This is--- egg. Exercises B. 1. This is ___pen. 2. ____ pen belongs to Sarah. 3. There are many aeroplanes here but I like to see ____ red aeroplane flying. 4._____moon is beautiful at night isn’t it? 5. You have many books and they are not fit with _____ shelves. 6. I have four books and ____ books are mine. ARTICLES. the - singular & plural . -signals a particular person/thing that has been singled out from others. -second reference Omission of Articles. -before the nouns of town, streets and most countries. -before the names of games -before the names of certain disease -before the names of road and streets -before places like - prison,school,hospital, university,bed •but we use ‘the’ when refer to a particular place.
  21. 21. GrammarGrammar preposition pronoun articles 8 PARTS OF SPEECH noun verb adjectives adverb interjection
  22. 22. preposition pronoun articles 8 PARTS OF SPEECH noun verb adjectives adverb interjection a bag, an arrow, a unicorn. Teacher, girl, cat, ball Slowly, loudly, properly, fast, smartly. Oh no! How could you!
  23. 23. nounnoun  Count And Noncount NounsCount And Noncount Nouns Count nouns are nouns that can be countedCount nouns are nouns that can be counted (e.g.,(e.g., a booka book,, two friendstwo friends,, three carsthree cars, etc.). A count noun may be preceded, etc.). A count noun may be preceded byby aa oror anan in the singular; it takes a final -in the singular; it takes a final -ss or -or -eses in the plural.in the plural.  NoncountNoncount (or mass) nouns refer to things that cannot be counted (e.g.,(or mass) nouns refer to things that cannot be counted (e.g., moneymoney,, rainrain,, snowsnow,, butterbutter,, windwind,, airair,, clothingclothing, etc.). Noncount nouns are not, etc.). Noncount nouns are not preceded bypreceded by aa oror anan andand havehave no plural form.no plural form. adviceadvice weatherweather equiptmentequiptment newsnews waterwater JewelryJewelry workwork MoneyMoney InformationInformation PostagePostage luggageluggage musicmusic
  24. 24. Countable and uncountable Noun. Example:- There are a lot of sugar in the tin. You eat plenty of food. I have a small amount of money in my pocket. There are several girls at the field. Measurement used. A cup of tea a sheet of paper a piece of cloth A pail of water a reel of paper a piece of chalk A tin of biscuit a slice of bread ____________ A tin of milk a loaf of bread ____________ A bottle of water a packet of chocolates _____________ A jar of sugar a bowl of rice _____________
  25. 25. SubjectSubject ObjectObject PossessivPossessiv ee Adjectives.Adjectives. PossessivPossessiv ee Pronoun.Pronoun. ReflexiveReflexive Pronoun.Pronoun. II MeMe MyMy MineMine MyselfMyself SheShe HerHer HerHer HersHers HerselfHerself HeHe HimHim HisHis HisHis HimselfHimself WeWe UsUs OurOur OursOurs OurselvesOurselves YouYou YouYou YourYour YoursYours YourselfYourself TheyThey ThemThem TheirTheir TheirsTheirs ThemselveThemselve ss
  26. 26. pronounpronoun  Pronoun –Pronoun – subject.subject. 1.1. II did it.did it. 2.2. _______ like to write poetry._______ like to write poetry. 3.3. _______ have to escort my brother._______ have to escort my brother. Pronoun –Pronoun – object.object. 1.1. Please showPlease show meme the photo.the photo. 2.2. Ask ____ if he’s alright.Ask ____ if he’s alright. 3.3. Take ____ to the movie.Take ____ to the movie. Pronoun –Pronoun – possesive.possesive. 1.1. This isThis is mymy book.book. 2.2. The book is in ___ bag.The book is in ___ bag. 3.3. They are ______ brothers.They are ______ brothers. 4.4. That room is ____________ class.That room is ____________ class.
  27. 27. TABLE OF NOUNSTABLE OF NOUNS He I / youHe I / you She The girls / theyShe The girls / they It two catsIt two cats The boy the boys / weThe boy the boys / we I go to school. You write the letter. They walk to my house. We sit on the chair. She goes to school. He writes the letter. The boy walks to my house. Siti sits on the chair.
  28. 28. FORMS OF VERB FutureFuture tensetense Will / shallWill / shall Present tensePresent tense Past tensePast tense Past participlePast participle has / havehas / have PresentPresent continuouscontinuous is / are / amis / are / am eateat ateate eateneaten eatingeating walkwalk walkedwalked walkedwalked walkingwalking gogo wentwent gonegone goinggoing TakeTake tooktook takentaken TakingTaking drinkdrink drankdrank drunkdrunk drinkingdrinking seesee sawsaw seenseen SeeingSeeing CookCook cookedcooked cookedcooked CookingCooking StandStand StoodStood StoodStood StandingStanding SingSing SangSang SungSung SingingSinging .. drawdraw DrewDrew drawndrawn drawingdrawing Example :- Everyday she eats the food. – She ate the food yesterday morning. - She has eaten the food.- She is eating the food now. - She will eat the food tomorrow. -
  29. 29. VerbVerb  present tensepresent tense –– sekarangsekarang  past tensepast tense -- yang lepasyang lepas  present continuous Tensepresent continuous Tense -- sedangsedang  Past Participle-Past Participle- baru lepasbaru lepas  Present PerfectPresent Perfect -- has/ havehas/ have  GerundGerund -- penyataanpenyataan  Future TenseFuture Tense –– akan datangakan datang
  30. 30. Today, she writes. (present tense) Yesterday, she wrote. (past tense) She is writing now. (pre. Con. tense) She has written when you came. (Part.) Writing is good four your own vocabulary. (Gerund) She will write tomorrow.
  31. 31. Verb + infinitives Examples: --She hopes to leave soon. --They want to buy a car. hopehope offeroffer seemseem agreeagree forgetforget appearappear rememberremember expectexpect wantwant promisepromise decidedecide needneed askask refuserefuse Verb + noun Example: 1.Please tell me about the matter. 2.Can you remind him of the incident? 3.I want him to go. telltell warnwarn forceforce remindremind permitpermit orderorder adviseadvise allowallow expectexpect encouraencoura gege requirerequire wantwant ( selepas ‘to’ jangan tukar tense)
  32. 32. Verb noun Arrange – arrangement behav -behaviour compare -comparison Conside -consideration Close -closure Describe - description Destroy -destruction Direct -direction enjoy – enjoyment Extend - extension Explain - explanation give -gift hate -hatred introduce -introduction • He explain to the teacher. The explanation can’t stop him from going to prison. 2. I made a police report. That reporter had to work at night.
  33. 33. ACTIVE – PASSIVE VOICE.ACTIVE – PASSIVE VOICE.  SheShe eatseats the cakethe cake. - Dia makan kek.. - Dia makan kek.  The cakeThe cake is eatenis eaten by herby her.- Kek itu di.- Kek itu di makan oleh dia.makan oleh dia. MotherMother cookscooks the currythe curry. –Emak masak. –Emak masak kari.kari. The curryThe curry is cookedis cooked by motherby mother.- Kari di.- Kari di masak oleh emak.masak oleh emak.
  34. 34. SENTENCES- active-passiveSENTENCES- active-passive  ACTIVEACTIVE  --The doctor wrote a prescription.--The doctor wrote a prescription.  PASSIVEPASSIVE  --The prescription was written by the doctor.--The prescription was written by the doctor. verb + past participleverb + past participle  ACTIVE: JennyACTIVE: Jenny helpshelps JanJan  PASSIVE: JanPASSIVE: Jan isis ++ helpedhelped by Jenny.by Jenny.  ACTIVE: HeACTIVE: He is helpingis helping her.her.  PASSIVE: ShePASSIVE: She is being +is being + helpedhelped by him.by him.  ACTIVE: HeACTIVE: He hashas helped her.helped her.  PASSIVE: ShePASSIVE: She has beenhas been ++ helpedhelped by him.by him.  ACTIVE: HeACTIVE: He helpedhelped her.her.  PASSIVE: ShePASSIVE: She was + helpedwas + helped by him.by him.  ACTIVE: HeACTIVE: He was helpingwas helping her.her.  PASSIVE: ShePASSIVE: She was being + helpedwas being + helped by him.by him.
  35. 35. He writes the letter. – The letter is written by him. Siti sweeps the floor. - The floor is swept by her. Mother cooks the curry.- The curry is cooked by mother. PRESENT Write Sweep Cooks Draw Buy See Drink Run eat PAST TENSE Wrote Swept Cooked Drew Bought Saw Drank Ran ate PAST PARTICIPLE Written Swept Cooked Drawn Bought Seen Drunk Run eaten
  36. 36. Adjective. AdverbAdjective. Adverb Adjectives and adverbs are invariable inAdjectives and adverbs are invariable in ADJECTIVES:ADJECTIVES: Adjectives always come in front of the noun theyAdjectives always come in front of the noun they modifymodify aa goodgood bookbook anan excellentexcellent dinnerdinner aa finefine dressdress aa charmingcharming boyboy aa hothot dayday ADVERBSADVERBS: English.Adverbs usually come after the verb they: English.Adverbs usually come after the verb they modify.modify. Thiat book is publishedThiat book is published frequently.frequently. My mom is speakingMy mom is speaking quickly.quickly.
  37. 37. Adverb 1.She walks quickly. 2. She draws carefully. 3. I eat slowly. 4. You jump high. 5. We talk loudly. 6. Alana sits properly. 7. They run fast. 8. He studies smartly. 9. The teacher teaches softly. 10. Father drives quickly, 11. Please write neatly. 12. Can you cook deliciously for us? 13. Can you wear beautifully four the party? 14. Love your parents tenderly. 15. Smile sweetly to your siblings.
  38. 38. Adjectives. 1. The red ball is small. 2. That book is thick. 3. Ali is short. 4. He is tall. 5. This pencil is long. 6. These pencils are long. 7. You are fat. 8. Amin is smart. 9. The lady is preety. 10. My brother is clever. 11. The girls are fair. 12. My little sister is cute. 13. We are short and thin. 14. The cat is unique. 15. That noodles is tasty. Descriptive – inherent quality:- beautiful, intelligent. Proper – a French dish, an Indian Muslim Mosque. an interesting book a disappointing experience a charming view. a tired housewife. a good-looking girl a heart-breaking story ready-make cloth ill-tempered person a wall-to-wall carpet a hard-to-please employer a hit-and-run driver
  39. 39. Comparison of adjective.Comparison of adjective. as _____ as __than theas _____ as __than the __________ big bigger biggestbig bigger biggest tall taller tallesttall taller tallest much more mostmuch more most good better bestgood better best bad worse worstbad worse worst little less leastlittle less least old older oldestold older oldest far further furthestfar further furthest beautiful more beautiful most beautifulbeautiful more beautiful most beautiful in innerin inner out outerout outer up upperup upper
  40. 40. SENTENCES:- The car is big. The red car is bigger than this car. The blue car is the biggest. Ali is tall as his father. Ahmad is taller than Ali. Amin is the tallest among them. I have much money in my pocket. You have more money than me. He has the most. She is good to her sister. Lia is better and Yana is the best Sara is beautiful, Aminah is more beautiful than Sara but Munirah is the most beautiful girl in the class. You don’t know what is in the inner side of this well.
  41. 41. prepositionpreposition between between  toto beyond beyond  towardtoward by by  underunder despite despite  untiluntil down down  upup during during  uponupon for for  withwith from from  withinwithin in in  withoutwithout                  Prepositions are used in phrases and as parts of verbs.  aboutabout intointo aboveabove likelike acrossacross nearnear after after  ofof along along  offoff among among  onon around around  outout before before  overover behind behind  sincesince below below  throughthrough beneath beneath  throughoutthroughout beside beside  tilltill
  42. 42. Phrasal Verb. Asked for Spoke of Afraid of Come in Laughing at Looking for Broken into Rely on Give to Put on Speaking of Famous for Lives at Meet at Divided between Divided among
  43. 43. about I will see you at about 7.00 am. She looked about her. This is about the story. Against My mother warned me against the danger. The mad man hit his head against the wall. What have you got against that man? She did it against her better judgement. They were fighting against each other. 1.Faiz and Adnan waited for the bus. 2.He asked for the money. 3.She is looking for her cat. 4.I always rely on my mother’s opinion
  44. 44. Notes Basic structure - subject & predicate. SUBJECTSUBJECT PREDICATEPREDICATE MotherMother FatherFather II SheShe The girlThe girl DucksDucks cooks curry.cooks curry. washes the car.washes the car. won the prize.won the prize. is my friend.is my friend. likes to play.likes to play. quacking near the pond.quacking near the pond. SUBJECTSUBJECT PREDICATEPREDICATE TensesTenses MotherMother FatherFather II SheShe The girlThe girl DucksDucks cooks currycooks curry washed the carwashed the car won the prizewon the prize is my friend.is my friend. likes to playlikes to play are quacking near the pondare quacking near the pond todaytoday yesterdayyesterday lastlast SaturdaySaturday everyday.everyday. nownow
  45. 45. SUBJECTSUBJECT PREDICATEPREDICATE Sing/pluSing/plu ralral Mother and sisterMother and sister Father and IFather and I II SheShe Lina, Siti and LiaLina, Siti and Lia Ducks / TheyDucks / They cookcook        curry.curry. wash the car.wash the car. won thewon the prize.prize. isis mymy friend.friend. likelike to play.to play. quacking near thequacking near the pond.pond. TheyThey WeWe TheyThey areare Sentences question - What is your name? Statement - I am tired. Negative - She will not go tomorrow. Imperative - Can you help me? Exclaminatory !! - Oh no! You can’t do this to me!
  46. 46. COLLECTIVE NOUNS a crowd of spectators an army of soldiers. a bevy of ladies. a party of friends. a band of musicians. a class of student. a crew of sailors. a basket of fruit a bunch of keys a collection of stamps a library of books a fleet of cars a list of names a pack of cards a pair of shoes A litter of kittens. A herd of buffaloes. A a flock of sheep. A pack of wolves. A troop of monkeys. A zoo of wild animals. A flock of birds. A shoal of fish A swarm of bees. An army of ants a row of houses a bouquet of flowers a bunch of flowers a comb of banana a clump of trees Building up sentences. 1. A crowd of people are gathering in front of the ambassador’s building. 2. He gives me a bouquet of roses for my wedding anniversary. 3. he cyclist run into a row of houses when he suddenly fainted.                                                                                                               
  47. 47. 1.”Don’t do the dirty-work for him anymore.” Said the mother to her son. 2. The sales at that supermarket is a dead-cheap! 3. Mr Chai Wong is the all-rounder in the firm and everybody likes him. 4. Many divers go to Pulau Redang because the water there is crystal-clear. 5. During the holiday, my brother is at a loose end after finishing his exam. 6. The student are all ears when the principal gives a talk on discipline. 7. “After doing all the housework alone, She’s really dead beat I presume”. 8. Don’t worry, mother will except you with open arms. 9. Children nowdays are all out of hand. 10. Although you’re hard up now, it doesn’t meant you can beg anywhere, just be strong and try to work harder.
  48. 48. and 0r as if if only in order that on condition (that) because so that since although till unless while as before either……or neither…..nor Conjunctions - He looks as if he’s very tired. - I can do it if only there weren’t so much noise. - They left early in order that they can arrive on time . - Yes, on condition the payment is made before- hand. - He sleeps because he is tired. - He was injured so badly that he had to go to clinic. - The boy is there since his dad past away last month. - I can walk although my leg injured. - My mother will stay in the room till night. - You must avoid him unless he forgive you. - Please watch my bag while I go to toilet. - As they were leaving the house, it rained heavily. - She always has a chat with neighbours before noon. - Either you or him goes to Kuala Lumpur today. - Neither Ali nor Alif can sing in the contest.
  49. 49. Always upgrading towards better life!Always upgrading towards better life! Basic English - a start to the first stepBasic English - a start to the first step Into the era of IT. – aulia adzInto the era of IT. – aulia adz happy learning – adziahaziz@g.mail.com -http://adziahaziz.blogspot.com
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