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Tentative ProgramTentative Program
Cooperative LearningCooperative Learning
• Why do weWhy do we
• To upgradeTo upgrade
& to enrich& to enrich
Noun + Verb +Noun + Verb +
He talksHe talks nearnear the room.the room.
She cooksShe cooks inin the kitchenthe kitchen..
My mother praysMy mother prays forfor me.me.
.NOUN + ADJECTIVES.
The boy naughty
That girl clumsy
She is thin.
He is handsome.
I am fat.
She is thin.
The thin girl sits near me.
He is handsome.
That handsome man is my brother.
The boy is naughty.
The naughty boy likes to fight.
Subject – predicate
1. She is clever.
2. Cats are domestic animal and lovable to us.
3. That book is very thick.
4. Your house is big.
5. Ali writes the letter.
6. They listen to the music.
7. We eat the food.
8. He stands.
9. They sweep the papers on the floor.
10. I like to tidy up the room.
Types of sentences 2Types of sentences 2
Predicating WordsPredicating Words –– noun +noun + verbverb
She eats.She eats.
Lingking wordsLingking words –– noun + adjectivesnoun + adjectives
SheShe eatseats an applean apple inin the room.the room.
Compound WordsCompound Words
She eats an apple in the roomShe eats an apple in the room today.today.
She eats a red apple in the room todayShe eats a red apple in the room today..
Types of sentencesTypes of sentences
Predicating Words – noun + verb
Lingking words – noun + adjectives
Compound Words – noun+verb+predicate
WRITING -ESSAYSWRITING -ESSAYS
a)a) SEQUENCE CONNECTORSSEQUENCE CONNECTORS
FirstlyFirstly, enter your ATM card into the cash slot., enter your ATM card into the cash slot.
SecondSecond,choose which language you would prefer to use.,choose which language you would prefer to use.
NextNext,enter your pin number ,,enter your pin number ,that isthat is your personalyour personal
identification number and state the amount you wish toidentification number and state the amount you wish to
draw.draw. After thatAfter that, you confirm the amount., you confirm the amount.LaterLater youryour
card will be presented back to you in a matter ofcard will be presented back to you in a matter of
minutes.minutes. FinallyFinally, the cash appeared., the cash appeared.
Singular , Plural - vocabSingular , Plural - vocab
PENAMBAHAN ‘PENAMBAHAN ‘S’S’ ke Verb & Nounke Verb & Noun
Verb -Verb - perbuatanperbuatan
talk - talktalk - talkss
go - gogo - goeses
drive - drivesdrive - drives
catch - catchcatch - catcheses
box – boxbox – boxeses
man – menman – men
leaf – leavleaf – leaveses
she - the girlshe - the girlss / they/ they
he - the boyhe - the boyss
I - weI - we
Singular - VERB
HE , SHE , IT.
Siti talks to her mother.
That girl goes to town.
My sister catches some fish.
He buys two toys.
She sings beautifully.
It sleeps soundly on the mat.
PluralPlural - VERB- VERB
THEY, WE , I , YOU, THE GIRLS.THEY, WE , I , YOU, THE GIRLS.
They talk to their mother.
The girls go to town.
My sisters catch some fish.
Ali and Ahmad buy two toys.
We sing beautifully.
You sleep soundly on the mat.
Singular / pluralSingular / plural - verb to be- verb to be
Is - areIs - are
Has - haveHas - have
This - theseThis - these
That - thoseThat - those
Lets write…Lets write…
1.1. SheShe hashas a book.a book.
2.2. TheyThey havehave twotwo books.books.
3.3. The studentsThe students havehave manymany books.books.
4.4. Every boyEvery boy hashas a book.a book.
5.5. Each girlEach girl isis studying in the library.studying in the library.
6.6. II havehave an apple and Sitian apple and Siti hashas fourfour apples.apples.
7.7. That ladyThat lady isis preety, those ladiespreety, those ladies areare moremore
8.8. My fatherMy father buysbuys a bicycle.a bicycle.
9.9. HeHe buysbuys twotwo bicycles.bicycles.
10.10. YouYou havehave one child but Ione child but I havehave eighteight children.children.
Exercises A .
1. This is --- ball.
2. This is---icecream.
3. This is---apple.
5.This is--- egg.
1. This is ___pen.
2. ____ pen belongs to Sarah.
3. There are many aeroplanes here but I like to see ____
red aeroplane flying.
4._____moon is beautiful at night isn’t it?
5. You have many books and they are not fit with _____
6. I have four books and ____ books are mine.
the - singular & plural .
-signals a particular person/thing that has been singled out from others.
Omission of Articles.
-before the nouns of town, streets and most countries.
-before the names of games
-before the names of certain disease
-before the names of road and streets
-before places like - prison,school,hospital, university,bed
•but we use ‘the’ when refer to a particular place.
8 PARTS OF
a bag, an arrow, a unicorn.
Teacher, girl, cat,
Slowly, loudly, properly, fast, smartly.
Oh no! How could you!
Count And Noncount NounsCount And Noncount Nouns Count nouns are nouns that can be countedCount nouns are nouns that can be counted
(e.g.,(e.g., a booka book,, two friendstwo friends,, three carsthree cars, etc.). A count noun may be preceded, etc.). A count noun may be preceded
byby aa oror anan in the singular; it takes a final -in the singular; it takes a final -ss or -or -eses in the plural.in the plural.
NoncountNoncount (or mass) nouns refer to things that cannot be counted (e.g.,(or mass) nouns refer to things that cannot be counted (e.g.,
moneymoney,, rainrain,, snowsnow,, butterbutter,, windwind,, airair,, clothingclothing, etc.). Noncount nouns are not, etc.). Noncount nouns are not
preceded bypreceded by aa oror anan andand havehave no plural form.no plural form.
adviceadvice weatherweather equiptmentequiptment
newsnews waterwater JewelryJewelry
workwork MoneyMoney InformationInformation
PostagePostage luggageluggage musicmusic
Countable and uncountable Noun.
There are a lot of sugar in the tin.
You eat plenty of food.
I have a small amount of money in my pocket.
There are several girls at the field.
A cup of tea a sheet of paper a piece of cloth
A pail of water a reel of paper a piece of chalk
A tin of biscuit a slice of bread ____________
A tin of milk a loaf of bread ____________
A bottle of water a packet of chocolates _____________
A jar of sugar a bowl of rice
II MeMe MyMy MineMine MyselfMyself
SheShe HerHer HerHer HersHers HerselfHerself
HeHe HimHim HisHis HisHis HimselfHimself
UsUs OurOur OursOurs OurselvesOurselves
YouYou YouYou YourYour YoursYours YourselfYourself
TheyThey ThemThem TheirTheir TheirsTheirs ThemselveThemselve
Pronoun –Pronoun – subject.subject.
1.1. II did it.did it.
2.2. _______ like to write poetry._______ like to write poetry.
3.3. _______ have to escort my brother._______ have to escort my brother.
Pronoun –Pronoun – object.object.
1.1. Please showPlease show meme the photo.the photo.
2.2. Ask ____ if he’s alright.Ask ____ if he’s alright.
3.3. Take ____ to the movie.Take ____ to the movie.
Pronoun –Pronoun – possesive.possesive.
1.1. This isThis is mymy book.book.
2.2. The book is in ___ bag.The book is in ___ bag.
3.3. They are ______ brothers.They are ______ brothers.
4.4. That room is ____________ class.That room is ____________ class.
TABLE OF NOUNSTABLE OF NOUNS
He I / youHe I / you
She The girls / theyShe The girls / they
It two catsIt two cats
The boy the boys / weThe boy the boys / we
I go to school.
You write the letter.
They walk to my house.
We sit on the chair.
She goes to school.
He writes the letter.
The boy walks to my house.
Siti sits on the chair.
Will / shallWill / shall
Present tensePresent tense Past tensePast tense Past participlePast participle
has / havehas / have
is / are / amis / are / am
eateat ateate eateneaten eatingeating
walkwalk walkedwalked walkedwalked walkingwalking
gogo wentwent gonegone goinggoing
TakeTake tooktook takentaken TakingTaking
drinkdrink drankdrank drunkdrunk drinkingdrinking
seesee sawsaw seenseen SeeingSeeing
CookCook cookedcooked cookedcooked CookingCooking
StandStand StoodStood StoodStood StandingStanding
SingSing SangSang SungSung SingingSinging
.. drawdraw DrewDrew drawndrawn drawingdrawing
Everyday she eats the food. –
She ate the food yesterday morning. -
She has eaten the food.-
She is eating the food now. -
She will eat the food tomorrow. -
present tensepresent tense –– sekarangsekarang
past tensepast tense -- yang lepasyang lepas
present continuous Tensepresent continuous Tense -- sedangsedang
Past Participle-Past Participle- baru lepasbaru lepas
Present PerfectPresent Perfect -- has/ havehas/ have
GerundGerund -- penyataanpenyataan
Future TenseFuture Tense –– akan datangakan datang
Today, she writes. (present tense)
Yesterday, she wrote. (past tense)
She is writing now. (pre. Con. tense)
She has written when you came. (Part.)
Writing is good four your own vocabulary.
She will write tomorrow.
Verb + infinitives
--She hopes to leave soon.
--They want to buy a car.
hopehope offeroffer seemseem
agreeagree forgetforget appearappear
rememberremember expectexpect wantwant
promisepromise decidedecide needneed
Verb + noun
1.Please tell me about the matter.
2.Can you remind him of the incident?
3.I want him to go.
telltell warnwarn forceforce
remindremind permitpermit orderorder
adviseadvise allowallow expectexpect
( selepas ‘to’ jangan tukar tense)
Arrange – arrangement
Describe - description
enjoy – enjoyment
Extend - extension
Explain - explanation
• He explain to the teacher.
The explanation can’t stop him from going to prison.
2. I made a police report.
That reporter had to work at night.
ACTIVE – PASSIVE VOICE.ACTIVE – PASSIVE VOICE.
SheShe eatseats the cakethe cake. - Dia makan kek.. - Dia makan kek.
The cakeThe cake is eatenis eaten by herby her.- Kek itu di.- Kek itu di
makan oleh dia.makan oleh dia.
MotherMother cookscooks the currythe curry. –Emak masak. –Emak masak
The curryThe curry is cookedis cooked by motherby mother.- Kari di.- Kari di
masak oleh emak.masak oleh emak.
SENTENCES- active-passiveSENTENCES- active-passive
--The doctor wrote a prescription.--The doctor wrote a prescription.
--The prescription was written by the doctor.--The prescription was written by the doctor.
verb + past participleverb + past participle
ACTIVE: JennyACTIVE: Jenny helpshelps JanJan
PASSIVE: JanPASSIVE: Jan isis ++ helpedhelped by Jenny.by Jenny.
ACTIVE: HeACTIVE: He is helpingis helping her.her.
PASSIVE: ShePASSIVE: She is being +is being + helpedhelped by him.by him.
ACTIVE: HeACTIVE: He hashas helped her.helped her.
PASSIVE: ShePASSIVE: She has beenhas been ++ helpedhelped by him.by him.
ACTIVE: HeACTIVE: He helpedhelped her.her.
PASSIVE: ShePASSIVE: She was + helpedwas + helped by him.by him.
ACTIVE: HeACTIVE: He was helpingwas helping her.her.
PASSIVE: ShePASSIVE: She was being + helpedwas being + helped by him.by him.
He writes the letter. – The letter is written by him.
Siti sweeps the floor. - The floor is swept by her.
Mother cooks the curry.- The curry is cooked by
Adjective. AdverbAdjective. Adverb
Adjectives and adverbs are invariable inAdjectives and adverbs are invariable in
ADJECTIVES:ADJECTIVES: Adjectives always come in front of the noun theyAdjectives always come in front of the noun they
aa goodgood bookbook
anan excellentexcellent dinnerdinner
aa finefine dressdress
aa charmingcharming boyboy
aa hothot dayday
ADVERBSADVERBS: English.Adverbs usually come after the verb they: English.Adverbs usually come after the verb they
Thiat book is publishedThiat book is published frequently.frequently.
My mom is speakingMy mom is speaking quickly.quickly.
1.She walks quickly.
2. She draws carefully.
3. I eat slowly.
4. You jump high.
5. We talk loudly.
6. Alana sits properly.
7. They run fast.
8. He studies smartly.
9. The teacher teaches softly.
10. Father drives quickly,
11. Please write neatly.
12. Can you cook deliciously for us?
13. Can you wear beautifully four the party?
14. Love your parents tenderly.
15. Smile sweetly to your siblings.
1. The red ball is small.
2. That book is thick.
3. Ali is short.
4. He is tall.
5. This pencil is long.
6. These pencils are long.
7. You are fat.
8. Amin is smart.
9. The lady is preety.
10. My brother is clever.
11. The girls are fair.
12. My little sister is cute.
13. We are short and thin.
14. The cat is unique.
15. That noodles is tasty.
Descriptive – inherent quality:-
Proper – a French dish, an Indian
an interesting book
a disappointing experience
a charming view.
a tired housewife.
a good-looking girl
a heart-breaking story
a wall-to-wall carpet
a hard-to-please employer
a hit-and-run driver
Comparison of adjective.Comparison of adjective.
as _____ as __than theas _____ as __than the __________
big bigger biggestbig bigger biggest
tall taller tallesttall taller tallest
much more mostmuch more most
good better bestgood better best
bad worse worstbad worse worst
little less leastlittle less least
old older oldestold older oldest
far further furthestfar further furthest
beautiful more beautiful most beautifulbeautiful more beautiful most beautiful
in innerin inner
out outerout outer
up upperup upper
The car is big. The red car is bigger than this car. The blue
car is the biggest.
Ali is tall as his father. Ahmad is taller than Ali. Amin is the
tallest among them.
I have much money in my pocket. You have more money
than me. He has the most.
She is good to her sister. Lia is better and Yana is the best
Sara is beautiful, Aminah is more beautiful than Sara but
Munirah is the most beautiful girl in the class.
You don’t know what is in the inner side of this well.
between between toto
beyond beyond towardtoward
by by underunder
despite despite untiluntil
down down upup
during during uponupon
for for withwith
from from withinwithin
in in withoutwithout
Prepositions are used in phrases and as parts of verbs.
after after ofof
along along offoff
among among onon
around around outout
before before overover
behind behind sincesince
below below throughthrough
beneath beneath throughoutthroughout
beside beside tilltill
Spoke of Afraid of
Come in Laughing at
Looking for Broken into
Rely on Give to
Put on Speaking of
Famous for Lives at
I will see you at about 7.00 am.
She looked about her.
This is about the story.
My mother warned me against the danger.
The mad man hit his head against the wall.
What have you got against that man?
She did it against her better judgement.
They were fighting against each other.
1.Faiz and Adnan waited for the bus.
2.He asked for the money.
3.She is looking for her cat.
4.I always rely on my mother’s opinion
Basic structure - subject & predicate.
The girlThe girl
cooks curry.cooks curry.
washes the car.washes the car.
won the prize.won the prize.
is my friend.is my friend.
likes to play.likes to play.
quacking near the pond.quacking near the pond.
SUBJECTSUBJECT PREDICATEPREDICATE TensesTenses
The girlThe girl
cooks currycooks curry
washed the carwashed the car
won the prizewon the prize
is my friend.is my friend.
likes to playlikes to play
are quacking near the pondare quacking near the pond
SUBJECTSUBJECT PREDICATEPREDICATE Sing/pluSing/plu
Mother and sisterMother and sister
Father and IFather and I
Lina, Siti and LiaLina, Siti and Lia
Ducks / TheyDucks / They
wash the car.wash the car.
won thewon the
likelike to play.to play.
quacking near thequacking near the
Sentences question - What is your name?
Statement - I am tired.
Negative - She will not go
Imperative - Can you help me?
Exclaminatory !! - Oh no! You can’t do this to
a crowd of
an army of soldiers.
a bevy of ladies.
a party of friends.
a band of musicians.
a class of student.
a crew of sailors.
a basket of fruit
a bunch of keys
a collection of
a library of books
a fleet of cars
a list of names
a pack of cards
a pair of shoes
A litter of kittens.
A herd of buffaloes.
A a flock of sheep.
A pack of wolves.
A troop of monkeys.
A zoo of wild
A flock of birds.
A shoal of fish
A swarm of bees.
An army of ants
a row of houses
a bouquet of flowers
a bunch of flowers
a comb of banana
a clump of trees
Building up sentences.
1. A crowd of people are gathering in front of the ambassador’s
2. He gives me a bouquet of roses for my wedding anniversary.
3. he cyclist run into a row of houses when he suddenly fainted.
1.”Don’t do the dirty-work for him anymore.” Said the mother to her son.
2. The sales at that supermarket is a dead-cheap!
3. Mr Chai Wong is the all-rounder in the firm and everybody likes him.
4. Many divers go to Pulau Redang because the water there is crystal-clear.
5. During the holiday, my brother is at a loose end after finishing his exam.
6. The student are all ears when the principal gives a talk on discipline.
7. “After doing all the housework alone, She’s really dead beat I presume”.
8. Don’t worry, mother will except you with open arms.
9. Children nowdays are all out of hand.
10. Although you’re hard up now, it doesn’t meant you can beg anywhere,
just be strong and try to work harder.
in order that
on condition (that)
- He looks as if he’s very tired.
- I can do it if only there weren’t so much noise.
- They left early in order that they can arrive on time
- Yes, on condition the payment is made before-
- He sleeps because he is tired.
- He was injured so badly that he had to go to clinic.
- The boy is there since his dad past away last
- I can walk although my leg injured.
- My mother will stay in the room till night.
- You must avoid him unless he forgive you.
- Please watch my bag while I go to toilet.
- As they were leaving the house, it rained heavily.
- She always has a chat with neighbours before
- Either you or him goes to Kuala Lumpur today.
- Neither Ali nor Alif can sing in the contest.
Always upgrading towards better life!Always upgrading towards better life!
Basic English - a start to the first stepBasic English - a start to the first step
Into the era of IT. – aulia adzInto the era of IT. – aulia adz
happy learning – email@example.com