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air car & working of air car

Publicada em: Engenharia
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  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • These days our world is facing fuel crisis and air pollution. • The primary fuel we are using is gasoline which is expensive and non-renewable. • So an alternate for gasoline has to be adopted. • Compressed air serves this purpose.
  4. 4. AIR CAR The air car is also called as a low pollution or zero pollution cars.  Since the car runs on compressed air it is environmentally friendly. Air cars runs on compressed air instead of gasoline. Air is all around us. Air is nonpolluting.
  5. 5.  It was invented by Guy Niger, a French engineer; in 1991 started Meteor Development International (MDI) Luxembourg.  This will be the World’s First Air Car with Zero Emissions.  The Air Car, called the “MiniCAT”.  The MiniCAT which is a simple, light urban car, with a tubular chassis that is glued, not welded, and a body of fiberglass powered by compressed air.
  6. 6. How do air engines work? The engine is powered by compressed air, stored in a carbon-fiber tank at 30 MPa (4500 psi). The tank is made of carbon fiber in order to reduce its weight. The expansion of this air pushes the pistons and creates movement. The atmospheric temperature is used to re-heat the engine and increase the road coverage. The air conditioning system makes use of the expelled cold air Approximately 90m³ of compressed air is stored in fiber tanks in the vehicle.
  7. 7. PARTS OF AIR CAR COMPRESSED AIR TANK Compressed air tank are one of the most important part of these cars. These tanks hold 90m3 of air to 300 bars. These tanks do not explode in case of accidents since there are no metals in them. BRAKE POWER RECOVERY The MDI vehicles will be equipped with a range of modern systems. One mechanism stops the engine when the car is stationary (at traffic lights, junctions etc). The pneumatic system which recovers about 13% of the power used.
  8. 8. THE BODY The car body is built with fiber and injected foam. This technology has two main advantages: cost and weight.  Fiber is safer (it doesn ´t cut like steel), is easier to repair (it is glued), doesn´t rust etc.
  9. 9. THE AIR FILTER The engine works with both air taken from the atmosphere and air pre-compressed in tanks. Before compression, the air must be filtered to get rid of any impurities that could damage the engine. Carbon filters are used to eliminate dirt, dust, humidity and other particles. The exhaust pipe on the cars produces clean air, which is cold on exit (between -15º and 0º) and is harmless to human life.
  10. 10. THE CHASSIS: Engine has put together highly-resistant, yet light, chassis, aluminium rods glued together. Aluminium rods enables to build more shock resistant chassis than regular chassis. The rods are glued, not welded.  This system helps to reduce manufacture time.
  11. 11. ELECTRICAL SYSTEM: Using a radio transmission system, each electrical component receives signals with a micro- controller. Thus only one cable is needed for the whole car. Instead of wiring each component, one cable connects all electrical parts in the car.  The entire system becomes an anti-theft alarm as soon as the key is removed from the car.
  12. 12. REFILING OF AIR Three modes for fueling tank: Air Stations. Domestic electric plug. Dual-energy mode . 1) The air can be filled at our home by using Air Compressor ,but it requires 3 to 4 hours. 2) And the air can be filled in Air Stations and it requires just 2 to 3 minutes.
  13. 13. SPECIAL FEATURES Computer Screen Showing the speed the car. GPS device. Internet Connection.
  14. 14. DUAL ENERGY MODE SINGLE ENERGY MODE  It uses only compressed air as fuel  It runs completely on compressed air  It causes less pollution DUAL ENERGY MODE  It uses compressed air and also fossil fuels as fuel At over 50km/hr engine will switch to fuel mode It causes more pollution
  16. 16. DEVELOPERS & MANUFACTURERS • APUQ (Association de Promotion des Usages de la Quasiturbine) • MDI (Motor Development International) • Tata motors • AIR Car Factories SA • Energine • Kernelys • Engineair • Honda • Peugeot/Citroen
  17. 17. AIR CARS IN INDIA Tata Motors has signed an agreement with Moteur Development International of France to develop a car that runs on compressed air. making it very economical to run and almost totally pollution free. The car Mini CAT - could cost around Rs 350,000 in India and would have arrange of around 300 km between refuels.  The cost of a refill would be about Rs 90.
  18. 18. ADVANTAGES  Less costly and more effective. Simple in construction. The engine can be massively reduced in size.  Easy to maintain and repair. Lighter vehicles cause less damage to roads. The price of filling air tanks is significantly cheaper than petrol, diesel or bio fuel. Pollution free.
  19. 19. DISADVANTAGES It has relatively less speed. Air pumping stations are less in number. Distance could also become a disadvantage, depending on your travel habits. Refueling at house takes 3-4 hours.
  20. 20. CONCLUSION  Essentially, MDI Has Developed A Modern, Clean, And Cheap Car That Meets Most People’s Needs. Air cars is a realization of latest technology in automobile field. It eliminates the use of non-renewable fuels and Thereby preventing pollution and step to a healthier environment. Mexico government scheduled to replace 45000 cars by air car in highly polluted area of their country.
  21. 21. ANY QUERIES