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Satyajit_Singh_Water and Climate_#theindiadialogue Feb 2023.pdf

  1. Water , Climate Change & Local Governance Voices From Below: Satyajit Singh
  2. “Our approach here was to bring out the voices of the poor that have so far been unheard of in this crisis, generate local data & perspective, & bring to the fore diverse local voices to be heard by policymakers & development partners.”
  3. Who are we & what did we do? Sayla Kumaon Chandbali Kosi River Ladakh Shivpuri Dhar Nuapada UCSB students + WaterAid India + Delhi University + Regionally-based NGOs Collecting community & NGO input on climate change impacts on livelihood & governance Providing policy recommendations for local and regional governments Abhiyan, Aga Khan Development Network, Barh Mukti Andolan, Central Himalayan Rural Action Group, Centre for Advance Research & Development, Pragati Jubak Sangha, Prahit Samaj Sevi Sansthan, Pramath, Regional Centre for Development Cooperation, Swami Vivekanand Youth Movement Bundelkhand
  4. 01 Can we know better? Can we do better?
  5. Positionality Participative & Immersive research throw up ‘aha’ moments through field research. Focus on co- production – asking local partners to frame the questions of inquiry, on issues & concerns at the local level & use of study Praxis (i) a better understanding of marginality, vulnerability, precarity & exploitation, (ii) help formulate collective action, social & institutional transformation; & (iii) policy engagement to design adaptive climate policies that mitigate risks & also proactively address existing social & institutional vulnerabilities Positionality & Praxis
  6. Key PRA Tools Community Mapping Visualizing the village geography and connecting with life and livelihood Focus Group Discussions Engaging in conversations about community members’ experiences Policy Development Developing solutions to the highlighted problems alongside community members Transect Sharing village exp W erie an lc k e with community members
  7. Life Mapping change of quality of life - health, nature & drivers of vulnerability Livelihood Impact & Community adaptations – natural resources & economy Institutions Voice, choice & empowerment for local capacity; synergies between climate & ‘development’ Document changes across different agro-climatic zones & different uses of water
  8. 02 Understanding intersections of water with forests, land & economy Acknowledge the impacts of climate change on vulnerable groups
  9. Sayala, Surendranagar – Gujarat Agriculture, Livelihoods & Culture Climate change’s effects exacerbate existing inequalities & vulnerabilities of poorer communities in Gujarat. “From last two years, rainfall is good but the timings are not right so it is hurting more than helping.” Dhajala village
  10. Chandbali - Odisha
  11. Decreasing rainfall ↓ Decreasing surface water ↓ Increased reliance on groundwater ↓ Increased fluoride exposure Climate Change Vulnerability Disability + Malnutrition ↓ Inability to work ↓ Greater poverty & worsened effects Nuapada: Background and Life Fluorosis
  12. Livelihood Effects on Vulnerability Rationing water ↓ Decreased local food supply & health issues ↓ Greater costs for buying food & medical expenses ↓ Increased poverty Greater time for women collecting less water ↓ Less time for domestic needs /child and elderly care ↓ Family backlash ↓ Increased women’s marginalization Less money & more disability ↓ Inability to migrate or marry into new village ↓ Cycle of drinking unhealthy water ↓ Continued problems More time coping with challenges and fluorosis pain ↓ Less time to pursue solutions & less successful solutions
  13. Nalchha, Dhar – Madhya Pradesh Women in agriculture – Migration of men as agriculture becomes unproductive Rainfall during monsoon months has shifted from 3-4 months to 2- 3 months. There has been a shift from traditional crops to cash crops. Due to the unpredicted rains, the farming cycle has changed & farmers have incurred losses due to Soybeans crop failure.
  14. Sahariya tribes, Shivpuri, MP Neemdada, Madhya Pradesh migrate to Agra, Dholpur, Etawa to dig potatoes & cut wheat Kotka, Madhya Pradesh migrate to ● Magroni, Phagun, & Chait to cut wheat ● Gujarat, Rajasthan ● Bamhori, Stone Quarry Even wheat, gram, millets, mustard & soybean are unsustainable Impact on education, health & basic services for children
  15. 03 Augment Capacity, appreciate the diversity of problems & solutions, build synergies for social protection
  16. Uttarakhand – Springshed Management Building local capacity for Spring recharge program
  17. 04 Strengthen Local Governance
  18. Converging hydraulic & local institutions Upstreaming demand & convergence with wider developmental goals State Capacity, Institutions, Governance & Policy Convergence Social inequalities -Gender, Caste, Tribe Vulnerabilit ies – varieties & depth Migration Agriculture & Livelihoods Health, Hygiene & Sanitation Climate Change & Disasters RR
  19. Thanks! I too have many questions!