Meiosis and mitosis are both forms of cell division. However, the outcomes of these processes differ. Consider a diploid organism with two sexes. Select the reasons why meiosis typically produces genetic variation, whereas mitosis does not. Mitosis produces two identical diploid daughter cells. Independent assortment results in alleles for a gene being passed separately to gametes during meiosis. Genetic material is exchanged between homologous chromosomes in meiosis during crossing over. 1n gametes produced in mitosis fuse to produce 2n cells in meiosis..