1. Senehasa Drug Rehabilitation Center,
MSW/2018-2019/02- Rev Sangapopura Akhila
MSW/2018-2019/12- Kanagasabai Abraham Ragulan
MSW/2018-2019/18- E. D. C. Dilhani
Group Presentation based on field Visit
Social Welfare Provision in Sri Lanka
National Institute of Social Development
3. 1. Introduction
Name and Location “Senehasa” Rehabilitation Center, Thumbowila,
Contact No 0112-613248/ 0773-463649
E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org,
Head of the
Director, Ven. Kuppiyawatte Bodhananda,
Main objectives To rehabilitate drug addicted youth population
Service Users 60
5. 3. Organizational Information
(i). Establishment of the center
- One of the centers of ‘Mithuru Mihuro Movement”
- The movement Established in 1984 as a pilot test by Ven. K. Bodhananda
Thero, for protecting the vulnerable individuals and giving a hope to
- The actual reformation and rehabilitation of youth began to youth offenders
being directed by judiciary in 1987 at Pelmadulla.
- By receiving a sponsorship from the Secretariat of the Colombo Plan, Thero
had an opportunity to practice “The Therapeutic Community Method’ in
-In 1993, the Ministry of Justice registered Mithuru Mithuro movement as
-The movement expanded its services into 5 centers in three districts,
including Senehasa Rehabilitation Center, Piliyandala.
6. Name of the Institute Location & established
Drug treatment and rehabilitation, vocational training, street
children rehabilitation, savings and loan schemes, women
skill development programmes and nutrition programme
Nivahana Watareka (2000) Detoxication and adult house treatment and rehabilitation
Nidahasa Kuruwita (1999) Treatment and adult rehabilitation with collaboration with
Rathnapura Basic Hospital
Nisansala Gampaha (2000) Treatment, Rehabilitation relapse, prevention, outreach
programme and vocational center for elders
Senehasa Piliyandala Drug rehabilitation center for youth population
In addition to above five centers,
• ‘Susaviya Fund”
• ‘4C Recidence- national and international training center
• Apeksha (Drop in Center in Kottawa)
• Liyanviala (women rehabilitation center)
‘Development of human, moral, cultural and spiritual values with a
healthy life style and economic stability’.
We have made it our firm obligation to provide our best efforts to gift
all individuals, irrespective of age, gender, nationality, religion, race or
any other differences, the capacity to lead an inspiringly superior and a
healthy life style in accordance to the norms of nature and the laws of
9. (iv) Roles and Responsibilities of the workers
The main responsibility:
to rehabilitate youth drug addicted individuals by providing proper guidance,
counselling and psychotherapy, especially through practicing The Therapeutic
Three primary techniques of the therapeutic Community system
1. Affectionate motivation: Individuals are addressed compassionately
2. Practical Guidance: With in rehabilitation process, they are advised and
guided by peers.
3. Exemplary Individuals: Senior members who have entered into the society
as a well-rehabilitated individuals are used as resource members to motivate
Staff Members + senior members of the center+ rehabilitated members
10. (v)The Therapeutic Community Method
Orientation Stage (7-12 days)
-Since the absence of drugs, individuals can be aggressive, violent and frustrated
-Managing physical difficulties, herbal beverages, medications and massage are given.
-Continuous guidance and advices from senior members
2. Primary Treatment (7 months)
-Senior members guide to identify strengths, success, failure, weaknesses.
-Behave according to a time table from 530am-10.00 pm
-Appreciating positives + giving personality and spiritual development treatment for faults
-sports, food preparation, cleaning environment, preparing self-evaluation reports, computer training
and maintenance of buildings
3. Pre – reentry stage (3 months)
-Consider as a senior member
-He develops emotional management strategies, while having some opportunities for home visits,
finding jobs, educational and vocational courses
-They are often sent out for daily requirement of the center
4. Reentry stage:
-He made future plans on how to adapt his family and social back.
Using as a resource person who teaches leadership values, personality values to new and intermediate
5. After Care
Evaluate how individuals adapt their family and social environment
By identifying risk factors, he should be acknowledged and helped to overcome.
11. Some other therapeutic Methods
Encounter groups They are trained how to express negative emotions without harming
himself as well as others
Peer groups Dividing them into several groups by giving sub topics which related
to a main topic. As groups they find information regarding their
topics and ultimately as a result of discussing all sub-topics they
build a comprehensive answer regarding the main topic/question.
Peer Confrontation By using interview technique, let individuals to identify problem
New comers are divided into two groups as individuals who spend
more than 45 days or less than 45 days. Younger members are guided
by senior members with their experiences at the center.
12. Assigned roles/ duties/ responsibilities
There are six sections;
Media and agriculture unit
- Leadership hierarchy: chief, deputy chief and members
- For developing personality and leadership characteristics
13. (vi)Impacts of the rehabilitation :
There were around 60 residential members in the Center.
From 2010 to 2015 there were 2995 successive rehabilitations out of 3613
admissions from all centers in Mithuru Mithuro movement
Positive attitudes among members regarding their achievement and development
as well as the service
Funds provided by family of residents was the primary source of funding.
(viii)Strengths/ Needs and problems
Successful stories of individuals can be considered as a strength
commitment of staff members and senior resident members, specific therapeutic
methods and leadership training methodology
If the center has more qualified therapists, counsellors and volunteers, the service
will be more effective and comprehensive.
14. (ix)The Role of Social Worker
Even though there were no social worker at “Senehasa Drug Rehabilitation Center”,
the role of social worker for addressing drug addiction is crucial.
Case Manager/ counsellor/
Assist individuals/ family members
for development and betterment,
Develop a comprehensive treatment
plan, professional care, Post-
Link available resources for need
Community change agent/ advocator/educator/
Conducting awareness/education raising programmes,
identifying vulnerabilities and vulnerable individuals,
Provide a room to talk, research for understanding the
intensity, flow, similarities and diversity patterns of the issue
15. 4.Analysis and reflection
The therapeutic community method can be identified as a specific
and successful rehabilitation methods for drug addiction
Within the setting , all available resources and methodologies have
been productively used.
Positive peer pressure for a successful behaviour and attitudinal
Early intervention for drug addiction is a must, since continuous
usage of drugs generate many physiological and psychological health
If the assistance and practice of social workers can be implemented
in drug rehabilitation process, therapeutic system will be more
16. 5. Conclusion
Drug addiction becomes a contemporary significant issue among societal
members, especially youth population.
Through multi-disciplinary interventions and treatment process it can be
While providing rehabilitation process, it is essential conduct prevention
programmes, by focusing vulnerable groups and individuals.
It is important the role of social worker for prevention, treatment process and
management of drug addiction.
It is essential to develop national framework for treatment by analyzing of
available productive methodologies and resources within public, private and
international rehabilitation institutes.