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An Introduction to Social Issues and Applied Learning

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An Introduction to Social Issues and Applied Learning

  2. 2. MAGIC WAND Pretend you have a magic wand and could make any problem in the world go away, what would you change and why?
  3. 3. WHAT IS A SOCIAL PROBLEM? Transformedblog.com
  4. 4. SOCIAL PROBLEM CONSISTS OF TWO ELEMENTS • Objective Element • Existence of a social condition • Domestic Violence • Smoking Marijuana • Smoking Cigarettes in public • Gang Violence • Loud music • Animal Rights • Homosexuality • Child Labor • Slavery Mooney, L. A., Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2000).
  5. 5. SOCIAL PROBLEM CONSISTS OF TWO ELEMENTS Subjective Element • A group of peoples belief that a particular social condition is harmful to society or a segment of the society and should be changed. Individuals and groups frequently disagree about what constitutes a social problem. Mooney, L. A., Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2000).
  6. 6. SOCIAL PROBLEM DEFINED A social problem is a social condition that a segment of society views as harmful to members of society and in need of remedy. Levels  Local  State  National  International Mooney, L. A., Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2000).
  7. 7. HOW DID WE END UP HERE?  Finding out about a problem Wanting to do something to help Not seeing how you can help Not doing anything about it  Feeling sad, powerless, angry Deciding that nothing can be done  Beginning to shut down Wanting to know less about problems Cycle of Cynicism A Better World Handbook
  8. 8. “THAT’S JUST THE WAY THE WORLD IS” Slavery will always exist Women will never be allowed to vote Whites and Blacks will never share the same classrooms People in wheelchairs will never have access to public buildings Free public school will never happen America will always be a British colony Interracial marriage will never be legalized A Better World Handbook
  9. 9. “IT’S NOT MY RESPONSIBILITY” Whose car causes smog? Whose use of energy causes global warming and climate change? Whose apathy leads to low voter turnouts? Whose frown makes people think that your community is an unfriendly place? Whose purchases keep an unethical company in business? Whose lack of support for a community group causes it to close its doors? A Better World Handbook
  10. 10. “ONE PERSON CAN’T MAKE A DIFFERENCE” Your letter can be the one that changes the behavior of an entire corporation Your vote can elect government officials that really make a difference Your timely call to a friend can change their outlook for the day. Your donation can help an organization meet its goals Your participation can transform a small group of people into the beginnings of a social movement A Better World Handbook
  11. 11. “THIS SEEMS OVERWHELMING” Many people live in contradiction with their values  You wish people were friendlier, but you realize that you are often too busy to smile and say hello  You detest the thought of children slaving away in a sweatshop, yet you buy the clothes or shoes they make A Better World Handbook
  12. 12. “I DON’T HAVE THE TIME OR ENERGY” We surround ourselves with more and more technology to save ourselves some time and then often find ourselves at the mercy of it. In the end it seems as if we have less time and more to get done. When you take the time to reschedule your life based on your deeply held values, you will find all of the time necessary to live a fulfilling life that contributes to others Upon examining your priorities, you may discover that although you value spending time with your family, you actually spend much of your free time watching TV. A Better World Handbook
  13. 13. HOW DO WE BREAK THE CYCLE? Stop blaming others for not doing anything and begin to take personal responsibility for being good citizens in this world. Cycle of Hope  Taking personal responsibility for being a good citizen  Creating a vision of a better world based on your values  Seeking out quality information about the world’s problems  Discovering practical options for action  Acting in line with your values  Recognizing you can’t do everything A Better World Handbook
  14. 14. HOW CAN APPLIED LEARNING IN EDUCATION HELP? Applied learning focuses on preparing students for the workforce by taking the skills learned in the classroom and using them in real-world settings.
  15. 15. TYPES OF APPLIED LEARNING Classroom Applications: Activities that enhance skills and classroom discussion. Global Applications: Expanding global knowledge through in class and out of class opportunities. Workplace Applications: Real world experiences and networking advantages. Service Learning: Community engagement projects that support course objectives and provide social and cultural experiences.
  16. 16. GET STARTED! Tumblr
  17. 17. National service-learning clearinghouse. (2004). What is service-learning? Retrieved from Learn and Serve America’s National Service-Learning Clearinghouse site: http://www.servicelearning.org/page/index.php?detailed=338 Rubin, M. (April 21, 2009). Designing a successful service-learning course: A practical approach [Webinar]. Retrieved on April 23, 2009 from http://www.innovativeeducators.org/v/vspfiles/V4_Backup/serv icelearning2.pdf

Notas do Editor

  • Talking Points:
    (Mooney, Knox, & Schacht, 2000 pp. 2-3)
    What is a Social Problem? There is no universal, constant, or absolute definition of what constitutes a social problem. Rather, social problems are defined by a combination of objective and subjective criteria that vary across societies, among individuals and groups within a society, and across historical time periods.

  • Talking Points:
    Social condition. We become aware of social conditions through our own life experiences, through the media, and through education. We see the homeless, hear gunfire in the streets, and see battered women in hospital emergency rooms. We read about employees losing their jobs as business downsize and factories close. In television news reports we see the anguished faces of parents whose children have been killed by violent youth. Teenagers who play loud music in a public park obviously do not view it as a problem, but some other people may consider it an undesirable social condition. Some nonsmokers view smoking as an undesirable social condition that should be banned or restricted in public buildings.
  • Talking Points:
    Subjective Element- We know that crime, drug addiction, poverty, racism, violence, and pollution exist. These social conditions are not considered social problems, however, unless at least a segment of society believes these conditions diminish the quality of human life.

    Variability in Definitions of Social Problems
    For example, some Americans view the availability of abortion as a social problem, while others view restrictions on abortion as a social problem. Similarly, some Americans view homosexuality as a social problem, while others view prejudice and discrimination against homosexuality as a social problem. Such variations in what is considered a social problem are due to differences in values, beliefs, and life experiences.
    Definitions of social problems vary not only within societies, but across societies and historical time periods as well. For example, prior to the nineteenth century, it was a husband's legal right and marital obligation to discipline and control his wife through the use of physical force. Today, the use of physical force is regarded as a social problem rather than a marital right.
  • Talking Points:
    Every newspaper is filled with stories about undesirable social conditions. Examples include crime, violence, drug abuse, and environmental problems. Such social problems can be found at the local, state, national and international levels. You will be focusing in the Public Policy Analyst on social problems in your own community.
    The four examples of social problems above could possibly exist in all of these communities. For example, there could be a problem of increased stealing within your school or throughout the school district. Likewise, local police agencies—village, town, city and county—maintain statistics on crimes such as thefts within their jurisdiction.
  • Talking Points:
    Deeply ingrained belief that human beings are, and always have been , inherently selfish
    We begin to see the world as a place that will always have social problems therefore do nothing about it.

    Repeat over and over until apathy results
  • IF you look back through history you will discover that the world has always faced seemingly insurmountable challenges: slavery, hunger, warfare, intolerance. How would the world look if people throughout times had just accepted the troubles of their time?

    No point to try to change anything….

    Every situation has been created by humans; therefore, it can be changed by humans
  • I didn’t cause the worlds problems so why should I be responsible for fixing them?

    Appears to be true until you realize that many social problems are created by the daily actions of the millions and millions of people in the world.
  • Problems such as racism, hunger, and inequality seem so big that it’s easy to feel small and powerless. You are only one person in a planet of 6 billion people.
  • We need to begin thinking about what we can provide future generations rather than what we can take for ourselves.
  • Talking Points:
    Applied learning helps students retain up to 85% more information and skills than lecture alone. By bringing real-world application into the classroom students improve critical thinking skills, problem-solving skills, self-confidence, and self-esteem. Applied learning also strengthens instructor-student relationships as well as a helps student’s build a network in the community and outside of our campus. Overall leading to better career outcomes for students.
  • Talking Points:
    Classroom Applications: Activities that enhance skills and classroom discussion.
    Teamwork activities
    iPad activities
    Global Applications: Expanding global knowledge through in class and out of class opportunities.
    Traveling abroad
    Connecting with peers at other GEN schools
    Connecting with other students around the globe
    Workplace Applications: Real world experiences and networking advantages.
    Industry outreach assignments
    Service Learning: Community engagement projects that support course objectives and provide social and cultural experiences.
    Raising funds
    Donation drive
    Volunteer work at a local not-for-profit organization
    Creating awareness
    Finding and gathering information for public interest