ANALYZING A
TEXT
with Literary Analysis
WHAT IS ANALYSIS?
 An interpretation of a text
 Understanding not only what the text says, but also how it tries to
pers...
KEY FEATURES
 SUMMARIZE THE TEXT
 Tell the reader about the main ideas of the text.
 If it is a well-known text, you do...
GENERATING IDEAS
Your goal is to understand what the text says, how it works, and what it
means.
 Read the text carefully...
THE LARGER CONTEXT
To consider the larger context, think about these things:
 Who else cares about the topic?
 Who is th...
ANALYZE THE ARGUMENT
 What is the claim?
 What is the paper’s thesis? What is the stance of the author?
 What support d...
COMING UP WITH A THESIS
 In an analysis, you are arguing that a text should be read in a
certain way.
 Identify your ana...
Organization, Beginnings
& Endings
We will discuss this in class.
However, prepare yourselves by
looking over the chart on...
TAKING STOCK OF YOUR WORK
 For a “checklist” to go over before handing in a final draft, review
page 81 in your textbook.
Reading Assignment
For an understanding how how an
analysis works, please read William
Safire’s “A Spirit Reborn” on pages...
LITERARY ANALYSIS
A LITERARY ANALYSIS…
 …studies a literary text closely to understand messages, interpret
meanings, and appreciate the wri...
KEY FEATURES
 ARGUABLE THESIS
 Argue for your interpretation of the text’s meaning
 CAREFUL ATTENTION TO THE LANGUAGE
...
ELEMENTS OF LITERARY
ANALYSIS
 Character
 The “people” of the story. Who the plot happens to.
 Plot
 The action of the...
CAUSE & EFFECT
Please read…
“Ways of Organizing an Analysis of
Causes and Effects” on pages 320-
31.
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Analysis and Literary Analysis

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Analysis and Literary Analysis

  1. 1. ANALYZING A TEXT with Literary Analysis
  2. 2. WHAT IS ANALYSIS?  An interpretation of a text  Understanding not only what the text says, but also how it tries to persuade its readers and influence them
  3. 3. KEY FEATURES  SUMMARIZE THE TEXT  Tell the reader about the main ideas of the text.  If it is a well-known text, you do not have to have a lot of summary.  ATTENTION TO CONTEXT  What else is being said about the topic? Is the text itself a response to a larger conversation?  CLEAR INTERPRETATION/JUDGMENT  Lead your readers through a “careful examination” of the text to show your interpretation of the content.  Interpret – Explain what you think the text means.  REASONABLE SUPPORT FOR CONCLUSIONS  Using the text to back up your claims/ideas.
  4. 4. GENERATING IDEAS Your goal is to understand what the text says, how it works, and what it means.  Read the text carefully  Annotate and take notes for yourself on the content.  Decide what to analyze  Don’t try to analyze the entire text. Look at one or two specific ideas that connect.  Think about the larger context (next slide)  Consider what you know about the writer/artist  Do research on the author.  Study how the text works  How is it structured?  Analyze the argument (next slide)  Come up with a thesis (next slide)
  5. 5. THE LARGER CONTEXT To consider the larger context, think about these things:  Who else cares about the topic?  Who is the text written for? Why should the reader care?  Ideas presented  What ideas does the author present? What ideas do you have based on the text  Terms used  Are there any terms that you are unfamiliar with? Do the terms used show a specific audience?  Citations made  Who has the author referenced?
  6. 6. ANALYZE THE ARGUMENT  What is the claim?  What is the paper’s thesis? What is the stance of the author?  What support does the writer offer for the claim?  What reason and evidence does the author supply for their argument?  How does the writer appeal to readers?  Appeals to emotions, logic, and character  How evenhandedly does the writer present the argument?  Does the writer use any logical fallacies?  What authorities or other sources of outside information does the writer use?  How does the writer address you as the reader?
  7. 7. COMING UP WITH A THESIS  In an analysis, you are arguing that a text should be read in a certain way.  Identify your analytical goal: how do you want the reader to interpret the original text?  A thesis is NOT a summary of the text.
  8. 8. Organization, Beginnings & Endings We will discuss this in class. However, prepare yourselves by looking over the chart on page 76 in the textbook. Beginnings – pg. 77 Endings – pg. 78
  9. 9. TAKING STOCK OF YOUR WORK  For a “checklist” to go over before handing in a final draft, review page 81 in your textbook.
  10. 10. Reading Assignment For an understanding how how an analysis works, please read William Safire’s “A Spirit Reborn” on pages 62-64 in your textbook.
  11. 11. LITERARY ANALYSIS
  12. 12. A LITERARY ANALYSIS…  …studies a literary text closely to understand messages, interpret meanings, and appreciate the writer’s techniques.
  13. 13. KEY FEATURES  ARGUABLE THESIS  Argue for your interpretation of the text’s meaning  CAREFUL ATTENTION TO THE LANGUAGE  What language does the author use? How does it affect the text?  ATTENTION TO PATTERNS OR THEMES  CLEAR INTERPRETATION  Support your thesis/claim by using evidence from the text itself  Show readers one way the text may be read and understand (as you understand it)
  14. 14. ELEMENTS OF LITERARY ANALYSIS  Character  The “people” of the story. Who the plot happens to.  Plot  The action of the story. What events happen to drive it forward.  Setting  Where the story takes place; When the story takes place.
  15. 15. CAUSE & EFFECT
  16. 16. Please read… “Ways of Organizing an Analysis of Causes and Effects” on pages 320- 31.

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