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Types of Biological Disasters

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Types of Biological Disasters

  1. 1. •There are three categories of biological agents potential enough to cause mass casualties (Center for Disease Control & Prevention). •Category A, B & C •Those in category A have the greatest potential for fear and disruption and most significant public health impacts.
  2. 2. •Moderately easy to disseminate •Moderate morbidity and low mortality •Require improved diagnostic capacity & enhanced surveillance •Viruses: Alphaviruses •Bacteria: Coxiella burnetii (Q fever), Brucella spp. (brucellosis), Burkholderia mallei (glanders) •Toxins: Rinus communis (caster beans) ricin toxin, Clostridium perfringens episolon toxin, Staphylococcus enterotoxin B
  3. 3. •Viruses: Nipah, hantaviruses, tick borne hemorrhagic fever viruses, tick borne encephalitis viruses, yellow fever •Bacteria: Multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis

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