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Film Appreciation and
Theories
Looking at a film more than a source of
entertainment.
Film Defined

A form of art executed through
science…
Parts of a Film/ Motion Picture
I.

Introduction
a) Location
b) Era
c) Characters
Types of Characters
- Protagonist
- Anta...
II. Exposition
III. Climax
IV. Falling Action
V. Conclusion
Dialectic Principle – knowing who’s who
in the motion picture ...
Plot vs. Story

“what is it about?…”
“how does it happen?...”
Film Grammar
Camera shots
 Camera angles
 Camera movements
 Color
 Lights

Mise-en-scene
Aspects of Mise-en-scene:
- Set design
- Lighting
- Space
- Costume
- Make up and hair style
- Acting and bl...
Categories of Film
Realism
 Formalism
Auteur
 Classicism


Diegesis – narrated; a part of the film
which is no longer i...
Film Genre
Genre – classification of films
 Main Film Genre
- Drama
- Action
- Adventure
- Comedy
a. slapstick
b. screwba...
h. Gross – out – films
i. Romantic comedy
Other Hybrid genre:
- Action comedy
- Comedy horror
- Fantasy comedy
- Sci-fi co...








Horror
Musical
Science Fiction
Crime and Gangster
War/ Antiwar
Western
Epic

Non- genre
 Animated
 Britis...
Cult
 Documentary
 Serialized
 Erotic


Sub-genre
 Biopics
 Chick flicks
 Guy films
 Melodrama
 Creature feature
Disaster films
 Detective and mystery
 Fantasy
 Romance
 Film Noir
 Sports
 suspense

Auxillary genre – coming of age
Undertone
Other main genre:
- Supernatural
Principles of Narrative
Construction
How to tell the story
 Relies on the viewer to pick up
cues, anticipate action and r...
Defining the Narrative


Todorov’s Narrative
Theory

Stage 1 – Equilibrium
(there is a state of peace
in which opposing f...
Characterization in Narratives
(by Vladimir Propp)
The hero
 The villain
 The donor
 The dispatcher
 The helper
 The ...
Components of a Character


Physical background
(name, age, features, health)



Sociological background (societal
statu...
Representation
Representation is central to the
understanding of how media texts are
constructed by film makers and how
they are received...
Gender

events

Ethnicity

national/ regional
identities

Age

Issues
Representing the world in
Films

world

script

Film

world
Representation is a process of
SELECTION and CONSTRUCTION.
Representation of Gender

Gender
Masculinity

Sex
Femininity
Men in the media


Traditional concept



Modern concept

-

Rugged features
Mustache
Long hair
Denim
Open shirts and
me...
Common representations of men
in the media


The Joker – the humorous role



The Jock – always willing his own long
ter...


The Big Shot – defined by
professional status; successful



The Action Hero – strong but not
necessarily silent; ofte...
Women in the media


Traditional



Present

-

Domestic
Sex object
Promiscuous
Gentle
Dumb blonde

-

Heroine
Fierce
Co...
Plot vs. Story


Story – all events in a narrative;
explicitly presented or inferred



Plot – the explicit presentation...
Cause and Effect


The characters are the agents



Causal motivation



Assertions (significant sequence on
the movie ...
Time (Helps understand the story)
Temporal Duration – length of the
movie/ imagined time
- Story duration – period of time...
Temporal Order
- the order/ sequence of the story/
event
ex. Flashbacks/ flash forwards





Temporal Frequency
- the ac...
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Film appreciation and theories prelim

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The contents of this presentation are credited to my college professors; Ricky Lee's Trip to Quiapo; field experiences and friends

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Film appreciation and theories prelim

  1. 1. Film Appreciation and Theories Looking at a film more than a source of entertainment.
  2. 2. Film Defined A form of art executed through science…
  3. 3. Parts of a Film/ Motion Picture I. Introduction a) Location b) Era c) Characters Types of Characters - Protagonist - Antagonist - Intervening - Pervading
  4. 4. II. Exposition III. Climax IV. Falling Action V. Conclusion Dialectic Principle – knowing who’s who in the motion picture by looking at the exact opposite.
  5. 5. Plot vs. Story “what is it about?…” “how does it happen?...”
  6. 6. Film Grammar Camera shots  Camera angles  Camera movements  Color  Lights 
  7. 7. Mise-en-scene Aspects of Mise-en-scene: - Set design - Lighting - Space - Costume - Make up and hair style - Acting and blocking - Filmstock - Aspect ratio
  8. 8. Categories of Film Realism  Formalism Auteur  Classicism  Diegesis – narrated; a part of the film which is no longer incorporated because it’s already understood.
  9. 9. Film Genre Genre – classification of films  Main Film Genre - Drama - Action - Adventure - Comedy a. slapstick b. screwball c. dark comedy d. verbal comedy e. comedy of manners f. parody/ spoof g. fish out of water
  10. 10. h. Gross – out – films i. Romantic comedy Other Hybrid genre: - Action comedy - Comedy horror - Fantasy comedy - Sci-fi comedy - Military comedy
  11. 11.        Horror Musical Science Fiction Crime and Gangster War/ Antiwar Western Epic Non- genre  Animated  British film  Family/kids oriented  classic
  12. 12. Cult  Documentary  Serialized  Erotic  Sub-genre  Biopics  Chick flicks  Guy films  Melodrama  Creature feature
  13. 13. Disaster films  Detective and mystery  Fantasy  Romance  Film Noir  Sports  suspense 
  14. 14. Auxillary genre – coming of age Undertone Other main genre: - Supernatural
  15. 15. Principles of Narrative Construction How to tell the story  Relies on the viewer to pick up cues, anticipate action and recall information  Chain of events in cause – effect relationship 
  16. 16. Defining the Narrative  Todorov’s Narrative Theory Stage 1 – Equilibrium (there is a state of peace in which opposing forces are balanced) Stage 2 – Disruption of equilibrium Stage 3 – recognition of disruption of equilibrium Stage 4 – repair of the disruption Stage 5 – return to equilibrium  Robert Mckee’s Classic 5-part Narrative Theory Stage 1 – inciting incident Stage 2 – progressive complications Stage 3 – crisis Stage 4 – climax Stage 5 - resolution
  17. 17. Characterization in Narratives (by Vladimir Propp) The hero  The villain  The donor  The dispatcher  The helper  The princess 
  18. 18. Components of a Character  Physical background (name, age, features, health)  Sociological background (societal status, education, upbringing)  Psychological background (relationship with others, philosophy, past, motivation)
  19. 19. Representation
  20. 20. Representation is central to the understanding of how media texts are constructed by film makers and how they are received by a range of different audiences.
  21. 21. Gender events Ethnicity national/ regional identities Age Issues
  22. 22. Representing the world in Films world script Film world
  23. 23. Representation is a process of SELECTION and CONSTRUCTION.
  24. 24. Representation of Gender Gender Masculinity Sex Femininity
  25. 25. Men in the media  Traditional concept  Modern concept - Rugged features Mustache Long hair Denim Open shirts and medallions Rough and ready Action, violence and toughness - Smooth features Short hair Thoughtfulness Use of cosmetic and hair products Concern for appearance Designer fashion wear Caring and gentle approach - -
  26. 26. Common representations of men in the media  The Joker – the humorous role  The Jock – always willing his own long term health; must fight other men when necessary; aggressive; power and strength; wins the approval of men and adoration of women  The Strong Silent type – decisive; contains emotion; in control
  27. 27.  The Big Shot – defined by professional status; successful  The Action Hero – strong but not necessarily silent; often angry; extremely aggressive; violent  The Buffoon - the clumsy father figure; light-hearted
  28. 28. Women in the media  Traditional  Present - Domestic Sex object Promiscuous Gentle Dumb blonde - Heroine Fierce Confident Self-assured Independent Fun - -
  29. 29. Plot vs. Story  Story – all events in a narrative; explicitly presented or inferred  Plot – the explicit presentation of the story with additional diegetic and nondiegetic material
  30. 30. Cause and Effect  The characters are the agents  Causal motivation  Assertions (significant sequence on the movie leading to its meaning)  Pre-emptive events
  31. 31. Time (Helps understand the story) Temporal Duration – length of the movie/ imagined time - Story duration – period of time referred to in the film (real time) - Screen duration – length of the film/ amount of time that the story is presented - Plot duration – stretches of time depicted in the film/ sequence time; amount of time that passes from the beginning of narration to end 
  32. 32. Temporal Order - the order/ sequence of the story/ event ex. Flashbacks/ flash forwards   Temporal Frequency - the actual length of the film

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