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Landscape Architecture

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Landscape Architecture

  1. 1. landscape architecture… Vishvendu Pandey 1February 2014 B.Arch 4th Year
  2. 2. What is Landscaping?  Landscaping is the design of outdoor public areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social-behavioral, or aesthetic outcomes.  Landscaping provides colours to the building, and it helps to provide the balance in the height of the building visually. It also helps to save energy by providing the shadow to the building.
  3. 3.  It involves the systematic investigation of existing social, ecological, and geological conditions and processes in the landscape. The scope of the profession includes: urban design; site planning; storm water management, parks and recreation planning.  A practitioner in the profession of landscape architecture is called a landscape architect.
  4. 4.  FIELDS OF ACTIVITY  The planning, form, scale and siting of new developments  Storm water management including rain gardens, green roofs, groundwater recharge, and treatment wetlands  Campus and site design for public institutions and government facilities  Parks, botanical gardens, greenways, and nature preserves  Recreation facilities; i.e.: playgrounds, golf courses, theme parks and sports facilities  Housing areas, industrial parks and commercial developments  Estate and residence landscape master planning and design  Highways, transportation structures, bridges, and transit corridors  Urban design, town and city squares, waterfronts, pedestrian schemes, and parking lots  Large to small urban renewal planning and design.
  5. 5.  Landscape Managers uses there knoeledge of landscape process to advise on the long-term care and development of Landcape. They often work infostery, nature conservation and agriculture.  The area around your home is an important part of your living environment. Attractively and functionally landscaped, it can add to your enjoyment of your home. Landscaping can also increase property value, invite wildlife into your yard and conserve energy.  Successful landscaping does not just happen. It requires careful planning and some knowledge of landscape design. You have to consider your home’s architectural features, neighborhood landscape character, the effects you want to create, to your outdoor living  space. It may take several years of planting and construction to achieve your goals, but the first step is planning and designing what you want to end up with
  6. 6. Landscape Style Options  In the past, most home landscapes were either formal or informal.  Formal designs are geometric and symmetrical, with plants and landscape structures precisely spaced and arranged. Informal designs make use of more natural- appearing, irregularly placed plants and structures.  Today, more people want their home landscape to meet physical and social needs. Partly as a result of the environmental movement, which fostered a greater appreciation for nature, we tend to be more interested in informal or naturalistic designs.  Geometric-Structural – geometric structure is primary and plants play a minor role.  Geometric-Natural – structure dominates, but plants and other natural elements play an important, perhaps nearly equal role.
  7. 7.  Natural-Structural – plants, rocks, water and earth forms dominate, but there is a clear sense of geometric arrangement.  Natural – natural elements and materials dominate and there is no obvious human-determined form or structure.  As you go through the planning and design steps that follow, you should have in mind which of these general design styles you want to achieve.
  8. 8. Landscape Planning  Too often, homeowners plant before they plan. Careful planning will help you avoid errors that may interfere with your final landscape design, such as improper plant selection or placement. STEPS- Step 1. Draw a Base Map Step 2. Analyze your lot or farmstead Step 3. Analyze how your Lot or Farmstead Relates to the Neighborhood Step 4. Analyze your Needs Step 5. Plan Outdoor “Use” Areas Step 6. Make Use Area Sketches Step 7. Putting It All Together
  9. 9. Selecting Landscape Plants  There are 3 to consider in selecting plants :  They are, in order you should consider them: Plants Hardiness Site Conditions Suitability for you Landscape Design.  All plants requires a certain sets of growing conditions. The conditions your site offers will determine what plants will grow there.  Soil  Sunlight  Topography  Pollution
  10. 10. Landscape Plans
  11. 11. Principles of Design  Balance  Focalization of Interest  Simplicity  Rhythm and Line  Proportion  Unity

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