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What is India’s biggest social
challenge today and how can the
Indian youth contribute towards
solving it?- p roject
[Type...
India couldbe 40 times bigger by 2050, andmay also have the potential to be larger than the
US by that time. To achieve th...
public institutions to deliver public services in the face of rising expectations. A large gap
between physical access to ...
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  1. 1. What is India’s biggest social challenge today and how can the Indian youth contribute towards solving it?- p roject [Type theabstractofthedocumenthere. Theabstracti stypical lyashortsummaryofthecontentsofthedocument. Type theabstractofthedocumenthere. Theabstractistypi call yashortsummaryofthecontentsofthedocument.] 14’-15’ Kiran Teresa Kaith NIIT Behala Centre 14’-15’
  2. 2. India couldbe 40 times bigger by 2050, andmay also have the potential to be larger than the US by that time. To achieve this, however, India needs to implement many changes. These are the findings of a global research report on 'Ten Things for India to Achieve its 2050 Potential', brought out by JimO'Neill, HeadGlobal Research at Goldman Sachs, andTushar Poddar, V-P Research, Asia Economic Research Teamat Goldman Sachs India. The reports lists a number of things for India to do, such as improving its governance, controlling inflation, introducingcredible fiscal policy, liberalising financial markets and increasing trade with its neighbours. 'Deliveryof all these andmore would ensurestrong, persistent, medium-to-long-term growth, allowing India to reach its amazing potential,' it says. Here are the 10 top challenges for India The Governance Without better governance, delivery systems andeffective implementation, India will find it difficult to educate its citizens, build its infrastructure, increase agricultural productivityandensure that the fruits of economic growth are well established. Governance problems stemfromthe increasing inabilityof the government and
  3. 3. public institutions to deliver public services in the face of rising expectations. A large gap between physical access to services andthe quality of services provided is leadingto a citizen satisfaction gap. Education Among more micro factors, raising India's educational achievement is a major requirement to help achieve the nation's potential. Accordingto the basic indicators, a vast number of India's young people receive no (or only the most basic) education. A major effort to boost basic education is needed. A number of initiatives, such as a continued expansion of Prathamand the introduction of Teach First, for example, shouldbe pursued.
  4. 4. Control Inflation For a nation that is rightly proud of its democracyand has a history of reasonable stability in terms of inflation, formal Inflation Targeting (IT) shouldbecome a centrepiece of a clearer, more definedandcredible medium-termframeworkfor macroeconomic stability. As part of this, greater independence for the Reserve Bank of India andthe abolishment of all FX controls arerecommended. We are well aware of some of the difficulties, both real andperceived, for India to adopt these choices, but it is in India's best long-terminterests to undertake these steps. IT has given major benefits to a broad varietyof countries, ranging from'developed' countries (such as NewZealand, Sweden and the UK) to 'developing' ones (such as Brazil, Korea andSouth Africa). For India, there are probablybroader powerful benefits. ImproveEnvironmentalQuality India's high population density,extreme climate and economic dependence on its natural resource basemake environmental sustainability critical in maintaining its development path.
  5. 5. History is replete with instances of societies that have depleted their natural resources in the course of their development, thereby leading to severe loss of growth, andin some spectacular cases (e.g., Easter Island) a complete collapse of the civilization.Although such dire prognostications are premature, urbanisation, industrialisation and ongoing global climate change will take a heavy toll on India's environment, if not managedbetter. Economic Issues Poverty Religious Violence
  6. 6. Poverty India suffers from substantial poverty According to World Bank's estimates on poverty based on 2005 data, India has 456 million people, 41.6%of its population, living below the new international povertyline of $1.25 (PPP) perday. The world Bank further estimates that 33% of the global poor now reside in India. Moreover, India also has 828 million people, or 75.6%of the population living below$2 a day, compared to 72.2% for Sub-Saharan Africa. Official figures estimate that 27.5%of Indians lived belowthe national poverty line in 2004–2005. A 2007 report by the state-run National Commission for Enterprises in the UnorganizedSector (NCEUS) found that 25%of Indians, or 236million people, livedon less than 20 rupees perday with most working in "informal labour sector with no job or social security, living in abject poverty.”
  7. 7. ReligiousViolence Constitutionally India is a secular state, but large-scale violence have periodically occurred in India since independence. In recent decades, communal tensions and religion-based politics have become more prominent. In Jammu & Kashmir, since March 1990, estimates of between 250,000 to 300,000 pandits have migrated outside Kashmir due to persecution by Islamic Fundamentalists in the largest case of ethnic cleansing since the partition of India. The proportion of Kashmiri Pandits in the Kashmir valley has declined from about 15% in 1947 to, by some estimates, less than 0.1% since the insurgency in Kashmir took on a religious and sectarian flavor. Many Kashmiri Pandits have been killed by Islamic terrorists in incidents such as the Wandhama massacre and the 2000 Amarnath Pilgrimage massacre. In 1990s, violent attacks on Christians in India were reported. The acts of violence include arson of churches, forced conversion of Christians to Hinduism, distribution of threatening literature, raping of nuns, murder of Christian priests and destruction of Christian schools, colleges, and cemeteries. The Sangh Parivar and related organisations have stated that the violence is an expression of "spontaneous anger" of "vanvasis" against "forcible conversion" activities undertaken by missionaries, a claim described as "absurd" and rejected by scholars. Between 1964 and 1996, thirty-eight incidents of violence against Christians were reported.In 1997, twenty-four such incidents were reported. In 2007 and 2008 there was a further flare up of tensions in Odisha, the first following the Christians' putting up a Pandhal in land traditionally used by Hindus and the second after the unprovoked murder of a Hindu Guru and four of his disciples while observing Janmashtami puja. This was followed by an attack on a 150-year-old church in Madhya Pradesh and more attacks in Karnataka.
  8. 8. The role of youth is of most importance in today’s time. It has underplayed itself in fieldof politics. It should become aspiring entrepreneur rather than mere workers. It can play a vital role in elimination of terrorism. Young participation is important because youth are the country’s power. Youth recognize problems andcan solve them. Youthare strong forces in social movements. They educate children about their rights. Theyhelpother young people attain a higher level of Intellectual abilityand to become qualified adults. The youth are the most vital human resource of the nation on whomthe present and future of the country depend. The Department of Youth Affairs andSports is implementing a number of schemes for youth development. Our Five Year Plans have also laidemphasis on the importance of the youth in national development, the needs of the youth and training of the youth leadership and to harness their vast potential for creative causes.A National Youth Policy was framed in the Seventh Plan and a plan of action formulated in 1992. The National Youth Policyseeks to provide the youth with new opportunities to participate in nation building. The responsibilityfor change, progress and innovation lies on today’s youth shoulders. Youth can make or mar society. The educatedyouthshould initiatesteps to teach the illiterate people in their neighborhood. Theycouldteach themelementaryreading and writing and also educate themabout hygiene and the needfor cleanliness. Theyshould also be informed about the harmful effects of drinking, smoking andchewing tobacco. Lowstatus of women in society, highdegree of illiteracyand denial of basic amenities to the rural folkhas been a result of unawareness among the masses about their rights and privileges. The schemes framedby the government for their benefit never reach the needy. Theeducated youth shouldinitiate steps to teach theilliterate people in their neighborhood. Theycouldteach themelementary reading andwriting andalso educate themabout hygiene andthe needfor cleanliness. They should also be informed about theharmful effects of drinking, smoking and chewing tobacco. The government has become conscious of theneed to tap the youth power.
  9. 9. With the lowering of the voting ageto 18 years, the youth have suddenly become politically important because they can decisivelytilt the political scales in a general election. Realizing this, all the political parties are tryingto woo the youth by including the issues relating to the youth in their political agenda. The youth should not become a pawn in the hands of the politicians, but should remain judicious. The youth shouldcast their vote after serious deliberations on the character and policies of the politicians. Undoubtedly, in the India of tomorrowthe youthare going to playa decisive role in choosing their leaders. -“Youth is the joy, the little bird that has broken out of the eggs and is eagerly waiting to spread out its wings in the open sky of freedom and hope.”

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