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Predatory journals and the impact on the scholarly publishing community final presentation

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Presentation of predatory journals at the UNISA Research and Innovation Week programmes in March and August 2015.

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Predatory journals and the impact on the scholarly publishing community final presentation

  1. 1. Predatory journals and the impact on the scholarly publishing community UNISA Research & Innovation Week, March & August 2015 Mariëtte Enslin & Sibabalwe Oscar Masinyana Taylor & Francis Africa 1
  2. 2. Defining Open Access 2
  3. 3. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 3Taylor & Francis Just to clarify…defining Open Access (OA) 3  OA content still undergoes peer review  Gold OA  final article (Version of Record)  Article made freely available online (often but not always after payment of an article publishing charge (APC))  Green OA  archiving / deposit of an earlier version of an article in a repository Two elements: 1) making content freely available online to read 2) Making content reusable by third parties with little or no restrictions A ‘profusion of confusion’ Myriad terms used to define Open Access, often contradictory! We now talk about Gold and Green, but each have different shades….
  4. 4. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 4Taylor & Francis Defining OA cont. Focus on clarity – our video defines Gold and Green OA in 90 seconds See www.tandfonline.com/page/openaccess for more OA information 4
  5. 5. Defining Predatory Open Access 5
  6. 6. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 6Taylor & Francis Why ‘Predatory’? • "Predatory publishers use deception to appear legitimate, entrapping researchers into submitting their work and then charging them to publish it" – Jeffrey Beall • Internationally, increasing need to publish quota of research for graduation/promotion – Demand exceeding supply (legitimate journals) – ‘entrepreneurs’ seeing excess demand, providing a quick ‘solution’ • Able to exploit this situation via 2 main routes: – Victims: Lack of author awareness, esp. dev. countries – Co-conspirators: knowingly wanting immediate, unethical results • Aggressive or predatory in soliciting submissions 6
  7. 7. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 7Taylor & Francis Characteristics 7
  8. 8. Friend or foe? 8
  9. 9. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 9Taylor & Francis How do I differentiate them? • Apply a rigorous academic process in selecting your journal! – Interrogate info provided: does it translate into action, proof? – Do you frequently read the journal? Have you cited it? – Do leading scholars in the field publish in it, not just from your own institution or network? • What value do they add? What are you paying for? • What do reputable journals/publishers do beyond mere publication? – Statement of publishing ethics, COPE membership – Marketing and discoverability for your paper – Digital content preservation, (C)LOCKSS 9
  10. 10. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 10Taylor & Francis Trust, Authority and Quality • Validation of integrity of scholarly research, reinforced by: Journal brand; Editors and Board expertise; Publisher brand; and Society brand – Society and Publisher brands increasingly important marks of trust, authority and peer review standards, scientific authority, especially in Open/Public Access world – Journal brand still key signifier of authority, trust and quality standards enshrined in rigorous peer review. • New peer review processes being experimented with – pilots will provide evidence of popularity and effectiveness of new models 10
  11. 11. Impact of Predatory OA 11
  12. 12. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 12Taylor & Francis Impact on you as researcher • Longer term reputation and career prospects sacrificed for immediate gains. – No academic gain (no peer review, value added) • Permanent stain on your academic reputation • Even if your research is sound, it will likely be disregarded by the academic community if published in a predatory journal • Waste of your research funding – could be held accountable by your funding agency 12
  13. 13. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 13Taylor & Francis Impact on the broader community • Every good paper published in a predatory journal is one fewer keeping legitimate journals afloat • No academic contribution being made, which no-one will then build upon & publish new research on • Similarly: unethical practices such as using local journals for free manuscript improvement & then retracting a paper to submit internationally • Authors are fuelling this damaging fire 13
  14. 14. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 14Taylor & Francis 14 Damages the scholarly journal publishing value chain Author publishes ms PREDATORY JOURNAL LEGITIMATE JOURNAL No opportunity for improvement, vetting PEER REVIEW & VALUE Improved ms after peer review, copy-editing Readership, citations New research building upon what was published
  15. 15. Conclusion 15
  16. 16. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 16Taylor & Francis Main points to carry forward • Don't blame the predatory journals - think critically and engage in your research community. • Uphold publishing ethics yourself, don't do anything to compromise that as it will reflect on your career • Not black and white - there is no single identifier or single list that can be used • Always publish in journals that uphold international academic standards and have a statement of publishing ethics 16
  17. 17. Predatory Journals  March and August 2015  screen 17Taylor & Francis Sources and useful reading: • How to target a journal that’s right for your research. Ravi Murugesan, SciDevNet, 15 Dec 2014. http://www.scidev.net/global/publishing/practical- guide/target-journal-right-research-communicate- publish.html • Scholarly Open Access: Critical Analysis of Scholarly Open- Access Publishing. Jeffrey Beall. http://scholarlyoa.com/ • Predatory Publishing. Jeffrey Beall, The Scientist, 1 Aug 2012. http://www.the- scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/32426/title/Predator y-Publishing/ • Predatory publishers: the bane of open access publishing. Carina van Zyl, CSIR, 20 October 2014. http://liasa.org.za/sites/default/files/notices/Carina%20van %20Zyl%20-%20HSRC%20talk-Predatory%20publishers- 15Oct2014.pdf 17
  18. 18. Thank you! Mariette Enslin & Sibabalwe Oscar Masinyana Taylor & Francis Africa Email: Africa@tandf.co.za Twitter: @TandF_Africa 18

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