This story dates back
to between 500-
The Ramayana is
one of the most
important stories in
Indian culture and
Indian culture and
arts for thousands
The story is often
retold in different ways
such as drama, dance
Hindus believe that Brahman, their God has many different forms.
The three main forms are
• Brahma (The Creator)
• Vishnu (The Preserver)
• Shiva (The Destroyer).
Vishnu is said to have visited the earth 12 times in different forms. The
Ramayana is the story of one of these visits to earth when Vishnu took
the form of Rama, a Prince.
1. Read the story of the Ramayana, as you are reading the story
annotate it. Use the following as a guide.
Main Events- Yellow
Underline any parts you find confusing.
Write down any questions you have as you go through the story.
When Rama’s father wanted to stand down from the throne and
hand the reign over to his eldest son Rama, he was reminded of
two promises he had made to his second wife. He had promised
her that their son Barata would succeed as king and that Rama
was to be sent into exile into the forest for fourteen years. To help
his father to make this difficult decision, Rama gave up the throne
and willingly left going into the forest with his wife Sinta and his
half brother Laksmana. Sadly, stricken with grief, Rama’s father
1. Who are the main characters of the story?
2. Are there any parts of the story that you
3. Do you think this is a true story? Explain
Why do you think this story has been
retold for thousands of years?
Write down as many examples of Good versus Evil you can think of
- Think about History, Films, Books, Television, News.
Where is the examples of Good vs. Evil in
What does this tells Hindus about god?
How might Hindus reflect on this story in
their everyday lives?
Rama is one of the avatars
of Vishnu. Vishnu is one of
the main forms of Brahman,
the Hindu God.
• Create a Twitter Feed retelling the story of the
• You will need to design avatars for the main
• You can use appropriate hashtags.
• Remember you can only use 149 characters.
I can apply my knowledge of the
Ramayana to the everyday lives
of Hindus both in Scotland and
This festival is celebrated annually in either
October or November. It marks the beginning of
a New Year in Hinduism; as well as Jainism and
It is the festival of lights - the lights symbolising
the triumph of good over evil.
It is a 5 day festival that involves fireworks,
sweets, gifts and parties.
During the festival the story of Rama and Sita is
retold through songs, dance and drama.
Create a performance that retells the story of Rama and Sita that could
be performed at a Diwali celebration.
It can be a mime, a dance or a song.
You must highlight the triumph of Good over Evil.
Discuss how the story may have ended if the following things were
1. Rama refused to go to the forest.
2. Rama never met Hanuman.
3. Rama never defeated Ravana.
I can evaluate Hindu beliefs
about humankind through my
knowledge of the Ramayana.
Write a word cloud or a
mind map about what you
think Scottish culture is and
what makes Scotland
Messages of the Ramayana and Diwali
•Good always conquers Evil
•There should be Love and Loyalty in families.
•Hindus should show respect for all.
•Hindus should welcome everyone of all
•Celebrations of Light at New Year.