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Civil War in Russia

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Civil War in Russia

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Civil War in Russia

  1. 1. Russia Civil War Key Terms, Events, Names: Brest – Litovsk, Sovnarkom, Cheka, The Whites, The Czech Legion, Comintern, General Anton Denikin, Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Admiral Alexander Kolchak, General Peter Wrangel, General Nikolai Yudenich
  2. 2. ‘Peace at any price’ was how the Treaty of Brest - Litovsk was viewed by Lenin Starter: Treaty of Brest- Litovsk LO: Examine the impact that the Brest- Litovsk played in causing the Russian Civil War. TASK: On your copy of the source annotate each part of the image and state what this suggests. Use the quote above to help. REVIEW: Popularity of the Bolshevik Decrees. Which were the most popular and which were hated by the Russians?
  3. 3. Terror – use of Cheka, secret police Central political control - Sovnarkom Legal system abolished and replaced with ‘revolutionary justice.’ Incentives for Russian workers and peasants ‘peace, bread and land’ in order to build up support ‘class warfare’ – state sanctioned violence against the burzhui (bourgeoisie or middle class). Opposition parties banned How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power
  4. 4. Russia Lost: Vast areas of land in the western country, including: Finland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine 34% of its population 32% of its agricultural land 54% of its industry 26% of its railways 89% of its coalmines Final blow – had to also pay 300 million gold roubles Treaty of Brest-Litovsk LO: Examine the impact that the Brest- Litovsk played in causing the Russian Civil War.
  5. 5. • I would like you to put the impacts of the the treaty in to categories. How you sort them is up to you. • Now consider the titles SOCIAL, ECONOMIC and POLITICAL. Will this change your groupings? • Consider the possible impacts this could have on Russia. Are these positive or negative? Taking it further: How could the impacts of this treaty lead to a civil war in Russia? Impact of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk LO: Examine the impact that the Brest- Litovsk played in causing the Russian Civil War.
  6. 6. Russian Civil War 1917-22 The Russian Civil War was a war between the Reds and the Whites, but who were they and why did they take the side that they did? The Russian Civil War was a war between the Reds and the Whites, but who were they and why did they take the side that they did?
  7. 7. Reds = Communist (Bolsheviks) Whites = opponents (Tsarists and nobles, middle class constitutional democrats, Mensheviks, SR) AimsStay in Power in order to build new Socialist society. Different aims due to different interests. Common aim to defeat the Communists Geographical factorsHeld central area of west Russian – contained large industries. Controlled railways. Scattered around outer perimeter of communist controlled Moscow.  Communication difficulties. Leadership and unityTrotsky – true leader and courageous Special train Lacked good leader to bring all the Whites together. Lack of trust Infighting within the armies Reds vs. Whites
  8. 8. Causes of the Russian Civil War World support for the opposition The Bolsheviks set up the Comintern. It said it would cause communist revolutions all over the world. So foreign countries (also angry because Russia had dropped out of World War I) sent armies to destroy the Bolsheviks – British, American and French armies attacked from Archangel, Ukraine, and Vladivostock. Opposition forces unite to form the Whites •Social Revolutionaries ejected from the Assembly, •the Mensheviks, •the Tsarists, •former army officers angry about the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, •landlords who had lost their land. •Starvation led to increasing opposition Opposition forces unite to form the Whites •Social Revolutionaries ejected from the Assembly, •the Mensheviks, •the Tsarists, •former army officers angry about the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, •landlords who had lost their land. •Starvation led to increasing opposition Increasing attacks/attempts to overthrow the Bolsheviks Particularly The Czech Legion. In 1918 some Czech prisoners of war who were being taken across Russia mutinied, took control of the Trans- Siberian Railway, and attacked towards Moscow. Increasing attacks/attempts to overthrow the Bolsheviks Particularly The Czech Legion. In 1918 some Czech prisoners of war who were being taken across Russia mutinied, took control of the Trans- Siberian Railway, and attacked towards Moscow.
  9. 9. Causes of the Russian Civil War 1. Put these four causes into an order of importance. 2. Briefly explain the cause you think is the most important. 3. Can you find any links between the causes that mean they are equally important in leading to a civil war? 1. Put these four causes into an order of importance. 2. Briefly explain the cause you think is the most important. 3. Can you find any links between the causes that mean they are equally important in leading to a civil war?
  10. 10. Key Events of the Russian Civil War
  11. 11. Identify the role and the key events that each of the below played in the Russian Civil War? General Anton Denikin General Anton Denikin Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Tukhachevsky Admiral Alexander Kolchak Admiral Alexander Kolchak General Peter Wrangel General Peter Wrangel General Nikolai Yudenich General Nikolai Yudenich LeonTrotskyLeonTrotsky TheCzechLegionTheCzechLegion TheChekaTheCheka

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