53 sep-oct2006

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53 sep-oct2006

  1. 1. 3 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 ã¨OѨ٘ 6 ã¨OzHõ 1–5 ã¨OYº 20 D ã¨OzHõÖ’...... K«O^•Å∞, ~°K«#Å∞ ѨOѨ=Åã≤# z~°∞<å=∂ : a.*’ºu Z_ç@~ü, =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO 3–6–779/6, gkä <≥O.14, Ç≤Ï=∂Ü«∞`ü#QÆ~ü ÃÇ·Ï^Œ~åÉÏ^£ – 29 á¶È<£ – 040 27625245 ^≥·fi=∂ã≤Hõ Ѩ„uHõ Hõ=~ü _ç*ˇ·<£, =Ú„^Œ} : K«i`« WO„ÃÑ+¨<£û =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO q_çHÍÑ‘ – ~°∞.10/– ã¨O=`«û~° K«O^• – ~°∞.50/– rq`« K«O^• – ~°∞.300/– ã¨Oáê^ŒHõ=~°æO a.*’ºu (Z_ç@~ü) a.J#∂~å^èŒ _®.Ñ≤.q[Ü«∞ÅH˜∆‡ Ñ≤.[Ü«∞ Ñ≤.J#Å ã¨ÅǨ=∞O_»e Hõ$ëê‚ÉÏ~Ú x~°‡ÖÏ~å}˜ =#=∂Å HÍ`åºÜ«∞x q^Œ‡¿ÇÏ H˘O_ÕѨÓ_çx~°‡Å Ñ≤.ã¨`«º=u HÍ`åºÜ«∞x â◊tHõà◊ mahilamargam@rediffmail.com "¨ã¨Oáê^ŒH©Ü«∞O : „ѨuѶ¨∞@<Õ W"åeì Hõ~°Î=ºO 3 " ã¨O㨇~°} : ^Œ$_è» ã¨OHõÖÏÊxH˜ =∞~À¿Ñ~°∞ ~°l`« – ~å^èŒ 5 " K«i„`«Ö’=∞Ç≤Ïà◊ : Pk"åã‘, Ô~·`åOQÆ L^Œº=∂ÅÖ’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å áê„`« – q. QÍiæ 8 " Hõ^äŒ : Ѩ^ŒÌ=∞‡ ZO`« ÃÑ^ŒÌOQÆ∞O@^À! – _®.Ñ≤.q[Ü«∞ÅH˜∆‡ 14 "¢ã‘ÎÅ∞ – ~å[ºÇ≤ÏO㨠: Ѩk¿ÇÏ_»∞ <≥ÅÖ’¡ 46 =∞Ok =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å#∞ ǨÏ`«=∂iÛ# "≥·Zãπ „ѨÉèí∞`«fiO – a.J#∂~å^èŒ 16 " "åºã¨O : „Ѩ`ÕºHõ `≥ÅOQÍ} L^Œº=∂xfl =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ |ÅѨ~°Kåe – ÉÏQÍ=∞u 19 " g∞_çÜ«∂Ö’¢ã‘Î : '=∂`«$„¿Ñ=∞ ÔQÅ∞Ѩٗ HÍ^Œ∞–Ñ≤`«$™êfi=∞º ÉèÏ=*ÏÅO... – ã≤ÃÇÏKü ~ÀÇ≤Ï}˜ 23 " "åºã¨O : 'ã¨ÖÏfiA_»∞O— HÍ^Œ∞ ã¨~å¯s AÅ∞O – a.ã¨∞jÅ 25 "iáÈ~°∞ì : Öˇ·OyHõ "ÕkèOѨÙʼnõΩ QÆ∞~“`«∞#fl L^Àºy#∞ʼnõΩ..... – a.*’ºu 28 " Hõq`« : [~° Éèí„^ŒO a_®¤! – N^Õq 30 "iáÈ~°∞ì : JdÅÉèÏ~°`« Ããq∞<å~ü 31 "ã¨ÊO^Œ# : WOHÍ... 'PÜ«∞# ÃÑàÏ¡O PÜ«∞x+¨ìO— ~ÀAÖË<å? – _®.Ñ≤.q[Ü«∞ÅH˜∆‡ 34 "áÈ~å@„ã¨=OuÖ’.... : 35 " "åºã¨O : „¿Ñ=∞, áêu„=`«ºO, "Õâߺ=$uÎ – ÃÑiÜ«∂~ü 48 " "åºYº : H˘O_»<åÅ∞Hõ‰õΩ =∞O^Õ¿ãÎ... – ã≤ÃÇÏKü ~ÀÇ≤Ï}˜ 51 "áê~î°‰õΩÅ"ÕkHõ : „Ѩ`åº=∂flÜ«∞ ã¨O㨯$ux xi‡^•ÌO – J=∞$`« 53 "ÖËY : – =∞}˜ 56
  2. 2. 4 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 QÆ∞iÎOѨ٠=∂~°∞ʉõΩ ^•ifÜ«∂Å<Õ PHÍOHõ∆`À =∞#ã¨=∂[O ¢ã‘ÎÅ#∞XHõ~°HõOQÍ#∂ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ#∞=∞~À~°HõOQÍ#∂x~°fizOzOk.¢ã‘ÎxѨÙ~°∞+¨µ_çH˜ÉÏxã¨QÍ =∂ˆ~Û„Hõ=∞OÖ’<ÕDx~°fiK«<åÅ∞=KåÛ~Ú.|ÅOQÍ"Õà◊¥§#∞‰õΩ<åfl~Ú.D~ÀAJqZO`«QÍ=∞#rq`«OÖ’'ã¨Ç¨Ï[O— J~ÚáÈÜ«∂Ü«∞O>Ë Jã¨Å∞ =∞#O `Õ_® =ÙO^Œx QÆ∞iÎOK«ÖË#O`«QÍ. '¢ã‘ΠѨÙ~°∞+¨µe^ŒÌ~°∞ =∞#∞+¨µÖË Hõ^•– "åà◊§ =∞^茺 D `Õ_® ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ =ÙOk— J<Õ PÖ’K«# ‰õÄ_® ~å#O`«QÍ Jq =∞#‰õΩ JÅ"å@~ÚáÈÜ«∂~Ú. =∞i D Ѩiã≤÷u =∂~åÛÅO>Ë–XHõq+¨Ü«∂xflQÆ∞iοãÎ`«~åfi`«^•xfl=∂ˆ~Û,=∂~°∞Û‰õΩ<ՄѨܫ∞`«flOKÕÜ«∞QÆÅO. 'QÆ∞iÎOK«_»O—J<Õ"≥Ú^Œ˜J_»∞QÆ∞"ÕÜ«∞_®xH˜ 'q=Hõ∆— ji¬Hõ#∞„áê~°OaèOKåO.Wkáê~î°‰õΩÅji¬Hõ. 'L"≥∞<£ =~°Öò¤— Jx ¿Ñ~°∞ ÃÑ@∞ì‰õΩ#fl ëêѨÙÅ∞ Jhfl =O˜O˜ ™ê=∂#∞Å<Õ J=∞‡_»O ^ŒQÆæ~° #∞Oz, á¶êºHõìsÖ’¡ =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ HÍi‡‰õΩʼnõΩ `«‰õΩ¯= "Õ`«<åÅ∞ ~Ú=fi_»O ^•HÍ „Ѩux`«ºO ¢ã‘ÎÅ∞ Z^Œ∞~˘¯<Õ q=Hõ∆ QÆ∞iÎOz `«=∞ J#∞Éèí"åÅ #∞O_ç, ѨijÅ# #∞O_ç áê~î°‰õΩÅ∞ ~åã≤ ѨOáêÅx HÀ~°∞`«∞<åflO. =∞#Ö’ =∞#ˆH `≥b‰õΩO_® ¿Ñ~°∞‰õΩáÈ~Ú# áê`«|∂A#∞=keOK«∞HÀ=_®xH˜‰õÄ_®Dji¬HõLѨÜ≥∂QÆѨ_®Å<Õ^ÕPHÍOHõ∆. 'ã¨ÊO^Œ#— ^•K«∞HÀ_®xH˜ HÍ^Œ∞ ѨOK«∞HÀ_®xH˜! x`«ºrq`«OÖ’ '¢ã‘ÎÅ∞—QÍ =∞#O Z<Àfl J#∞Éèí"åÅ#∞ Z^Œ∞~˘¯O@∞<åflO. =∞# K«∞@∂ì Z<Àfl ã¨OѶ¨∞@#Ö’¡ ¢ã‘ÎÅ∞ ÉÏ^èŒÅ‰õΩ QÆ∞~°=Ù`«∞<åfl~°∞. H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ ¢ã‘ÎÅ∞ "å˜x Z^Œ∞~˘¯O@∂ =ÙOÏ~°∞. XHÀ¯™êi q[Ü«∞=O`«=∞=Ù`å~°∞. XHÀ¯™êi qѶ¨Å"≥∞ÿ<å qÅ∞"≥·# QÆ∞}áê~îåÅ#∞ <Õ~°∞ÛH˘x =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ "≥à◊¥Î =ÙOÏ~°∞. W=hfl =∞#H© [~°Q˘K«∞Û ‰õÄ_®. WÖÏO˜ ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ =∞#O^ŒiÖ’ U^À XHõ Hõ∆}OÖ’<Õ HÍ=K«∞Û– nxfl JO^ŒiH© K≥áêÊe, JO^Œi`À ѨOK«∞HÀ"åe, nxfl ~åã≤ JO^Œi`À K«kqOKåe J<Õ ÉèÏ=O HõÅ∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok. =∞#O QÆ=∞xOz# XHõ q+¨Ü«∂xfl, =∞#O <Õ~°∞Û‰õΩ#fl XHõ q+¨Ü«∂xfl, ÖË^• =∞#O K«eOzáÈ~Ú# ã¨OѶ¨∞@#x QÍh =∞#Ö’<Õ ^•K«∞HÀ"åÅxÑ≤OK«^Œ∞, ѨOK«∞HÀ"åÅxÑ≤ã¨∞ÎOk. JO^Œ∞HÀã¨"Õ∞ D 'ã¨ÊO^Œ#— ji¬Hõ. W<åflà◊√§QÍ "≥eH˜f¿ã "ÕkHõ ÖËHõ g∞Ö’ ^•y =Ù#fl J<ÕHõ ÉèÏ"åʼnõÄ, PÖ’K«#ʼnõÄ, ã¨ÊO^Œ#‰õÄ JHõ∆~°~°∂áêxfl=fiO_ç. g∞~°∞ ~åÜ«∂Å#∞‰õΩ#fl ã¨OѶ¨∞@#Åx ã¨ÊO^Œ# ji¬HõH˜ ѨOѨO_ç. <åÅ∞QÆ∞QÀ_»Å =∞^茺 =∞#efl |OkèOz, =∞#efl XHõi`À XHõix HõÅ=‰õΩO_® =∞# PÖ’K«#efl ѨOK«∞HÀx=fi‰õΩO_® KÕã¨∞Î#fl ã¨=∂[ Hõ@∞ìÉÏ@¡#∞ KèÕk^•ÌO. =∞# ã¨ÊO^Œ#efl ѨOK«∞H˘O^•O! D ji¬Hõ g∞k.
  3. 3. 5 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 „ѨuѶ¨∞@<Õ W"åeì Hõ~°Î=ºO ã¨Oáê^ŒH©Ü«∞O Jk ‰õΩ@∞O|O ֒ѨŠѨÙ~°∞+¨™êfi=∞º Ç≤ÏO㨠HÍ=K«∞Û, ã¨=∂[OÖ’ JO`«~åÅ =º=ã¨÷#∞ HÍáê_ÕO^Œ∞‰õΩ J„QÆ=~°‚ JǨÏOHÍ~°OQÍ<À, Ç≤ÏO^Œ∂ =∞`À<å‡^ŒOQÍ<À ¢ã‘ÎÅg∞^Œ J=∞ÅÜÕ∞º Ç≤ÏO㨠HÍ=K«∞Û, `«=∞ ã¨=∞㨺ŠѨiëê¯~°O HÀã¨O áÈ~å_»∞`«∞#fl L^Œº=∞HÍ~°∞Å g∞^Œ, JO^Œ∞Ö’#∂ „Ѩ`ÕºHõOQÍ ¢ã‘ÎÅg∞^Œ ™êQÆ∞`«∞#fl Ç≤ÏO㨠HÍ=K«∞Û – W"åà◊ ZHõ¯_» K«∂¿ãÎ JHõ¯_», Z@∞ K«∂¿ãÎ J@∞ ¢ã‘ÎÅg∞^Œ "ÕkèOѨÙ, Ç≤ÏOã¨, ^Ò~°˚#ºO, J`åºKå~åÅ∞, Ñ‘_»# Hõ#|_»∞`«∞<åfl~Ú. Wq PÖ’K«<åѨ~°∞ÅO^ŒiÖ’#∂ PO^Àà◊# ˆ~ÔHuÎã¨∞Î<åfl~Ú. J~Ú`Õ ã¨=∂[OÖ’ D ~°HõOQÍ ÃÑiyáÈ`«∞#fl Ç≤ÏO㨠QÆ∞iOz, „Ѩ`ÕºH˜Oz ¢ã‘ÎÅ g∞^Œ Ç≤ÏO㨠QÆ∞iOz PO^Àà◊# K≥O^Õ"åà◊¡O^Œ~°∂ QÆ∞iÎOK«=Åã≤# JOâßÅ∞ H˘xfl L<åfl~Ú. D Ç≤ÏOã¨Ö’ Z‰õΩ¯=ÉèÏQÆO ¢ã‘ÎÅ#∞ J}z=ÙOK«_®xH˜, `«~°`«~åÅ∞QÍ J#∞Éèíqã¨∞Î#fl ^Œ∞ã≤÷uÖ’<Õ LOK«_®xH˜ [~°∞QÆ∞`ÀOk. D J}z"Õ`« ÅHõ∆ºO – ¢ã‘ÎÅ ã¨$[<å`«‡Hõ`«#∞ J_»¤yOK«_»O. ¢ã‘ÎÅ∞ `«=∞O`«@ `å=Ú ã¨OѶ¨∞˜`«O H͉õΩO_® K«∂_»_»O. ¢ã‘ÎÅ∞ „ѨtflOKÕ`«`åfixfl, áÈ~å@ K≥·`«<åºxfl JÅ=~°∞K«∞HÀ‰õΩO_® K«∂_»_»O. áÈ~åÏÖ’¡H˜ ÃÑ^ŒÌã¨OYºÖ’ =ã¨∞Î#fl ¢ã‘ÎÅ∞ <åÜ«∞Hõ`«fi™ê÷<åÖ’¡H˜ ~å‰õΩO_® "≥ÚQÆæÖ’<Õ `«∞Oz"ÕÜ«∞_»O. ¢ã‘ÎÅg∞^Œ W@∞=O˜ „Ѩ`ÕºHõ"≥∞ÿ# J}z"Õ`«‰õΩ XHõ „Ѩ`ÕºHõ ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùO LOk. „ѨѨOpHõ~°} `«~åfi`« Ç≤ÏO^Œ∂ =∞`À<å‡^Œ á¶êã≤[O ÃÑiyáÈ`«∞#fl `«~°∞}OÖ’ „Ѩ[Å x`«ºrq`« ã¨=∞㨺Å#∞ Ѩi+¨¯iOK«ÖËx áêÅHõ=~åæʼnõΩ J}z"Õ`« `«Ñ¨Ê =∞~À =∂~°æO ÖË^Œ∞. „Ѩ[Å#∞Oz "≥Å∞=_Õ U „Ѩâ◊flÔH·<å áêʼnõΩÅ ^ŒQÆæ~° L#flk XHõ>Ë ["å|∞ – Jk ÖÏsî, `«∂Ï, *ˇ·Å∞, 'Z<£H“O@~ü— ǨÏ`«º. ¢ã‘ÎÅ q+¨Ü«∂xH˜ =KÕÛã¨iH˜ H˘#™êQÆ∞`«∞#fl Ñ≤`«$™êfiq∞Hõ qÅ∞=ʼn=Å¡, D J}z"Õ`« ~°∂áêʼnõΩ `À_»∞ Öˇ·OyHõÇ≤ÏO㨠‰õÄ_® `À_»=Ù`«∞Ok. PO„^茄Ѩ^ÕâòÖ’ qK«ÛÅq_çQÍ 'Z<£H“O@~°¡—Ö’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å#∞ K«OѨÙ`«∞<åfl~°<åfl, Kè«fÎãπѶ¨∞_£Ö’ ™êÖÏfiA_»∞O ¿Ñi@ Pk"åã‘ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÅÃÑ· ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõ J`åºKå~åʼnõΩ áêÅÊ_»∞`«∞<åfl~°<åfl, Dâß#º ~å¢ëêìÅÖ’ ^Õâ◊"åºÑ¨ÎOQÍ Jxfl r=#~°OQÍÅÖ’x =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÅÃÑ· Ç≤ÏOã¨, J}z"Õ`« ™êQÆ∞`«∞<åflÜ«∞<åfl Jq D "åã¨Î=ã≤÷uH˜ ^Œ~°Ê}ÏÖË. J~Ú`Õ D J}z"Õ`« ^Œ$âߺxH˜ =∞~˘Hõ áê~°≈fiO ‰õÄ_® LOk. J}z"Õ`« L#flKÀ@ „ѨuѶ¨∞@# `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® LO@∞Ok. J}z"Õ`« ÃÑ~°∞QÆ∞`«∞#fl^ŒO>Ë P J}z"Õ`«‰õΩ QÆ∞~°=Ù`«∞#fl =~åæÅ #∞Oz „ѨuѶ¨∞@# ‰õÄ_® Jx"å~°ºOQÍ ÃÑ~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok. ZѨC_»~Ú<å áêÅHõ=~åæÅ∞ Ñ≤K≥ÛH˜¯#@∞ìQÍ „Ѩ=iÎã¨∂Î, qK«Hõ∆}Ï~°Ç≤Ï`«OQÍ Ç≤ÏOã¨#∞ „ѨÜ≥∂yã¨∞Î<åfl Ü«∞O>Ë, P Ç≤ÏO™êHÍO_»#∞ „Ѩ[Å∞ J^Õ ™ê÷~ÚÖ’ „ѨuѶ¨∞˜ã¨∞Î<åfl~°x J~°÷O.
  4. 4. 6 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 „ѨѨOK« K«i„`« "≥Ú`«ÎOÖ’#∂ D q+¨Ü«∞O J<ÕHõ™ê~°∞¡ ~°∞A=Ù J~ÚOk. P „ѨuѶ¨∞@##∞ qã¨Î$`«O KÕÜ«∞_»O, P „ѨuѶ¨∞@#‰õΩ q™êÎ~° „ѨKå~åxfl HõeÊOK«_»O, P „ѨuѶ¨∞@##∞ ã¨=∞i÷OK«=Åã≤# J=ã¨~åxfl JO^Œi ^Œ$+≤ìH© `Õ=_»O W"åà◊ „Ѩ*Ï™êfiq∞Hõ"å^Œ∞Å =ÚO^Œ∞, „Ѩ*Ï L^Œº=∂Å#∞ Q“~°qOKÕ"åi =ÚO^Œ∂ L#fl Hõ~°Î=ºO. áêÅHõ=~åæÅ∞, PkèѨ`«ºâ◊‰õΩÎÅ∞ XHõ x~°O`«~° J}z"Õ`« HÍ~°º„Hõ=∂xfl KÕѨ˜ì#ѨÙ_»∞, Jk ¿Ñ„>Ëy áÈ`«∞#flѨÙ_»∞ P J}z"Õ`«#∞ Z^Œ∞~À¯=_®xH˜ WOHÍ WOHÍ qâßÅ „Ѩ*Ï~åâ◊√Å#∞ ã≤^ŒúO KÕÜ«∞_»"Õ∞ UÔH·Hõ =∂~°æO. Jk J<ÕHõ™ê÷~ÚÅÖ’ LO_»=K«∞Û. J}z"Õ`«#∞ PѨ_®xH˜ K≥~Úº J_»¤O ÃÑ@ì_»O ÖÏO˜ Ju =∂=¸Å∞ ~°∂áêÅ #∞Op, Jã¨Å∞ J}z"Õ`«Å =º=ã¨÷#∞ ~°∂ѨÙ=∂¿Ñ |$ǨÏ`«Î~° áÈ~å@O ^•HÍ Z<≥fl<Àfl ~°∂áêÅÖ’ „ѨuѶ¨∞@# =ºHõÎO KÕÜ«∞=K«∞Û. =∞iO`«=∞Ok „Ѩ[Å#∞ „ѨuѶ¨∞@#‰õΩ ã≤^ŒúO KÕÜ«∞=K«∞Û. q_çq_ç „Ñ¨uѶ¨∞@#Å#∞ XHõ qâßÅ áÈ~å@OÖ’ ã¨"≥∞ÿHõºO KÕÜ«∞=K«∞Û. "≥Ú`«ÎO g∞^Œ W"åeì Kåi„`«Hõ ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùO Jxfl Ñ‘_ç`« „Ѩ*Ï~åâ◊√Å #∞Oz „ѨuѶ¨∞@##∞ HÀ~°∞`«∞#flk. # áê~î°‰õΩʼnõΩ q[˝Ñ≤Î Jx"å~°º HÍ~°}ÏÅ =Å# Ѩ„uHõ#∞ 14 <≥ÅÅáê@∞ J#QÍ U_»∞ ã¨OzHõÅ∞ fã¨∞‰õΩ ~åÖËHõáÈÜ«∂O. =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO Ѩ„uHõ „Ѩ^è•#OQÍ K≥·`«#º =∞Ç≤ÏàÏã¨=∂Yº HÍ~°ºHõÖÏáêÅÖ’ ÉèÏQÆOQÍ "≥Å∞=_»∞`«∞#flk. ã¨OѶ¨∞O Z^Œ∞~˘¯<Õ P@∞áÈ@¡‰õΩ Ѩ„uHõ ‰õÄ_® QÆ∞~°=fi_»O Jx"å~°º=∞ø`ÀOk. QÆ`« Ô~O_»∞ ã¨O=`«û~åÅ∞QÍ "≥·Zãπ „ѨÉèí∞`«fiO „Ѩ*Ïã¨OѶ¨∂ÅÃÑ·, L^Œº=∂ÅÃÑ· J=∞Å∞ [~°∞ѨÙ`«∞#fl f„=x~°ƒO^èŒO QÆ∞iOz áê~î°‰õΩʼnõΩ `≥eÜ«∞Ok HÍ^Œ∞. P x~°ƒO^è•xH˜ `å*Ï ã¨OzHõ XHõ ã¨r= ™êHõ∆ºO. áê~î°‰õΩÅ∞ ã¨Ç¨Ï$^ŒÜ«∞O`À J~°÷O KÕã¨∞‰õΩOÏ~°x ZѨʘÖψQ P^Œi™êÎ~°x Ptã¨∞Î<åflO. QÆ`« Ô~O_Õà◊√¡QÍ =∂‰õΩ JOk# ~°K«#ÅÖ’ H˘xflO˜x =∂„`«"Õ∞ „ѨK«∞iOK«QÆÅ∞QÆ∞`«∞<åflO. „ѨK«∞iOz# "å˜Ö’ KåÖÏ ã¨OѶ¨∞@#Å∞ áê`«|_ç#ѨʘH˜ "嘉õΩ#fl q+¨Ü«∞„áê^è•#º`« =Å¡, PÜ«∂ ~°K«~Ú`«Å∞ "å˜x qâı¡+≤Oz# Ѩ^Œúu =Å¡ „ѨK«∞iã¨∞Î<åflO.ZOÑ≤ÔH·# =∞iH˘xfl ~°K«#Å∞ ~åÉ’ÜÕ∞ ã¨OzHõÅÖ’ „ѨK«∞i™êÎO. –ã¨Oáê^ŒHõ=~°æO ^Œo`« =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ ^Œo`«∞Å#∞ D ã¨=∂[O 'JO@~åx"åà◊√§—QÍ Dã¨_çã¨∞ÎOk. J==∂xã¨∞ÎOk. z#flK«∂Ѩ٠K«∂ã¨∞ÎOk. JÉèí„^Œ`«‰õΩ Ö’#∞KÕã¨∞ÎOk. Ç≤ÏOã≤ã¨∞ÎOk. z=iH˜ „áê}ÏÅ∂ fã¨∞ÎOk. ^Œo`«∞Å∞QÍ Ñ¨Ù˜ì#O^Œ∞‰õΩ ^Œo`«∞Öˇ·# „Ѩu XHõ¯i rq`«OÖ’#∂ Z<Àfl~°HÍÖˇ·# J==∂<åÅ∞ Z^Œ∞~˘¯#fl ã¨OѶ¨∞@#Å∞ LO_Õ=ÙOÏ~Ú. "åi "åi =~åæxfl |˜ì "å~°∞ Z^Œ∞~˘¯#fl J==∂<åÅ ™ê÷~ÚÖ’ H˘xfl ÉèË^•Å∞O_»=K«∞Û. HÍh J==∂#O á⁄O^Œx ^Œo`«∞Å∞ LO_»~°O>Ë Juâ◊Ü≥∂H˜Î HÍ^Œ∞. ã¨=∂[OÖ’ D<å˜H© =~°æ J}z"Õ`«`À áê@∞ ‰õΩÅ J}z"Õ`« ‰õÄ_® LOk. J}z"Õ`«‰õΩ QÆ∞~°=Ù`«∞#fl ^Œo`«∞ÅÖ’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ J^Œ#OQÍ Ñ≤`«$™êfi=∞ºO =Å¡ ‰õÄ_® J}z"Õ`«‰õΩ QÆ∞~°=Ù`«∞<åfl~°∞. ^Œo`«∞Å∞QÍ QÍx, ^Œo`« =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞QÍ QÍx Z^Œ∞~˘¯#fl q=Hõ∆#∂ J}z"Õ`«#∂ "å˜x „ѨuѶ¨∞˜Oz# ã¨OѶ¨∞@#Å#∂ '=∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO—`À ѨOK«∞‰õΩO^•O! =∞# ÉÏ^èŒÅ#∞ ѨOK«∞HÀ=_»O =Å¡ =∞#ÖψQ ÉÏ^èŒÅ#∞ J#∞ÉèíqOz# =∞Ô~O^Œi<À D ji¬Hõ ^ŒQÆæ~°KÕã¨∞ÎOk. =∞#O XO@i"åà◊¡O HÍ^Œ#fl |ÖÏxflã¨∞ÎOk. =∞#O ã¨OѶ¨∞˜`«Ñ¨_»_®xH˜ ^ÀǨÏ^ŒO KÕã¨∞ÎOk. =∞# P"Õ^Œ#H© „ѨuѶ¨∞@#H© '=∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO— "ÕkHõ HõeÊã¨∞ÎOk. "≥O@<Õ g∞ J#∞Éèí"åxfl ~åã≤ѨOѨO_ç.
  5. 5. 7 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 ~°l`« áêÅ=¸~°∞ lÖÏ¡ áêÖˇO „QÍ=∞OÖ’ 1974 Ö’ Ѩ٘ìOk. ~°l`« „ѨÉèÏ=`«=∞‡, Hõ$+¨‚Ü«∞ºÅ‰õΩ W^ŒÌ~°∞ H˘_»∞‰õΩÅ `«~åfi`« =¸_»= ã¨O`å#O. Hõ~°∞=ÙlÖÏ¡Ö’ ¿Ñ^Œ‰õΩ@∞O|O JO^Œ∞Ö’#∂ L=∞‡_ç‰õΩ@∞O|OÖ’ Ѩ٘ì# P_»Ñ≤Å¡. ^•O`À Z<Àfl Hõ@∞ìÉÏ@¡`À, ZO`À J}∞‰õΩ=QÍ ÃÑiy# J=∂‡~Ú. z#flѨʘ#∞OKÕ ÉÏ^茺`«QÍ =ÙO_Õk, PÖ’zOKÕk. `≥·^ŒJO|e, *Á#fl~˘>ˇì<Õ Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ =ÙO_Õk. J#flO u#_»O Ѩ~°=∂#flO`À ã¨=∂#OQÍ =ÙO_Õk. u#_®xH˜ uO_ç ÖËHõáÈ~Ú<å, HÍà◊§‰õΩ K≥ѨCÅ∞ ÖËHõáÈ~Ú<å, ziy# |@ìÅ∞ =Ù#fl, K«^Œ=ÙHÀ_®xH˜ ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÅ∞ ÖËHõáÈ~Ú<å Ô~QÆ∞ºÅ~üQÍ ã¨∂¯Å∞ÔHàı§k. =∞m§ JO`Õ ÉÏ^茺`«QÍ WO˜H˜ =zÛ# "≥O@<Õ WO˜Ñ¨xÖ’ J=∞‡‰õΩ ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞O KÕ¿ãk. WO˜QÆ∞iOz ÉÏ^茺`«QÍ PÖ’zOKÕk 8= `«~°QÆuÖ’<Õ z#fl H˜~å}Ï _»ÉσÃјì #_çÑ≤OzOk. ^•x`À =KÕÛ ã¨Oáê^Œ#`À WO˜ÉÏ^茺`«#∞ fã¨∞‰õΩOk. JѨC_»Ñ¨C_»∂ _»Éσ֒ =KÕÛ =_»∞¡ ^ŒOK«_»OÖ’ J=∞‡‰õΩ ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞O KÕ¿ãk "å˜`À J#flO =O_Õ"å~°∞. WO˜ Pi÷Hõ Ѩiã≤÷u QÆ∞iOz =∂„`«"Õ∞ H͉õΩO_® z#fl"åà◊§~Ú# K≥Öˇ¡Å∞, `«=Ú‡_»∞ ÉÏ^茺`« ‰õÄ_® `«<Õ Ñ¨˜ìOK«∞‰õΩ<Õk "åà◊§K«^Œ∞=ÙÅ QÆ∞iOz, "åà◊§ÉÏQÀQÆ∞Å QÆ∞iOz J=∞‡ÖÏQÍ Ñ¨˜ìOK«∞‰õΩ<Õk. JÖÏ 10= `«~°QÆu =~°‰õΩ T~À¡<Õ K«kqOk. Ñ≤Å¡Å∞ ÃÑ^ŒÌQÆ=Ù`«∞O_»_»O`À ÃÑo§Å∞¡ KÕÜ«∂Å#∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. HÍx T~À¡ u#_®xˆH uO_çÖËx Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Ö’¡ ÃÑO_ç¡Å∞¡ KÕÜ«∞ÖË=∞x |`«∞‰õΩ `≥~°∞=ÙHõx ѨÏflxH˜ =Å㨠=KåÛ~°∞. "Õã¨q ÃãÅ=ÙÖ’¡ H˘"˘fi`«∞ÎÅ HõOÃÑhÖ’ KÕi ѨxKÕã¨∂Î >ˇÿѨ٠<Õ~°∞Û‰õΩ#flk. ÃãÅ=ÙÅ∞ J~ÚáÈ~Ú# "≥O@<Õ QÆ=~°fl"≥∞O@∞ HÍÖËlÖ’ WO@~üÖ’ KÕiOk. JѨC_»∞ ‰õÄ_® á⁄^Œ∞Ì<Õfl ÖËz WO˜Ñ¨#∞Åhfl KÕã≤ HÍÖËrH˜ "≥àı§k. =zÛ# `«~åfi`« WO’¡ Ѩ#∞Å∞ KÕã≤ H˜~å}ÏH˘@∞ìÖ’ J=∞‡‰õΩ ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞OQÍ =ÙO_Õk. =∞m§ Ѷ¨ã≤ìÜ«∞~ü ÃãÅ=ÙÖ’¡ =∞ÅH±¿Ñ@Ö’ =Ù#fl ‰õΩ@∞ìq∞+¨<£ ÃãO@~ü‰õΩ ã¨~°∂~ü#QÆ~ü #∞Oz #_çz"≥o§ <Õ~°∞ÛH˘<Õk. Lz`«OQÍ ëê~üìǨºO_£ <ÕiÊã¨∞Î<åfl~°O>Ë JHõ¯_çH© "≥àı§k. á⁄^Œ∞Ì#fl 4 QÆO@ʼnõΩ ÖËz K«k"Õk. J=∂‡~ÚʼnõΩ K«^Œ∞"≥O^Œ∞Hõx ~ÀE <å#fl #㨠=ÙO_Õk. J=hfl Ѩ˜ìOK«∞‰õΩ<Õk HÍ^Œ∞. WÖÏ ÃãHõO_çÜ«∞~ü ‰õÄ_® ѨÓiÎ KÕã≤Ok. P `«~åfi`« ÃãÅ=ÙÖ’¡ HõOѨӺ@~ü, ™ÈÊÔH<£ WOw¡+¨µ Lz`«OQÍ <ÕiÊ™êÎ~°O>Ë JHõ¯_çÔHo§ <Õ~°∞Û‰õΩ#flk. J=∂‡~ÚÅHÀã¨O _»|∞ƒÃјì K«kqOK«ÖËx Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Ö’¡ WÖÏ QÆ=~°fl"≥∞O@∞ ã¨∂¯Å∞, HÍÖËrÖ’¡ K«^Œ∞=ÙÅ#∞ ZHõ¯_» Lz`«OQÍ Uk <ÕiÊã¨Î~°<åfl Jk <Õ~°∞ÛHÀ_®xH˜ "≥àı§k, Ѩ@∞ì^ŒÅ`À Hõ$+≤KÕ¿ãk, K«^Œ∞=ÙHÀã¨O Ü«Ú^ŒúO KÕã≤Ok. =∞~ÀѨHõ¯ z#flѨʘflOz Öˇ·OyHõ "ÕkèOѨÙÅ#∞ Z^Œ∞~°∞¯#flk. T~À¡ L=∞‡_ç ‰õΩ@∞O|OÖ’ =Ù#flѨC_»∞ ÉÏ= #∞Oz HÍ=K«∞Û, WO˜ Z^Œ∞~°∞QÍ =Ù#fl `«#HõO>ˇ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ã¨O=`«û~åÅ z#fl "å_»~Ú# JÉσ~Ú HÍ=K«∞Û, Ѩ@flOÖ’ ѨH˜¯O˜"å_»∞, HÍÖËrÔHà◊√ÎO>Ë |ã¨∞ûÖ’¡ |ã¨∞û™êìѨÙÖ’¡ =Ù#fl áÈH˜sÅ #∞Oz HÍ=K«∞Û. JxflO˜H© q∞Oz WO’¡<Õ ÃÑ^ŒÌ#flÜ«∞º #∞Oz ‰õÄ_® D Öˇ·OyHõ "ÕkèOѨÙÅ#∞ Z^Œ∞~˘¯#flk. `«#ÔHO^Œ∞H˜ÖÏ J=Ù`«∞O^À J~°÷O HÍx Ѩiã≤÷u. JxflO˜H© ^Õ=Ù_Õ kHõ¯x `«# J#fl =∂~åÅx, `«# ‰õΩ@∞O|O ÉÏQÆ∞Ѩ_®Åx, `«# Ѩiã≤÷u ÉÏQÆ∞Ѩ_®Åx Jxfl ^Õ=Ùà◊§‰õΩ x+¨ì`À ѨÓ[Å∞ KÕ¿ãk. â◊√„Hõ"å~°O ã¨O`À+≤=∂`« ѨÓ[, â◊x"å~°O ~å=Ú_ç ѨÓ[, ™È=∞"å~°O t=Ùx ѨÓ[, =∞OQÆà◊"å~°O â◊x „QÆǨÅѨÓ[, ÉËã¨Î"å~°O ™ê~ÚÉÏÉÏ WÖÏ Jxfl ~ÀAÅ∞ á⁄^Œ∞Ì#fl 4 QÆO@ʼnõΩ ÖËz `«Å™êfl#O KÕã≤ QÆ∞_çH˜ "≥o§=KÕÛk. J~Ú<å ã¨=∞㨺Å∞ ZHõ¯_»"Õã≤# Q˘OQÆo JHõ¯_Õ J#fl@∞ìQÍ =ÙO@∂ WOHÍ ÃÑ~°∞QÆ∞`«∞<åflÜÕ∞HÍx `«QÆæ_»O ÖË^Œ∞. WO`«Ö’ <åOѨe¡ WOk~å „Ñ≤Ü«∞^Œi≈x HÍÖËrÖ’ _ç„wÖ’ *Ï~Ú<£ J=_»O JHõ¯_» =∞Ç≤ÏàÏKÕ`«# ѨiK«Ü«∞O HÍ=_»O ~°l`« rq`åxfl XHõ =∞Å∞Ѩ٠uÑ≤ÊOk. `«#‰õΩ#fl ã¨=∞㨺Å∞ `å<˘Hõ¯^•xˆH ÖË=x D ã¨=∂[OÖ’ „Ѩu=∞Ç≤Ïà◊ U^ÀXHõ ~°∂ѨOÖ’ ã¨=∞㨺#∞ Z^Œ∞~˘¯O@∞#fl^Œh, g˜H˜ HÍ~°}=∞=Ù`«∞#fl ™ê„=∂[º"å^Œ Jj¡Å ã¨O㨯$ux, ™êÇ≤Ï`åºxfl „ѨÉèí∞`«fi"Õ∞ ÃÑOz áÈ+≤ã¨∞ÎO^Œx J~°÷O KÕã¨∞‰õΩOk. g˜H˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ áÈ~å@"Õ∞ `«#ÖÏO˜"åà◊§ ã¨=∞㨺ʼnõΩ Ѩiëê¯~°=∞x J~°÷O KÕã¨∞‰õΩOk. HÍx `«# ã¨=∞㨺#∞ `å`å¯eHõOQÍ<≥·<å Ѩiëê¯~°O KÕã¨∞HÀ"åÅO>Ë J=∂‡~ÚÅ∞ Hõ~å>Ë <Õ~°∞ÛHÀ"åÅx, P`«‡Q“~°=O`À WÖÏO˜ ã¨=∞㨺Å#∞ Ѩi+¨¯iOK«∞HÀ"åÅx =∞Ç≤ÏàÏKÕ`«# WzÛ# ^è≥·~°ºO`À |ÅOQÍ ^Œ$_è»ã¨OHõÖÏÊxH˜ =∞~À¿Ñ~°∞ ~°l`« –~å^èŒ ã¨O㨇~°}
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  7. 7. 9 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 ѨOÑ≤OKå_»∞. áÈbã¨∞Å∞ ¢Ñ¨tflOz#O^Œ∞‰õΩ ~°l`«`À áê@∞ =∞~À P~°∞QÆ∞~°∞ „Ѩ*Ïã¨OѶ¨∞HÍ~°ºHõ~°ÎÅx, QÆ∞_çÃã"åã¨∞Å#∞ JÔ~ã¨∞ì KÕ™ê~°∞. áÈbã¨∞¿ãì+¨<£Ö’ Ô~O_»∞~ÀAÅ∞, *ˇ·Ö’¡ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~ÀAÅ∞ =ÙOKå~°∞. áÈbã¨∞¿ãì+¨<£Ö’ =Ù#fl Ô~O_»∞~ÀAÅ∞ JÔ~ã¨∞ì JÜ«∂º=∞x ÉÏ^èŒÑ¨_»‰õΩO_® Mˇ·nʼnõΩ HÍ=Åã≤# ™œHõ~åºÅ HÀã¨O xÅnã≤ J_çy `≥Ñ≤ÊOKÕk. "åà◊√§ á¶È’Å∞ f™êÎ=∞O>Ë "Õ∞=Ú ^˘OQÆÅO HÍ^Œ∞ g∞Ô~Ï¡ á¶È’Å∞ f™êÎ~°x Q˘_»=ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=_»O`À áÈbã¨∞Å∞ P¿Ñ™ê~°∞. HÀ~°∞ì‰õΩ fã¨∞HõáÈ~Ú# „Ѩf™ês XHõ¯ x=Ú+¨O PѨ‰õΩO_® x<å^•Å∞ WKÕÛk. =∞#O <åºÜ«∞O HÀã¨O J_çy`Õ J„Hõ=∞OQÍ JÔ~ã¨∞ì KÕ™ê~°x „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ `≥ÖÏfiÅO>Ë =∞# Q˘O`«∞Å∞ J=HÍâ◊O=Ù#fl KÀ@ÖÏ¡ qáêÊÅ<Õk. ¿ãì+¨<À¡ =Ù#flÔ~O_»∞ ~ÀAÅ∞ áê@Å∞ áê_»∞`«∂, J„Hõ=∞OQÍ JÔ~ã¨∞ì ZÖÏ KÕ™ê~°<Õ <å˜Hõ#∞ „áêH©ìã¨∞ KÕã¨∂Î (~åHõáÈ~Ú<å), L`åûǨÏOQÍ LO@∂ JO^Œsfl L`åûǨÏѨ~°∞ã¨∂Î =Ù#flk. ZO`«=∞Okx JÔ~ã¨∞ì KÕã≤<å g∞ÖÏO˜ "åix WO`«=~°‰õΩ K«∂_»ÖË^Œ∞. JÔ~ã¨∞ì JÜ«∂º=∞<Õ Hõh㨠ÉÏ^èŒÖˉõΩO_® WO`« ã¨O`À+¨OQÍ ZÖÏ LO_»QÆÅ∞æ`«∞<åfl~°∞ Jx Pâ◊Û~°ºáÈ`«∂ H˘O^Œ~°∞ ÖË_ô HÍx¿ãì|∞à◊√§ `«=∞ ÉÏ^èŒÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® ~°l`«‰õΩ K≥ѨC‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. *ˇ·Ö’¡ ‰õÄ_® JO`Õ. JHõ¯_»=Ù#fl <åÅ∞æ~ÀAÅ∞ *ˇ·Å∞ Ѩiã≤÷ux J~°÷O KÕã¨∞HÀ_®xH˜ „Ѩܫ∞uflOzOk. JHõ¯_»∞#fl „Ѩu =∞Ç≤Ïà◊^ŒQÆæ~°ÔHo§ "åà◊§ ã¨=∞㨺 UO’, ZO^Œ∞H˘KåÛ~À Hõ#∞H˘¯<Õk. JHõ¯_»=Ù#flѨC_»∞ JHÀì|~ü 2# QÍOnè[Ü«∞Ou ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùOQÍ *ˇ·Å∞ JkèHÍ~°∞Å∞ "Õ_»∞Hõ [~°∞ѨÙ`«∞#flѨC_»∞ x~°ã¨#QÍ P HÍ~°º„Hõ=∞OÖ’ áêÖÁæ#‰õΩO_® ¿ãìlZH˜¯ `«=∞#∞ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ „ѨÉèí∞`«fiO JÔ~ã¨∞ì KÕã≤Ok. ÉÏkè`«∞ʼnõΩ JO^•eû# ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞O QÆ∞iOz J_çy`Õ JÔ~ã¨∞ìÅ∞ Kտ㠄ѨÉèí∞`«fiO =Ù#flO`«HÍÅO =∞# |`«∞‰õΩÅ∞=∂~°=x =∂Ï¡_ç#ѨÙ_»∞ KåÖÏ=∞Ok U_®Û~°∞. "Õ∞=Ú =∂ ã¨=∞㨺֒Π=KåÛ=Ú HÍx g∞~°∞ „Ѩ[ÅO^ŒiHÀã¨O =KåÛ~°∞. JO@∂ ZO`À Pf‡Ü«∞OQÍ K«∂™ê~°∞. 4 ~ÀAÅ `«~åfi`« ɡ~ÚÖòÃÑ· q_»∞^ŒÖˇ· =ã¨∞ÎO>Ë JO^Œ~°∂ Pf‡Ü«ÚÅ∞ ^Œ∂~°"≥∞ÿ`«∞#fl@∞¡ ÉÏ^ŒÑ¨_®¤~°O>Ë ZO`« HõeûáÈ~ÚO^À Hõ^•! "åà◊§`À....."≥o§ =™êÎ#x „ѨuXHõ¯iH˜ K≥Ñ≤Ê =ã¨∞ÎO>Ë '=∞m§ ZO^Œ∞H˘™êÎ=Ù `«e¡ D #~°HõOÖ’H˜! "≥àÏÎ#x K≥ѨC— J#flѨC_»∞ D „ѨÉèí∞`«fiO <åºÜ«∞O HÀã¨O áÈ~å_»∞`«∞#fl "åà◊§#∞ *ˇ·Ö’¡<Õ ÃÑ_»∞`«∞OkHõ^•! D „ѨÉèí∞`«fiO =Ù#flO`«HÍÅO =∞#ÖÏO˜ "åà◊√§ WHõ¯_çH˜ =ã¨∂Î<Õ =ÙOÏO Jx JOk. |Ü«∞˜H˜ =zÛ# "≥O@<Õ ZÖÏ=ÙOk *ˇ·Å∞ Jx J_çy`Õ, *ˇ·Ö’¡ =Ù#fl =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å ÉÏ^èŒÅ∞, QÍ^èŒÅ∞ Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Å∞ `≥Å∞ûHÀ_®xˆH >ˇÿO ã¨iáÈÖË^Œ∞ WOHÍ "å~°O ~ÀAÅ∞O>Ë ÉÏ=ÙO_Õk Jx J#flk.....WÖÏ Uq+¨Ü«∂#fl~Ú<å ÉÏ^èŒÑ¨_»‰õΩO_® ~å[H©Ü«∞OQÍ J~°÷O KÕã¨∞HÀ_®xˆH „Ѩܫ∞uflOKÕk. `«#∞ á⁄^Œ∞Ì<Õfl Hõ~å>Ë <Õ~°∞Û‰õΩO@∂, Hõ~å>Ë HÍ¡ã¨∞Å∞ fã¨∞‰õΩO@∂, HõOѨӺ@~ü PѨˆ~@~üQÍ *ÏÉò KÕã¨∂Î =∞m§ ã¨OѶ¨∞OÖ’ KåÖÏ K«∞~°∞ÔH·# HÍ~°ºHõ~°ÎQÍ Ñ¨xKÕ¿ãk. U XHõ¯x=Úëêxfl "Õãπì KÕÜ«∞_»O `«# H˜+¨ì=ÚO^Õk HÍ^Œ∞ Ѩ#∞Å∞ ‰õÄ_® á¶êãπìQÍ KÕÜ«∂Å<Õk, JÖÏ KÕ¿ãk. Uk ~åHõáÈ~Ú<å `«#‰õΩ ~å^Œx x~°∞`åûǨÏѨ_»Hõ áÈÜÕ∞k. nxHÀã¨O Ѩ@∞ì^ŒÅ`À x~°O`«~° Hõ$+≤ KÕ¿ãk. Wk „Ѩu q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’#∞ HõxÊã¨Îk. Hõ+¨ìѨ_»Ïxfl W+¨ìѨ_Õk. ZO`« |~°∞=ÙÖˇ·<å `ÕeQÍæ "≥∂¿ãk. WÖÏO˜"Õ H˘xfl L^•Ç¨Ï~°}Å∞. `«#∞ H˘`«ÎQÍ HÍ~°º=~°æã¨Éèí∞º~åÅ~Ú#ѨÙ_»∞ q∞xòû ~å¿ãÎ KåÖÏ `«Ñ¨CÅ∞ áÈÜÕ∞q. `«Ñ¨CÅ∞ áȉõΩO_® ã‘Ê_£QÍ q∞xòû ~åÜ«∂Åx „Ѩu~ÀE ˆ~_çÜ≥∂ "å~°ÎÅ∞ qO@∂ ~åã¨∂Î „áêH©ìã¨∞ KÕ¿ãk. JÖÏ<Õ =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~åæxH˜ ~°K«#Å#∞ ѨOÑ≤#ѨÙ_»∞ Z<Àfl "≥#H˜¯ uiy =zÛ#ѨʘH© x~°∞`åûǨÏѨ_»‰õΩO_® ~åã¨∂Î<Õ =ÙO_Õk. JÖÏ Ô~O_»∞ ~°K«#Å∞ `«#q =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æOÖ’ JK«Û~Ú#q. `«#Q˘O`«∞ áê@Å∞ áê_»ÏxH˜ U=∂„`«O ~åHõáÈ~Ú<å áê_»ÏxHÀã¨O f„= „Ѩܫ∞`«flO KÕ¿ãk. á⁄^Œ∞Ì<Õfl ÖËz ~åQÍÅ „áêH©ìã¨∞ KÕ¿ãk. HõÅÛ~°Öò =~ü¯ëêÑπ J#O`«~°O ~°l`« =∂„`«"Õ∞ nxfl „áêH©ìã¨∞ KÕã≤ "≥∞~°∞QÍæ áê_»@O <Õ~°∞Û‰õΩOk. `«# „Ѩu ѨxÖ’, „Ѩu „Ѩܫ∞`«flOÖ’ ZO`«=∞Ok Zxfl~°HÍÅ∞QÍ x~°∞`åûǨÏѨiz<å, J_»¤O‰õΩÅ∞ HõeÊOz<å Ѩ˜ìOK«∞HÀ‰õΩO_® ^•xfl KèåÖˇO*òQÍ fã¨∞‰õΩ<Õ =∞#ã¨÷`«fiO ~°l`«k. U^≥·<å ÃÑ·ÃÑ· `«_»=∞‰õΩO_® Ö’`«∞Ö’¡ÔHo§ PÖ’zOKÕk. `«#‰õΩ #KÕÛѨx ZO`«Hõ+¨ì"≥∞ÿ<å W+¨ìOQÍ KÕ¿ãk. „ã‘Î q=ÚH˜Î J<Õk „â◊=∞q=ÚH˜Î`À<Õ ™ê^茺=∞h, ^•xH˜ ™êÜ«Ú^èŒáÈ~å@"Õ∞ =∂~°æO Jx #q∞‡Ok. ^•O`À 2003Ö’ =∂"À~Úã¨∞ìáêsìÖ’ KÕi 2006 EÖˇ· 23# "≥·.Ü«∞ãπ.™êÜ«Ú^èŒ=¸HõÅ |∂@HõѨ٠Z<£H“O@~üÖ’ J=∞~°∞~åÅ~ÚOk. ''Hõ+¨ì"≥∞ÿ#^ŒO@∂ Ug∞ =ÙO_»^Œ∞. ^Œ$_è»ã¨OHõÅÊO ÖËx =∞#∞+¨µÅ∞ =∂„`«"Õ∞ =Ù<åfl~°∞——– J#fl =∂~ü¯û =∂@Å#∞ =∞~˘Hõ¯™êi QÆ∞~°∞ΉõΩ `≥ã¨∞ÎOk =∞# ~°l`«. x*ÏxH˜ ~°l`«‰õΩ "≥Ú^Œ’¡ U ÏÖˇO@∂ ÖË^Œ∞, "≥#Hõ|_ç# „áêO`«O #∞Op, ¿Ñ^ŒiHõO #∞Op, "≥#HõÉÏ@∞`«#O #∞Op Hõ@∞ìÉÏ@¡ #∞Op =zÛ# J=∂‡~Ú. ™êO„Ѩ^•Ü«∞ ã¨OÔHà◊§#∞ `≥OK«∞‰õΩx ‰õΩ@∞O|O`Àx, ã¨=∂[O`Àx áÈ~å_Õ „Hõ=∞OÖ’ „Ѩu^•xfl ^Œ$_è»ã¨OHõÅÊO`À ™êkèOz Hõ+¨ì"≥∞ÿ#^ŒO@∂ Ug∞ÖË^Œx x~°∂Ñ≤OzOk. =∞#O^ŒiH© P^Œ~°≈OQÍ xezOk. #
  8. 8. 10 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 XHõ â◊`å|ÌHÍÅѨ٠¢a˜+π PkèѨ`åºxH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ f¢="≥∞ÿ# ¢Ñ¨*Ï ¢Ñ¨uѶ¨∞@# L#fl`« ™ê÷~ÚH˜ KÕ~°_»"Õ∞ 1857 u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞. Wk =¸_»∞ qâßÅ ~°∂áêÅ#∞ fã¨∞‰õΩOk – áœ~° u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞¡, Pk"åã‘ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞¡, Ô~·`åOQÆ L^Œº=∂Å∞. ¢a˜+π ѨiáêÅ# ¢áê~°OÉèí ã¨O=`«û~åÅÖ’ ™êÜ«Ú^èŒ =ºuˆ~Hõ`« ÖËx ã¨O=`«û~°OQÍh ÖË^• ^Õâ◊OÖ’x U^À XHõ ¢áêO`«OÖ’ XHõ ÃÑ^ŒÌ ™êÜ«Ú^èŒ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ ÖËx ^Œâß|ÌOQÍh ÖË=Ù. 1763 #∞Oz 1856 =~°‰õÄ =O^ŒÖÏk z#fl z#fl u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡#@∞Oz 40H˜ ÃÑ·<Õ ÃÑ^ŒÌ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞¡ [iQÍ~Ú. 1770 #∞Oz 1857 =~°‰õÄ =zÛ# ÃÑ^ŒÌ Hõ~°∞=ÙÅ∂, Jã¨OMϺHõ"≥∞ÿ# z#fl Hõ~°∞=ÙÅÖ’ Ô~·`åOQÆѨ٠H©∆}˜Oz# Pi÷Hõ Ѩiã≤÷u ¢Ñ¨uѶ¨eOzOk. ¢a˜+π"åà◊√¡ ÉèÏ~°`«^Õâ◊OÖ’ Z^Œ∞~˘¯#fl "≥Ú^Œ˜ ¢Ñ¨uѶ¨∞@# ÉèÏ~°`«^Õâ◊OÖ’x qq^èŒ J_»=ÙÅÖ’ x=ã≤ã¨∞Î#fl Pk"åã‘ `≥QÆÅ#∞OKÕ. Pk"åã‘ ¢Ñ¨[Å∞ 19= â◊`å|ÌOÖ’ =O^ŒÖÏk q∞e>ˇOò PHõã≤‡Hõ ^•_»∞Å#∂, u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡#∂ x~°fiÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞. Pk"åã‘Å J`«ºO`« ™êǨÏã¨O, `åºQÍʼnõΩ QÆ∞~°∞ÎQÍ, áêʼnõΩÅ ¢‰õÄ~°"≥∞ÿ# J}z"Õ`«, x~åÌH˜∆}º"≥∞ÿ# =^茉õΩ QÆ∞~°∞ÎQÍ D u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞¡ xeKå~Ú. Pk"åã‘ ã¨=∂[O, Pi÷Hõ =º=ã¨÷Å∞ ‰õÄeáÈ=_»O 18= â◊`å|ÌO #∞O_ô J<ÕHõ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡‰õΩ ^•ifã≤Ok. Pk"åã‘ ã¨=∂[Ѩ٠áê`« =º=™êÜ«∞Hõ ¢Hõ=∂xH˜ ã¨OѨÓ~°‚OQÍ ÉèíOQÆO HõeyOK«_»O J<Õk Jxfl Pk"åã‘ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡‰õΩ XHõ L=∞‡_ç JOâß#flOkOzOk. Jq qâßÅ ¢áêuѨkHõ Hõey#g, "ÕÖÏk =∞Ok ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ#∂, =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å#∂ – KåÖÏ `«~°K«∞QÍ XHõ ¢áêO`«OÖ’x "≥Ú`«ÎO [<åÉèÏ#∞ – x=∞QÆfl=∞ÜÕ∞ºÖÏ KÕâß~Ú. ¢a˜+π áêÅ# PQÆ=∞#O, ¿ãfiK«Ûù#∞ ¢¿Ñq∞OKÕ Pk"åã‘Å Jã¨OMϺHõ HõëêìʼnõΩ HÍ~°}"≥∞ÿOk. J@gã¨OѨ^ŒÃÑ·, Éèí∂q∞ÃÑ· "åi‰õΩ#fl ã¨Ç¨Ï["≥∞ÿ# ǨωõΩ¯Å#∞ ¢a˜+π "åà◊√¡ ¢‰õÄ~°"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ^Œú`«∞Ö’¡ ÖωõΩ¯<åfl~°∞. Wk "åiÖ’ f¢="≥∞ÿ# P¢QÆǨxfl ѨÙ>ËìÖÏ KÕã≤, =∞# K«i¢`«Ö’ JO`«ºO`« ¢Ñ¨ã≤kú K≥Ok# g~Àz`« u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡‰õΩ ^•ifã≤Ok. Pk"åã‘ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞^•~°¡‰õÄ, ¢a˜+π ™êÜ«Ú^èŒ |ÅQÍʼnõÄ =∞^茺 [iy# Ü«Ú^ŒúO ѨÓiÎQÍ Jã¨=∂#"≥∞ÿ#k. XHõ"≥·Ñ¨Ù P^èŒ∞xHõ PÜ«Ú^è•Å`À Hõ"å`«∞KÕ¿ã Ô~l"≥∞O@∂¡, =∞~À"≥·Ñ¨Ù ~åà◊¥¡, Q˘_»¤à◊¥¡, H˘_»=à◊¥¡, qÅ¡O|∞Å =O˜ ѨÙ~å`«# PÜ«Ú^è•Å#∞ ^èŒiOz `«=∞ Hõ=∂O_»~°¡ =∞O¢`«â◊‰õΩÎÅ#∞ #"Õ∞‡ ã¨OKå~° |$O^•Öˇ·# =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∂, ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ∂! D u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡Ö’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å qt+¨ì áê¢`«#∞ QÆ∞iOz Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ iHÍ~°∞¤ HÍ#ѨʘH©, D u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡xflO˜Ö’#∂ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ KåÖÏ ¢H˜Ü«∂jÖOQÍ ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=ÚÅ<Õ q+¨Ü«∞O JO^ŒiH© `≥eã≤O^Õ. Pk"åã‘ ã¨=∂*ÏÅÖ’x ™ê=∂lHõ L`«ÊuÎÖ’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ʼnõΩ#fl ã¨=∂#™ê÷<åxfl K«∂ã≤#ѨÙ_»∞ Wk ã¨Ç¨Ï["Õ∞#xÑ≤ã¨∞ÎOk. P `«~°"åu ã¨O=`«û~åÅÖ’x =Åã¨áêÅ# ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùOQÍ Pk"åã‘ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ Z^Œ∞~˘¯#fl Öˇ·OyHõ J`åºKå~åÅ∞ q^ÕjÜ«ÚÅÃÑ· áÈ~å_®Å<Õ "åi ^Œ$_è»ã¨OHõÖÏÊxfl =∞iO`«QÍ HÍHõÅ∞ fiÛ# =∞~À JOâ◊=∞~ÚOk. ÉèÏ~°`«^Õâ◊OÖ’ =Å㨠áêÅ# `˘e~ÀAÅ#∞ =}˜H˜Oz# u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡Ö’ Pk"åã‘ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=∞ºO QÆ∞iOz# H˘kÌáê˜ ã¨=∂Kå~åxfl WHõ¯_» Wã¨∞Î<åflO. K«∞J~üu~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ ɡOQÍÖòÖ’ "≥Ú^Œ˜™êiQÍ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ ÉÏ=ÙÏ#∞ ZuÎ#"åiÖ’ K«∞J~ü u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞^•~°∞Å∞ XHõ~°∞. "å~°∞ ѨtÛ=∞ɡOQÍÖòÖ’x q∞_»flѨÓ~ü, |O‰õΩ~å lÖÏ¡ÅÖ’, D<å˜ cǨ~üÖ’x ^è•ÖòÉèí∂"£∞ÅÖ’ ѨxKÕâß~°∞. 1776 #∞O_ç 1772 =~°‰õÄ, =∞m¡ 1795 #∞O_ç 1816 =~°‰õÄ "å~°∞ D =¸_»∞ lÖÏ¡ÅÖ’ ¢a˜+π áêÅ##∞ ^•^•Ñ¨Ù ã¨÷OaèOѨ*Ëâß~°∞. Jk cǨ~ü, ɡOQÍÖòÅÖ’x "≥Ú`«ÎO 6 lÖϡʼnõΩ "åºÑ≤OzOk. PÜ«Ú^è•Å`À Ü«Ú^ŒúO KÕã≤# u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞^•~°∞ÅÖ’ Z‰õΩ¯==∞Ok ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÖË HÍh, D "≥Ú`«ÎO ¢áêO`«Ñ¨Ù =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÅO`å ¢‰õÄ~°"≥∞ÿ# q∞Å@s cÉèí`åûxfl Zkiã¨∂Î ^Œ$_è»OQÍ xÅ|_®¤~°∞. |O‰õΩ~å lÖÏ¡ "Õ∞l¢¿ãìò J~Ú# XHõ WOy¡+π =ºH˜Î "åOQÆ∂‡ÅO ¢Ñ¨HÍ~°O – 'J<ÕHõ ¢QÍ=∂ÅÖ’ Ãã·#ºO =∞HÍO "Õã≤# ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ "≥Ú`«ÎO ѨÙ~°∞+¨ [<åÉèÏ JÔ~ã¨∞ìÅ#∞ `«Ñ≤ÊOK«∞‰õΩ<ÕO^Œ∞‰õΩ P ¢Ñ¨^Õâßxfl q_»zÃјì ^ŒQÆæ~°Ö’x H˘O_»Å∂, J_»=ÙÖ’¡ P¢â◊Ü«∂xfl á⁄Ok#ѨÙ_»∞ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÖË ¢Ñ¨uѶ¨∞@##∞ ã¨r=OQÍ xeÑ≤ LOKå~°∞. ~å¢u ã¨=∞Ü«∂ÅÖ’ "å~°∞ q∞e@s Éèí¢^Œ`å =ÅÜ«∂#∞flOz *Ï~°∞‰õΩx ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ‰õΩ "å~°∞ ^•y=Ù#fl KÀ@∞ˆH PǨ~°O, h~°∞, ã¨=∂Kå~°O, z=~°‰õΩ PÜ«Ú^è•Å#∞ ‰õÄ_® ã¨~°Ñ¶¨~å KÕâß~°∞. Pk"åã‘, Ô~·`åOQÆ L^Œº=∂ÅÖ’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å áê„`« – q.QÍiæ K«i`«„Ö’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊
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  12. 12. 14 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 LÖòQÆ∞ÖÏ<£–a~åû=ÚO_®u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞LÖòQÆ∞ÖÏ<£–a~åû=ÚO_®u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞LÖòQÆ∞ÖÏ<£–a~åû=ÚO_®u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞LÖòQÆ∞ÖÏ<£–a~åû=ÚO_®u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞LÖòQÆ∞ÖÏ<£–a~åû=ÚO_®u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ (1890–1900)(1890–1900)(1890–1900)(1890–1900)(1890–1900) 30 ã¨OIIʼnõΩ ÃÑ·QÍ =ÚO_® ã¨~åÌ~°∞Å∞ "åi =º=ã¨÷Öˇ·# *Ïw~åÌ~°∞¡, >ˈH^•~°∞¡ (Ô~q#∂º Ô~·`«∞Å∞), "å}˜[º =_ô¤ "åºáê~°∞Å#∞ <åâ◊#O KÕÜ«∞_®xH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ áÈ~å_»∞`«∞<åfl~°∞. 1875Ö’ a~åû `«#‰õΩ k=º *Ï˝#O LO^ŒO@∂ XHõ =∞`«Ñ¨~°"≥∞ÿ# L^Œº=∂xfl ¢áê~°OaèOKå_»∞. "ÕÖÏk =∞Ok J`«x K«∞@∂ì KÕ~å~°∞. ã¨~åÌ~°∞Å ¢Ñ¨ÉèÏ=O`À =∞`«Ñ¨~°"≥∞ÿ# L^Œº=∞O `«fi~°Ö’<Õ XHõ Ô~·`åOQÆ, ~å[H©Ü«∞ ~°∂áêxfl ã¨O`«iOK«∞‰õΩOk. áÈ~å@OÖ’ k‰õÄʼnõΩ, ~å*ϺxH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ a~åû áêÖÁæ#_»O – 1878Ö’x ÉèÏ~°`« J@g K«@ìO VII "≥Å∞QÆ∞Ö’ J@g L`«Ê`«∞ÎÅ#∞ ¿ãHõiOK«_»O, Ѩâ◊√=ÙÅ#∞ ¿ãfiK«ÛùQÍ "Õ∞Ѩ_»O "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·# Pk"åã‘ ã¨O¢Ñ¨^•Ü«∞Hõ ǨωõΩ¯Å#∞ áÈQ˘@∞ìHÀ=_®xH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ [iy# PO^Àà◊#`À ¢áê~°OÉèí"≥∞ÿOk. J@g JѨCÅ#∞ =∂Ѷ‘ KÕÜ«∞_»O HÀã¨O [iy# PO^Àà◊#Ö’ ¢Ñ¨[Å∞ ÃÑ^ŒÌ ã¨OYºÖ’ áêÖÁæ#flѨʘH© UO LѨÜ≥∂QÆO ÖˉõΩO_® áÈ~ÚOk. a~åû =∞`«, ~å[H©Ü«∞ Ѩ~°"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∂ÅÃÑ· Tˆ~yOѨÙÅ#∞ x~°fiÇ≤Ïã¨∂Î, `«# J#∞K«~°∞Å#∞ ã¨g∞Hõiã¨∂Î ¢QÍ=∞O #∞O_ç ¢QÍ=∂xH˜ u~°QÆ_»O ¢áê~°OaèOKå_»∞. ѨÓsfi‰õΩʼnõΩ K≥Ok# ¢Ñ¨^ÕâßÅ#∂, Pk"åã‘Å∞ xi‡Oz# QÆ∞_»∞Å#∂ – P `«~åfi`« k‰õÄÅ∞ P¢Hõq∞Oz#"å˜x – ã¨O^Œi≈OK«_»O áÈQ˘@∞ì‰õΩ#fl Pk"åã‘Å P`«‡Q“~°"åxfl uiy ǨωõΩ¯QÍ ã¨OáêkOK«∞HÀ=_»O HÀã¨O J#∞ã¨iOz# Ѩ^Œú`«∞Ö’¡ XHõ˜. D Ü«∂¢`«ÅÖ’ ÃÑ^ŒÌ ã¨OYºÖ’ ÉÏeHõÅ∂, ¢ã‘ÎÅ∂ a~åû "≥O@ L<åfl~°∞. 1899, ¢H˜ã¨‡ãπ ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùOQÍ P <ÕÅÖ’ =ÚO_® áêÅ##∞ ™ê÷Ñ≤OK«_»O HÀã¨O a~åû XHõ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞#∞ ¢Ñ¨Hõ˜OKå_»∞. >ˈH^•~°∞¡, *Ïw~åÌ~°∞¡, ~å*ÏÅ∞, ǨÏH©OÅ∞ (áêʼnõΩÅ∞), ¢H˜ã≤ìÜ«∞#¡#∞ K«OѨ_®xfl ¢áÈ`«ûÇ≤ÏOKå_»∞. Pk"åã‘ÜÕ∞`«~° ¿Ñ^ŒÅÃÑ· ^•_ç KÕÜ«∞‰õÄ_»^Œ∞. Pk"åã¨∞Å∞ =∞^•ºhfl, ^˘OQÆ`«<åhfl, J|^•úÖÏ_»Ïhfl, ǨÏ`«ºKÕÜ«∞_®hfl =^ŒÅ∞HÀ"åÅx K≥áêÊ_»∞. a~åû =ÚO_® <åÜ«∞Hõ`«fiOÖ’x LÖòQÆ∞ÖÏ<£ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å#∞ HõkeOzOk. =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å ã¨ÊO^Œ# ¢Ñ¨K«O_»OQÍ LOk. J<ÕHõ=∞Ok =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ – |∞~ükÇπωõΩ K≥Ok# ™êe, É’~åÎkÇπÏ #∞Oz W^ŒÌ~°∞ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞, â◊OHõ~°, WOHÍ J<ÕHõ=∞Ok – `«=∞ Wà◊¡#∂, ‰õΩ@∞OÉÏÅ#∂ =^Œe J`«xH˜ ã¨xflÇ≤Ï`«"≥∞ÿ# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ÅÜ«∂º~°∞. ™êe KåÖÏ ^è≥·~°ºO Hõey# =∞Ç≤Ïà◊. P"≥∞, P"≥∞ ¿ãflÇ≤Ï`«∞~åÖˇ·# =∞H˜ =ÚO_® `«=∞`«=∞ HÀ_»à◊√¡, =∞#=~åà◊¡`À áê@∞ a~åû u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞Ö’ áêÖÁæx J`«xH˜ ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞O KÕâß~°∞. J`«x ã¨ÉèíʼnõΩ ÃÑ^ŒÌ ã¨OYºÖ’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ Ǩ[~°Ü«∂º~°∞. ¢Ñ¨Éèí∞`«fiO J`«xfl JÔ~ã¨∞ì KÕã≤#ѨÙ_»∞ 700 =∞Ok =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∂, ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ∂ KåÖòHÍ_£ ^ŒQÆæ~° áÈQÆÜ«∂º~°∞. 1897, #=O|~ü 30# J`«_»∞ q_»∞^ŒÅÜ«∂º_»∞. áÈbã¨∞Å∞, Ãã·#ºO`À [iy# Ç≤ÏO™ê`«‡Hõ áÈ~åÏÅÖ’ áêÖÁæO@∂ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ a~åû J#∞K«~°∞ÅÖ’ XHõ ¢Ñ¨`ÕºHõ"≥∞ÿ# q∞e>ˇOò ÉèÏQÆOQÍ `«Ü«∂~°Ü«∂º~°∞. J<ÕHõ JOâßÅ∞ áÈQÆ∞Ѩ_ç# ¢Ñ¨ÉèÏ="Õ∞ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÅÃÑ· a~åû‰õΩ#fl ¢Ñ¨K«O_»"≥∞ÿ# ¢Ñ¨ÉèÏ"åxH˜ HÍ~°}O. Ǩ˙Öò `«~åfi`« 40 ã¨OIIÅ∞ QÆ_»záÈÜ«∂~Ú, Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Å∞ =∞iO`«QÍ H©∆}˜OKå~Ú, =∞~À u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞‰õΩ Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Å∞ ã≤^ŒúOQÍ L<åfl~Ú. q∞e>ˇOò áÈ~åÏxfl xÅ∞ѨÙH˘x f¢=`«~°O KÕÜ«∞_»O HÀã¨O ã¨O^ä•Öò ã¨=∂[OÖ’ JO`«~°æ`« ¢Ñ¨H∆Íà◊# [~°QÍeû# J=ã¨~åxfl a~åû É’^èŒ#Å∞ <˘H˜¯K≥áêÊ~Ú. WO^Œ∞Ö’x ¢Ñ¨^è•#"≥∞ÿ# JOâ◊O – Pk"åã‘ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÅÃÑ· Pk"å㑠ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ ^ÀÑ≤_ôx JO`«O KÕÜ«∞_»O. ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ∞ XHõ™êiHõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯=™ê~°∞¡ ÃÑo¡ KÕã¨∞HÀ‰õÄ_»^Œ∞, q"å¿ÇÏ`«~° ã¨O|O^è•Å∞ LOK«∞HÀ‰õÄ_»^Œ∞, =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ Z@∞=O˜ Hõ+¨ì=¸ ÖˉõΩO_® q_®‰õΩÅ∞ W=fiQÆÅQÍe. =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å`À ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ ã¨O|O^è•xfl J=∂#gÜ«∞O KÕã¨∞ÎOk HÍ|˜ì =∞^Œºáê<åxfl ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ∞ =^ŒÅ∞HÀ"åe. D L^Œº=∞OÖ’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=∞ºO Q˘Ñ¨ÊQÍ ¢Ñ¨^Œi≈`«"≥∞ÿOk. "åi =~°æ K≥·`«#ºO, q∞e>ˇhû ÉÏQÍ Jaè=$kú K≥O^•~Ú. =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ `«=∞#∞ `å=Ú L`«ÊuÎ^•~°∞Å∞QÍ, ¢âßq∞‰õΩÅ∞QÍ QÆ∞iÎOKå~°∞. L`«ÊuÎH˜ "åi ^ÀǨÏ^ŒO qt+¨ì"≥∞ÿ#n, `«y#O`«QÍ QÆ∞iÎOѨ٠á⁄Ok#n. ™ê=∂lHõ =~°Î#, ~å[H©Ü«∞ ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=∞ºO =O˜ q+¨Ü«∂ÅÖ’ "å~°∞ `«y#O`«QÍ ¿ãfiK«Ûù#∞ J#∞ÉèíqOKå~°∞. "åà◊√¡ =ÚY∞ºÅ∞QÍ HÍ~åºÅÜ«∂Å#∞ x~°fiÇ≤ÏOK«#ѨʘH©, ¢H˜Ü«∂jÅ ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=∞º=∞<Õ ã¨O¢Ñ¨^•Ü«∂xfl Hõey L<åfl~°∞. ã¨Éèí∞ºÅ∞QÍ, XHõ xiÌ+¨ì =~°æOQÍ, WOHÍ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞QÍ ‰õÄ_® "å~°∞ J}z"Õ`«‰õΩ QÆ∞iHÍ=_»OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® `«=∞ ÉèÏQÍxfl ѨOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. Éèí∂™êfi=ÚʼnõΩ "å~°∞ |Å=O`«OQÍ T_çQÆO KÕÜ«∂eû=KÕÛk. Öˇ·OyHõOQÍ ã¨∞ÅÉèíOQÍ ^˘iˆH Z~°QÍ "åix ѨiQÆ}˜OKÕ"å~°∞. "å~°∞ "åi ã¨fiO`« ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ KÕuÖ’ ‰õÄ_® – ¢Ñ¨`ÕºH˜Oz "åà◊√¡ =∞^ŒºO =∞`«∞ÎÖ’ LO_»QÍ – J}z"Õ`«‰õΩ QÆ∞~°ÜÕ∞º"å~°∞. JO^Œ∞=Å# L^Œº=∞OÖ’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å áê¢`«#∞ =~°æO, Öˇ·OyHõ J}z"Õ`« – D Ô~O_»∞ JOâßÅ`À#∂ J~°÷O KÕã¨∞HÀ"åeû LOk. K«sÛÅ g∞^•, ¢ÔH·ã¨Î=ÙÅ g∞^Œ ^•_»∞Å`À L^Œº=∞O ¢áê~°OÉèí"≥∞ÿOk. P `«~åfi`« áÈbã¨∞ÅÃÑ· f¢="≥∞ÿ# Ç≤ÏO™ê`«‡Hõ ^•_»∞Å#∞ QÆ∞iÃÑ@ì_»O ÃÑiyáÈ~ÚOk. áÈbã¨∞Å∞ ¢QÍ=∂ÅÃÑ· ^•_ç KÕã≤#ѨÙ_»∞ Ñ≤Å¡Å∂, ¢Ñ¨`ÕºH˜Oz =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å`À áê@∞ WO˜e¡áên "åi KÕuHõOk# PÜ«Ú^è•Å`À áÈbã¨∞ÅÃÑ·H˜ ^•_çH˜ kˆQ"å~°∞. =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å áÈ~å@OÖ’x Hõiî#`«fiO, ™êǨϙêÅ â◊H˜Î –
  13. 13. 15 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 "åix ^ÀÑ≤_ô KÕ¿ã"åiÃÑ·, P ^ÀÑ≤_ô^•~°∞Å Ü«¸~ÀÑ≤Ü«∞<£, ÉèÏ~°`« q∞¢`«∞ÅÃÑ· K«∂Ñ≤Oz# f„="≥∞ÿ# Jã¨Ç¨ÏºO, q∞e>ˇhûÅÖ’ HõxÑ≤ã¨∞ÎOk. Y∞Ou áÈbãπ ¿ãì+¨<£ÃÑ·<å, Éèí∂™êfiq∞ÃÑ·<å ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ∂, =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∂, Ñ≤Å¡Å∂ ^•_ç KÕã≤# `«~åfi`« Ãã·xHõ |ÅQÍÅ∞ [iÑ≤# HÍÅ∞ÊÅÖ’ =ÚQÆ∞æ~°∞ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ =∞~°}˜OKå~°∞. P ^•_ç JO`«Ï a~åû ~°Hõ∆}#∞ ™êe x~°fiÇ≤ÏOzOk. `«=∞#∞ "åi`Àáê@∞QÍ fã¨∞HÀ"åeûOkQÍ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ ¢Ñ¨*ÏhHÍxfl Pi÷OK«™êQÍ~°∞. `«=∞#∞ =kÖËã≤ ™êÇ≤ÏÉò (¢a˜+π áêʼnõΩÅ∞) =^ŒÌ‰õΩ "≥à◊¡=Åã≤OkQÍ ¢a˜+π "åà◊¡‰õΩ q^èÕÜ«∞OQÍ LO_Õ =ÚO_®Å‰õΩ K≥áêÊ~°∞. "å~°∞ ^•y=Ù#fl UHÍO`« ¢Ñ¨^ÕâßÅÖ’ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞^•~°∞ʼnõΩ ã¨~°Ñ¶¨~åÅ =∂~åæÅ#∞ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÖË x~°fiÇ≤Ïã¨∞ÎO_»@O`À u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞^•~°∞Å K«~åã¨∞ÎÅxflO˜h [ѨÙÎ KÕÜ«∂Åh, '"åi ÉèÏ~°ºÅ#∞ ¢QÍ=∂Å#∞ =^Œe"≥à◊§‰õΩO_® QƘìQÍ Hõ@ì_ç KÕÜ«∂Åh—, `«^•fi~å ã¨~°Ñ¶¨~åÅ#∞ PÑ≤"ÕÜ«∞=K«∞Û#h XHõ =∞`«É’^茉õΩ_»∞ ¢Ñ¨uáêkOKå_»∞. 'Ѩ~åsÖ’ L#fl"åi =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ `«=∞ ¢QÍ=∂ÅÖ’x âßOux HÀˆ~ =ÚO_®sÅ#∞— ɡkiã¨∞Î<åfl~°x ‰õÄ_® J`«_»<åfl_»∞. Ãã~ÚÖò ~°HõÉò H˘O_»ÃÑ· Ô~·`åOQÆO `«=∞ z=i áÈ~åÏxfl KÕã≤#ѨÙ_»∞ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ `«=∞ ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ‰õΩ `À_»∞QÍ L<åfl~°∞. áÈbã¨∞ HÍÅ∞ÊÖ’¡ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å`À ã¨Ç¨ 200 =∞Ok =ÚO_®Å∞ =∞~°}˜OKå~°∞. JkèHÍ~°∞Å∞ ¢QÍ=∂ÅÃÑ· J=∞Å∞KÕã≤# cÉèí`åûxH˜ Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ QÆ∞~°~ÚOk =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÖË. áÈbã¨∞Å∂, Ãã·x‰õΩÅ∂ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊ÅÃÑ· J`åºKå~åÅ∞ KÕâß~°∞. J<ÕHõ=∞Ok =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å#∞ JÔ~ã¨∞ì KÕã≤, ã¨OÔHà◊√¡"Õã≤, K«~°º [iy# ¢áêO`«O #∞Oz lÖÏ¡ ÃÇÏ_£HÍfi~°ì~üû =~°‰õÄ "åix #_çÑ≤OKå~°∞. x~°ƒO^èŒOÖ’ L#fl J<ÕHõ =∞Ok *ˇ·Å∞Ö’<Õ =∞~°}˜OKå~°∞. ѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ‰õΩ *ˇ·Å∞ tHõ∆ "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ =∞~°} tHõ∆, ^Õâ◊|Ç≤Ï+¨¯~°} =~°‰õÄ tHõ∆Å∞ Ѩ_®¤~Ú. ¢Ñ¨uѶ¨∞@#Ö’ <åÜ«∞Hõ`«fi áê¢`« áÈ+≤Oz# QÆÜ«∞ =ÚO_® ÉèÏ~°º‰õΩ Ô~O_Õà◊¡ Hõiî# HÍ~åQÍ~° tHõ∆#∞ qkèOKå~°∞. J}z"Õ`«`À L^Œº=∞O ѨÓiÎQÍ =ÚHõ¯Öˇ·Ok. 1900, Ѷ≤¢|=i ¢áê~°OÉèíOÖ’ a~åû Ѩ@∞ì|_®¤_»∞. AÖˇ· <≥ÅÖ’ *ˇ·Ö’¡<Õ PÜ«∞# =∞~°}˜OKå_»∞. 7,000 =∞OkH˜ PÜ«∞# <åÜ«∞‰õΩ_»∞. J`«x u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ 4 ã¨OIIÅ áê@∞ #_çzOk. P u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞#∞ Ju Hõ+¨ìO g∞^Œ J}z"Õâß~°∞ HÍh, a~åû K«i¢`« ~°OQÆOÖ’H˜ ¢Ñ¨"ÕtOKå_»∞. =∞#ºO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞=∞#ºO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞=∞#ºO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞=∞#ºO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞=∞#ºO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ (1922–1924)(1922–1924)(1922–1924)(1922–1924)(1922–1924) ¢a˜+π "åà◊¡‰õΩ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ QÍOnè JÇ≤ÏO™ê áÈ~å@O "Õà◊¥¡#∞‰õΩO@∞#flѨʘH©, 1920ÅÖ’ ¢QÍg∞}, J@g ¢áêO`åÅÖ’ Ô~·`åOQÆ, Pk"åã‘ áÈ~åÏÅ∞ [iQÍ~Ú. "å˜Ö’ J`«ºO`« ¢áê=ÚYºO Hõey#k – `«∂~°∞Ê Hõ#∞=∞Ö’¡x =∞#ºO U*ˇhû ¢áêO`«OÖ’ JÅ∂¡i ã‘`å~å=∞~åA <åÜ«∞Hõ`«fiOÖ’ [iy#k. 1922 JQÆã¨∞ì #∞O_ç _çÃãO|~ü =~°‰õÄ ~åA, J`«x J#∞K«~°∞Å∞ U*ˇhûÖ’x qq^èŒ ¢áêO`åÅÖ’x J<ÕHõ áÈbã¨∞ ¿ãì+¨#¡ÃÑ· ^•_çKÕã≤ PÜ«Ú^è•Å#∂, =∞O^Œ∞QÆ∞O_»∞#∂ ™êfinè#O KÕã¨∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. Z<£H“O@~°¡ ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùOQÍ "åà◊√¡ W^ŒÌ~°∞ Ü«¸~ÀÑ≤Ü«∞<£ Hõ=∂O_çOQ∑ PѶ‘ã¨~°¡#∂, #Å∞QÆ∞~°∞ áÈbã¨∞Å#∂ K«Oáê~°∞. [#=i #∞Oz JHÀì|~ü =~°‰õÄ ¢a˜+π áÈbã¨∞ |ÅQÍʼnõÄ, u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞^•~°¡‰õÄ =∞^茺 9 Ju ÃÑ^ŒÌ ã¨OѶ¨∞~°¬}Å∞ [iQÍ~Ú. D u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@¡Ö’ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å ÉèÏQÆ™êfi=∞ºO KåÖÏ qâı+¨"≥∞ÿ#k. ¢a˜+π "åi`À ™êǨÏã¨O`À áÈ~å_ç, P ¢áêO`« ¢Ñ¨*ÏhHõOÖ’ J=∞~°`åfixfl QÆ_çOz# ~°uÎ J<Õ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊#∞ QÆ∞iOz qOÏO. J<ÕHõ=∞Ok =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å#∞ JÔ~ã¨∞ì KÕã≤, z¢`«Ç≤ÏOã¨Å∞ Ãјì, "åiÃÑ· J`åºKå~åÅ∞ KÕã≤<å "å~°∞ `«Å=OK«ÖË^Œ∞. z=~°‰õΩ <åÜ«∞‰õΩ_≥·# ~åA JÔ~ã¨ì~Ú 1924, "Õ∞ <≥ÅÖ’ J`«xfl K«OÑ≤"Õã≤# `«~åfi`« =∂¢`«"Õ∞ D u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞#∞ J}z"ÕÜ«∞QÆeQÍ~°∞. ÃãÃÑìO|~üHõÖÏ¡ u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ ѨÓiÎQÍ =Úyã≤áÈ~ÚOk. H˘=Ú~°O cèO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ –H˘=Ú~°O cèO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ –H˘=Ú~°O cèO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ –H˘=Ú~°O cèO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ –H˘=Ú~°O cèO u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞ – 19401940194019401940 ÃÇ·Ï^Œ~åÉÏ^£Ö’x x*ÏO áêÅ#‰õΩ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ H˘=Ú~°O cèO <åÜ«∞Hõ`«fiOÖ’ [iy#k =∞~À ™êǨϙȿÑ`«"≥∞ÿ# u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞. PkÖÏÉÏ^£ lÖÏ¡Ö’x J@g Éèí∂q∞ÃÑ· uiy Pk"åã¨∞ʼnõΩ ǨωõΩ¯#∞ ã¨OáêkOK«_»O HÀã¨O Wk [iyOk. Wk ¢Ñ¨`«ºHõ∆OQÍ ¢a˜+π "åiH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ [iy# áÈ~å@O HÍ#ѨʘH©, P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ ¢a˜+π "åix P^è•~°OQÍ KÕã¨∞‰õΩx ѨxKÕã¨∂Î, u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞#∞ J}K«_»O HÀã¨O ¢a˜+π "åi ѨÓiÎ n"≥#Å#∞ Hõey=Ù#fl Éèí∂™êfi=∞º â◊‰õΩÎʼnõΩ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ [iy#n áÈ~å@O. W`«~° Pk"åã‘ áÈ~åÏÅxflO˜Ö’ XHõ xÜ«∞=∞OQÍ [iy#@∞¡QÍ<Õ D ™êÜ«Ú^èŒ áÈ~å@OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® PkÖÏÉÏ^£Ö’x QÀO_»∞ Pk"åã‘ =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ ÃÑ^ŒÌ ã¨OYºÖ’ áêÖÁæ<åfl~°∞. 1940Ö’ [iy# z=i Ü«Ú^ŒúOÖ’ cèO`Àáê@∞ J<ÕHõ =∞Ok =∞Ç≤Ïà◊Å∞ =∞~°}˜OKå~°∞, u~°∞QÆ∞ÉÏ@∞#∞ ¢‰õÄ~°OQÍ J}z"Õâß~°∞. `«# Éèí~°Î cèO =∞~°}˜Oz#ѨÙ_»∞ H˘=Ú~°O ™ÈOÉÏ~Ú Ñ¨ã≤a_»¤#∞ #_»∞=Ú‰õΩ Hõ@∞ì‰õΩx áÈbã¨∞Å`À Ü«Ú^ŒúO KÕã≤# ã¨OQÆu JO`«QÍ "≥Å∞QÆ∞Ö’H˜ ~åx x[O. cèO, WOHÍ L^Œº=∂xH˜ K≥Ok# W`«~° J=∞~°∞Å∂ ˆH=ÅO QÀO_»∞ ¢Ñ¨[Å *Ï˝Ñ¨HÍÅÖ’<Õ HÍHõ D<å˜ áÈ~å@ ¢Ñ¨*ÏhHÍxH˜ ‰õÄ_® XHõ #=¸<åQÍ LOÏ~°∞. (q∞QÆ`å 18= ¿ÑrÖ’)
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  15. 15. 17 =∞Ç≤ÏàÏ=∂~°æO ! ÃãÃÑìO|~ü – JHÀì|~ü 2006 =∂ÔH>ˇÿì<å `å˜=ÚOlÅ∞ u<åÅ#∞Ok. HÍx H˘>Ëì^≥Ïì! Ѩ^ŒÌ=∞‡H˜ K≥>ˇìHõ¯_»O =ã¨Î^ŒO@QÍx, "åà◊§ TiHÍ_» XHõ™êi K≥>ˇìH˜¯ `å˜HÍ~ÚÅ∞ H˘_»`«∞O>Ë "åà◊§ <å~Ú# K«∂ã≤ Kå=Q˘˜ìO_»O@ P_»Ñ≤Å¡Å∞ `å˜K≥>ˇìHõ¯_»"Õ∞O^Œx. P ÉèíÜ«∞O`À WOÔHѨC_»∂ `å˜K≥@∞ì *’eH˜ áÈÖË^ŒO@. <å‰õΩ #_»∞O^ŒQÆæ~° gѨÙ# áê=_® H˜O^ŒH˜ H˘_»=eQÆ∞zÛ #_»∞OѨ@∞ìH˘x K≥@∞ìÃÑ·H˜ `Àã≤Ok. HÍÜ«∞Å^•HÍ áÈQÆeQÍ#∞QÍx =∞@ìѨ@∞ìH˘x K≥@∞ìq∞O^ŒH˜ Z>ˇìHͯ֒ `≥bÖÏ ... JO`Õ P_»#∞Oz [¢~°∞#*Ïi H˜O^ŒH˘KÕÛã≤<å. Ѩ^ŒÌ=∞‡ *ÏQÆ~°ÎÅhfl K≥Ñ≤Ê =∞m§ ÃÑ·H˜ <≥˜ìOk. ZO`«QÍ Hõ+¨ìѨ_ç<å K≥@∞ìq∞O^ŒH˜ áÈÖËHõáÈ`«∞<åfl. P ~À[O`å =∂HÀÑ≤‰õΩ#flxfl ™ê~°∞¡ J>Ëfl*Ëã≤#O, =∂=Å¡ HÍÖÏ. ~˘O_À~ÀA U^≥·`Õ J^≥·O^Œx Ѩ^ŒÌ"Õ∞‡ K≥>ˇìHͯÅ#∞H˘#flk. ##∞fl Hõ@ìq∞O^ŒÔHH˜¯ Z=Ù~°<åfl =ã¨∞Î<åflˆ~"≥∂#x K«∞@∂ì K«∂_»=∞#flk. HÍà◊§H˜ |O^èŒ"Õ∞ã¨∞H˘x ~˘O_»OQÆÖ’¡ K≥>ˇìH˜¯ HÍ~ÚÅ∞ HÀ¿ãã≤Ok. `«~°"å`« H˘kÌ~ÀAňH "åà◊§"≥Ú‡¿ãÎ P"≥∞`Àáê@∞ Ѩ^ŒÌ=∞‡ TiÔHo§áÈ~ÚOk. "åà◊§ ÃÑ^ŒÌHõ¯ JѨC_»Ñ¨C_»∂ =∂ J=∞‡HÍ_çH˘zÛ K≥|`å=ÙO>Ë Ñ¨^ŒÌ=∞‡ ã¨OQÆ`«∞Å∞ `≥Å™êÎ LO_Õq. Ѩ^ŒÌ=∞‡H˜ ÃÑo§ ã¨O|O^è•Å∞ K«∂ã¨Î<åfl~°O@. Z=Ù~°∂ KÕã¨∞HÀ=ÏxH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ ~å@OÖË^ŒO@. <åÅ∞ÔQ·^Õà◊√§ ZuH˜#OHõ XHÍÜ«∞# =ÚO^Œ∞H˘zÛO_»∞. ''g_»∞ Pã≤ÎHÀã¨O XѨCH˘<åfl_»∞QÍx P Ñ≤Å¡`À ã¨O™ê~°O*ˇÜ«∞º_®xH˜ HÍ^Œ∞—— J<åfl~°O^Œ~°∂. Ѩ^ŒÌ=∞‡H˜ PÔ~Hõ~åÅ =∂QÍ}˜, KåÖÏ |OQÍ~°O ÃÑ_»`«<åfl~°∞. PÜ«∞#ˆH"≥∂ KÕ`«∞Å∞ `«Ñ¨Ê =∞ˆ~ Pã‘Î ÖË^Œ∞. ÃÑo§ <≥Å∂¡~°∞ ~°OQÆ<åÜ«∞‰õΩÅ∞ QÆ∞à’§ ÃÑ@∞ì‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. =∂‰õΩ ÉÏQÍ ^Œyæi |O^èŒ∞=ÙÅ∞ HÍ|˜ì JO^Œ~°∂ =ÚO^Õ Zàϧ~°∞. =∂ J=∞‡ U^À Ѩ#∞O^Œx `«~°"å`« ~ÀA <Õ~°∞QÍ ÃÑo§ˆH fã¨HõáÈ~ÚOk. "Õ∞O á⁄ÜÕ∞ºã¨iH˜ ÃÑo§ =∞O_»Ñ¨=∞O`å QÆO^Œ~°QÀà◊OQÍ LOk. J~°∞ѨÙÅ∞, U_»∞ѨÙÅ∞ ~ÚxÑ≤™êÎ=ÙO_»~Ú. K«∞@∂ì =∞#∞+¨µÅO`å ^Œ_çHõ˜ì#@∞¡<åfl~°∞. J=∂‡, <Õ#∂ z#flOQÍ ^•i*Ëã¨∞H˘OÏ ~ÀO`« ֒ѨeÔHo§#O. XHÍÜ«∞# XHõKÕ`ÀΠѨOK≥QÆ|@∞ìH˘x JÁÔHQÆ∞~°∞ WÁÔHQÆ∞~°∞`À ~°OÔHÖË™êÎ L<åfl_»∞. ''"å_»Éσ J=∂‡ K«zÛ¢#x K«OHõÅ∞ QÆ∞^Œ∞ÌH˘OÏ D ÃÑo§ KÕã¨∞Î<åfl~å! Ñ≤Ö’¡_»∞ Ñ≤ÖÏ¡ K«∂ã¨∞H˘<åfl~°∞, XHõ~˘flHõ~°∞ #KåÛ~°x =∂‰õΩ =∂Ü«∞=∂@Å∞ K≥|`å~å! U^À Hõey<Àà◊√§, ÃÑ^ŒÌ=∞#∞+¨µÅx #q∞‡#O^Œ∞‰õΩ =∂ Q˘O`«∞Å∞ HÀ™êÎ~å! "å_çfl <À’¡ <åeHõÖË<À}˜‚*Ëã≤ D ^≥Ü«∞ºÑ≤ÊÅ¡#O@QÆ_»`å~å! W^Œ∂~å! =Å¡HÍ_®! WO`«<åºÜ«∞O [~°QÆ`å=ÙO>Ë W^ÕO^Œ<Õ =∞}˜¿ãÖË_®! ÃÑ^ŒÌ=∞}˜Ã+=Ù_»<åfl =ÙO>Ë ~åO_ç, <åÜ≥∞O*ˇÑ¨ÊO_ç——. XHÍ"≥∞ [<åÅ"≥·Ñ¨Ù KÕ`«∞Å∞ ÉÏ~°*Ïz QÆ∞O_≥Å∞ ÉÏ^Œ∞H˘OÏ ''hÔHO`«<åflÜ«∞O [~°QÆ`«∞Ok~å H˘_»HÍ ... JO^Œ~°∂ HõeÃãO`« <å@Hõ=∂_®¢~å `«O¢_ô... =∞=∞‡efl Ñ≤Å¡x E_»HõO_®*Ëã≤ h"≥∞_»H˜ QÆ∞k|O_»QÆÏìÅx K«∂™êÎ<åfl¢~å `«O¢_ô ... "åà◊§ =∂Ü«∞Ö’|_ç P_»=∞#fl@ìÖÏ¡ P_çuqQÆ^Œ~å <åÜ«∞<å! D_»^•HÍ =zÛ#OHõ WOˆH_çH˜ áÈ^ŒÌ<ÕQÆ^Œ~å! =∞=∞‡efl <Õ~°∞QÍ ÃÑo§HÍ_çˆH ~°Ñ≤Êã≤Îi~À ...—— P"≥∞ â’HÍÅ∞ =∞O_»Ñ¨=∞O`å yOy~°∞¡ u~°QÆ`«∞<åfl~Ú. Dàı§QÍHõO_® WOHÍ "åà◊§`À>Ë =zÛ<Ààı§"≥∂ z<åflÃÑ^•Ì Q˘O`«∞Å∞ Kå<å<Õ WxÑ≤™êÎ<åfl~Ú. =∂"åà‹·§`Õ "åà◊§x HÍàϧܫ∂àϧ|_ç |uOÖÏ_»`«∞<åfl~°∞. "åà◊√¡ ~ÀO`«QÆ∂_» `«QÆæ_»OÖÏ ... J=Ù#∂, WO`«H© Ѩ^ŒÌ"Õ∞‡k? J@∂W@∂ ^•i*Ëã¨∞H˘OÏ ZuH˜`Õ Ñ‘@Åq∞O^Œ ‰õÄ~ÀÛx HõxÑ≤OzOk. ѨHõ¯# ÃÑo§H˘_»∞QÆ∂æ_» L<åfl_»∞. Ѩ^ŒÌ=∞‡ Ѩ@∞ìp~°QÆ@∞ìHÀx Wxfl #QÆÅ∞, ѨÓÅ[_»`À *Ï`«~À¡ J"≥∂‡ifl JÅOHõiOz#@∞ìOk. =ÚO^Œ∞#fl P ѨàϧÅ∞QÆ∂_» ã¨iQÆæ ã¨iáÈÜ«∂~Ú. `«#QÆ∞iOKÕ JO`« Q˘_»= [~°QÆ`å=Ù<åfl P"≥∞ "≥ÚHõOÖ’ ÉÏ^èŒQÍx ã¨O`À+¨OQÍx Ug∞ Hõ#Ѩ_»¤OÖÏ. J^ŒO`å `«#‰õΩ ã¨O|O^èŒOÖËx Q˘_»=#fl@∞ìQÍ<Õ ‰õÄ~˘Û#flk. ÃÑo§H˘_»∞‰õΩ "≥ÚHõO ÉÏ^èŒQÍÃÑ@∞ìHÀx P Q˘_»=™êÜÕ∞ K«∂™êÎ=Ù<åfl_»∞. ‰õÄ~ÀÛ#∞O>Ë Ñ¨^ŒÌ=∞‡O`Õ á⁄_»∞QÆ∂ ÖÏ=Ó L#fl@∞ì<åfl_»∞. HÍHõáÈ`Õ Ñ¨^ŒÌ=∂‡Å JÜÕ∞º~¸ ÃÑ@∞ìHÀHõá⁄ÜÕ∞ºã¨iH˜ =∂=¸Å∞QÍ<Õ L<åfl_»∞. WO`«Ö’ XHÍ"≥ÚzÛ ''hˆHO QÍKå~°O~å `«=Ú‡_®! D ^Œi¢^•xfl *Ëã¨∞HÀÏxH˜, |OQÍ~°=∞O˜ Ñ≤Å¡xEã≤ KÕ™êÎO, ~å~å áÈ^•O—— Jx ÃÑo§H˘_»∞‰õΩ K≥~Úº|@∞ìHÀx XHõ QÆ∞OAQÆ∞OlOk. ''Dà◊§H˜ =∂˜KåÛ#∞. WO`« ^Œ∂~°"≥ÚzÛ#OHõ Ü≥∞#H˜¯ÉÁÜÕ∞º^ÕOk. <ÕhÑ≤Å¡<Õ *Ëã¨∞H˘OÏ. #zÛ<Àà◊√§O_ç <åÅ∞QÆzÛO`«ÖˇÜ«∞ºO_ç, ÖË<Àà◊√§ QÆ=Ú‡# Z=Ùi^•~Àflà◊√§ É’O_ç—— Jx ÔQ˜ìQÍ Jiz K≥~Úºx XHõ¯ WkeOÑ≤keKåÛ_»∞. ''D_çˆH^À =∞O^À=∂HÀ ÃÑÏìˆ~ `«b¡ ... =∂ H˘_»∞‰õΩx =∂QÍæ‰õΩO_® *Ëã¨∞Î<åflˆ~ `«b¡—— ... "åà◊§=∞‡ `«ÅÉÏ^Œ∞H˘OÏ â’HÍÅ∞ɡ_»`å LOk. =∂"åà◊√§ "åà◊§ <åÜ«∞xfl, PÜ«∞#`Àáê@∞ H˘O`«=∞Okx ѨHõ¯H˜ fã¨Hõá⁄Ü«∂º~°∞. P_» UO [~°QÆ`«∞O^À `≥b_»OÖÏ. "åà◊√¡ PÇ¨Ï ... TǨï JOÏ J@∂ W@∂ `«ÅÅ∞ uѨÊ`å=Ù<åfl~°∞. Dàı§O^À KÕ`«∞Å∞|@∞ìHÀx QÆ_®¤Å∞|@∞ìHÀx |uOÖÏ_»`å=Ù<åfl~°∞. JÏì Kå<å¿ãѨ٠[iy#OHõ ѨHõ¯H˜É’~Ú<Àà◊§O^Œ~°∂ =KÕÛâß~°∞. "åà’§à◊§O^Œ~°∂ XHõ^Œyæ~° xÅ|_ç UO^ÕO^À ~ÀO`«¿ãѨ٠QÆ∞ã¨QÆ∞ã¨QÍ =∂Ï¡_»∞H˘<åfl~°∞. JѨʘ^•HÍ ™È^≥ÌOEã¨∞Î<Àflà◊§O^Œ~°∂ "åà◊§Ö’ "åà◊√¡ =∂Ï¡_»∞‰õΩOÏ =Ù<åfl~°∞. (q∞QÆ`å 24= ¿ÑrÖ’)
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