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Intelligent Buildings
Intelligent Buildings
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  1. 1. SAJID WARSI 090105033 E.I.E, 4th Yr.
  2. 2. BRIEF HISTORY The high technology concept of intelligent building systems was introduced in United States in early 1980’s.
  3. 3. In the early 1980s, several major technology trends were under way. the creation and services and emergence of the innovations entered personal computer the telecom industry. marketplace
  4. 4. Smart Home Perspective .... a new kind of service delivery environment providing value to the consumer 21st Century Integration of comprehensive Living Environment 20th Century Functional System Integration makes life easier 19th Cenrury Elementary tasks based on Human Capability & Flexibility Infotainment Health care
  5. 5. Key DRIVER : Broadband Connectivity & Communicating Devices Broadband connectivity -City Wide Broadband : Cable/DSL, -3GTelephony rollout starting (integrate the data) -WiFi deployment -Wimax is announced
  6. 6. This era also spawned the first real connection between real estate developers and technology.
  7. 7. • Structured cabling systems, • Audio visual systems, building automation Some modest controllers with technological direct digital control advancements in (DDC), buildings are: • Conditioned space for network equipment, • Access control systems, • Video surveillance.
  8. 8. The positive financial effects of integrated systems, Energy conservation, Greater systems functionality, The continuing The drivers for smart evolution of buildings are :- technology. Increasing needs
  9. 9. WHAT IS SMART BUILDING? “a new generation of buildings Such a building was defined as that almost think for themselves “a COMBINATION of two … called intelligent buildings.” technologies—old-fashioned building management and telecommunications.”
  10. 10. Building should know what is happening inside and immediately outside. SMART BUILDING Building should decide the most effective way of providing a convenient, comfortable and productive environment for its occupants.
  11. 11. RICHA BHUSHAN 090105031 E.I.E, 4th Yr
  12. 12. AIM OF SMART BUILDINGS The technology allows us to operate the building more efficiently; and to differentiate to construct the and improve the buildings in a more marketability of the efficient way, building. to provide to provide an productive and energy-efficient healthy spaces for and sustainable the occupants and environment, visitors, to provide a safe environment,
  13. 13. These systems include building A smart building involves the automation, life installation and use of advanced safety, telecommunications, user and integrated building systems, and facility technology systems. management systems. Smart buildings provide the most Smart buildings provide cost effective approach to the actionable information about a design and the deployment of building or space within a building building technology systems. The to allow the building owner or traditional way to design and occupant to manage the building construct a building is to design, or space. install, and operate each system separately (Fig.1-1)
  14. 14. FIG.1.1 building systems.
  15. 15. The above process reduces the inefficiencies in the design and construction process saving time So, further developments were being done. and money. —allowing information and data about the building's operation to be used by multiple individuals occupying and managing the building(Fig. 1.2)
  16. 16. FIG.1.2 INTEGRATED BUILDING SYSTEMS
  17. 17. Some instances A smart building, that is equipped with special structured wiring to enable For example: a switch appliances on or occupants to remotely homeowner on vacation off, control lighting, control or program an can use a Touchtone program a home theater or array of automated home phone to arm a home entertainment system, and electronic devices by security system, control perform many other tasks. entering a single temperature gauges, command.
  18. 18. CONTD.
  19. 19. CONTD. RFID(Radio-frequency identification) readers (The reader has an antenna that emits A tag is attached near each radio waves) and tags are also object in the building. used to achieve this goal (the tag responds by sending back its data).
  20. 20. HOW DOES IT WORK? Walls and ceilings will be embedded with sensors, and every aspect of a building's performance and use will be metered and measured. Buildings will be fully Software tools will be used to interactive with the power automatically optimize grid, and geospatial location building systems without systems will be deployed for human intervention; every building asset. real-time information about the building that is relevant to their particular needs will be provided to occupants and building management.
  21. 21. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ORDINARY BUILDINGS AND INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS. • Ordinary building, there will be • Intelligent building adjusts the different room conditions inside functional aspects such as depending on the changes in the lighting, ventilation, air environmental conditions. conditioning, etc. automatically • The cost of construction of with the changes in environmental Intelligent Building is very high as conditions controlled by computer. compared to an ordinary building. • In an Intelligent Building, the security system, communication system, etc. are coordinated and automatically controlled by computer work station where as in ordinary buildings there is no work station.
  22. 22. • But in case of ordinary • While planning an building, a building intelligent building, a service engineer and an building service engineer, architect is enough. an architect & hardware engineer is required.
  23. 23. Benefits The intelligent or • Optimal Intelligent buildings will provide: smart buildings can provide many lighting level benefits to an • Reduced organization. By energy use integrating a number • Increased of building security systems it helps an • Increased organization get the efficiency most efficient use • Operational out of all of their and Energy building systems. Cost Savings
  24. 24. PRIYA SRIVASTAVA 090105801 E.I.E, 4 th Yr.
  25. 25. BUILDING AUTOMATION Building The control system is automation desc A building autom- a computerized, intelligent network of -ribes the ation system electronic devices advanced (BAS) is an designed to monitor functionality example of and control the provided by the a distributed mechanical, electronics, and control system of control system. lighting systems in a a building. building.
  26. 26. FUNCTIONS:- BAS core functionality keeps the building climate within a specified range, Provides lighting based on an occupancy schedule, Monitors system performance and device failures.
  27. 27. Provides email The BAS functionality and/or text reduces building A building controlled by notifications to a BAS is often referred energy and to as an intelligent building maintenance costs building or a smart when compared to a engineering/maint non-controlled building. home. enance staff.
  28. 28. TOPOLOGY Most building which connect high- automation level controllers with networks consist of lower-level a primary and secon controllers, dary bus and a user interface (also input/output devices known as a human interface device).
  29. 29. BACnet, Optical fiber, The primary and secondary ethernet, bus can be ARCNET, RS-232, RS-485 or a wireless network.
  30. 30. Inputs and outputs are either analog or digital. 4-20 mA, 0-10 volt or Analog inputs are used platinum resistance to read a variable thermometer (resistance temperature measurement. detector), or wireless Examples sensors. are temperature, humidity and pressure s ensor which could be thermistor,
  31. 31. WORKING A digital input indicates if a device is turned on or not. Some examples of a digital input would be a 24VDC/AC signal, an air flow switch, or a volta-free relay contact (Dry Contact). Analog outputs control the speed or position of a device, such as a variable frequency drive, a I-P (current to pneumatics) transducer, or a valve or damper actuator. An example is a hot water valve opening up 25% to maintain a setpoint.
  32. 32. Digital outputs are used to open and close relays and switches. An example would be to turn on the parking lights when a photocell indicates it is dark outside.
  33. 33. COMMERCIAL BUILDING AUTOMATION REVENUE BY SEGMENT(2011-2015) Y-Values $100,000 $90,000 $80,000 $70,000 $60,000 $50,000 $40,000 Y-Values $30,000 $20,000 $10,000 $0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
  34. 34. FUTUTER SCOPE In the evolves and as matures. other, providing economics of future, the the regulatory Together, smart continuing operating the definition of a and standards buildings and opportunities to electricity grid. smart building environment for the smart grid improve energy will continue to DR and will continue to efficiency, as expand, as the building reinforce each well as the technology automation
  35. 35. Let’s dream : tomorrow’s energy efficient buildings would have …  A structure and walls of such insulation performance that only 50 kWh/m2/year would suffice to achieve ideal thermal comfort  All of its equipment to the optimal energy performance level (lighting, HVAC, office devices, …)  Intelligence everywhere that would seamlessly handle energy usage optimization whilst guaranteeing optimal comfort, a healthy environment and numerous other services (security, assistance to elderly people, …)  Renewable and non polluting energy sources  The ability to satisfy its own energy needs (thermal and/or electric) or even contribute excess power to the community (zero/positive energy buildings)  Users whose behaviors would have evolved towards a reasoned usage of energy
  36. 36. REFERENCES http://www.smart http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Burj_Al_Ar -buildings.com/ ab http://www.amazon. com/Buildings- http://en.wikipedia. Systems- org/wiki/Building_a Architects-Owners- utomation Builders/dp/185617 6533

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