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Lifestyle Diseases and Prevention

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Lifestyle Diseases and Prevention

  1. 1. Lifestyle Diseases & Management Dr. Pallab Kanti Nath MD (Anaesthesiology)
  2. 2. Lifestyle Diseases & Management Dr. Pallab Kanti Nath MD (Anaesthesiology)
  3. 3. What is a Lifestyle Disease ??? health problems that react to changes in lifestyle diseases that are caused partly by unhealthy behaviors and partly by other factors
  4. 4. All lifestyle diseases have one common property: They make breathing heavier and body O2 low Cell hypoxia is the driving force of lifestyle diseases
  5. 5. What Causes Lifestyle Diseases? • Certain habits, behaviors, and practices such as poor eating habits, inactivity, smoking • Factors that we cannot control such as age, gender, and heredity
  6. 6. Controllable Risk Factors • Diet and body weight • Daily levels of physical activity smoking, eating habits, exercise, amount of sleep you get.. smoking, eating habits, exercise, amount of sleep you get.. Your level of sun exposure Smoking and alcohol abuse •Amount of sun exposure •Smoking and alcohol abuse
  7. 7. Uncontrollable factors • Age • Race • Gender • Heredity
  8. 8. Improper life style: Over eating  Excessive consumption of fats  Smoking  Drinking  Chewing tobacco  Sedentary life style  Lack of exercise
  9. 9. Types of Lifestyle Diseases • Cardiovascular diseases • Stroke • Diabetes • Cancer • Chronic obstructive Pulmonary disease • Depression • Musculoskeletal disorder
  10. 10. Cardiovascular Diseases
  11. 11. Cholesterol
  12. 12. High Cholesterol Type - A Mental Stress Alcohol Smoking
  13. 13. Atherosclerosis
  14. 14. Atherosclerosis 14Dr.S.Siva, Aden refinery Hospital, Little Aden, Yemen
  15. 15.  Have the victim sit down and rest, and attempt to keep calm. Loosen any tight clothing.  If the victim has a known heart condition, ask if he takes a chest pain medication.  Assist the victim in taking the medication (usually nitroglycerin, which is placed under the tongue).  If the pain does not subside promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call for emergency medical assistance.
  16. 16. What Is Blood Pressure? When your heart pumps, it forces blood through your vessels. This force is called blood pressure.
  17. 17. Brain Stem-Function
  18. 18. Cerebellum - Function
  19. 19. Stroke
  20. 20. T.I.A
  21. 21. CVA
  22. 22. Prevention Of Cardiovascular Diseases, Stroke and CVA • Trim your fat intake, eat healthy • Cut down on salt • Keep your weight healthy • Don’t smoke • Don’t take alcohol • Do exercise • Monitor your blood pressure and cholesterol • Relax & cut down on stress • If you are hypertensive then don’t skip your Anti-hypertensive drugs
  23. 23. Diabetes
  24. 24. DIABETES A disorder in which cells are unable to obtain glucose from the blood such that high blood-glucose levels result.
  25. 25. Types of Diabetes Type 1 diabetes or Juvenile Diabetes  Type 2 diabetes or Maturity onset Diabetes (Most common)
  26. 26. Types of Diabetes
  27. 27. High risk category  45 yrs & above  overweight  close family member with diabetes  diabetes during pregnancy  had a baby that weighed > 9lbs (4kg)
  28. 28. Prevention of Diabetes  Maintaining a healthy weight  Avoiding smoking  Reduction of Stress  Avoiding Sedentary life  Avoid Junk foods  Exercise- reduces insulin resistance
  29. 29. Cancer
  30. 30. Cancer Uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells
  31. 31. Risk factors for Cancer Tobacco use/ Smoking Sexually Transmitted Diseases Dietary Factors Radiation Asbestos
  32. 32. CAUTION C – Change in bowel habits A – A sore that does not heal U – Unusual bleeding or discharge T – Thickening or a lump I – Indigestion or difficulty swallowing O – Obvious change in a wart or mole N – Nagging cough or hoarseness
  33. 33. Prevention of cancer  Don’t’ smoke!  Wear sunscreen; stay away from tanning beds  Eat your veggies and cut the fat  Eat moderate protein  Stay active  Get regular medical check-ups
  34. 34. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease • Symptoms - shortness of breath, cough and sputum production  Tobacco smoking - most common cause of COPD  other factors - air pollution, genetics • Prolonged exposure to dusts, chemicals and fumes increase the risk of COPD in both smokers and nonsmokers • Malnutrition & Low Birth weight is also a reason for Respiratory disease . Being either underweight or overweight can affect the symptoms
  35. 35. Prevention of COPD • Quit Smoking • Have Healthy Diet • Take nutrition supplements if malnourished • Do Breathing exercise • Avoid exposure to fumes & dust . • Improve both indoor & outdoor air quality
  36. 36. Depression
  37. 37. Depression • state of low mood and aversion to activity  affects thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well- being • Life events and life style that may precipitate depressed mood – Childbirth – menopause – financial difficulties – job problems, Disease – loss of a loved one – relationship troubles…
  38. 38. Prevention of Depression • Healthy Eating cut out junk food • Avoid foods high in refined sugar and saturated fats • Complex carbohydrates help to stimulate the feel good neurotransmitter serotonin
  39. 39. Continue…….. • Exercise increases production of natural antidepressants. reduces stress, improves mood, boosts self-esteem, and provides restful sleep • Weight loss improves your self-esteem and overall health
  40. 40. Continue…… • Meditation practice of engaging in a mental exercise—such as deep breathing or repetition of a phrase (mantra) Meditation can help relieve anxiety • Sleep Having a calming bedtime routine that helps you wind down and feel fresh the next morning
  41. 41. Continue…….. • Relationship Spending time with positive, supportive, and loving people can help you through your darkest times • Avoid Sedentary life - leads to depression stay active , do your hobbies, read books, take active part in social activity
  42. 42. Walk...
  43. 43. Musculoskeletal Disease
  44. 44. Musculoskeletal Disease  Healthy diet with physical activity builds strong & healthy bones  Exercise strengthens the bones , ligaments & muscle surrounding joints
  45. 45. Maintaining Healthy Lifestyle • Diet- healthy eating patterns Consume fewer Calories and be physically active. • Exercise- At least 150 min per week of moderate- intensity, – 2 or more days per week of muscle- strengthening activities. • Relaxation- Work/school/personal life balance, Relaxation response for 20 min, 1-2x/day • Addiction Management- Smoking, alcohol, drugs
  46. 46. Minimum recommendation for physical Activity by WHO • Children & young people - moderate intensity activity for at least 60 mints per day • Adults - at least 30 mints of exercise most if not all days. Should include flexibility, muscle strength & endurance exercise twice a week • 60 to 90 mints to improve when already in poor health or to lose weight • Moderate exercise is Brisk walking, swimming, cycling, gardening with moderate effort