O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.

OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas

109.708 visualizações

Publicada em

This presentation provides an overview of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas. The OECD Due Di‌ligence Guidance provides detailed recommendations to help companies respect ‌human rights and avoid contributing to conflict through their mineral purchasing decisions and practices. This Guidance is for use by any company potentially sourcing minerals or metals from conflict-affected and high-risk areas.‌
Visit https://mneguidelines.oecd.org/mining.htm for more information
Visit the website for the Forum on responsible mineral supply chains https://mneguidelines.oecd.org/icglr-oecd-un-forum.htm

Publicada em: Governo e ONGs
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui
  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y6a5rkg5 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui
  • Hey guys! Who wants to chat with me? More photos with me here 👉 http://www.bit.ly/katekoxx
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui
  • This presentation provides an overview of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui

OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas

  1. 1. OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains Responsible Business Conduct Unit Investment Division, Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
  2. 2. ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles Concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy (2006) UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (2011) OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises ( (1976, 2011 update) International instruments for responsible business conduct Aligned around ILO labor standards Aligned on human rights due diligence and supply chain OECD Guidelines for MNEs and their implementation are unique:  Comprehensive due diligence provision (all risk areas, supply chain, etc.)  NCP mediation mechanism  Practical, sector-specific guides and programmes on due diligence developed with stakeholders: extractive, financial, agriculture and textile sectors
  3. 3. Addressing conflict and serious human rights abuses in mineral supply chains • Exploitation and trade of mineral resources can be associated with significant adverse impacts, including serious human rights abuses and conflicts • Global issue (Africa, Asia, Latin America, Europe) • Affects all mineral resources (3T&G, precious stones, coal, etc.) • Affects to different extent ASM and LSM
  4. 4. Responsible mineral supply chains Global support for OECD Due Diligence Guidance Political Industry & Consumer Legal & regulatory • G8 (2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013) • UN Security Council Resolutions on DRC (2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2016) and Ivory Coast (2013) • ICGLR Heads of States Lusaka Decl. (2010) • OECD Council Recommendation (2011) • EU Parliament; CSR strategy + Commissioners statement on raw materials • China-OECD Programme of Work • Consumer campaigns and civil society (e.g. Amnesty Int’l, Global Witness, Human Rights Watch, PAC, Enough Project) • Industry: EICC (electronics), AIAG (automotive), AIA (aerospace) LBMA, RJC & WGC (gold & jewellery), CCCMC (China), and DMCC (Dubai)  OECD-benchmarked industry audits cover ~85-90% of total refined gold production  OECD-benchmarked industry audits cover ~93% Ta, ~75% Sn, ~60% W production • Section 1502 of U.S. Dodd- Frank Act conflict minerals reporting • EU regulation on responsible mineral supply chains • Legal requirement in DRC, Rwanda, Burundi & Uganda • Conflict Minerals Bill in Canada • Relevant legislation on forced labour, child labour (e.g. UK & US)
  5. 5. Underlying principles of the Guidance  On-going, proactive and reactive due diligence approach  ‘Conflict-affected areas’, ‘high-risk areas’ and other ‘red flags’ trigger heightened due diligence, not disengagement from trade e.g. upstream on-the-ground assessments, downstream smelter transparency and audits  Due diligence is risk-based, i.e. intensity of due diligence proportional to risk  Progressive improvements over time and good faith and reasonable efforts promoting constructive engagement with suppliers  Global scope - intended to enable investment and trade in conflict-affected and high-risk areas, i.e. no blacklists, no embargoes, no protectionism  While collaboration is encouraged, companies retain individual responsibility for due diligence
  6. 6. Objectives, scope and key features Objective  Developed through a multi-stakeholder process to provide clear, practical guidance for companies to ensure they do not contribute to conflict or human rights abuses through their mineral and metal production and procurement practices Method and scope  5-step risk-based due diligence process, applies to all companies throughout the mineral supply chain that produce or potentially use minerals from conflict-affected or high-risk areas  Applicable to all minerals, on a global scope Key features  One set of expectations : a common framework for due diligence expectations throughout the entire mineral supply chain from mines until end users  Risk-based approach:Intensity of due diligence proportional to risk  Progressive approach: promotion of constructive engagement with suppliers in order to gradually affect change  Reasonable and good faith efforts: Not 100 % compliance overnight
  7. 7. Structure of the OECD Guidance – 3rd edition Supplement on 3Ts Supplement on Gold Appendix on artisanal and small scale mining Annex I: Description of 5-step approach Annex II: Model supply chain policy Annex III: Principles for risk mitigation Appendix on upstream company risk assessments
  8. 8. Annex II Model Supply Chain Policy The model supply chain policy is a commitment to refrain from actions that contribute to significant adverse impacts which may be associated with extracting, trading, handling and exporting minerals from conflict-affected and high-risk areas, as well as a commitment to address those risks. The following risks are addressed in Annex II:  Certain serious abuses of human rights, • e.g. torture, forced labour, worst forms of child labour, and widespread sexual violence  direct or indirect support to non-state armed groups,  direct or indirect support to public or private security forces who illegally control mine sites, transport routes, etc.,  bribery and fraudulent misrepresentation of the origin of minerals,  money laundering,  and nonpayment of taxes, fees and royalties due to government.
  9. 9. Recommended actions when risks are identified Clear, practical guidance for companies to ensure responsible operations and sources of supply:  No support to non-state armed groups, No to “serious human rights abuses” such as forced labour, slavery, the worst forms of child labour, widespread sexual violence, crimes against humanity  Prevent & mitigate support to public security forces, bribery, tax evasion, money-laundering and fraud in supply chains  Strengthen internal controls, due diligence systems, engagement with suppliers (e.g. supplier upgrading)
  10. 10. “Whole of supply chain” due diligence e.g. simplified metal supply chain “Downstream” companies:  Identify “choke points” in supply chain (e.g. metal smelter or refiners)  Collect information on their upstream due diligence (e.g. both through individual efforts and industry auditing)  Use collective industry leverage to encourage improvement of upstream due diligence “Upstream” companies:  Establish traceability or chain of custody to mine of origin  For “red flagged” supply chains, undertake on- the-ground assessments of mines, producers & traders for conflict, serious abuses, bribery, tax evasion, fraud, money-laundering  Collaborative engagement with local gov’t, CSOs, local business to prevent & mitigate impacts, monitor
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. Significant uptake by all stakeholders supports global implementation
  13. 13. Industry programmes in the mineral supply chain Based on the OECD Guidance Miners (artisanal and industrial) Refiners & Smelters Bullion Banks & metal exchanges Manufacturers (electronics, jewellers & others) 3T Programmes Gold Programmes
  14. 14. The OECD Responsible Mineral Supply Chain Implementation Programme  Over 500 organisations involved – Governments (OECD and non-OECD), international organisations, business, civil society and other experts  Information-sharing and promotion of due diligence – Tools, workshops, webinars and training – Outreach: Africa (Great Lakes region, West Africa), China, Colombia, India, Middle East – Peer learning  Collaboration and problem-solving – Coordinated solutions – Harmonisation and mutual recognition of industry programmes – Promotion of responsible mineral sourcing from conflict-affected and high- risk areas  Forum and workshops on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains 14
  15. 15. Indications that due diligence is working towards breaking the link between mineral extraction, trade and conflict in the Great Lakes region in Africa • Militarization of mining sites and trading networks in the Great Lakes region remains a challenge, particularly for gold • In 2012 UN Group of Experts on the DRC: “Security situation at 3T mine sites has improved and trade in 3T has become a much less important source of financing for armed groups.” • Need for additional scalable on-the-ground gold supply chain programmes But it remains difficult to demonstrate the actual results on economic development and overall improvements of livelihoods Impacts and challenges: Affected populations
  16. 16. Increased focus on mining sector governance  Improved data on production and trade  Improved capacity to raise taxes and levies  Implementation challenges remain in the Great Lakes region in Africa Increased visibility of ASM with international buyers, donors and governments  Guidance first instrument with roadmap for economic and development opportunities for artisanal miners and formalization  Market-oriented perspective: secure buy-in of international trading, processing and consuming companies to buy responsible ASM minerals (e.g. “Just Gold” and “CBRMT” projects) See OECD FAQ on sourcing gold from ASM miners Impacts and challenges: Governance and ASM
  17. 17. OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas FAQ on sourcing gold from artisanal and small scale miners Mineral supply chain and conflict links in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo Report on due diligence in Colombia's gold supply chain OECD Council report on the implementation of the due diligence guidance For further information on the OECD’s work on Responsible Business Conduct

×