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Lecture 9.pptx

  1. History of Architecture VI: Contemporary Arch-3202 Nafia Nawreen Ahmed Lecturer, Department of Architecture, NUBTK
  3. What is Architectural Identity?
  4. The connection between the identity of people and the form and cultures of its dwelling and settlements- Identity constituting element • Family structure • Ethnicity • Religious • Language • History • Culture • Lifestyle etc. What is Architectural Identity?
  5. What is Architectural Identity? Conventionally architectural identity as a physically defined construct; they often privilege and rely on the designer’s concepts to define a building; and articulate architectural history as a continuous narrative outlining the historical improvement of built form across time. These concepts of meaning, expressed by theorists such as Bourdieu (1977; 1993; 2002), Foucault (1989; 2009) and Barthes (1977), offer an alternative way of understanding built form in terms of cultural, contextual and historically specific relations. In doing so, these suggest that architectural identity is culturally, historically malleable and transformative in nature, as opposed to a trans-historical construct.
  6. romanticized themes national symbol religious importance, Architectural identity is influenced by specific social, cultural and contextually informed ideas familiarized by individuals and their particular encounters of the built environment.
  7. Vernacular architecture is a modest style of building that is specific to a region and period. While most architecture styles follow strict design rules, Vernacular architecture is more flexible. The design depends mostly on local builders and the materials they can access at the time. Vernacularism
  8. Vernacularism to Globalism Identity constituting elements- Tradition Traditional continues to evoke contradictory feelings. The quality and value of authenticity Oppressive limitations of history and precedent.
  9. Globalization- Problemofidentity–searchforidentity (ModernArchitecture,TafuriandDal,1976)  T oseekout featuresofidentification,toemergewithdistinct regionalfeaturesfromthehomogenizingeffectsofthe InternationalStyle (RegionalMovementinArchitecture)  Transformingthe‘abstractwork’intothe‘concretework’usingand moldingmoderntechniquesofbuildingintodistinct regional patterns,givingregionalflavor tofunctionswhichtranscends national orregional boundaries
  10. Search for Identity? Regionalism
  11. National What is identity? Regionalism?? Search for an appropriate architecture FOR the region, we have ignored the architecture OF the region. (Mumtaz, 1985, Regionalism in Architecture)
  12. What is Region? For some, the term ‘region’ may denote no more than a geographical reality, usually a cluster of states sharing a common space on the globe. This kind of region may be a large continent, or a small group of contiguous states. regions could be seen as units or ‘zones’, based on groups, states or territories, whose members display some identifiable patterns of behavior. Exploring regional domains: a comparative history of regionalism, LOUISE FAWCETT(2004)
  13. What is Regionalism? Regionalism—which implies a policy whereby states and non- state actors cooperate and coordinate strategy within a given region. The aim of regionalism is to pursue and promote common goals in one or more issue areas.
  14. Regionalism –resource for Identity Shelter has fundamentally global roots in the need for protection against the elements and realization its form and content are in response to a given place, climate and time. The entire settlement, its structure, typology, iconography, the whole range of vocabulary of build forms give birth to a shared language for identity.
  15. Man Vs Nature Regional Traditions and Heritage Response to Climate Lessons from Local Indigenous Materials – An appropriate resource Regionalism –resource for Identity
  16. Kenneth Frampton Critical Regionalism ?
  17. How to be modern and to continue the tradition…? "reformed modernism" “Nothing is invented, there is a past for everything”
  18. Six points towards Critical Regionalism • Culture and civilization • The rise and fall of Avant Garde • Critical regionalism and world culture • The resistance of the Place form • Cultural versus Nature • The Visual vs The Tactile
  19. Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of identity of the International Style, but also rejects the whimsical individualism and ornamentation of Postmodern architecture. The stylings of critical regionalism seek to provide an architecture rooted in the modern tradition, but tied to geographical and cultural context. Critical regionalism is not simply regionalism in the sense of vernacular architecture. It is a progressive approach to design that seeks to mediate between the global and the local languages of architecture. Critical Regionalism
  20. Critical Regionalism "How to be modern and to continue the tradition, how to revive an old dormant civilization as part of universal civilization." In critical regionalism, architects and designers consciously study and interpret historical and local building patterns, and then re-interpret local aspects of making buildings. Traditional forms and styles are consistently re-interpreted with contemporary building techniques and technologies.
  21. Consciously bounded architecture: Critical regionalism manifests itself as a consciously bounded architecture. Most of the contemporary buildings do not seem to have any binding to where they are, only to a blindly borrowed image. This is a glimpse of what is prevalent in other parts of the city as well. Territorial orientation: It states that a building is not a freestanding object but established a territory and is established in a territory. Architecture as tectonic: It looks at architecture as a tectonic fact rather than the reduction of built environment to a series of ill assorted scenographic episodes. Like the imagery adopted for these buildings which is then just pasted on to the urban fabric.
  22. Optimizing building systems: It stresses on optimizing the use of building systems like air conditioning and a tendency to treat all its openings as delicate transitional zones to respond to specific conditions of climate and light of a place. This factor is totally ignored insensitively. Consequently, most of these buildings suffer inefficiency of resource management and maintenance. Emphasis on the Tactile: It stresses that the tactile is as important as the visual. Experiential qualities of space are irreplaceable: It claims that one can’t replace experiential qualities of space within, with information. Sensitivity towards local light, ambient sessions of heat, cold, humidity and air movement are the tools of space making. Reinterpreting vernacular elements: The most important feature is that critical regionalism attempts to reinterpret vernacular elements in the making of space within and space without. It endeavors to cultivate a contemporary place oriented by culture without becoming too simplistic or direct about formal references or levels of technology
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