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GEOFFREY CHAUCER
FATHER OF ENGLISH POETRY
BY,
ANKHITHA A
ST MARY’S COLLEGE
MANARCAUD
GEOFFREY CHAUCER (1340-1400)
• Born on the reign of EDWARD III
• Lived through that of RICHARD II
• Died the year after HE...
POETICAL WORKS OF CHAUCER
• Poetical works are broadly divided into three classes coresponding the three
periods of life
▫...
ITALIAN PERIOD
• influenced by Dnate,Petrarch and Boccaccio
• main works of this perod:
• “TROILUS AND CRECIDE”- a poem of...
• “ THE LEGEND OF GOOD WOMEN “ - great
skill and freedom in expressing heroic couplet
narrated tales of eight virtuous wom...
THE ENGLISH PERIOD (1386-1400)
• belongs Chaucer’s masterpiece and monumental work
“THE CANTERBURY TALES”
• 29 pigrims inc...
CHAUCER’S REALISM
• represents his own age - holds the mirror to
life of his time
• Social chronicle of England in the 14t...
• He is the wider and capacious soul
• Takes a fuller view of his times mere than any
one else could have taken in those d...
CHAUCER,THE REALIST
• was a realist -revealed the truth about life as he
saw it
• Realism primarly comes out in the settin...
CHAUCER’S ART OF CHARACTERISATION
• First great painter of character in English
literature
• Employs poetry with tolerent ...
• Presents characters with minute details about their
dress,physical features ,habits,peculiar manners
and idiosyncracies
...
• Wife of Bath –expert cloth maker
• Hair dresser- smaller trade
• Plough man, Miller, Franklin- agriculture
• Manciple, R...
CHAUCER’S HUMOUR
• born humourist – master of humour and irony –
first true humourist in english literature
• Mansfield ca...
• He refers to himself as a simple unlettered man
“my wit is short/ye may wel understood”
• No one can deny it
CHAUCER’S LANGUAGE
• Found English as a dialect –East midland dialect
was the simplest in grammatical structure
• Left it ...
CHAUCER’S VERSIFICATION
• Only known form of versification known to the
people of England before Chaucer was
“alleteration...
CHAUCER’S PLACE IN ENGLISH
LITERATURE
• Great not only by historical position but also by
his genius
• Fresh ness and simp...
THANK YOU
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Geoffrey chaucer

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Chaucer the man, age and works

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Geoffrey chaucer

  1. 1. GEOFFREY CHAUCER FATHER OF ENGLISH POETRY BY, ANKHITHA A ST MARY’S COLLEGE MANARCAUD
  2. 2. GEOFFREY CHAUCER (1340-1400) • Born on the reign of EDWARD III • Lived through that of RICHARD II • Died the year after HENTRY IV • Father of English poetry • Grand father of English novel
  3. 3. POETICAL WORKS OF CHAUCER • Poetical works are broadly divided into three classes coresponding the three periods of life ▫ FRENCH PERIOD(1359-72) ▫ Influenced by French masters such as Machaut, Guillaume, Delloris and Jean de meung ▫ Main works of this period ▫ “THE REMOUNT OF THE ROSE”,a lengthy poem- 7700 lines ▫ “DEATHE OF BLANCHE THE DUCHESSE” better known as “BOKE OF THE DUCHESSE”
  4. 4. ITALIAN PERIOD • influenced by Dnate,Petrarch and Boccaccio • main works of this perod: • “TROILUS AND CRECIDE”- a poem of 8200 lines • “THE HOUSE OF FAME”- a poem in octosyllabic couplets,an allegory of dreamy type- exquisit combination of lofty thought and simply homely language
  5. 5. • “ THE LEGEND OF GOOD WOMEN “ - great skill and freedom in expressing heroic couplet narrated tales of eight virtuous women of antiquity- remarkable for their chastity ,sincerity and devotion to love • Two other poems –”ANELIDA AND ARCITE”, “THE PARLIAMENT OF FOULS”
  6. 6. THE ENGLISH PERIOD (1386-1400) • belongs Chaucer’s masterpiece and monumental work “THE CANTERBURY TALES” • 29 pigrims including Chaucer himself meet in Tabard- inn,in Southwark - settimg out for a pilgrimage to the tomb of Thomas Becket at Cnaterbury • Pilgrim is required to narrate two stories on the outward and two on the return • Chaucer could finish only 20 and left 4 in an incomplete state
  7. 7. CHAUCER’S REALISM • represents his own age - holds the mirror to life of his time • Social chronicle of England in the 14th C • poetry reflects 14th C not in fragments but as a complete whole • he directs his comprehensive gaze not on one aspect only of his times but on all its wide and variegated life
  8. 8. • He is the wider and capacious soul • Takes a fuller view of his times mere than any one else could have taken in those days • Direct transcription of reality • Symbolises the Middle ages
  9. 9. CHAUCER,THE REALIST • was a realist -revealed the truth about life as he saw it • Realism primarly comes out in the setting “THE CANTERBURY TALES” • Solid touch of realism in portrayel of characters • Realistically present the picture of the real world of the 14th C
  10. 10. CHAUCER’S ART OF CHARACTERISATION • First great painter of character in English literature • Employs poetry with tolerent curiosity to the sudy of men and manners • 30 pilgrims representing all types and shades of 14th C society • Picture gallery of 14th C
  11. 11. • Presents characters with minute details about their dress,physical features ,habits,peculiar manners and idiosyncracies • Knight and his Son- war like elements-heroes • Man of law, Doctor,Oxford clerck,Poet – learned and liberal professions • The Merchant and Shipman- commercial community
  12. 12. • Wife of Bath –expert cloth maker • Hair dresser- smaller trade • Plough man, Miller, Franklin- agriculture • Manciple, Reeve- upper servants of society • Yoeman ,Cook- lower circle • Monk, Prioress, Parson,Frair,Pardoner, and Summoner - ecclesiastical order • There is a universal touch in Chaucer’s character
  13. 13. CHAUCER’S HUMOUR • born humourist – master of humour and irony – first true humourist in english literature • Mansfield calls him “a great Renaissance gentle man mocking the middle ages” • humour is esentially English in character
  14. 14. • He refers to himself as a simple unlettered man “my wit is short/ye may wel understood” • No one can deny it
  15. 15. CHAUCER’S LANGUAGE • Found English as a dialect –East midland dialect was the simplest in grammatical structure • Left it a language wel fitted to express the finest thought of literary artist of his time • Imported words from French • Heralded as the first national poet who gave to the people a language so reformed and reshaped
  16. 16. CHAUCER’S VERSIFICATION • Only known form of versification known to the people of England before Chaucer was “alleteration” • Chaucer had no love for alleterative verse • “RHYME OF SIR THOPAS”-dogged rhyme • Chaucer’s poetry is extremely musical and must be judged by the ear rather than by the eye
  17. 17. CHAUCER’S PLACE IN ENGLISH LITERATURE • Great not only by historical position but also by his genius • Fresh ness and simplicity of style - gentle humour -quaint fun -hearty praise of what is good and true • Kindly redicule of weakness and folliesv – earnest denunciation of injustice and oppression are among his most marked characteristics
  18. 18. THANK YOU

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