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Here Comes Everybody & Cognitive Surplus Review

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Here Comes Everybody & Cognitive Surplus Review

  1. 1. Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations (Clay Shirky, 2008) & Cognitive Surplus, Creativity and Generosity in a Connected Age (Clay Shirky, 2010) Kristen Stanley & Samantha DeLenardo CMN5150-Knowledge Management Dr. Pierre Levy Department of Communication The University of Ottawa
  2. 2. About the Author • Studies the effects of the internet on society. • Associate Arts Professor at the Interactive Telecommunications Program (ITP) at NYU. Has written of the topic in: Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations (2008) and Cognitive Surplus: Creativity and Generosity in a Connected Age (2010)
  3. 3. Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations • Society is changing rapidly, and social media is integral to how it is shifting.
  4. 4. Cost and the Coasean Theory (1937) • Developed from 1937s paper “ The Nature of the Firm” by Ronald Coase • The internet is dropping “transaction costs” ▫ The Coasean Ceiling:  Above transaction costs; ▫ The Coasean Floor:  Below transaction costs
  5. 5. The Model of Promise, Tools, & Bargain • Groups are forming where and when they have never been able to in the past: ▫ Promise:  Why someone should join a group; ▫ Tools:  Overcoming the challenges of forming a group; ▫ Bargain:  What to expect from a group;
  6. 6. Main Issues Revisited • The World Wide Web will: ▫ Change daily life ▫ Change Collective Action; ▫ Challenge our social institutions;
  7. 7. Cognitive Surplus: Creativity and Generosity in a Connected Age “Our cognitive surplus is only potential; it doesn’t mean anything or do anything by itself” – Clay Shirky
  8. 8. Means, Motive & Opportunity How? Why? What? Intrinsic vs. Aggregation Creating extrinsic of free time environments motivation Social media Social Surprises and as an enabler motivation human nature
  9. 9. The Economics of Sharing • Size of the community • Cost of sharing that knowledge • Clarity of what gets shared • Cultural norms of the recipients
  10. 10. Four Uses of Social Media Personal Communal Public Civic
  11. 11. Connection: The Case of the Stolen Sidekick • Evan Guttman’s quest to find a friend’s lost cellphone resulted in the arrest of a 16 year old girl.
  12. 12. Conclusion • Transformative uses; • Symmetrical participation; • Focus on building public and civic groups.
  13. 13. List of Websites 1. http://www.shirky.com/ 2. http://www.shirky.com/weblog/ 3. http://shirky.com/writings/ 4. http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2009/feb/15/t his-much-i-know-clay-shirky-technology 5. http://www.evanwashere.com/StolenSidekick/ 6. www.ushahidi.com 7. http://icanhascheezburger.com/ 8. www.meetup.com 9. http://theseoultimes.com/ST/?url=/ST/db/read.php?i dx=6585 10. http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/05_ 25/b3938900.htm

Notas do Editor

  • Self-Expression;Social Gratification;Entertainment;Political;Sharing;Cooperation;Collective;
  • .
  • People derivepleasurefrompunishingwrongdoing, even if itcoststhem time, energy and money (Stolensidekick)Shirkydiscusses how humans, unlikewhatwe are taught to believe, will do thingswithoutbeingpaid. Social media demonstratesthis; people’sintrinsic motivation to contribute and share. And will look at the hows.whys.whats. Communal use of social mediaTo behonest, thiswillprobablybespur of the moment, based on whatyou are saying. I will have stuffready but if you mention what I amgoing to saythen I willjust move to thenext point. So youcan put whateveryouwant on thisslide.

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