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Non renewable energy sources

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non-renewable energy sources

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Non renewable energy sources

  1. 1. Where we get it How we use it How our use of energy sources affects our lives Energy
  2. 2.  By Kella Randolph M.Ed.  Earth and Environmental Science Created for my energetic students
  3. 3.  Energy is the ability to cause changes, exert forces or do work.  (In other words, energy is the ability to make things happen!) What is energy?
  4. 4.  Non-renewable energy sources will some day be gone. ◦ Coal  Petroleum  Natural Gas Old types of energy
  5. 5. natural_gas_reserves.jpg infosthetics.com HOW LONG WILL THESE FUELS LAST?
  6. 6.  Renewable energy sources is a natural resource that can be replaced in a reasonable amount of time.  Non-renewable energy resource  Is a resource that is unable to be replaced naturally or is replaced very slowly Non-renewable vs Renewable
  7. 7.  Energy is released as heat and light when coal burns.  Photo courtesy of www.politicalmirror.com  Energy is stored in coal.  Photo courtesy of buzz.money.cnn.com Energy can exist in many forms. It can be stored or expressed actively.
  8. 8. Fossil fuels include peat, coal, oil, and natural gas. Fossil fuel is any fuel formed deep in Earth’s crust from the remains of plants and animals.
  9. 9. Fossil fuels are, oil, natural gas, and coal. Peat is not as old, but is a fossil fuel, too. There are three major forms of fossil fuels: coal, oil and natural gas. All three were formed many hundreds of millions of years ago before the time of the dinosaurs – hence the name fossil fuels. At some point, the supply of fossil fuels will be gone, and humans must use other, cleaner, and renewable sources for energy to power our factories, homes, cars and so on.
  10. 10. Oil, also called petroleum, is found in many places throughout the world. WORLD SUPPLIES OF OIL
  11. 11. Reserve to Production Ratios for Top Ten Oil-Producing Nations www1.eere.energy.gov
  12. 12. Infographic: Coal Mining www.uschina.usc.edu
  13. 13. Open Pit or Strip Mining Top 10 Coal Producing Countries in the World www.energydigital.com
  14. 14. Open pit mining is faster, more efficient and more devastating to the ecology. alltoptens.com
  15. 15. Modern mining machine The Beckley Exhibition Coal Mine chameleonsinpipestem.blogspot.com No. 9 Coal Mine & Museum – 6 blog.discoverlehighvalley.com Some coal mines are tunnels underground.
  16. 16. redwingaerials.comwww.texas-drilling.com Some oil rigs are on land. Wells may go down very deep to get to a pool of oil.
  17. 17.  Offshore oil platform An oil platform, (offshore platform or colloquially oil rig) is a large structure with facilities to drill wells, to extract and process oil and natural gas, and to temporarily store product until it can be brought to shore for refining and marketing. In many cases, the platform contains facilities to house the workforce as well. Depending on the circumstances, the platform may be fixed to the ocean floor, may consist of an artificial island, or may float. Remote subsea wells may also be connected to a platform by flow lines and by umbilical connections. These subsea solutions may consist of one or more subsea wells, or of one or more manifold centers for multiple wells.
  18. 18. Workers live on the oil rig three or four weeks at a time. Offshore living www.snaphappyross.co.uk The cafeteria oil-rig-07www.chinasmack.com
  19. 19. Offshore drilling in Belizewww.belizehub.com Types of ocean oil rigs curitibainenglish.com Offshore oil drilling
  20. 20.  Workers live on the platform for several weeks, then go home for a week or two, and come back again to work.  The nature of their operation — extraction of volatile substances sometimes under extreme pressure in a hostile environment — means risk; accidents and tragedies occur regularly. The U.S. Minerals Management Service reported 69 offshore deaths, 1,349 injuries, and 858 fires and explosions on offshore rigs in the Gulf of Mexico from 2001 to 2010.[14] In July 1988, 167 people died when Occidental Petroleum's Piper Alpha offshore production platform, on the Piper field in the UK sector of the North Sea, exploded after a gas leak. Working on an offshore oil rig
  21. 21. Natural Gas Drilling Is at a Crucial Turning Point 247wallst.com Natural Gas Natural gas is generally found a mile or more beneath the earth’s surface. www.momscleanairforce.org
  22. 22. Smart Gas Meters Get a Boost in New SoCalGas- Capgemini Deal www.navigantresearch.com Natural Gas Exports rankingamerica.wordpress.com
  23. 23. Virginia Nuclear Plants www.eia.gov/nuclear/state/2008/virginia/va.html
  24. 24. Where are the nuclear power plants?
  25. 25. NUCLEAR ENERGY energy released by changes to the nuclei of atoms.
  26. 26. URANIUM IS USED IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS. Nuclear reaction produces heat.
  27. 27. Peat, also known as turf,is used as fuel. discover-ireland.blogspot.com
  28. 28. Using Peat Briquettes as a Wood Fuel www.biofuels-expo.co.uk Peat forms from decaying plants and animals. Peat bog
  29. 29. Sources  http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-top-ten/world-top-ten-oil-reserves-countries-map.html  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_platform  http://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/ethanol_fuel_basics.html  http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/story/chapter08.html  ShutterStock  Bing Online Images
  30. 30. OUR EARTH IS OUR ONLY HOME. Handle it with care.

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