Some information about the city
• Zakopane is a city in southern Poland, in the
Małopolskie Voivodeship. The largest town in
the immediate vicinity of the Tatry Mountains,
a large winter sports center, commonly referred
to as the winter capital of Poland
• According to data from December 31, 2019, the
city had 27,010 inhabitants, making it the
second most populous city in Podhale after
• It is the highest situated city in Poland - lies at
an altitude of 750–1126 m above sea level
• It is a popular destination
for mountaineering, skiing, and tourism
• Zakopane lies near Poland's border
with Slovakia, in a valley between the Tatry
Mountains and Gubałówka Hill
History of Zakopane
The earliest documents mentioning Zakopane date to the 17th century, describing
a glade called Zakopisko. In 1676, it was a village of 43 inhabitants. In 1818, Zakopane
was a small town that was still being developed. There were only 340 homes that held
445 families. The population of Zakopane at that time was 1,805. The first church was
built in 1847, by Józef Stolarczyk. Zakopane became a center for the
region's mining and metallurgy industries; by the 19th century, it was the largest
center for metallurgy in the region of Galicia. It expanded during the 19th century as
the climate attracted more inhabitants. By 1889, it had developed from a small village
into a climatic health resort. Because of Zakopane's popular ski mountains, the town
gained popularity which made the number of tourists increase to about 60,000 people
Transport in the city
Bus transport is provided by a number of carriers, both as part of regular, year-round
lines, as well as periodic lines, launched additionally in the tourist seasons.
Communication with neighboring towns is provided by regular lines of private
carriers. Private carriers (so-called buses) run around the city, the starting point of
which is located under the FIS bar near the roundabout at the railway and bus
stations. They provide communication from the city center to neighboring towns, the
beginnings of tourist trails leading to the Tatra Mountains and around Zakopane, and
More info about public transport in
Krupówki is a promenade closed to the traffic of cars and even bicycles, intended only
for pedestrian traffic. It is a cult street of this city, crowds of tourists visit it during the
tourist and ski season. Its surface is built of cubes of black basalt, gray granite and red
concrete cubes excavated from under the old asphalt. They are arranged in fanciful
patterns. Most of the buildings on the street are public facilities - shops, restaurants,
buffets, hotels, pharmacies. There are numerous attractions for tourists; carriage ride,
photo with a teddy bear, souvenirs, etc. The intersection of Krupówki and Kościuszko
Street is considered to be the central point of Zakopane. Gubałówka and the Tatry
Mountains, especially Giewont, are visible from some places on Krupówki.
Cableway to Kasprowy Wierch
A year-round cableway from Kuźnice to the top of Kasprowy Wierch in the Tatry
Mountains. It runs entirely through the area of the Tatry National Park. The length of
the route is 4252.81 meters. The railway overcomes 936 m of level difference with an
average gradient of 22%, moving on 6 supports. Since 2007, the car's speed has been 8
m/s (when overcoming supports, it slows down to 6 m/s), before its speed was 5 m/s,
carrying a maximum of 60 people at a time. Depending on the season, it can
transport over 3,000 people per day, annually - over 600,000. In the building of the
upper railway station there are: a restaurant, a kiosk, a ski workshop, a storage room
for equipment and a small hotel with 11 places to stay.
The Tatra Museum
A museum of the history, culture, nature and ethnography of the Polish Tatras.
Photographs, archival documents and publications present a history of
the Podhale region from prehistoric times, through first human settlements, the
development of towns and villages, the development of Zakopane from a small village
into a health resort and centre of the arts and culture in the interwar period.
The museum holds and presents:
• cultural and ethnographic artifacts, historical clothing, furniture, household objects,
decorative objects, glass painting, and crafts;
• natural history, flora and fauna of the Tatras; geological exhibits;
• fine arts, mainly painting and sculpture created in the Podhale region.
Tatra National Park
It is a national park located in the Tatra Mountains. The park has its headquarters in
the town of Zakopane. The Tatra Mountains form a natural border between Poland to
the north and Slovakia to the south, and the two countries have cooperated since the
early 20th century on efforts to protect the area. Slovakia created an adjoining
national park, and UNESCO later designated the combined effort a
transboundary biosphere reserve. It is the most visited of the national parks in
The National Park contains several endemic fauna species, and many endangered and
protected ones. Animals include: the Tatra chamois and Alpine marmot, both
protected since the mid-19th century; brown bear, Eurasian lynx, gray wolf, European
otter and the lesser spotted eagle.
There are more than 270 kilometers (170 mi) of hiking trails in Tatra National Park.
Or Eye of the Sea in English, is the largest and fourth-deepest lake in the Tatra
Mountains. It is located deep within the Tatra National Park in the Rybi Potok (the
Fish Brook) Valley, of the High Tatras mountain. In 2014, The Wall Street
Journal recognized the lake as one of the five most beautiful lakes in the world.
Morskie Oko is one of the most popular destinations in the Tatras, often receiving
over 50,000 visitors during the vacation season. It is reached by foot in about two
hours from the nearest road that allows motorized access. Many other tourists opt to
take the journey by horse-drawn cart, a large number of which are operated by the
local Górale inhabitants. In winter, a short section of the journey is in
an avalanche danger zone, and the area can remain cold and rainy even in summer.
In the advent of its popularity, visitors have been forbidden from swimming in the
lake or feeding the trout.
It is a mountain massif in the Tatra Mountains of Poland. Its highest peak, Great Giewont
is 1,895 meters (6,217 ft) above sea level and the highest peak of the Western Tatras,
located entirely within Poland's borders. The mountain is regarded as the symbol
of Zakopane, the Polish Tatras and Podhale, which throughout history has been the
subject of many legends, poems and works of art. A number of Poland's rare species of
plants have been recorded in the area including field locoweed, Hoppe's
cudweed, halberd willow, leathery grapefern, false orchid, Pedicularis hacqueti. Among
notable animal species is Tatra chamois. Giewont is one of few places in Poland where
these animals can survive winter.
In Polish folklore the mountain is associated with a legend about a sleeping knight who
will awake when Poland is in danger. The profile of the mountain is similar to a lying
knight, wherein the Long Giewont is the knight's torso, and the Great Giewont is the
knight's face as viewed from the side (the three 'peaks' being the chin, the nose, and the
eyebrow). The image of Giewont as viewed from the north makes the profile easy to
discern. This image of the mountain was further ingrained in the collective consciousness
of the nation thanks to an 1880 poem by Adam Asnyk.
Source – Google Images
Do you think that many people believe in the legend about sleeping knight?
Could this legend be true? Or it is just a fairytale for kids?
Wielka Krokiew (The Great Krokiew) is the biggest ski jumping hill built on the slope
of Krokiew mountain (1378 m) in Zakopane. It was opened in 1925. Since 1989 the
hills bears the official name Wielka Krokiew im. Stanisława Marusarza. It is a
regular venue in the FIS Ski jumping World Cup. The capacity of the ski jumping
stadium is 40,001. The hill was featured in competitions at the 1939 and 1962 FIS
Nordic World Ski Championships as well as the 2001 Universiade. Since 2001, due
to the success of Polish jumper Adam Małysz, Wielka Krokiew has seen some of the
largest audiences in World Cup ski jumping history.
Do you think that Zakopane has the most hiking trails in whole Poland?
And are those trails seem to be difficult?
Kamil Stoch – ski jumper born in
He is one of the most successful ski jumpers in the history of the sport, having won
two World Cup titles, three Four Hills Tournaments (two of them consecutive),
three individual gold medals at the Winter Olympics, individual and team gold at
the Ski Jumping World Championships, and individual silver at the Ski Flying
World Championships. Stoch is among only three ski jumpers in history,
alongside Sven Hannawald and Ryoyu Kobayashi, to win the "grand slam" of all four
competitions in a single Four Hills Tournament. In 2018, at age 30, Stoch became
the oldest individual Olympic gold medallist and World Cup titlist in the history of
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