SlideShare uma empresa Scribd logo
1 de 33
ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE
BCA204A62
Dr.G.Jasmine Beulah
Dept. Computer Science,
Kristu Jayanti College,Bengaluru.
What is Intelligence
(1) the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or
trying situations : reason also : the skilled use of reason.
(2) the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one's
environment or to think abstractly as measured by
objective criteria (such as tests)
What is artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human
intelligence processes by machines, especially computer
systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems,
natural language processing (NLP), speech recognition
and machine vision.
Define Artificial intelligence
"It is a branch of computer science by which we can create
intelligent machines which can behave like a human, think like
humans, and able to make decisions”.
Artificial Intelligence exists when a machine can have human
based skills such as learning, reasoning, and solving problems
With Artificial Intelligence you do not need to preprogram a
machine to do some work, despite that you can create a
machine with programmed algorithms which can work with
own intelligence.
Why Artificial Intelligence?
 With the help of AI, you can create such software or devices
which can solve real-world problems very easily and with
accuracy such as health issues, marketing, traffic issues, etc.
 you can create your personal virtual Assistant, such as
Cortana, Google Assistant, Siri, etc.
 With the help of AI, you can build such Robots which can work
in an environment where survival of humans can be at risk.
 AI opens a path for other new technologies, new devices, and
new Opportunities.
 AI programming focuses on three cognitive skills: learning,
reasoning and self-correction.
 Learning processes. This aspect of AI programming
focuses on acquiring data and creating rules for how to turn
the data into actionable information. The rules, which are
called algorithms, provide computing devices with step-by-
step instructions for how to complete a specific task.
 Reasoning processes. This aspect of AI programming
focuses on choosing the right algorithm to reach a desired
outcome.
 Self-correction processes. This aspect of AI programming
is designed to continually fine-tune algorithms and ensure
they provide the most accurate results possible.
How does Artificial Intelligence work?
Computers are good at following processes, i.e.,
sequences of steps to execute a task.
If we give a computer steps to execute a task, it should
easily be able to complete it. The steps are nothing but
algorithms.
An algorithm can be as simple as printing two
numbers or as difficult as predicting who will win
elections in the coming year!
 Let’s take an example of predicting the weather forecast for 2020.
 First of all, what we need is a lot of data! Let’s take the data from
2006 to 2019.
 Now, we will divide this data in an 80:20 ratio. 80 percent of the
data is going to be our labeled data, and the rest 20 percent will be
our test data. Thus, we have the output for the entire 100 percent
of the data that has been acquired from 2006 to 2019.
 What happens once we collect the data? We will feed the labeled
data, i.e., 80 percent of train data, into the machine. Here, the
algorithm is learning from the data which has been fed into it.
 Next, we need to test the algorithm. Here, we feed the test data,
i.e., the remaining 20 percent of the data, to the machine. The
machine gives us the output. Now, we cross verify the output given
by the machine with the actual output of the data and check for its
accuracy. While checking for accuracy if we are not satisfied with
the model, we tweak the algorithm to give us the precise output or
at least somewhere close to the actual output. Once we are
satisfied with the model, we then feed the data to the model so
that it can predict the weather forecast for the year 2020.
Goals of Artificial Intelligence
• To Create Expert Systems − The systems which exhibit intelligent
behavior, learn, demonstrate, explain, and advice its users.
• To Implement Human Intelligence in Machines − Creating
systems that understand, think, learn, and behave like humans.
 Building a machine which can perform tasks that requires
human intelligence such as:
Proving a theorem
Playing chess
Plan some surgical operation
Driving a car in traffic
 In early days Artificial intelligence was used to develop reasoning
and problem-solving skills.
 With Artificial intelligence knowledge representation has
become easy. Knowledge representation is representing
information that machine or computer can understand.
 Artificial planning helps agents sequence of actions to perform
to achieve goals.
 Artificial intelligence main goal is develop intelligent machines
that could learn on their own. No more human intervention for
feeding data to machines.
 With artificial intelligence one can develop machines that can
read and understand human languages are known as Natural
learning processing.
 Artificial Intelligence helps to develop that could act on sensors
(take input from sensors) and react accordingly.
 Robotics has transformed thanks to artificial intelligence, that
help robots acquire intelligence and perform task smartly.
 Develop systems that can recognize, interpret, process and
simulate human effects. All these can be achieved when
intelligent systems can predict their motive and emotions.
Quality of interpreting human affect could help in better
decision making
Term coined by John McCarthy, 1956
Definition: “Developing Computer programs to
solve complex problems by applications of
processes that are analogous to human reasoning
processes”.
Has two parts 1. Computer solutions for complex
problems can be done by conventional
programs
2. Process that is analogous to human reasoning
processes can be done by AI programs
AI Program Conventional Program
Symbolic process Numeric process
Heuristic search, steps
are implicitly defined
Steps are explicitly defined as
Algorithms
Control structure
separate from domain
knowledge
Information and control are
integrated together
Incorrect answers are
tolerable
Correct answers are required
Satisfactory answers are
acceptable
Best possible answers are
expected
Difference between AI program and Conventional
program
What is Artificial Intelligence ?
Systems that act
rationally
Systems that think
like humans
Systems that think
rationally
Systems that act
like humans
THOUGHT
BEHAVIOUR
HUMAN RATIONAL
Acts Like Human – Turing Test
Thinks like Human – human like patterns of
thinking steps
Sophia is a social humanoid robot developed by Hong
Kong based company Hanson Robotics. Sophia was
activated on February 14, 2016, and made her first
public appearance at South by Southwest
Festival (SXSW) in mid-March 2016 in Austin, Texas,
United States.
She is able to display more than 50 facial expressions.
Robot Sophia was given Saudia citizenship in 2017
'Sophia' the robot tells UN_ 'I am here to help humanity
create the future' - YouTube (720p).mp4
Acts or think rationally (logically or
Correctly)
 Thinking rationally — the use of logic. Need to worry about
modeling uncertainty and dealing with complexity.
 Acting rationally — the study of rational agents: agents that
maximize the expected value of their performance measure
given what they currently know.
Advantages
Sophia can be used for health care sectors
Sophia can solve CBI and FBI cases very easily
Sophia can be a good friend to those children and adults
who feel lonely.
She can be a good teacher in villages and city colleges.
She can be a business robot.
As she has artificial intelligence she can generates for
million of years
Disadvantages
People worry that they will replace jobs.
If they take over middle class citizens jobs our economy
will be negatively affected.
It makes people to become lazy.
Best 10 examples of AI in day to day life
1. Open Your Phone With Face ID- uses neural engine and face recognition
2. Email -Google gave us a smarter inbox, categorizing all the emails on its own, into
folders such as Primary, Social, Promotions, Updates and more.
3. Entertainment and Social Apps-identifying friends from photos, newsfeed
personalization. ,Netflix - recommendations
Google Navigation- Maps uses Machine Learning
4. Banking & Finance- AI & ML provides security features (Fraud preventions E-payments,
Mobile Banking)
5. Google predictive search algorithms-Google Auto complete forms- RankBrain is the
algorithm name
6. E-commerce – pattern matching , product recommendations
7. Mobile use- Speech recognition with Natural Language Processing (voice to text,
chatbot)
8. Video games-AI controlled Non-playable characters (NPC), ML for BGM
9. Smart Personal Assistant- Google Assistant , Alexa, SIRI (Online shopping, Controlling
lights and other internet-enabled equipment ,Setting reminders and alarms , Booking
cabs, flights and trains, Playing music and videos )
 Advantages of Artificial Intelligence
 Following are some main advantages of Artificial Intelligence:
• High Accuracy with less errors: AI machines or systems are prone to
less errors and high accuracy as it takes decisions as per pre-
experience or information.
• High-Speed: AI systems can be of very high-speed and fast-decision
making, because of that AI systems can beat a chess champion in the
Chess game.
• High reliability: AI machines are highly reliable and can perform the
same action multiple times with high accuracy.
• Useful for risky areas: AI machines can be helpful in situations such
as defusing a bomb, exploring the ocean floor, where to employ a
human can be risky.
• Digital Assistant: AI can be very useful to provide digital assistant to
the users such as AI technology is currently used by various E-
commerce websites to show the products as per customer requirement.
• Useful as a public utility: AI can be very useful for public utilities such
as a self-driving car which can make our journey safer and hassle-free,
facial recognition for security purpose, Natural language processing to
communicate with the human in human-language, etc.
 Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence
 Every technology has some disadvantages, and the same goes for Artificial
intelligence. Being so advantageous technology still, it has some
disadvantages which we need to keep in our mind while creating an AI
system. Following are the disadvantages of AI:
• High Cost: The hardware and software requirement of AI is very costly
as it requires lots of maintenance to meet current world requirements.
• Can't think out of the box: Even we are making smarter machines with
AI, but still they cannot work out of the box, as the robot will only do that
work for which they are trained, or programmed.
• No feelings and emotions: AI machines can be an outstanding
performer, but still it does not have the feeling so it cannot make any kind
of emotional attachment with human, and may sometime be harmful for
users if the proper care is not taken.
• Increase dependency on machines: With the increment of technology,
people are getting more dependent on devices and hence they are losing
their mental capabilities.
• No Original Creativity: As humans are so creative and can imagine some
new ideas but still AI machines cannot beat this power of human
intelligence and cannot be creative and imaginative.

Thank you

Mais conteúdo relacionado

Mais procurados

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
falepiz
 
artificial intelligence
artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
artificial intelligence
vallibhargavi
 
artificial intelligence
artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
artificial intelligence
vallibhargavi
 

Mais procurados (20)

What is Artificial Intelligence?
What is Artificial Intelligence?What is Artificial Intelligence?
What is Artificial Intelligence?
 
Artificial intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI)Artificial intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence (AI)
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning and Artificial IntelligenceMachine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence tapan
Artificial intelligence tapanArtificial intelligence tapan
Artificial intelligence tapan
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCEARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
 
Artificial Intelligence & Robotics
Artificial Intelligence & RoboticsArtificial Intelligence & Robotics
Artificial Intelligence & Robotics
 
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligenceArtificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
 
Artificial intelligence ppt
Artificial intelligence pptArtificial intelligence ppt
Artificial intelligence ppt
 
Artificial inteligence
Artificial inteligenceArtificial inteligence
Artificial inteligence
 
Artificial intelegence semifinal round (3rd rank)
Artificial intelegence semifinal round (3rd rank)Artificial intelegence semifinal round (3rd rank)
Artificial intelegence semifinal round (3rd rank)
 
artificial intelligence
artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
artificial intelligence
 
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and few examples
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and few examplesIntroduction to Artificial Intelligence and few examples
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and few examples
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
History of AI
History of AIHistory of AI
History of AI
 
Introduction to AI
Introduction to AIIntroduction to AI
Introduction to AI
 
History of AI
History of AIHistory of AI
History of AI
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
artificial intelligence
artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
artificial intelligence
 

Semelhante a Aritificial intelligence

UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
siddhichaddha2
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
siddhichaddha2
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
siddhichaddha2
 

Semelhante a Aritificial intelligence (20)

Unit 1 introduction
Unit 1 introductionUnit 1 introduction
Unit 1 introduction
 
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
Introduction to Artificial IntelligenceIntroduction to Artificial Intelligence
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
 
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
Introduction to Artificial IntelligenceIntroduction to Artificial Intelligence
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
 
Unit 1 part 1
Unit 1   part 1Unit 1   part 1
Unit 1 part 1
 
AI basic.pptx
AI basic.pptxAI basic.pptx
AI basic.pptx
 
AI.pptx
AI.pptxAI.pptx
AI.pptx
 
What is Artificial Intelligence.docx
What is Artificial Intelligence.docxWhat is Artificial Intelligence.docx
What is Artificial Intelligence.docx
 
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence
 
AI Foundation, Challenges and Applications.pptx
AI Foundation, Challenges and Applications.pptxAI Foundation, Challenges and Applications.pptx
AI Foundation, Challenges and Applications.pptx
 
Atharva latest
Atharva latestAtharva latest
Atharva latest
 
Top And Best Digital Marketing Agency With AI
Top And Best Digital Marketing Agency With AITop And Best Digital Marketing Agency With AI
Top And Best Digital Marketing Agency With AI
 
AI BI and ML.pdf
AI BI and ML.pdfAI BI and ML.pdf
AI BI and ML.pdf
 
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE-New.pptx
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE-New.pptxARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE-New.pptx
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE-New.pptx
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (1).pptx
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (1).pptx
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (3).pptx
 
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptxUNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
UNIT 1 IX (1) (2) (2).pptx
 
Artificial Intelligence.pptx
Artificial Intelligence.pptxArtificial Intelligence.pptx
Artificial Intelligence.pptx
 
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation
OA Introduction to AI from Object Automation
 
artificial intelligence.docx
artificial intelligence.docxartificial intelligence.docx
artificial intelligence.docx
 

Mais de Dr. Jasmine Beulah Gnanadurai

Mais de Dr. Jasmine Beulah Gnanadurai (20)

Data Warehouse_Architecture.pptx
Data Warehouse_Architecture.pptxData Warehouse_Architecture.pptx
Data Warehouse_Architecture.pptx
 
DMQL(Data Mining Query Language).pptx
DMQL(Data Mining Query Language).pptxDMQL(Data Mining Query Language).pptx
DMQL(Data Mining Query Language).pptx
 
Stacks.pptx
Stacks.pptxStacks.pptx
Stacks.pptx
 
Quick Sort.pptx
Quick Sort.pptxQuick Sort.pptx
Quick Sort.pptx
 
KBS Architecture.pptx
KBS Architecture.pptxKBS Architecture.pptx
KBS Architecture.pptx
 
Knowledge Representation in AI.pptx
Knowledge Representation in AI.pptxKnowledge Representation in AI.pptx
Knowledge Representation in AI.pptx
 
File allocation methods (1)
File allocation methods (1)File allocation methods (1)
File allocation methods (1)
 
Segmentation in operating systems
Segmentation in operating systemsSegmentation in operating systems
Segmentation in operating systems
 
Mem mgt
Mem mgtMem mgt
Mem mgt
 
Decision tree
Decision treeDecision tree
Decision tree
 
Association rules apriori algorithm
Association rules   apriori algorithmAssociation rules   apriori algorithm
Association rules apriori algorithm
 
Big data architecture
Big data architectureBig data architecture
Big data architecture
 
Knowledge representation
Knowledge representationKnowledge representation
Knowledge representation
 
Java threads
Java threadsJava threads
Java threads
 
Java Applets
Java AppletsJava Applets
Java Applets
 
Stacks and Queue - Data Structures
Stacks and Queue - Data StructuresStacks and Queue - Data Structures
Stacks and Queue - Data Structures
 
JavaScript Functions
JavaScript FunctionsJavaScript Functions
JavaScript Functions
 
JavaScript Operators
JavaScript OperatorsJavaScript Operators
JavaScript Operators
 
Css Text Formatting
Css Text FormattingCss Text Formatting
Css Text Formatting
 
CSS - Cascading Style Sheet
CSS - Cascading Style SheetCSS - Cascading Style Sheet
CSS - Cascading Style Sheet
 

Último

IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
17thcssbs2
 
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training ReportIndustrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Avinash Rai
 

Último (20)

Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matricesApplication of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
Application of Matrices in real life. Presentation on application of matrices
 
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceuticssize separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
size separation d pharm 1st year pharmaceutics
 
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
Dementia (Alzheimer & vasular dementia).
 
Open Educational Resources Primer PowerPoint
Open Educational Resources Primer PowerPointOpen Educational Resources Primer PowerPoint
Open Educational Resources Primer PowerPoint
 
The Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources
The Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational ResourcesThe Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources
The Benefits and Challenges of Open Educational Resources
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
 
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
 
Operations Management - Book1.p - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
Operations Management - Book1.p  - Dr. Abdulfatah A. SalemOperations Management - Book1.p  - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
Operations Management - Book1.p - Dr. Abdulfatah A. Salem
 
Students, digital devices and success - Andreas Schleicher - 27 May 2024..pptx
Students, digital devices and success - Andreas Schleicher - 27 May 2024..pptxStudents, digital devices and success - Andreas Schleicher - 27 May 2024..pptx
Students, digital devices and success - Andreas Schleicher - 27 May 2024..pptx
 
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. HenryThe Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
 
NCERT Solutions Power Sharing Class 10 Notes pdf
NCERT Solutions Power Sharing Class 10 Notes pdfNCERT Solutions Power Sharing Class 10 Notes pdf
NCERT Solutions Power Sharing Class 10 Notes pdf
 
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 4pptx.pptx
 
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
 
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training ReportIndustrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
Industrial Training Report- AKTU Industrial Training Report
 
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve ThomasonThe Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
The Art Pastor's Guide to Sabbath | Steve Thomason
 
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
Word Stress rules esl               .pptxWord Stress rules esl               .pptx
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
 
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & EngineeringBasic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
 
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation
[GDSC YCCE] Build with AI Online Presentation
 
The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...
The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...
The impact of social media on mental health and well-being has been a topic o...
 
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
 

Aritificial intelligence

  • 1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE BCA204A62 Dr.G.Jasmine Beulah Dept. Computer Science, Kristu Jayanti College,Bengaluru.
  • 2.
  • 3. What is Intelligence (1) the ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations : reason also : the skilled use of reason. (2) the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one's environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria (such as tests) What is artificial intelligence Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. Specific applications of AI include expert systems, natural language processing (NLP), speech recognition and machine vision.
  • 4. Define Artificial intelligence "It is a branch of computer science by which we can create intelligent machines which can behave like a human, think like humans, and able to make decisions”. Artificial Intelligence exists when a machine can have human based skills such as learning, reasoning, and solving problems With Artificial Intelligence you do not need to preprogram a machine to do some work, despite that you can create a machine with programmed algorithms which can work with own intelligence.
  • 5. Why Artificial Intelligence?  With the help of AI, you can create such software or devices which can solve real-world problems very easily and with accuracy such as health issues, marketing, traffic issues, etc.  you can create your personal virtual Assistant, such as Cortana, Google Assistant, Siri, etc.  With the help of AI, you can build such Robots which can work in an environment where survival of humans can be at risk.  AI opens a path for other new technologies, new devices, and new Opportunities.
  • 6.  AI programming focuses on three cognitive skills: learning, reasoning and self-correction.  Learning processes. This aspect of AI programming focuses on acquiring data and creating rules for how to turn the data into actionable information. The rules, which are called algorithms, provide computing devices with step-by- step instructions for how to complete a specific task.  Reasoning processes. This aspect of AI programming focuses on choosing the right algorithm to reach a desired outcome.  Self-correction processes. This aspect of AI programming is designed to continually fine-tune algorithms and ensure they provide the most accurate results possible.
  • 7. How does Artificial Intelligence work? Computers are good at following processes, i.e., sequences of steps to execute a task. If we give a computer steps to execute a task, it should easily be able to complete it. The steps are nothing but algorithms. An algorithm can be as simple as printing two numbers or as difficult as predicting who will win elections in the coming year!
  • 8.  Let’s take an example of predicting the weather forecast for 2020.  First of all, what we need is a lot of data! Let’s take the data from 2006 to 2019.  Now, we will divide this data in an 80:20 ratio. 80 percent of the data is going to be our labeled data, and the rest 20 percent will be our test data. Thus, we have the output for the entire 100 percent of the data that has been acquired from 2006 to 2019.  What happens once we collect the data? We will feed the labeled data, i.e., 80 percent of train data, into the machine. Here, the algorithm is learning from the data which has been fed into it.  Next, we need to test the algorithm. Here, we feed the test data, i.e., the remaining 20 percent of the data, to the machine. The machine gives us the output. Now, we cross verify the output given by the machine with the actual output of the data and check for its accuracy. While checking for accuracy if we are not satisfied with the model, we tweak the algorithm to give us the precise output or at least somewhere close to the actual output. Once we are satisfied with the model, we then feed the data to the model so that it can predict the weather forecast for the year 2020.
  • 9. Goals of Artificial Intelligence • To Create Expert Systems − The systems which exhibit intelligent behavior, learn, demonstrate, explain, and advice its users. • To Implement Human Intelligence in Machines − Creating systems that understand, think, learn, and behave like humans.  Building a machine which can perform tasks that requires human intelligence such as: Proving a theorem Playing chess Plan some surgical operation Driving a car in traffic
  • 10.  In early days Artificial intelligence was used to develop reasoning and problem-solving skills.  With Artificial intelligence knowledge representation has become easy. Knowledge representation is representing information that machine or computer can understand.  Artificial planning helps agents sequence of actions to perform to achieve goals.  Artificial intelligence main goal is develop intelligent machines that could learn on their own. No more human intervention for feeding data to machines.  With artificial intelligence one can develop machines that can read and understand human languages are known as Natural learning processing.
  • 11.  Artificial Intelligence helps to develop that could act on sensors (take input from sensors) and react accordingly.  Robotics has transformed thanks to artificial intelligence, that help robots acquire intelligence and perform task smartly.  Develop systems that can recognize, interpret, process and simulate human effects. All these can be achieved when intelligent systems can predict their motive and emotions. Quality of interpreting human affect could help in better decision making
  • 12.
  • 13. Term coined by John McCarthy, 1956 Definition: “Developing Computer programs to solve complex problems by applications of processes that are analogous to human reasoning processes”. Has two parts 1. Computer solutions for complex problems can be done by conventional programs 2. Process that is analogous to human reasoning processes can be done by AI programs
  • 14. AI Program Conventional Program Symbolic process Numeric process Heuristic search, steps are implicitly defined Steps are explicitly defined as Algorithms Control structure separate from domain knowledge Information and control are integrated together Incorrect answers are tolerable Correct answers are required Satisfactory answers are acceptable Best possible answers are expected Difference between AI program and Conventional program
  • 15. What is Artificial Intelligence ? Systems that act rationally Systems that think like humans Systems that think rationally Systems that act like humans THOUGHT BEHAVIOUR HUMAN RATIONAL
  • 16. Acts Like Human – Turing Test
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24. Thinks like Human – human like patterns of thinking steps Sophia is a social humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong based company Hanson Robotics. Sophia was activated on February 14, 2016, and made her first public appearance at South by Southwest Festival (SXSW) in mid-March 2016 in Austin, Texas, United States. She is able to display more than 50 facial expressions. Robot Sophia was given Saudia citizenship in 2017 'Sophia' the robot tells UN_ 'I am here to help humanity create the future' - YouTube (720p).mp4
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27. Acts or think rationally (logically or Correctly)  Thinking rationally — the use of logic. Need to worry about modeling uncertainty and dealing with complexity.  Acting rationally — the study of rational agents: agents that maximize the expected value of their performance measure given what they currently know.
  • 28. Advantages Sophia can be used for health care sectors Sophia can solve CBI and FBI cases very easily Sophia can be a good friend to those children and adults who feel lonely. She can be a good teacher in villages and city colleges. She can be a business robot. As she has artificial intelligence she can generates for million of years Disadvantages People worry that they will replace jobs. If they take over middle class citizens jobs our economy will be negatively affected. It makes people to become lazy.
  • 29.
  • 30. Best 10 examples of AI in day to day life 1. Open Your Phone With Face ID- uses neural engine and face recognition 2. Email -Google gave us a smarter inbox, categorizing all the emails on its own, into folders such as Primary, Social, Promotions, Updates and more. 3. Entertainment and Social Apps-identifying friends from photos, newsfeed personalization. ,Netflix - recommendations Google Navigation- Maps uses Machine Learning 4. Banking & Finance- AI & ML provides security features (Fraud preventions E-payments, Mobile Banking) 5. Google predictive search algorithms-Google Auto complete forms- RankBrain is the algorithm name 6. E-commerce – pattern matching , product recommendations 7. Mobile use- Speech recognition with Natural Language Processing (voice to text, chatbot) 8. Video games-AI controlled Non-playable characters (NPC), ML for BGM 9. Smart Personal Assistant- Google Assistant , Alexa, SIRI (Online shopping, Controlling lights and other internet-enabled equipment ,Setting reminders and alarms , Booking cabs, flights and trains, Playing music and videos )
  • 31.  Advantages of Artificial Intelligence  Following are some main advantages of Artificial Intelligence: • High Accuracy with less errors: AI machines or systems are prone to less errors and high accuracy as it takes decisions as per pre- experience or information. • High-Speed: AI systems can be of very high-speed and fast-decision making, because of that AI systems can beat a chess champion in the Chess game. • High reliability: AI machines are highly reliable and can perform the same action multiple times with high accuracy. • Useful for risky areas: AI machines can be helpful in situations such as defusing a bomb, exploring the ocean floor, where to employ a human can be risky. • Digital Assistant: AI can be very useful to provide digital assistant to the users such as AI technology is currently used by various E- commerce websites to show the products as per customer requirement. • Useful as a public utility: AI can be very useful for public utilities such as a self-driving car which can make our journey safer and hassle-free, facial recognition for security purpose, Natural language processing to communicate with the human in human-language, etc.
  • 32.  Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence  Every technology has some disadvantages, and the same goes for Artificial intelligence. Being so advantageous technology still, it has some disadvantages which we need to keep in our mind while creating an AI system. Following are the disadvantages of AI: • High Cost: The hardware and software requirement of AI is very costly as it requires lots of maintenance to meet current world requirements. • Can't think out of the box: Even we are making smarter machines with AI, but still they cannot work out of the box, as the robot will only do that work for which they are trained, or programmed. • No feelings and emotions: AI machines can be an outstanding performer, but still it does not have the feeling so it cannot make any kind of emotional attachment with human, and may sometime be harmful for users if the proper care is not taken. • Increase dependency on machines: With the increment of technology, people are getting more dependent on devices and hence they are losing their mental capabilities. • No Original Creativity: As humans are so creative and can imagine some new ideas but still AI machines cannot beat this power of human intelligence and cannot be creative and imaginative. 