1. What is SIP Trunking?
And How Does it Work
A basic introduction to SIP trunking
explaining the concepts of trunking and
SIP, as well as the benefits of SIP trunking.
2. SIP Trunking
SIP trunking is a is a basically a type of
communication system which allows
organisations to replace all of their traditional
phone lines with Voice Over Internet Protocol
VoIP systems carry the call over the internet
rather than the traditional phone line system.
SIP trunking allows VoIP users to call numbers on
the traditional phone and mobile networks. If the
people on both ends have SIP the system will try
to route the entire call over the internet and avoid
traditional phone lines entirely.
SIP is an internet protocol designed to manage
real time communication (RTC). This covers things
like VoIP, video chat and instant messaging.
An internet protocol is basically a set of rules
which govern how devices connected to the
internet interact with each other.
So SIP is basically a set of rules which allows RTC
software/devices to communicate with each
other over the internet.
In telecoms trunking has been around for a long
time. Trunking allows an organisation to cut down
on the amount of lines it needs.
An organisation can have a trunk with a limited
number of phone lines, but still have many more
phones connected to it’s network than lines.
Quite simply, this is because all of the phones
don’t need to be used at once, so they are only
connected to an outside trunk line when they
need to be.
5. The 3 Parts
A SIP trunking system is made of three parts:
∗ A Private branch exchange (PBX) with a SIP
enabled trunk side.
∗ The enterprise edge component. Either a
firewall with SIP support of an edge device
which is connected to the firewall .
∗ An Internet Telephone Service Provider (ITSP).
This is the SIP equivalent of an ordinary ISP.
There main benefit of a SIP trunk system a
reduction in costs.
Call rates are lower and the exchange systems
required are significantly cheaper.
SIP trunk systems are also more scalable and
flexible, and have a wider range of capabilities
including instant messaging and video calling.
SIP trunking systems are generally cheaper than
their traditional alternatives, however it should be
noted that this is not always necessarily the case.