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world war II).ppt

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world war II).ppt

  1. 1. World War II Conferences Why Europe ended up the way it was from 1945- 1991
  2. 2. Tehran, Iran • Date: November, 1943 • Who: Stalin, FDR, Churchill • Decisions: –American-British invasion of France –Soviet invasion of eastern Europe
  3. 3. Yalta, USSR • Date: February, 1945 • Who: Stalin, FDR, Churchill • Decisions: –Germany divided into occupation zones –Stalin to declare war on Japan 3 months after Germany defeated –Eastern European gov’ts to be freely elected, but pro-Soviet
  4. 4. Churchill, FDR, & Stalin
  5. 5. Occupation zones in Germany after WWII
  6. 6. Potsdam, Germany • Date: July, 1945 • Who: Stalin, Truman, Atlee • Decisions: –Truman insisted on free elections in eastern Europe –Stalin refused, feared hostile countries on boarder & 3rd German invasion –Stalin won, Truman angry
  7. 7. Predictions • What do you think some of the outcomes will be?
  8. 8. Outcomes • Elections in eastern European countries were overturned by Stalin • New “free elections” run by Stalin elected Soviet controlled gov’ts in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland
  9. 9. • Soviet controlled East Germany split from rest of Germany • Communist revolts, backed by Stalin, in Greece & Turkey fail because of US & UK support –Start of the Truman Doctrine to “contain” communism where it was at that point
  10. 10. The Iron Curtain • The concept of the Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological fighting and physical boundary dividing Europe into separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
  11. 11. Iron Curtain • Churchill’s speech in March 1946: –“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent. The populations… lie in the Soviet sphere and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and increasing measure of control from Moscow.”
  12. 12. Europe circa 1946
  13. 13. Iron Curtain Quickwrite • What do you think Churchill meant by an Iron Curtain? • What you think might happen with the Iron Curtain?

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